The Audiencia in the Spanish Colonies as Illustrated by the Audiencia of Malina (1583-1800)

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University of California Press, 1919 - Philippines - 479 pages
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Page 290 - exist without the Chinese, as they are workers in all trades and business, " and very industrious and work for small wages." Juan de la Concepcion writes l (referring to the beginning of the 17th century) ; " Without the trade and commerce of the Chinese, these dominions could not have subsisted.
Page 94 - ... as free persons, for so they are." . . . "Ovando adopted the following system," says Helps; "he distributed Indians amongst the Castillians, giving to one man fifty, to another a hundred; with a deed that ran thus: 'to you, such a one, is given an encomicntla of so many Indians, with such a Cacique, and you are to teach them the things of our Holy Catholic Faith'.
Page 94 - With respect to the implied condition of teaching the Indians 'the Holy Catholic Faith' it was no more attended to from the first than any formal clause in a deed, which is supposed by the parties concerned to be a mere formality.
Page 210 - They may advise, they may remonstrate ; but, in the event of a direct collision between their opinion and the will of the viceroy, what he determines must be carried into execution, and nothing remains for them, but to lay the matter before the king and the council of the Indies".
Page 78 - The tribunal was to consist of a president, who should also be governor and captain-general, four oidores, a fiscal, and various subordinates. The history of the former audiencia and the reasons for its suppression and re-establishment are summarized in the cedula as follows : I established an audiencia in that city and province in order that everything might be governed by means of it, and that justice might be administered with the same universal equality, mildness, and satisfaction desirable;...
Page 24 - the provinces of royal officials \oficiales reah's] were merely revenue districts whose heads received their appointment from the king, and administered their office under a certain supervision from the viceroy and governors attending their councils; yet they were responsible only to the tribunal of finance in the viceregal capital, and this again reported direct to Spain.
Page 220 - The governor general of the Philippines," in The Pacific Occan in history makes contradictory statements relative to this matter. On page 242 he asserts that the governor was president of the audiencia till 1844, and on page 248 the statement occurs that "a further specialization of 1861 deprived the governor-general of his judicial powers." si Instruction of the King to Governor Acufia, February 16, 1602, Blair and Robertson, XI, 263-88. The king warned Acuna against a continuation of the dishonesty...
Page 310 - Recopitacion, 2-15-7. is Bancroft, History of Mexico, II, 586. " Ibid., II, 602-7. " It Is interesting to note that in 1564, while the Audiencia of Mexico was governing ad interim, the voyage of Legaspi and Urdaneta was undertaken, and the first permanent settlement was made in the Philippines by authorization of that tribunal. Bancroft (History of Mexico. II, 599-600) is both indefinite and inaccurate in his account of the expedition of Legaspi and Urdaneta to the Philippines. He says: "Finally...
Page 16 - Jos6 de Galvez, visitor of New Spain, Governor Sim6n de Anda y Salazar, and the able fiscal, Francisco Leandro de Viana, of the Philippines. These men rendered very distinguished service in the colonies. cial matters, but also a directive ministry for the supervision of the administrative acts of the colonial audiencias and executives. The unqualified success of the Audiencia of Santo Domingo, both as a tribunal of justice and as an administrative organ, led to the general establishment of the institution...
Page 145 - The above method of conducting residencias of governors, presidents, viceroys, and superintendents was modified, as already mentioned, by the reform of August 24, 1799. The new law provided that the court, instead of the new governor, should appoint the examining judge. The latter was no longer empowered to pronounce sentence of any sort. He was only to conduct the investigation in the future, remitting the autos of the case to the Council of the Indies for final determination and...

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