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Man was not made to be such an absolute Lord of the Universe, as to enjoy the Fulness and Fatness of the Earch; without considering the Hand from whence those Things came, but He was to have a Religious Regard to his great Benefactor, and to 'magnifie His Bounty and Goodness, by making an honourable Oblation of a Part unto Him of what he had received; not by way of Recompence and Satisfaction, for that He was never able to do, and be sure the return of a Part could not be enough to do it: -But, it was by way of Gratitude, as an humble Acknowledgment of what He had received, as a proper Tribute belonging to the Sovereignty of his what He had so plentifully bestowed upon Him, that he might with Comfort rightfully enjoy the rest.
This was not to be any slight, trivial, inconfiderable, arbitrary Part, as he would himself; no Will.worship as 'tis called, but such a one as God was to be Honoured by, of the fairest and best of the Kind and Increase of
the Earth, which he was poffeffed of, according to his substance and Profperity.
It is the Concurrent Opinion of the Learned, that God revealed this "Expectation of his to Adam,; and, he taught and directed his Sons how to. make their Offerings unto the Lord, with Respect both to the Quality, and Quantity of them.
Accordingly the First that we read of this kind were the Offerings of Cain and Abel, Gen.4. 3, 4. The one brought of the Fruit of the Ground; the other, of the Firstlings of his Flock, according to their different Circumstances. The one being a Tiller of the Ground: The other, a Keeper of Sheep.
In which there is this Thing to be observed, The one was Accepted, the other Rejected. And the Cause of it not improbably this, because Abel took his Father's Direction, and offered unto God that Part, which he was required to offer, and of the Fat thereof, ver. 4.
Eut Cain not regarding his own Duty that he had been instru
&ed in, as well as his Brother, nor, so much trusting in God's Providešce, disregarded both the Goodness of the Offering, and the Quantity of it too.
Asts and “ Probably (Says Bishop Motitage)
“ The First that come to Hand without Chap 1 “ Choice. Not so good as he had to
“ offer, bor so much as he ought to
“have offered. Not the Top, the *Axeostrad! 6 Flower of his Wheat, as if any Thing
“ had been good enough, if not too
good for God, according to the com. mon Accustomed, deformed Devotion
of Reformed Times. Therefore it is cc fáid, He did not divide aright, be“ twixt God and himself. He made
no just or proportionable Division. “ He dealt fraudulently with God, and
gave him not his dué.
This is exa&ly agreeable to the ses arego LXX Translation of Gen. 4.7. If thoi
rings, haft offered aright, but haft not divided A receptoso aright, halt thou not finned ?
Which Translation gives the Reafon, why Cain's Sacrifice was rejected, which ours does not, but only says,
That he did not well ; And if thou dost not well, Sin lieth at the Door. He did not well, because he did not offer so good, dor so much as he ought; which shews that there was a determinate Part; less than which he could not offer without sinning against God.
For which Reason, God had no Refpe&t to his Person, nor to his Offering ; as he had to Abel and to his Offering. Wherefore He pronounced him accurSed, for his Unrighteousness; but Abel highly honoured with the CharaEter of being Righteous, for his making the full Offering as he ought, and of the best which he had. This being suitable to his Faith, and the trust he had in Flim, whom he hereby worshipped. As the Apostle St. Paul Records of him, Heb. 9. 4. By Faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent Sacrifice than Cain; by which he obtained Witness that he was Righteous, God testifying of his Gifts , And by it be being dead, yet speaketh.
And tho' in express Words, we do not find a Determination of the Quan
tum here of this more excellent Sacri. fice; or, how much goes to make a righteous and acceptable Offering ? Yet, the unanimous Voice of the ťathers, and other ancient Writers among Jews and Christians, as well as Councils of the Church have positively asserted this Portion of God's, to be a Tenth Part of all our Increase : As I shall have occasion to mention hereafter. Aud 'tis very probable from the general Pra&ice afterwards throughout the World.
And the Learned Grotius upon the Place, declares that the Tenth was the Portion due to God from the most ancient Ages. And that the footsteps there. of, are to be found every where in the Greek and Latin Histories.
And because Cain did not bring so much as That, he shew'd that his Heart was not Right towards God: That he did not Honour Him with the beft, nor with that Proportion; therefore he was Reje&ted and became Accursed, which presently wrought upon him to do greater Wickednefs, instead of Repenting for what he had