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Culme of Moland in Devonshire, ancestor by her to Sir Thomas Culme (or Cullum) of Haftede in Suffolk, created a Baronet 18 June 1660.

William Tracy, Esq. the elder son, in 12 Hen. VI. was William. returned by the King's commissioners, one of the gentry of the county of Gloucester, of which he was high sheriff 22 and 23 of that reign, he left his estate to his son William, William, who served the same office in 1449 (29 Hen. VI.) and in 1456 was a commissioner of array. He married Margery, daughter of Sir John Pauncefoot, and left two sons Henry Henry. and Richard ; the elder of whom married Alice, daughter and coheir to Thomas Baldington of Adderbury in the county of Oxford, Esq. and had issue three sons and two daughters, viz. William his heir ; Richard ; and Ralph, a monk, who was buried in Todington, church near the pulpit, with his mother, as is expressed by an inscription in brass. Sir William Tracy of Todington, the eldest son, being

Sir honoured with knighthood, was sheriff of his county in William. 1513, (5 Hen. VIII.); was a person of distinguished parts and sound learning, and is memorable for being one of the first that embraced the reformed religion in England, as appears by his last will, dated in 1530 (22 Hen. VIII.) *


* This will was condemned, as Heretical, in the Bishop of London's court, and an order on that account issued to Parker, Chana cellor of Worcester, to raise his body, according to the law of the church; who too officiously burning the corpse, was two years after sued by the heirs of Sir William, fined 400l, and turned out of his Chancellorship.—The preamble to the will runs thus :

“ In the name of God, Amen. I William Tracy of Todington " in the county of Gloucester, Esq. make my testament and last " will, as hereafter followeth, First, and before all other things,

I commit myself to God, and to his mercy, believing, without

any doubt or miftruft, that, by his grace and the merits of Jesus " Chrift, and by the virtue of his passion and resurrection, I have “ and Mall have, remission of all my fins, and resurrection of body " and soul, according as it is written, I believe that my Redeemer " liveth, and that at the last day I shall rise out of the earth, and in

my fiets shall see my Saviour. This, my hope, is laid up in my - bofom. And touching the wealth of my soul, the faith that I “ have taken and rehearsed is sufficient (as I suppose) without any " other man's works or merits. My ground and belief is, that " there is but one God, and one Mediator between God and man, Ś which is Jesus Chrift; so that I accept none in heaven or in earth “ to be mediator between me and God, but only Jesus Christ; all s others to be but as petitioners in receiving of grace, but none able to give influence of grace; and therefore will I bellow no part of


He married Margaret, second daughter of Sir Thomas
Throckmorton of Corse-Court in the county of Glou-
cester *, and had issue two daughters, and three sons,
William, ancestor to the Lord Tracy; Richard ; and Ro-

bert, who left no children.
Family of Richard, the second fon, had by his father's gift, the
Stanway, manor of Stanway in the county of Gloucester, part of

the possessions of the abbey of Tewksbury, granted to him by the crown upon the ditsolution of monasteries.--He was well educated, and wrote several learned and judicious treatises in defence of his father's faith +.



my goods for that intent, that any man shall say or do to help

my soul, for therein I trust only to the proses of Christ. . He " that believeth and is baptized, shall be saved; and he that believet not shall be damned.-As touching the burying of my body, it " availeth me not whatsoever be done thereto; for St. Augustine “ faith, De Cura agen:la pro Mortuis, that the funeral pomps are “ rather the solace of them that live, than the wealth and comfort “ of them that are dead, and therefore I remit it wholly to the dif“ cretion of my executors.- And touching the distribution of my

temporal goods, my purpose is, by the grace of God, to bestow “ them to be accepted as the fruits of faith; fo that I do not fup

pose that my merit shall be by the good beftowing of them, but

my merit is the faith of Jesus Christ only, by whom suchi “ works are good ; according to the words of our Lord, I was hun

gry, and thou gavest me meat, &c. and it followeth, That ye have done to the least of my brethren, ye have done it to me ; And ever

we should consider that true saying, That a good work maketh

not a good man, but a good man maketh a good work, for faith “ maketh a man both good and righteous ; for a righteous man liv" eth by faith, and whatsoever springeih not of faith, is sin.”

* Who died in 1472 (12 Ediw. iv.) by his wife Margaret, daughter and coheir to Sir Robert Olney of Weston in the county of Buckingham, descended from John de Throckmertona, Lord of Throckmorton in Worcestershire 1130, of which the family was possessed Jong before the entrance of tlie Normans, and had enriched themselves by the marriage of Eleanor, younger daughter and coheir to Sir Guy De-la-Spine, and sister to the great-grandmother of this Sir William Tracy.

+ Among which was that remarkable one, entitled, Preparations to the Cross, written experimentally (say the Decem Scriptores) having suffered much in his etate for his father's reputed heretical will: He also wrote prophetically in 1550 (two or three years before Q. Mary's reign) another treatise, To teach one to Die, which was annexed to the former when reprinteil, and falsely ascribed by the Editor to John Frith; being one of the three, found in the belly of a cod, brought in 1626 to be sold in the market of Cambridge, wrapped in canvass, which probably had been devoured by that voracious fish, out of the pocket of some thipwrecked seaman : On which occafion the wits of that University diverted themselves; one of them in his verses having this diftich ;

If fishes thus do bring us books, then we
May hope to equal Bodley's library,

In 2 Eliz. he was sheriff of the county of Gloucester, and by Barbara, third and youngest daughter of Sir Thomas Lucy of Cherlecote by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Richard Empson of Easton-Neston in the county of Northampton', had three daughters, and as many fons, Paul, Nathaniel, and Samuel ; the eldest of whom succeeding, served the same office of theriff, 28 Eliz. and 8 James I. which King conferred on him the dignity of a Baronet 29 June 1611, being the thirtieth created from the inftitution of the order. He married Anne, daughter of Sir Ralph Shakerley *, by whom he had twenty children, ten of each sex, viz. Richard his succeffor ; Paul (whose son of his name died 1 June 1618, and was buried under a white marble in the chancel of Bansted-church, Surry, bearing the figure of a child in swadling clothes, with this inscription ;

Here under lieth the corpse of Paule Tracy, who
Died the ist day of June 1618, sonne of Paule
Tracy esquier, and Margaret his wief, fonne of
Sir Paule Tracy of Stanway in the county of
Gloucester, Baronet, and Margaret, the daughter
Of Philip Moss, esquier, of Cannon in the

County of Surry. 1619) 2;

Shakerley, Alexander ; William ; Nathaniel ; Thomas; Nathaniel ; John ; Vicefimus (so called from being the twentieth child); Anne, married to Edward Hall of the county of Worcester, Esq. ; Lucia, to Bray Aylworth of Aylworth in the county of Gloucester, Esq. ; Alice ; Hefther; Elizabeth ; two of the name of Susan; Barbara; Margaret ; and another. --The surviving Susan was married to William Price of Winchester, Esq. one of the grooms of the King's privy chamber, and dying 13 March 1632, before she had been married full 14 weeks, was buried in St. Martin's church in the fields, London, under a very fair table, fastened to a pillar near the pulpit, curiously adorned with emblems of mortality, and a very long inscription, that part of which over the figure of Death, is an address to the ladies, as follows:


* So the Baronetage of England hath it; but on the grave-stone of Paul Tracy in Banfted church, she is said to be Margaret, daughter of Philip Mofs of Cannon in Surry, Efq, and he is also said to marry Arne, daughter of Sir Ambrose Nicholas, Lord Mayor of London, and widow to William Dutton of Shireburne in Gloucester dire, Esq. Lodge Collect.

? Idem,


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Sir Richard Tracy, the second Baronet, was knighted in his father's life-time, and in 1628 was sheriff of the county of Gloucester. He married Anne, third daughter of Sir Thomas Coningsby of Hampton-court in the county of Hereford, by Philippa, second daughter of Sir William Fitz-William, L. D. of Ireland, and had issue three sons, Humphry · Richard ; and John, who all succeeded to the title.

Sir Humphry, the third Baronet, was sheriff of Gloucestershire in 1639, and for his loyalty to K. Charles I. had his estate sequestered, for the possession of which he paid 16001. composition money * He died without issue in 1651, being succeeded by his brother Richard, who left the title to his brother John, the fifth Baronet, who deceasing in 1677 also without issue, the title became extinct, and he left the manor of Stanway, with all his estate, to Ferdinando Tracy, the second son of John, Viscount Tracy, as will follow.


* Mr. Sandford, in his Genealogical History of the Kings of England, page 15, observes, that the monument of Robert, Duke of Normandy, eldest son of K. William the Conqueror, set up in St. Peter's church at Gloucester, stood firm, until the parliament having garrisoned that city against K. Charles I. the rebellious soldiers tore it to pieces ; but the parcels thereof (ready to be burnt) were by the care of a loval perfon (this Sir Humphry) bought of the foldiers, and privately laid up till the Restoration, when they were repaired and beautified with gold and colours at the charge of that worthy person (but rather his brother, for he was then dead) who added a wire skreen, in form of an arch, for its future preservation,

We now return to William, eldest son of Sir William William. Tracy, who made the memorable will. He succeeded at Todington, and marrying the daughter of Sir Simon Digby of Coles-hill in the county of Warwick, was father of John (or Henry) Tracy, who married Elizabeth, second John, daughter of John, the first Lord Chandos of Sudeley (ancestor to the Duke of Chandos) died in 1551, and was buried at Todington, having issue five sons, John ; Giles; Edward ; Francis ; Nicholas ; and a daughter Eleanor, married to Anthony Kington of Quenington, Esq. -Sir Şir John, John Tracy of Todington, the eldeit fon, on i March 1572 was appointed by his uncle Edmond, Lord Chandos, overseer of his last will, in which he left him the best gelding he would chuse among all his geldings; and in 1574 l. Elizabeth, in her progress to Bristol, knighted him, 20 of whose reign he was sheriff of the county of Gloucester, and in the 39 its representative in parliament. He deceased in 1591, and was buried at Todington, where his effigies is in the chancel; and having married Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Throckmorton of Corse-court, Knt. by his wife Margaret, daughter and coheir to Thomas Whittington of Pauntly in Gloucestershire, Esq. had ifsue five sons and two daughters who survived, viz. John, his heir; Thomas ; William, who married Mary, daughter of Sir John Conway of Arrow, and fifter to Edward, Lord Conway; Anthony; Henry ; Dorothy, first married to Edmund, son and heir to Edmund Bray of Barrington in Gloucestershire, Esq. and secondly to Sir Edward Conway of Arrow in Warwickshire, created Lord Conway; and Mary, (the youngest of his fifteen children) was born 18 May 1581, three days after which her mother died; she was married first, when 19 years old, to Mr. William Hoby, by whom she had two sons, who died unmarried, the elder in his 23 year, and the younger in his 14 '; and fecondly to Sir Horatio Vere, Baron of Tilbury, one of the greatest generals of his age ; and dying 25 December 1671, she was buried 10 January at Caltle-Heveningham in Essex *.


* She had issue by him, who was buried in Westminster-abbey S May 1635, five daughters his coheirs, Elizabeth, married to John Holles, Earl of Clare; Mary, first married to Sir Roger Townshend of Raynham in Norfolk, ancestor to the Marquess Townshend of Raynham, and secondly to Mildmay, Earl of Westmorland; Ca

tharine, Lodge Collect.

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