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Thy choral memory of the Bard divine,
Abandon Ocean's children ; in the fall
I loved her from my boyhood ; she to me
Perchance even dearer in her day of woe,
I can repeople with the past—and of 6
There are some feelings time can not benumb;
| Tusso.] Torquato Tasso, 1514–1595. His great work was the • Jerusalem Delivered.'
2 Albion.) Byron reproaches his country with the humiliation of Venice under Austria ; but it was the French Republic that in 1797 betrayed the sister Republic into the hands of the Emperor of Germany.
3 Otway.] From 1651 to 1685. He is often ranked as second to Shakspeare.
4 Mrs. Radcliffe.] 1764-1823. Wrote the 'Mysteries of Udolpho.'
5 Schiller.] 1759–1805. Wrote the “Ghost-Seer, or the Ar menian.' These writers touch on Venice; but to include Mrs. Radcliffe in this quaternion is, of course, only to give the boyish impressions of the poet.
6 And of:] This peculiarity is noted in the introduction. It is not uncommon in the later plays of Shakspeare. A weak ending' occurs in D. J.?- Her voice, though sweet, is not so fit to warble those bravuras.'
But from their nature will the tannen 'grow
Of bleak, gray granite into life it came,
Existence may be borne, and the deep root
Endure and shrink not, we of nobler clay
All suffering doth destroy, or is destroyed,
2 It.] This pronoun may here be merged in the verb, fulfil the same office, as in the expressions—lord it,' carry it' with a high hand.
3 All suffering doth destroy, &c.] Of the comforts of the doctrine which Hamlet expresses
• There's a divinity which shapes our ends,
Rough-hew them how we will'Byron knew nothing. Conf. Gray's different sentiments in his Ode to Adversity :
• Thy form benign, oh goddess ! wear,
Thy milder influence impart,
And perish with the reed on which they leant ;
Some seek devotion, toil, war, good, or crime, According as their souls were formed to sink or climb.
But ever and anon of griefs subdued
A flower—the wind- the ocean—which shall wound, Striking the electric chain wherewith we are darkly
And how and why we know not, nor can trace
The cold, the changed, perchance the dead-anew,
But my soul wanders ; I demand it back
Wherein were cast the heroic and the free,
| A tone of music, 8c.] A noble exposition of the association of ideas,' similarity, contrast, and contiguity.
2 The lords of earth and sea.] The terrarum dominos' in Horace's first Ode.
The commonwealth of kings,' the men of Rome !
The moon is up, and yet it is not night; Sunset divides the sky with her ; a sea Of glory streams along the Alpine height Of blue Friuli's ? mountains ; Heaven is free From clouds, but of all colours seems to be, Melted to one vast Iris of the West, SWhere the Day joins the past Eternity; While, on the other hand, meek Dian's crest Floats through the azure air-an island of the blest !"
A single star is at her side, and reigns With her o'er half the lovely heaven ; but still Yon sunny sea heaves brightly, and remains Rolled o’er the peak of the far Rhætian hill, As Day and Night contending were, until Nature reclaimed her order : gently flows The deep-dyed Brenta, 5-where their hues instil The odorous purple of a new-born rose, Which streams upon her stream, and glassed within it
1 The commonwealth of kings.] Conf. the expression of Cineas, that he had seen at Rome, in the Senate, an assembly of kings.' 2 Friuli.]
A province in Lombardy, on the north of the Adriatic.
3 The Iris of the West.] Sunset.
Deep-dyed Brenta.] A river of Lombardy.
Filled with the face of heaven, which, from afar,
With a new colour as it gasps away,
There is a tomb in Arqua ; 1_reared in air,
Watering the trees which bears his lady's name
They keep his dust in Arqua, where he died;
| A tomb in Arqua.] Rogers' • Italy:'-
A lonely tomb beside a mountain church'-
2 Laura.] Her virtues and her beauty form the subject-matter of most of Petrarch's sonnets. Her death (from the plague in 1348) threw a serious air over his writings. Laura was the daughter of Audebert de Noves, Syndic of Avignon, and the wife of Hugh de Sade. Some have supposed her to be a purely idcal person, from the discrepancies in her history. Petrarch was a Tuscan, and, with his contemporary Dante, had a great influence on Italian literature.
3 The laurel tree, Laurus.'