Celibacy was made the primal virtue.—Effects of this upon
Gloomy hue imparted to religion
Strong assertion of freewill
Depreciation of the qualities that accompany a strong physical
Destruction of the domestic virtues.-Inhumanity of saints to
their relations .
Encouraged by leading theologians
Later instances of the same kind
Extreme theological animosity.
Decline of the Civic Virtues
History of the relations of Christianity to patriotism
Influence of the former in hastening the fall of the Empire
Permanent difference between ancient and modern societies in
the matter of patriotism
Influence of this change on moral philosophy
Historians exaggerate the importance of civic virtues
General Moral Condition of the Byzantine Empire
Stress laid by moralists on trivial matters .
Corruption of the clergy
Childishness and vice of the populace
The better aspects of the Empire