Page images

of the society, to interfere in any manner whatever in public affairs, even though they be thereto iovited; or to deviate from the institute, through intreaty, persuasion, or any other motive whatever. The congregation recommends to the fathers-coadjutors, that they do propose and determine, with all diligence and speed such farther means as they may think necessary, of remedying this abuse."

“. We bave seen, in the grief of oor hearts, that peither these reme. dies, oor an infinity of others since employed, have produced their due effect, or silenced the accusations and complaints against the said society, Our other predecessors, Urban VII. Clement IX, X, XI, and XII. Alexander VII. and VIII. Innocent X, XI, XII, and XIII, and Benedict XIV. employed without effect all their efforts to the same purpose. In vaio did they endeavour, by salatary constitutions, to restore peace to the church; as well with respect to secolar affairs with wbich the company ought not to have interfered, as with regard to the missions ; which gave rise to great disputes and oppositions on the part of the company with the ordinaries, with other religious orders, about the boly places, and communities of all sorts in Europe, Africa, and America, to the great loss of souls, and great scandal of the people; as likewise concerning the meana ing and practice of certain idolatrous ceremonies adopted in certain places in contempt of those justly approved by the Catholic church; and, farther, concerning the use and explication of certain marims, which the holy see has, with reason, proscribed as scandalous, and manifestly contrary to good morals; and lastly, concerning other matters of great importance and prime necessity towards preserving the integrity and purity of the doctrines of the gospel, from which maxims have resulted very great inconveniences and great detriment, both in our days and in past ages; such as the revolts and intestine troubles in some of the Catholic states, persecutions against the church in some countries of Asia and Europe, not to mention the vexation and gratiog solicitude which these melancholy affairs brought on our predecessors, principally upon Innocent XI. of blessed memory, who found himself reduced to the necessity of forbid, ding the company to receive any more novices ; and afterwards opon In pocent XIII. who was obliged to threaten the company with the same pu. nisbment; and lastly, upon Benedict XIV. who took the resolution of ordaining a general visitation of all the houses and colleges of the company in the kingdom of our dearly beloved son in Jesus Christ, the most faith ful King of Portugal."

(To be continued.)

[merged small][ocr errors]

It is now reported, with an air of authority, that his Holiness is dis, posed to grant, in the fullest extent, the securities, required of the Ro. man Catholics by the late relief-bill, as it has been called. The Rescript of M. Quarantotti, reprobated by the flaming Irish Papists, never ought to have been deemed the work of an individual; it was ap jostrument pablished by the college, or congregation de propaganda fide [Romana); and was signed by M. Quarantotti in bis official capacity. Mr. Canning, now in partibus Romanistarum, has placed his Irish friends in an awkward predicament. They have protested loudly against the Rescript, a document which owed its origin to the bill of that eloquent statesman. The bill, itinow appears, was translated into “ choice Italian," and copies were given to the college of Italian priests, who, after mature deliberation, condescended to prescribe the quantum of obedience which certain of bis Majesty's Irish subjects might be allowed to yield to the supreme authority of their country ;-we say after mature deliberation for it appears that the bill, having been previously perused and examined by the sage members of the propaganda in private, was afterwards sead at a public assembly of the college, clause by clause; and that an unanimous vole passed upon the clauses in their order, and, finally, upon the whole bill taken collectively. The Catholic Board at Rome differed widely in their opinion from the Catholic Board in Dublin. The Catholicism of Rome is by no means so highly toned as that of Ireland. We firmly beliere the Irish Romanists to be the most papistiçal of all Popish people;-much more tenacious of their church's authority than the propaganda, or even the Pope himself. We wait the event of the embassy on the part of the Irish religionists now at Rome, Will their negociations have the effect of reconciling their countrymen to the rescript? Will they induce Dr. Dromgole to eat his words, wrapped up in Italian sweetmeats,? Will they prevail, on the Pope, in the plenitude of his power, to enforce the rescript on the consciences of the orators and agitators who so lately diss tinguished themselves at the Board? We regard the Pope as a man of firm.ess, but

we. never respected him as a politicians and, after all, we should not be in the least surprised to find him, under the suggestions of Dr. Milner, opposed to and by his Irish adherents, whose violence the plenitude of all his power will not be able to restrain.--We copy the fol. lowing from the Dublin Journal of December 17th. It purports to be an extract of a letter from London. It throws some light on the above subject :

." I suppose you know that the Irish Roman Catholic bishops sent over Dr. Murray (Dr. Troy's colleague) from your country, and Dr. Milner from this, to induce the Pope to rescind Quarantotti's rescript. The result of their mission is, that they have totally failed in persuading him to adopt their views of the subject. --Milner keeps the field in a rage, and Dr. Murray, on his return home, writes from Paris, that he despairs of moving the Pope's determination upon it; on the contrary, bis Holiness has declared that he will issue a formal confirmation of its principle the giving to any potentate a proper cobtrol over all clerical appointmepts within his dominions--shewing ihe innocence of the Veto, or some such arrangement, in England and Ireland, and its perfect accordance with Catholic principles. He has for this parpose invited Doctor Poynter, the Roman Catholic bishop of London, and Mr. Bramston, á very respectable Roman Catholic clergyman, buth very rational able men'; and they set off on Monday last, Dec. 12th, in consequence, for Rome."

The opinion of the Irish Roman Catholics concerning the King of Spain and the Pope is very explicit. Dropping a little of the vulgar familiarity with which his Catholic Majesty is treated, we insert the following passage, taken from the Dublin Evening Post, the gazette of the Irish Papists :-“ Ferdinand is working, we firmly believe, for his own destruction. -Joseph would-be ten thousaod times a better monarch for Spain-though, of course, not so legitimate.

* The Pope has reverted to the maxims of the days of Loyola, He has introduced the desporism of old times into the government of the church, and endeavoured to organize the system by tbe re-establishment of the Jesuits, the persecution of the Freemasons, and by putting the laquisition in full and fearful operation. It his Holiness persist in this bigoted and mad career, we shall begin to think that, with every wish to render the Christian 'world pure and pious, he will, in effect, prove a greater enemy to religion and morality than all the Jacobins, including: " the child and champion of Jacobinism," Napoleon himself. But the efforts of the Pope and of his dearly beloved Ferdinand will be vain-the power of Papal bulls is over all the Gregories and Leos that ever lived: would not re-establish them. Nay, if it were practicable to assemblea general council, we feel that its decrees to lock up the intellect, or terrify into silence the spirit of freedom, would be nugatory. Such power is disclaimed by Catholics and the assertion, in the nineteenth century, of such power; only betrays the anility of a feeble old age, or the despre rate and incarable prejudices of a monkish education. If the Pope proceed in this career, we shall begin to have some apprehensions concerning the permanency of his domination. Pasquinades are already appearing at Rome, and parties forming against the system adopted by Pios VII We hope they may succeed, aod crush the evil in its bud."


BOARD. We thiok it right to give this very curious paper a place in oor mis. cellany, among other documents. It certainly contains a very just character of the Board, Whether it be written by John Philpot Curran, Esq. late Master of the Rolls in Ireland, we will not positively affirm, but that it bears presumptive internal evidence of his style and manner of writing there canoot be a doubt. It is not quite so splendid an effort of composiLion as the celebrated character of Mr. Pitt--" the Secretary stood alone," &c. but it has great merit, and we recommend it to posterity as giving a true portrait of that assemblage of folly and madness, of rage and impoteace, of noise and nonsense, dupes, slaves, and traitors, that met together at "the Board." -"The Catholics (says Mr. Curran or his double, aut Erasmus aut Diabolus) who are the loudest complainants, have, in my mind, the least of which to complain ; they do all they can to em, bitter the possession of others, whilst they do nothing to secure a participation to themselves. When I say the Catholics, you, who know my opinions, are aware that I mean their mis-deputed delegates, the Catholic Board. Indeed, a medley of more ludicrous, or, at the same time, of more mischievous composition, could not have been well imagined; it was a drama of which physicians without fees, lawyers without briefs, shopkeepers without businesss, captains without commissions, and bankrupts without certificates, were the component characters; every wretch who was too vain for a counter and too vulgar for a drawing-room, aspired to cloquence ; those who could not rave could vote, and those who could not vote could legislate. “Quicquid agunt homines," was their. motto, and, like Anacharsis Cloots, they were all orators of the human race-out of compassion, perhaps, to the individual country which might otherwise have been doomed to their enviable appropriation. With frecdom on their tongues, they founded a despotism ;. in the name of Christianity, they erected an inquisition; they bearded the courts; they abased the government; they taxed the people; at Newry and Tipperary they directly attacked the freedom of election; they pot all the printers in gaol, and toasted the “ liberty of the press." They rent asunder the sacred curtain of the royal nuptials--one who spoke bad Irish, and worse English, announced himself as ambassador to the Spanish cortes; ano.

ther enacted a penal code out of his own imagination, and verified one grievance by cagiog his publisher ; that nothing might be wanting to complete the system of public and private nuisances, they chose a kind of learned pig for their secretary, who, with his portfolio on his back, raa you down at any distance, and almost grunted you to death with the borden of his correspondence. In short, there was nothing too grave for their ridicule, or too ridiculous for their solemnities ; every man played Punch to his own music, and rung the bell to his own praises; when there was no danger they all: roared- and when there was, they all ran, throsting, like so many ostriches, the safest and the silliest part about them into the first receptacle solid enough to confine it: they put on the armour of Achilles, but, unlike Achilles, they expose nothing but their heels, the only members they had which gave signs of animation. They had one merit, however, and this was a strict impartiality: for if they denounced their foes, they imprisoned their friends; those who differed from them they slandered; those who agreed with them they enslaved. In short, the universal fate was, either to be their dupe or their victim. Not content with the enemies that bigotry had arrayed against them, the Helots proclaimed hostilities against each other and a heartless, headless, stationless aristocracy, hurled their very manacles at the mob, to which they were inferior. It is scarcely possible to believe that, during this very conciliatory system, they were bellowing for toleration, and bawling for liberty. Nor was the metropolis alone infested with their exhibitions; they dealt out roving commissions, and sent strolling companies through all the provinces ; every company had its dramatic orator; e whatever is is wrong," was prefixed to their curtain, and the motto was realised by the managers bebiod it. .“ If the drama closed with their individual ridicule, or their individual exposare, perhaps there might be the less cause for commiseration-but it did not-the miserable people were the real sufferers--the dupes of a mad ambition, or a base avarice—they were eternally sacrificed and swindled ; and when they had thrown all they had into the bonfire of rebellion, they were Aung in themselves to extinguish it with their blood. Such is the state to which our own fatuity has reduced us; for my part, I see nothing but madness in the past and misery in the future. In the course of nature, however, I must soon retire from the contest; 'but I do confess, I weep to see my country my ancestor, and that I should be obliged to strew upon her grave the garland which a laborious life had gathered for her glory."da tot

The editor of the Dublin Evening Post says of this character, and we had almost prefixed she dictum of that gentleman by way of motto to it, Vol. III. [Prot. Adv. Feb. 1815.)

2 D

« PreviousContinue »