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held in high esteem by her relatives officiate at that place, and at Cradley and friends, as a person of excellent alternately in connexion with the disposition and considerable abilities. Rev. James Scott.* Joseph died some years since at Luff- He departed this life, Saturday, nan, in Rutlandshire: his son Ben- Nov. 23, 1816, having on the Wedjamin is a student at Wymondly. nesday preceding had an apoplectic William, an agriculturist at Bourne seizure. Heath, near Bromsgrove, died 1808, It may justly be observed concern. aged 47. Three brothers and a sister ing our departed friend and brother, suill survive, of whom George is that though the nature of his disorder father of Dr. Lant Carpenter, of was such as to deprive his family and Exeter.

congregation of the benefit which The Rev. B. CARPENTER received they might otherwise have derived his elementary instruction at a school from his counsels and exhortations in in Kidderminster, and was afterwards the near prospect of dissolution; yet placed' nnder the tuition of the Rev. his cour tenance and deineanour fully Joseph Baker, of Cradley, who often indicateu the resignation and serenity spoke of the moral character of his of his mind, and the peace which he pupil, and of his diligent application enjoyed. And we may contemplate and rapid progress in learning, in terms with advantage the diligent preparaof high approbation.

tion which he had previously made Hence, he proceeded in 1768, 10 for his great change, and his anxious the Academy at Daventry, over which desire and earnest endeavours to leave Dr. Caleb Ashworth then presided as some useful impressions upon the theological tutor, and where the Rev. minds of his intimate associates in the Noah Hill delivered lectures in the ministry, and the people of his mathematical and classical depart- charge, before he should be taken ments.

from them.t Whilst at this seminary, his tutors

“The candid and peaceable dispoobserved with satisfaction, and bore sition of the deceased was well known, honourable testimonies to, his exem- and generally acknowledged by Christplary conduct, and to the indefatigable ians of every denomination," 1 to diligence and eminent success with which it may be added, that he was which he prosecuted his various highly respected in the several vicini. studies.

ties in which he at different times Having completed his academical resided. Mr, Carpenter soon after course, towards the close of the year his first settlement at Stourbridge, 1773, he officiated as minister io a married Eliza, daughter of the Rev. congregation of Protestant Dissenters Mr. Wrighı, of Oundle: his second at Bloxham, in Oxfordshire, con- wife was Ann, daughter of the Rer. tinuing however for a few months to James Hancox, of Dudley: and du. deliver lectures on the classics to the ring his residence at Clapham, he students at Daventry.

married Sophia, daughter of Mr. He was soon afterwards ordained Wells, silk' mercer, Ludgate Hill, at the Dissenting chapel at Banbury.f London, and widow of John Lewis, His subsequent removals were to Esq. in the East India service, who West Bromwich, 1775; Stourbridge, survives him. Mr. Carpenter pub1778; Clapham, where he was co- lishedpastor with the Rev. Thomas Urwick, 'Two Volumes of Sermons on thic 1795. After three years, he retired Present and Future State of Man. to the neighbourhood of Stourbridge, Four Sermons on Conformity to the and preached for some time to the World. congregations at Kenelworth and Two Volumes of Lectures on the Bromsgrove alternately, and then at Works of Creation and Doctrines, of Bromsgrove only.

Revelation. In 1807, he resumed his minis- Various single Sermons, as, Dif. terial office Stourbridge, and con- ference of Sentiment no Objection 10 tinued till the close of his life to

* See succession of ministers subjoined. + Funeral Sermon by Rev. James + Funeral Sermoo. Scott.

* 1b.

the Exercise of Mutual Love, preached 9. James 'Cooper from Wirksworth, at Dudley Lecture, 1780; Funeral

1808. Discourses for his Mother and Mrs.

Stourlridge. Swaine; on Early Rising; on the Introductory period of 36 years. Harvest, 1812, the Fading Leaf. Twelve of the ejected ministers pre

A Liturgy, with Family Prayers, vious to the settlement of a church. 2nd ed. 1816. For the use of Schools.

First place of worship built 1693.

1. Rev. George Flower* from 1698 to A Short Abridgement of the Bible,

1733, when he died, aged 59. 4th ed.

2. John Edget from October, 1734, to Selections from the book of Job, July, 1777, died, aged 69. Proverbs, &c. &c.

Chapel built 1788.

3. Benjamin Carpenter from June, 1778, Succession of ministers in several to December, 1795. congregations with which the Rev. 4. Herbert Jenkins, June, 1796, to Oct. Joseph Carpenter and Rev. B. Car

1806. penter were connected.

- Benjamin Carpenter a second time,

died Nov, 23, 1816, aged 64.. Worcester, Angel Street (date of

6. James Scott, co-pastor, from March, chapel, 1708).

1807, to 1816, minister also of 1. Rev. Thomas Badland or Baldwin.

Park Lane Chapel, Cradley. 2. Chewning Blackmoor, son of W. B.

Bm sgrove. I (dute of chape!, 1693.) Palmer, died 1749.

1, Rev. John Spilsbury ejected from this 9. Joseph Carpenter, from Warwick,

place, died 1699, aged 71. about 1746, died Jan. 29, 1758,

2. James Thompson, died 1729. aged 67. Buried in Bromsgrove

3. Francis Spilsbury, grandson of John, churchyard.

as above, from 1729 to 1734. 4. Francis Blackmoor, son of Chewning,

Phillips. died 1761.

5. William 'Wells, from 1775 to 1795, 3. Dr. Allen, from 1759 to 1764, died

emigrated to America. 1774, aged 73.

6. Joba Corrie. 6. John Stokes.

7. Huddie.. 7. Francis Spilsbury from Bromsgrove, 8. Evans from Preston. 1734 to 1741, removed to Salters'

9. Benjamin Carpenter, removed to Hall, London, died March 3,

Stourbridge, 1807. 1782, aged 76.

10. Roger Ward, 1807. 8. Thomas Urwick, removed to Nor

Cradley, Worcester. borough and Clapbam, died Feb.

First place of worship built 1707. 26, 1807, aged 80.

1. Rev. Bassett from 1705 to 1735, 9. Thomas Belsham from Daventry Aca

when he died, aged 52. demy, remored to Daventry. 10, Joseph Gummer from Hereford, removed to Ilminster.

# Mr. Flower was educated under Mr. 11. George Osborne from West Brom- Woodhouse, at Sheriff Hales, Staff.; he

wich, 1784, died Nov. 12, 1812, was chaplain to Philip Foley, Esq. of aged 54.

Prestwood Hall : he was buried at Burton West Bromwich, Staffordshire. upon Trent, bis native town. 1. Rev. Mr. Pearce, afterwards Dr. P. + Mr. Edge, a native of Cauldwell, near

settled 1718, removed to Cbal- Kidderminster, studied at Bridgnorth unwood.

der Mr. Fleming : be was buried in the 2. Richard Wilton, 1720 or 1721, died family tomb of the Spilsburys, in Kidder. 1765, aged 82.

minster churchyard. 3. Thomas Robins, 1762, removed to At Webb Heath, near Bromsgrove, Daventry, 1776.

several ancestors of the family of Kettle 4. Benjamin Carpenter, .1775, removed once resided, who were members of this to Stourbridge, 1778.

congregation. Mr. W. Kettle removed to 5. John Humpbrys, 1779, removed to Birmingham; one of his daughters mares London.

ried the Res. Dr. Benson, another the Ref. 6. George Osborne, remored to Mr. Murray, of Chester. William, his son, Worcester, 1784.

married the daughter of the Rev. Joseph 7.

Barry, removed to Carpenter, of Worcester.
London.

The families of Spilsbury and Twamley 9. Joel Maurice from Stretton, 1797, were long resident in and gear Brotos

died Dec. 27, 1807, aged 67. grove.

1816.

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1. Joseph Fownes from 1735 to 1748, cil, was inserted in Les Annales de la

remored to Shrewsbury, died 1789, Religion, Vol. XIV. p. 35.
aged 75.

li is well known that Bonaparte was 9. Noah Jones, 1748 to 1762, removed not fond of Bishop Gregoire, because,

to Walsall, died 1785, aged , in the senate, he was always opposed

buried at Walsall. 4. Joseph Baker from Newtown, from plosion of his fury in 1810 gave occa

to his ambitious projects; and an ex1762 to 1789, resigned, died 1895, sion to his fatterers to manifest their

buried at Cradley. 5. James Scott, 1789 to 1807, sole-pas- odium against Gregoire, and again rea tor, co-pastor with

peat the falsehood which had been 6. Benjamin Carpenter, from 1807 to previously destroyed. His friends then

reprinted the report laid before the Park Lane Chapel built 1796. council, with a small preface, and

this served fully to establish the ipnocence of the accused.

How peculiar is the situation of this Gregoire, Bishop of Blois. venerable man. The jacobins accused THE THE Courier, as a palliative, has him for not having voted the king's

given to his readers a list of the death, and the anti-jacobins reprovech persons who voted for the death of him for having done it! The purLouis XVI. copying it, most proba. chasers of negroes accused him, in the bly, fsom some list published by one convention, of being a friend and of the many libellist partizans, always partizan of the English, because he Leady to add to the flame of kingly sought to destroy so illegal a trade vengeance. He therein includes the and now an English paper, without name of the benevolent Gregoire, examining the facts, re-echoes the caconstitutional Bishop of Blois, thus lumny of his enemies. In the conrepeating a calumny which in France vention he was publicly reproached his enemies have in vain sought to for seeking to Christianize France, affix to his name.

(Moniteur, an. 2, No. 57), and the Gregoire, at the time of the death incredulous and jacobins besieged him of Louis XVI. was absent, as one in his own house, and kept his life of the four envoys sent to Savoy; and in jeopardy during 18 months, for on its being known that, in the letter having susiained his characier and upsent to him, he had expunged the held religion in the session of 17 Briiword death, he was accused to the maire, (an. 2), notwithstanding the club of the jacobins, in 1793, for cloud of enenies with whom he had not having voted for the death of the to contend, (vide Annual Register, king. In the speech he had pro- 1793, page 201, 202), whilst the nounced as early as 1792, he hadde Catholics have since persecuted bim manded that the penalty of death as a heretic. He was avowedly the should be abolished, and that Louis, principal support of religion in France, as the first to enjoy the benefit of the when it would have been extinguished law, should be condemned “a l'ex- by the flight of the greatest part of the istence." Thus the papers of that clergy, and the apostacy of others ; time, and principally the Journal des and when terror was still the order of Amis, &c. (No. 5, Feb. 2, 1793) took the day, from the tribune he demanded great care to inscribe his name among the freedom of worship, and eventually whose deputies who had not voted for was the cause of 30,000 churches bethe infliction of capital punishment. ing opened. It was he who obtained Gregoire's enemies, nevertheless, in, the freedom of the miserable priests scribed his name among those who crowded into the hulks at Rochefort had voted for the king's death; and (Moniteur, an. 3, No. 81, seance du although he treated the calumny with 18 Frimaire), and priests are now his contempt, when the bishops' were chief calumniators. When Bonaassembled in Paris to celebrate their parte returned from the Island of Elba second national council, in 1801, as he eseluded him from the Chamber mre calumny was extremely prevalent, of Peers (though he was forinerly a they commissioned Moise, Bishop of senator), undoubtedly, because he St. Claude, to ascertain the facts and claimed and defended ihe rights of the make a report. This was perfectly people in his eloquent little tract, “ De satisfactory, and by order of the coun- la Constitution Française de l'an. 1814,"

the son

as well as in the vote with which he serve his fame to late posterity. His opposed the constitution sent by the principal performance is, “ An Insenate to Louis XVIII. and as a re- quiry after Happiness," in two voward, the latter has now also excluded lumes, octavo, which has passed him froin the number of his peers! through several editions, and is justly By these erents, however, Bishop held in high estimation. He also Gregoire had finished, as it were, his published, Ist,“ Practical Christianity, political career, and for the last year, or an Account of the Holiness which has been entirely absorbed in his the Gospel enjoins, and the Remedies efforts in favour of religion, humanity it proposes against Temptations," 8vo. and letters. Why then is he again 2d, “ The Morality of the Gospel." to be disturbed ? His virtues, in 3d, “ Christian Thoughts for every France, it is well known, are proof Day in the Week." 4th, “ A Guide against all calumnies, and in England to Heaven." 5th, “ The Duty of this same character, in union with his Servants.” 6th, Several Sermons, in being the friend and defender of Pro- five volumes, some of which were testants, Anabaptists, Jews, Negroes, published by his son, who was of his Mulattos, in short, of the oppressed, own naine, and survived him, and who' ought to have shielded hiin from the was bred at Sidney College, Camtaunts and designing staternents of an bridge, where he took his Master of editor of a daily paper.-Alorn. Chron. Arts degree. Dr. Lucas also translated

into Latin the Whole Duty of Man,

which was published in 1680, in 8vo. Some Account of the Rev. Dr. Lucas.

Brilish Biography, Vol. VI. page 122, DR. R. RICHARD LUCAS was in a Note to the Life of Mr. Howe.

of Richard Lucas, of Presteigne, in Radnorshire, and born Among other respectable writers, of in that county about the year 1648. whom we have but a very slender acAfter a proper foundation at school, he count, is Dr. Richard Lucas, author was sent, in 1664, 10 Jesus College, of several volumes of serinons, which Oxford, where, after taking both his possess considerable merit, and of degrees in Aris, at the regular times, he an “ Inquiry concerning Happiness, entered into holy orders about the year which has passed through, at least, 1672, and was for some time master eight editions. He was the son of of the tree school at Abergavenny; Richard Lucas, of Presteign, in Radbut being much esteemed for his ia- norshire, and born in that county lents in the pulpit, he was chosen about the year 1648. In 1664, he vicar of St. Stephen's, Coleman-street, was sent to Jesus College, Oxford ; London, and lecturer of St. Olave, in and after taking both the degrees in Southwark, in 1683. In 1691, he Arts, he entered into holy orders took the degree of Doctor in Divinity, about the year 1672. For some time and was installed prebendary of West- he was master of the free school at minster in 1696. His sighi began to Abergavenny; but in 1683, he became fail him in his youth, but he lost it vicar of St. Stephen's, Coleman-street, totally about this time, and lived many and was also chosen lecturer of St.. years after this misfortune. He died Olave, in Southwark. He took the on the 29th of June, 1715, and was degree of Doctor in Divinity in 1691, buried in Westminster Abbey, but and was installed prebendary of Westthere is no stone or inonumeni there minster in 1696. `About this time he to point out the place of his inter- lost his sight, but lived many years ment.

after that misfortune. He wrote his It is somewhat remarkable that so " Inquiry after Happiness" after he few particulars should have been pre- became blind, or nearly so. He was. served of the life and character of a the author of several theological pieces. divine of such distinguished merit. besides those which have been already We are only told in general that he mentioned. He died in 1715, and was greatly esteemed for his piety and was buried in Westminster Abbey, learning; and indeed that he was a but no stone has been placed there to most excellent man may be justly in- point out the place of his interment. firred from his writings, which are plonthly Magazine. exceedingly valuable, and will pre

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ORIGINAL LETTERS.

Two from the late Rev. R. Robinson, of appending to it, of which I had the

Cambridge, to the late Rev. Dan pleasure, when you was here, of know, Taylor, of London.

ing your approbation. Ever since, I Chesterton, Dec. 2, 1786. have been in the Alpine Vallies of MY DEAR SIR,

Dauphiny, Provence, Savoy and Youth YOUR favour came to hand last Piedinont. Thence I was violently

night at my return from Biggles. driven to Biggleswade, to the loss of wade, where, at the ordination of three days time and my temper, for Mr. Bowers, I had the pleasure of in the middle of my story, I was seeing Mr. Birley. He told me of the obliged to leave off, and send home printing, and I desired him to inform my books. you, with assurances of my sincere Now have I got all to fumble out esteem, that I gave you an absolute again. I hope, however, within two power over my scrap..

I seldom or three weeks to finish this part, and quote chapter and verse in preaching, then my plan is this: I intend to for I have supposed it a loss of time, revise one shect, and print it, as a and a temptation to divert my atten- sort of specimen, and to strike off Lion from the thread of the subject in eight or ten proofs, and no more. hand. Were I to follow my ideas, These will be put into the hand of a I should always preach without quo- friend, and along with them an estiting, and always print with it. If inate of the expence of one volume, therefore you will please to mark This friend will divide them into Scripture in italics, and put figures in shares of ten books each, and when, the margin, as you propose, I shall be if ever, he hath procured subscriptions obliged to you. At the same time, enough to pay the press, the volume allow me to say, I think your scrupu- will be printed. If this take place, lous delicacy on the subject more than you will hear from him. In what was necessary in regard to any thing manner he will arrange the affair of mine, which, I believe, would I know not. All I ask is, that the always be improved by passing work be printed, but not hackneyed through your refining hand. Either by pressing subscriptions, as no money I am mistaken, or your understand- will be wanted till the paper and press ing is superior and sound.

are to be paid, and then only the Your zeal for the publication gives value of the books subscribed for. me animation, as it convinces me It has been supposed, that if thirvy. of your approbation of the work. churches would take tęn each, the Whether your opinion be what I expence would be cleared: but this take it for or noi, certain it is, it cannot be determined before an estioperates in due proportion on me mate is made. according to the worth I set upon it, I am of opinion, that the work. and that is high. I have had similar ought not to be hurried, but proceed encouragement from other places, but, leisurely, for new facts and new light as I propose to myself no pecuniary daily rise on the subject. Ignorance, gain, so I shall endeavour to throw malice, political maneuvres, clericali the publication into a train, which sophistry, and party zeal have thrown may not encumber me, and yet be together a vast pile of materials, true, reputable to the cause. My plan is to false, doubtful, important, inpertiprint it handsomely, that the cause nent, and so on. All these are to be of the contemptible Anabaptists may examined, assorted, arranged, and have a chance of being read by such even lics inust be disposed of, or they as at present have our liberties and like vipers benumbed a while will properties in their hands; for to us, revive and poison irue liistorical facts. Baptists, the New Testament is the The mighty mass often discourages whole body of our divinity, and quite me, and damps my spirits, especially sufficient to confirm us in the practice. when I recollect how ready prepared, For this purpose I have thrown in to censure and abuse the most upright anecdotes and entertaininent, pot intentions some

stand-idle necessary to the argument, though souls, who do nothing but gape and

nien

VOL. XII.

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