Page images

posed by the laws of amortisation, on names, to the number of 60,000 wri:
condition that they shall declare all ters, are here denounced as corrupters
their acquisitions to the proper autho- and seducers of youth, blasphemers,
rities. At the time of the arrival of liars, incendiaries ; who have formed,
the Jesuits from Russia, there was at directly and indirectly, an association,
Vienna a provincial of the order, who by which all thrones are threatened,
fixed their ulterior destination, keep- and from which all the revolutions we
ing some in the Austrian states, and have witnessed proceeded. M. Fabri-
sending the others to Italy. At the cius knows this association; he even
same time, measures were taken in prints the oath taken by the members.
Hungary for their being well received He proposes to abolish all the Univer-
there on their journey. Doubts are sitics, or at least to place them under
still entertained as to their order being the most rigid surveillance; for the
entirely re-established in Austria. The tutelage under which they now are
Jesuits having obtained a noviciate is very far from satisfying him!
house at Vienna, would seemn, how-
ever, to decide the question in the

Greek Patriotic Song.
When the Turks penetrated into the

Morea, the Greeks of that beautiful

country displayed an extraordinary The faculty of theology, assembled heroisin, worthy of ancient Greece. under the presidency of its dean, M. Thousands of young warriors, and Gesenius, a learned man, distinguished even old men, sang with enthusiasm by many works, and recently by the a noble patriotic hymn, composed by publication of an excellent Coininen- a Greek Professor, and set to music tary of the Prophet Isaiah, has awarded by a Gerinan inusician. This song the diploma of Doctor of Divinity to contributed much to excite the couMr. Lee, Hebrew Professor at Cam- rage of the heroes who destroyed the bridge, as a mark of gratitude for the army of Khourchid. The following Syriac and Arabic Versions of the strophe is particularly remarkable : Bible which he has made for the Bible “ Our war is not that of ambitious Society. The motives for granting conquerors and enemies to humanity, the diploma are thus expressed :- it is a sacred war. Nature and reliPropter insignem linguarum orien, gion impose upon us the duty of driv. talium doctrinam, permultis bibliorum ing out our tyrants that we may have versionibus antiquo nitori restitutis a country.splendidè probatam, atque ad propaganda sacra christiana piè adhibi tam."


The sciences and arts have to deGERMAN UNIVERSITIES.

plore the loss of M. GALIN, inventor

of the Méthode du Métoplaste, memGreat sensation has been excited in ber of the Philharmonic Society of Germany by a work bearing the fol- Amsterdam, &c., who died at Paris, lowing title: “On the disgraceful 31st August, 1822. Born at BourProceedings in German Universities, deaus in 1786, of an obscure family, Gymnasiuins, and Lyceums; or His- he owed to himself alone all his intory of the Academical Conspiracy struction. He occupied himself whilst agaiust Royalty, Christianity and Pro- very young in mathematical studies, perty. By K. M. E. Fabricius, Libra- and was professor of the higher marian at Bruchsal.” This work, of thematics in the Lyceum of Bourabout 200 pages, is dedicated to all deaux, then in the institution of the the Founders and German Members deaf and dumb in the same town. He of the Holy Alliance, their Ministers published, in 1818, bis Method of and Ambassadors to the Diet; and Teaching Music, wbich is as remarkatells them things that make the hair ble for the clearness of the style as stand on end. Men such as Kant, for the depth of knowledge which it Fitche, Schelling, Campe, Lofler, implies. The method of the MétoPaulus, Krug, and a lang et cetera of plaste has obtained much success in Holland and at Paris. The pupils this eminent scholar having lulled bis M. Galin has formed in that city, do friends into security: although he had no less honour to his character than arrived at the age of seventy-four, to his talents. It will soften the just there was no indication that science regrets which the death of their Pro- was about to lose the genius and the fessor causes them, to know that an labours of one of its most zealous extensive work, relative to music, promoters. Berthollet, like D'Alemwhich he has left ready for the press, bert, first studied physic, but chemiswill soon be brought forward. try soon became more attractive in

his eyes, and the path of useful dis

We Madame de CONDORCET, (see Mon. shall not on this occasion undertake

covery was open before him. Repos. XVII. 640,) widow of the il. to give an account of all that he has lustrious Secretary of the Academy of done for the science of chemistry; the Sciences, died at Paris, on Sunday, subject would require leisure for me 6th September, 1822. The end of thodical researches and an extended her life has given new proofs of that treatise. Suffice it, at present, to pure and sublime philosophy with mention some of his works : his Elewhich she was penetrated. Notwith- mens de Teinture and his Statique standing the acute and almost conti- Chimique, will be known and connual pains of her last long malady, şulted long after the ideas and facts the wants and future lot of those she which they contain shall be found in assisted occupied her incessantly; and subsequent works, which develope the even when her voice became indistinct, further advancement of science. it was the names of these persons In the article which we shall devote which she articulated the best and to Berthollet, a man so worthy of our most frequently. The same senti

regret, we shall follow him in his ment of philanthropy led her to wish peaceful career of science, amidst the for the plainest funeral. This lady, revolution in Egypt; we shall recal so estimable for the goodness of her that glorious epoch when the arms of heart and the soundness of her under- France had conquered the land of standing, justly cherished and regret- the Pharaohs with its monuments of ted by all who had the happiness of grandeur ; we shall contemplate Berapproaching her, and sharing her af- Chollet and Monge amongst the ruins fections, had made herself known in of Tyre, enfeebled by disease, but the literary world by an elegant trans- animated by the love of knowledge lation of the Theory of Moral Senti- and of their country, plucking with ments by Adam Smith.

hands, bereft of their strength, some

fragments of the walls and buildings BERTHOLLET. The year which is of that ancient city, to subject them near its termination will be distinguish- to scientific analysis. After having ed by the great and numerous losses admired the scholar, we shall turn that have afflicted the learned world. our attention, with varied interest, to The science of Astronomy has been the public man; nor will the private deprived of D'Alembert and Herschel; individual be less worthy of our rethe Ecole normale and a great number gards. The task of the biographer of of eminent Professors are lost to us ; this good citizen, this sincere and judithe studies of the most celebrated cious friend of liberty, this professor school of medicine in the world are whose zeal and genius have given the interrupted, and the very existence of character of demonstration to a science that Institution is endangered ; Haüy before imperfectly investigated, would is no more ; a few months after his be a task affording the liveliest plea. decease, Berthollet follows him to the sure, did not every line he writes recal grave.

The last-named calamity is to his memory, that death has put an the more afflictive because it was un- end to the labours he is delighted to expected, the vigorous constitution of trace.


Additions to Obituary.
SAMUEL PETT, Esq., M.D. consequendis; Eruditorum examini sabjicit

Samuel Pett, Anglus. Soc. Med. Edin. (See p. 57.)

Soc, necnon Soc. Nat. Stud. Edin.,Soc.Extr. The subject of this memoir was born et nuper Præses annuus. Ad diem 24 on the 24th of September, in the year Junii, hora locoque solitis." On printing 1765, of a respectable family of Pro. his Dissertation, Dr. Pett dedicated it to testant Dissenters, at Liskeard, in the his respected tutor and valued friend, Mr. county of Cornwall. He received the ru- Belsham, in the following appropriate diments of his education at the Grammar- terms: « Reverendo Thomæ Belsham, School of that town. In 1781, and in cum ob Consilia et Præcepta, tum ob his 16th year, he entered the Dissenting Amicitiam, qua perplures annos illum Academy at Daventry, then under the dignatus est, semper colendo; hoc Opus. superintendance of the Rev. Thomas Bel- culum, animi gratissimi et devinctissimi sham, the present minister of Essex testimonium, sacrum voluit Auctor." As Street. (Mon. Repos. XVII. 285.) His a member of the Medical Society of Edinexcellent character shone out in this burgh, Dr. Pett contributed a paper on early period of his life, and some of his the office of the Menabrana Tympani, most valuable friendships were formed which is amongst the Society's manuscripts. with persons who were his fellow pupils. Before this period he had had the happiFor his tutor he entertained sentiments ness of connecting himself in marriage of the highest respect and esteem, and with Mary Aun, the eldest daughter of for no one of the inany gentlemen under Jonathan Eade, Esq., of Stoke Newinghis care did the tutor feel a warmer re- ton, the proprietor of the mansion in that gard. lo an affectionate letter, written village which was long the seat of the on occasion of his death, Mr. Belsham Abneys, and which is still an object of says, in reference to his character as a curiosity as the residence, for many years, student, “Entering with his whole soul of the learned and pious Dr. Watts.-Dr. into the innocent gaieties of youth, he was Pett's first settlement in his professional distinguished at all times by the steadi- character was at Plymouth, in which ness of his conduct, by his respect for place and the neighbourhood he was well religious principles, and by an ardent known and much esteemed. His success thirst after knowledge and ambition of was quite equal to his expectations, and improvement; while, at the same time, would have been probably such as to atthe suavity of his temper, and the cour- tach him to this place for life, had not tesy of his manners, rendered him the the party-spirit excited by the war of object of universal affection and esteem." the French Revolution led him to feel On leaving the Academy, he was for some that the metropolis, or its vicinity, was time undecided in the choice of his pro- a much more congenial situation for a fession. He entered himself of one of Protestant Dissenter and a friend of freethe inus of Court in London, and for a dom. He removed in 1796, and took up short period turned his attention to the his abode at Clapton. Upambitious in law; but not finding legal studies agreea- his sentiments and retired in his habits, ble to the bent of his mind, he exchanged he contented himself at first with the them for those of medicine. To pursue life of a private gentleman, and would, these to the greatest advantage, he enter in all probability, have continued in reed in 1789 the University of Edinburgh. tirement, had he not been overruled by Here he passed three sessions : but be. the importunities of friends to resume his ing called home to England by the pri. profession. Some medical practitioners vate concerns of his family, for one win- of the first eminence, amongst whom ter, be did not graduate till the year were the late Drs. Pitcairn and Saunders, 1793. His Thesis for his degree, printed strongly urged him to fix in the metropoat Edinburgh, in that year, bears the fol- lis. To this he objected, on the ground lowing title : “ Dissertatio Medica Inau- of health, and, it may be, from feeling guralis de Colica Pictonum. Quam, An- hinself unequal to the anxiety and effort nuente Summo Numine, ex Auctoritate required to a successful London practice. Reverendi admodum Viri D. Gulielmi He was, besides, increasingly bound to Robertson, S.S.T.P., Academiæ Edin- Hackney by several valuable friendships ; burgenæ Præfecti, necnon Amplissimi and here accordingly, in compliance with Senatus Academici Consensu, et nobi. the wishes of many, he again took up his lissimæ Facultatis Medicæ Decreto; pro professional character, in the year 1804 ; Gradu Doctoris, summisque in Medicina and the event proved that his decision Honoribus ac Privilegiis rite et legitime was wisely formed, for his practice soon became considerable, and it was growing delicacy of feeling and simplicity and peryearly until the time of his decease. spicuity of style. The earliest of these, This was without any contrivance or known to the present writer, is a short scheme of his own, and wholly owing to account of the late Rev. Henry Moore, of his character, his talents aud his inan- Liskeard, [Mon, Repos. XVII. 163,] inners. He was averse to the usual, and in serted in Dr. Aikin's elegant memoir of most cases necessary measures for ad- that amiable man, prefixed to “ Poems vancing his professional career. He was Lyrical and Miscellaneous," in quarto, once an unsuccessful, and, the writer sus- which Dr. A. edited for the Author, and pects, au unwilling candidate for the office which appeared as a posthumous publicaof physician to the Charter-House, and tion in 1803. Dr. Pett was counected by he allowed himself to be proposed as a his family with the Presbyterian congrecandidate for the same office to the Lon- gation at Liskeard; and Mr. Moore's don Hospital, but shrunk back in the character and taste were too congenial with midst of his canrass from the toilsome his own not to attract his cordial esteem, drudgery which such a pursuit imposes, - It may be here added, that Dr. P. was and from which it is strange that some one of the Trustees of the Meeting-House means should not be adopted by the pub- in that place, and that upon the extinc. lic, or at least by the directors of chari- tion of the old congregation he consented, table institutions, to save the members with his usual liberality, that the building of a profession, whose education and should be occupied by another denominasocial habits may be expected to traio tion, rising into importance, but unpro. them to delicacy of feeling.--Dr. Peit vided with a suitable chapel.-The next cheerfully accepted and conscientiously occasion on which he employed his pen fulfiled the duty of Physician to the for the public information, was on the Refuge for the Destitute in Hackney death of Mr. Gilbert Wakefield, for whom Ruad : he was alsu Physician to the as a scholar, a Christian, a patriot and a Albion Fire and Life Insurance Office, friend, he felt the highest admiration. In which appointment he held from the tinse conjunctiou with other medical men, Dr. of the institution of the Society. In the Pett attended this truly eminent man in regular and unambitious practice of his his last illness, and at the instance of his profession, Dr. Pett's life was varied by biographer, Mr. Rutt, he contributed a few incidents. His studies of later years letter containing a well-drawn up and were chiefly medical, and few persons in very interesting detail of the malady that the profession were better acquainted deprived the world of so distinguished an with the history of disease and with the ornament. This is inserted in Vol. II. of discoveries made in the healing art. His the Menoirs, pp. 289-295, and will be leisure from his increasing medical duties read with eager, but melancholy interest was devoted to general literature and by the friends of Dr. Pett, as it has loug science, and to the enjoyments of social been by those of Mr. Wakefield.—The intercourse, in which he took lively plea only fruit of Dr. Pett's pen, besides these, sure and to which he largely contributed. was also produced at the call of friendBy a liberal education he had acquired a ship, in the case of the late much-lagreat mass of general knowledge, and no mented Mr. Dewhurst. Iu a letter to small share of elegant learning; and by a Mr. Rutt, who compiled the account of judicious disposition of his acquirements, this distinguished scholar, so prematurely appeared competent to the discussion of taken away from the world, printed in any subject, whether scientific or literary. our VIIth volume, pp. 729—749, Dr. He read all new works of merit with avi- Pett both related with great succinctness dity, and was rarely seen in his walks or the progress of his rapidly-fatal disease, rides without a book in his hand. His dif- and sketched with great felicity his genefidence restrained him from employing ral character. (Pp. 741—743.) From his pen for the public benefit. His stand frequent and familiar intercourse, he ard of literary excellence was very high, knew well the powers of Mr. Dewhurst's and he seemed to feel that he could not mind and the rich acquisitions of knowwrite to his own satisfaction, When ledge which he had stored up, and no urged to publish cases that occurred in one more deeply and permanently lamenthis own practice, he was accustomed to ed his loss. The readers of this work disparage his own opinion and to remark may remember that it was not long ago that the publication of medical cases had proposed to publish a collection of Mr. grown into an evil. It is to be regretted Dewhurst's papers : for the success of that an unjust estimate of his own powers this project Dr. Pett was very anxious, kept him from the exercise of literary and the last letter that he ever wrote, composition, since the few specimens of penned after the insidious disease that his writing ihat are given to the public, terminated his valuable life was at work, eviuce remarkable soundness of judgment, contained a reference to the favourite scheme. In the exercise of his profes- fact, a deep sense of the obligation that sion, Dr. Pett always appeared in his own lies upon a Christian to do good; and character, disinterested, condescending, such was his humility that he frequently liberal and generous. After the first lamented the small amount of his usesisit, he was no where a stranger. His fulness. There was scarcely a public patients were his friends. This was the object dependent upon private liberality case uo less with the poor than with for support, within his own religious de. persons in good circumstances. The poor nomination, to which he was not a subknew and felt this, and hence he was scriber; and many were his contributions always denominated by them “ The Poor to distressed individuals and decayed faMan's Friend." The blessing of them milies, known to few besides the recipi. that were ready to perish came upon ents of his bounty and Him who seeth in him. A great number of individuals in secret.-To improvements in the coudihumble life, to whom he had been a be- tion of his fellow-creatures he was eagerly gefactor, bewailed his death, and still devoted, especially such as came within lament bitterly their own loss. No man, the scope of his profession. Having perhaps, in his station, was ever followed thoroughly studied from the beginning, to the grave by more or deeper mourners; and watched the operation of Dr. Jencoosisting too of that class of persons ner's discovery, he was a zealous advowhose mourning is the dictate uot of cate for vaccination, which he believed fashion bút of the heart. He was, indeed, would finally exterminate the small-pox, “worthy, for whom" they “ should do or at least take away the malignity of this." He took real pleasure in being the disease. He therefore discouraged serviceable to his poor neighbours. Fre- the variolus inoculation, and partly as a quently, after a fatiguing day, and when trustee of the parish of Hackney, and he was beginning to enjoy the comforts partly as a physician, he procured the of his fireside, he has called to mind disuse of the practice amongst the paro. some patient of this class who expected chial dependents. He drew up a paper his fisit, and regardless of weather and on the comparative advantages of the every other inconvenience, has proceeded two inoculations, to which he gained the to the abode of want and disease, at a signatures of the medical practitioners at considerable distance from his own habi- Hackney, and this determined the resotation. Ouc of the last efforts of his lution of the guardians of the poor.-failing speech, as it is stated in a note Without any ostentation of profession, to the Funeral Sermon, p. 44,) was an Dr. Pett was a decided Christian. He explanation to his servant of the re- had little relish for theological and me. sidences of some poor patients, whom taphysical viceties, but he entered with he was anxious to inform of his illness, his heart and soul into those great views lest they should suffer in mind or body of religion which regard the perfection of from his non-attendance. - Nothing the Divive character, and the improvecan more strongly illustrate the power ment and happiness of the human race. of Dr. Pett's excellent. character than He despised the mummery of superstithe degree of respect and esteem which tion, and shrunk with abhorrence from he enjoyed amongst the members of the appearance of bigotry. He was a Prohis owu profession, whom he concili- testant Dissenter, because he believed ated, amidst differences of opinion and that the priuciples of Protestant Dissent interest, by his frank conduct and amia- lie at the foundation of truth and liberty; ble manners. He was a boud of union he was an Unitarian, because he viewed to such of them as were in his own Unitarianism as the only scheme of neighbourhood: those that were at a Christianity that represents it to be wordistance put confidence in him, on thy of a Divine author. His connexion account of his wide-spread moral repu- with the Gravel-Pit congregation at Hacktation, la general society, Dr. Pett was ney was, it is believed, a source of satisan universal favourite. His manners faction to himself; it was, certainly, a were easy but dignified, indicating all that matter of rejoicing to his Christian breis intended by the word gentleman. He thren. Many instances were there in was diffident, but not reserved. As oc- his conduct, of the interest which he casion offered, he took his share in con- took in the diffusion of scriptural truth : versation, and his remarks displayed a it deserves to be mentioned that he was highly-cultivated and well-stored mind. one of a small number of liberal and His countenance bespoke his character; enlightened individuals who, both to exit was manly, ingenuous and benignant. press their cordial friendship for Mr. He had a peculiarly benevolent smile, Belsham, and to promote the knowledge which was irresistibly fascinating. Be- of the Scriptures, which Mr. Belsham's yond the circle of his profession, his life has been spent in advancing, formed charities were rery great. He had, in the plan for bringing out the “ Com

« PreviousContinue »