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came from his bountiful Hand, he would by a signal Obligation bind himself to the Performance of that Duty, notwithstanding he was antecedently obliged to it, as following Abraham's Example and Piety, by Vertue of that reserved Right, which God had in his, and all Men's Estate.
And that God had reserved such a Tenth Part, was well known to him from the Common Practice, by which, He would be honoured, and with no less; either by Tradition from his Forefathers, or by immediate Revelation from God Himself: Otherwise, we cannot rationally suppose, that he and all others should so exa&. ly hit upon a Tenth, and not Vow any other Part, as a Seventh, a Ninth, a Twelfth, or a Sixteenth, as well as a Tenth, as a necessary Duty.
By both which Instances of those inspired Patriarchs exprefly mentioned in the Word of God, setting aside what the Rabbies speak in their Traditions of the rest of the Patriarchs, performing constantly the same Duty, we
have a sufficient Assurance, Thac Tithes were paid before the Law, and as they all thought by Divine Right; because God had from the very beginning obliged Mankind to it, as he was the giver of all Things, which they had the Enjoyment of.
Now then, from hence it is evi. dent that it could not be a part of the Ceremonial Law, or any other purely belonging to the Jewish State to ob lige to this Duty, any otherwise than as those Laws tnight enjoin the Observation of other Antecedent Duties as to abstain from Murder, from Theft, &c. So also from Tithe Stealing ; because it was a neceffary Duty to pay Tithes before the Ceremonial Law was instituted, and consequently it was not to be done away, as the Ceremo
1 nial was, at the coming of Christ.'
Dr. Com Such as were the Additional Payber, Ch. 2.
ments, beyond the Tenth Part due p. 17.
to the Priest and Levites, viz. The ( Bicurim) or first Ripe Fruits,' an Tooth Part, the Therumah or Heaveoffering, a goth Part.
The leaving the Corner of the Field Lev. 19.99 unreaped every Tear. The Tithe for Deut. 24. Feafts; the Poor Man's Tithe every 19, 20. Third Year: And one other mencioned, Numb. 15.20, 21.
All which were to be paid, over Dr. Comand above the First-fruits or Tenths ber says, to the Priests, which made the Jewish fruits were Payments much more than the Christi- nor Tithes, aps, and sometimes Three Times as ces to note much, to be rather a 5th Part than a that both noch. But those Additional Pay. these forts ments being superadded by the Law, fruits were are abolished with it, while the Anci paid before
the Tithing. ent Portion of the Ancient of Days, or the Original" Tenth, is of an Ecernal Obligation ; of equal Force with the Moral Law, and alike binding all People in all Ages who own God, who are blessed with an. Estate, and who ought to Honour Him with their Substance, and with the First-fruits of all their Increase.
Since then it does appear, that there is an Honour due to God to be paid out of all our Increase : 'As the First-fruits or Tenths of the best and fairest of its Kind.
And since those Holy Patriarchs before the Law, Abraham, Jacob and others, who were inspired by God, practiced the fame Duty. It follows plainly, that Tenths were not of Mosaic Institution, nor were therefore to be abolished with the Law of Moses, but ought to be paid by all, who by Faith are the Sons of Abraham to the Sons of Melchizedec; by all true Chriftians to the Chriltian Priesthood, which continues for ever. They were paid from Adam to Moses, from Moses to Christ, from the beginning of Christianity they have been and will be paid, until the Consummation of all Things.
During the Dispensation of the Law, there is the highest Evidence imaginable for it, which lasted about 2000 Years, as the Period before the Law did. And after thofe Two Periods were ended, and the Chriftian Religion established, which according to the Calculation and Opinion of very Learned Men, fhall continue the like Period of Years.
66. And then the Seventh Thousand Hilar. in " shall bring on the Period of all 17. Mat,
Juftin.Mara “ Accounts, when the Everlasting tyr in Dial. 6 Sabbath fhall commence, and Time cum Trypl.
Quaft. " thall be no more.
During which Period of the Gospel, this Duty of paying Tithes shall indirpenfably continue, as being a Moral Duty, and so of an Eternal Obligation.
3. This brings me to the Third
Particular, To sew homo much
From the Two foregoing ParticuJars, we may well be afsured of the greateft Antiquity of this Practice, both before the Lape and under it, each Period containing about 2009 Years, which makes a long Prefeription.