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WHAT has been said in Sect. 2. Chap. 5. Part 1. of these observations, (pp. 142. 181.) will, perhaps, be considered a sufficient refutation of the Romish proof of Tradition, as an independent part of the Rule of Faith, so far as that proof depends on those testimonies of the Fathers, which have been produced by Dr. Milner and J. K. L. And the onus probandi, it should be remembered, rests on them.-But, as the strength of the Romish cause is generally supposed to lye in the testimony of the early writers of the Church; and as the most unfounded assertions, and I may say, the most daring misrepresentations, have been hazarded by Dr. Milner, purporting, that Protestants are] themselves aware, that this position of their opponents is impregnable, and that they have found themselves compelled, after an ineffectual struggle, to give up the suffrages of antiquity, in despair :-I am anxious to insert in an appendix some additional extracts from the Fathers, which will serve to stamp a proper value on Dr. Milner's candour, and on the credit due to his representations. In a note to the 10th letter in the End of Controv. p. 83. he permits himself to make use of the following assertions. "Jewel, Andrews, Hooker, Morton, Pearson, and other Protestant Bishops and Divines of the 16th and 17th Centuries,


laboured hard to press the Fathers into their service; but with such bad success, that the succeeding Controversialists gave them up in despair." The true statement is this:-After the Protestant principle of "the Bible and the Bible only," had been established, as one might have supposed to every unprejudiced man's conviction, and by every kind of proof which the case admitted, and amongst the rest, by the authority of the Fathers themselves; these writers ceased to be so frequently appealed to, because the controversy, it was felt, was no longer to be determined by their testimony.-What little reason "succeeding controversialists had to give up the Fathers in despair," will be shewn by the following extracts from Archbishop Usher's "Answer to a Challenge made by a Jesuit, (Father Malone) in Ireland." The original text of the quotations is faithfully given by the Archbishop, in the margin of his page.

"Now, whether herein we disagree from the doctrine generally received by the Fathers, we refer ourselves to their own sayings. For ritual traditions unwritten, and for doctrinal traditions written, indeed, but preserved, also, by the continual preaching of the pastors of the Church successively, we find no man a more zealous advocate than Tertullian.—Yet, he having to deal with Hermogenes, the heretic, in a question concerning the faith, (whether all things at the beginning were made of nothing) presseth him in this manner with the argument, ab authoritate negative; for avoiding whereof, the Papists are driven to fly for succour to their unwritten verities. • Whether all things were made of any subject matter, I have as yet read no where. Let those of Hermogenes' his shop shew that it is written. If it be not written, let them fear that woe, which is allotted to such as add, or take away." Tertull. Adv. Hermog. cap. 22.


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In the two Testaments,' saith Origen, every word that appertaineth to God, may be required and discussed; and all knowledge of things out of them may be understood. But, if any thing do remain, which the Scripture doth not determine, no other third Scripture ought to be received, to authorise any knowledge; but that which remaineth, we must commit to the fire; that is, we must reserve it to God. For in this present world, God would not have us to know all things.' Orig. in Levit, Hom. 5.

Hippolytus, the Martyr, in his Homily against the heresy of Noetus, saith:- There is one God, whom we do not otherwise acknowledge (brethren) but out of the Holy Scriptures. For, as he that would profess the wisdom of this world, cannot otherwise attain hereunto, unless he reads the doctrine of the philosophers; so, whosoever of us will exercise piety towards God, cannot learn this elsewhere, but out of the Holy Scriptures. Whatsoever, therefore, the Holy Scriptures do preach, that let us know; and whatsoever they teach, that let us understand.Hippol. tom. 3. Biblioth. Pat. 20. 21. edit. Colon.

Athanasius, in his oration against the Gentiles, towards the beginning; The Holy Scriptures given by inspiration of God are of themselves sufficient to the discovery of truth.'

S. Ambrose, The things which we find not in the Scriptures, how can we use them ?' Ambros. Offic. lib. 1. cap. 23. And again— And again I read that he is the first read, that he is not the second; they who say that he is the second, let them shew it by reading.' Id. in Virg. instit. cap. 11.

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'It is well,' saith Hilary, that thou art content with those things which be written.' Hil. lib. de Trin and in another place, he commendeth Constantius, the Emperor, for desiring the faith to be



ordered, only according to those things that be written.' lib. 2. ad Constant. Aug.

St. Basil' Believe those things which are written ; the things which are not written, seek not.' Hom. 29. Adv. Calumniantes Trin. It is a manifest falling from the faith and an argument of arrogancy, either to reject any point of those things that are written, or to bring in any of those things, that are not written.' De fide.-He teacheth further; that every word and action ought to be confirmed by the testimony of Holy Scripture, for confirmation of the faith of the good, and the confusion of the evil.' And, that it is the property of a faithful man, to be fully persuaded of the truth of those things, that are delivered in the Holy Scriptures.' Idem. in Ethicis regul. 16.; and not to dare either to reject, or to add, any thing thereunto. For if, whatsoever is not of faith is sin, as the Apostle saith, and faith is by hearing, and hearing by the word of God; then, whatsoever is without the Holy Scriptures, being not of faith, must needs be sin."-Ib. Reg. 80. cap. 22. Thus far St. Basil.


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In like manner, Gregory Nyssen, St. Basil's brother, layeth this for a ground, which no man should contradict, that, in that only the truth must be acknowledged, wherein, the seal of the Scripture's testimony is to be seen.' Dial. de Anima et Resurr. tom. 1. edit. Græc. Lat. p. 639. And accordingly, in another piece (attributed also unto him) we find this conclusion made :- Forasmuch as this is upholden with no testimonies of the Scriptures, as false we will reject it.'-Lib. de cognitione Dei. cit. ab Euthymio in Panoplia. Tit. 8.

Thus, also, St. Hierome disputeth against Helvidius: As we deny not those things, which are written, so we refuse those things that are not written. That God was born of a Virgin, we believe, because we

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