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On John viï. 58, &c.
Upon the vexata quæstio of “ Gop “ Before Abraham was, I am."
the Son” and the Son of God, no
John viii. 58. incident recorded in the New TestaSIR,
ment seems likely to throw more light, VE orthodox interpretation of or to afford more unequivocal evi
ers. It is not my design to bear my entitled the Transfiguration. Whether humble testimony against that almost “ the Vision” determine in favour of intolerable badinage of Athanasian- the orthodox hypothesis, or of the ism on this particular subject; the scriptural statement, let a review of only argument I propose is the argu. it in a prominent point decide. ment ad verecundiam. And one might The supernatural exhibition appears think it were decisive enough with an to have been vouchsafed for the purordinary controversialist. * God the pose of attesting the person of Christ. Son” (on the shewing of these inno- * We were eye-witnesses of his maFators upon scriptural phraseology) jesty," says one of the spectators some is unwittingly challenged by the Jews time afterwards. And the accompaas“ taking too much upon himself,” nying attestation from heaven was in in making use of words which seemed these words, “ This is my beloved to them to imply that he was in his Son.” What then was this “ maown opinion “ something greater” jesty," and what the precise meaning than Abraham or the prophets. To of this testimonial ? We cannot this challenge He is prepared, it surely ascertain either point better seems, if we are to believe these advo- than by referring to the impression cates of his equality with God, cate- made by it on the minds of the parties gorically to reply, and is about to do at the time. so in such express and unambiguous And first, let us put the question to terms, as shall leave no doubt in the the contemporary witnesses. Peter minds of his disciples of his being not (“ not knowing,"indeed, according to only superior to these Jewish wor. the Evangelist, “ what he said”) rethies, but of his being their Jehovah marks, in the agitation of the moment, himself. He postpones, however, for “Let us make here three Tabernaa few moments the astonishing disclo- cles : one for Moses, and one for Elias, sure. It is not made, where undoubt- and one for God the Son !” edly under such circumstances he Could delirium at its height have sugmight have looked for it, eo instanti gested such a proposition as this? with the disparagement of his person, How well his subsequent conduct and on the part of his incredulous oppo- that of his fellow-disciples corres. nents. "No, the rebuke is immedi- ponded with any such notion, is well ately parried by a somewhat different known. They resume their discourse assurance unquestionably. “ Whom with this their glorified Master more makest thou thyself ?” is the question suo: Peter rebukes him, and John is asked. The Almighty, in the person seen lying on his bosom. Let us now of a human being, is catechised as to make our appeal to the Old Testament his pretensions to rank above Moses saints. They must surely have been and the prophets. What is the reply? well acquainted with “ the mystery of “ If I honour myself, my honour is godliness," have rightly appreciated nothing.” Is it possible to repress * the majesty” of the person with a smile upon the prospective construc- whom they were at the moinent tion of the concluding averment? The brought in contact. Are they then “ I am,” about to make the awful seen prostrating themselves before the anagnorisis only a moment or two af- second person of the Trinity, veiled terwards, leads to it by the preceding in human flesh, in mute, unutteralile observation! Respect for the in- adoration? They were talking with firmities of our common nature arrests Jesus,” says one of the reporters of my pen. I feel a blush rising on iny the event, " they were speaking of his own cheek, and spare that which decease which he should accomplish at must surely by this time have quite Jerusalem,” another. crimsoned that of my opponent.
Address of the Presbyterian Church in since your Grace's arrival in Ireland,
Cork, to his Grace. the Archbishop beg leave to offer to your Grace our reof Cashel, on his Primary Visitation spectful congratulations on that event. Charge, with his Grace's Answer. Dissenting, for conscience' sake, W
TĚ have perused with lively inter- from that national Church in which
est the following address and your Grace enjoys elevated rank ; yet reply, and deem them worthy of per- firmly believing that the seeds of salmanent record in our Repository. vation are sown in every church which The Archbishop of Cashel seems to ' confesses that Jesus Christ is Lord hold the same noble moral rank in to the glory of God the Father,' and the Irish Church, that the Bishop of that it is of far less importance to any Norwich does in the English.* Such society of Christians to say, that they men are not only the ornament, but are of Paul,' they are • of Apollos, also the defence of their respective they are of Cephas'--than that they communions. The Address and Reply are of Christ'; we feel ourselves have been sent to us in a Cork news- called upon to express our approbapaper, and we insert the introduction tion of those sentiments of Christian to them which we here find.
charity and love, breathed through
out your Grace's Primary Visitation “The documents which we subjoin, Charge-sentiments which must chacomprising the Address of the Pres- racterise the first act of your Grace's byterian Congregation of this city to Archiepiscopal functions, not only as the Archbishop of Cashel, and his an admonition worthy of distinguished Grace's answer thereto, possess pecu- literary talent, but also honourable to liar interest-indeed we may add im- the feelings of your Grace's heart. portance-at the present moment. It “ The liberal and enlightened views is soothing, in the midst of the religi- of Christian brotherhood which that vils strife which is waging in this un adınonition holds to all the disciples fortunate country, to find, at least, of the Lord Jesus Christ, are calcuone set of Christians claiming for lated to calm the tumults caused by themselves, and conceding to others, the bursts of intemperate zeal-to the right of exercising conscience in repress that spiritual intolerance so all spiritual matters; and paying a unbecoming in the Christian minister, tribute of approbation to the instruc- and to inculcate in the minds of all tive lessons of kindness and concilia- those who are labonring in the vinetion which lạtely proceeded from the yard of their great Master—that, as distinguished prelate whom they have as they are fellow-travellers through a addressed. It is equally, if not more world of trial, they are fellow-sharers gratifying, to witness the kindred spi- of errors, weaknesses and infirmities; rit which pervades the reply of this and, though differing in opinion in distinguished personage. We do not what your Grace has denominated think that the visitation charge of his ‘forms not essential to salvation,' Grace, which is the subject of eulogy yet are they fellow-worshipers of by the Presbyterian body, and which, the same God, fellow-expectants of doubtless, our readers have fresh in the same mercy, through a Redeemer, their remembrance, will have made and therefore dwell in the unity of the a greater iinpression on the public spirit and the bond of peace. mind, than this brief but beautiful “ Although fully conscious that record of true Christian feeling and your Grace, in the discharge of your opinion.
high pastoral duties, 'seeks not the MAY IT PLEASE YOUR GRACE,
praises of man, but the praise of God;' “We, the Ministers and Elders of yet residing within the bounds of your the Presbyterian Church in Cork, Grace's Archiepiscopal jurisdiction, assembled in our first annual Vestry we cannot refrain from thus publicly
expressing our sentiments of grateful The reader will not fail to recollect respect, and assuring your Grace of the Address of the Eastern Unitarian
our unfeigned wishes that you may Society to the Bishop of Norwich, with enjoy, in this world, health, prospethe Bishop's Answer, inserted Mon. Re. rity and peace, and may finally inhe pos. XVII.521, 522.
rit" the promise of - your Redeemer,
"Where they that be wise shall shine Some months ago the Meeting, of as the brightness of tbe firmament, and which he is a member, nevertheless they that turn many to righteousness gave him a certificate of full unity as the stars for ever and ever.'
with his labours as a minister, in order TO WHICH HIS GRACE RETURNED THE
to his paying a religious visit to the
large meetings of Friends at Philadel“ Permit me to assure you, that I phia. In the performance of this duty, am very much flattered by your kind
I understand, a very insidious at. congratulations on the commencement tempt was made by one of his most inof my connexion with the province of Veterate opposers to prejudice Friends Munster.
there against him; but that it fell in “ Conscientiously attached to the the right place, viz. on its disingenuous Established Church, I cannot but feel and unmanly author.” a particular gratification in the candid
I am not acquainted with the preapproval of those, who as conscienti- cise difference in opinion on the docously dissent from it.
trines in question; but your readers “ In this our imperfect state of may see (with your permission) by being, it is impossible for us to think the following general description of all alike. Our minds take various the effect of this visit, and the dispobents from education, habits and nu
sition of certain ecclesiastics ainong merous external as well as internal the Friends to censure and silence the causes, not always subject to our con
preacher, that it occasioned no slight troul : : so that it seems almost as un
degree of agitation among them. A reasonable to quarrel with each other letter from Philadelphia, of a late for the differences in our opinions, as
“ The ancient and venerafor the difference in our statures, com
ble Elias Hickes has paid us a visit plexions and features.
in gospel love; he has kindled a fire in “ Amid the din of parties and the
our midst, and it continues to burn on ebullition of sectarian zeal of that the altars of the hearts of many, espezeal, I mean, which would appropriate able testimonies have been borne in
cially the youth of both sexes. Many the character of God's elect to one denomination of Christians alone ; it his behalf in our public papers ; he is pleasing to witness the avowal of has stood forth in our meetings, like more liberal principles. We are not the scholar of Gamaliel, and boldly all members of the Church of England; The two-edged sword of truth cannot
declared the whole counsel of God. but we are all inembers of the Church of Christ ; and I cannot but rejoice to be borne by pharisaical professors. find that the Ministers and Congrega- Eleven elders out of fifteen, and about tion of the Presbyterian Church in nine ministers, of the same grade, Cork, participate with me in what strove to destroy his mission, silence
him and send him home. But he, appears to their minds, as well as to my own, the genuine feelings of Chris- like a bold champion in the cause of tian charity and benevolence.
truth, sounded the ram's horn in our “ Signed, “ R. CASHEL.”
borders, and the walls of our carnal Jericho trembled to their base! And
thousands flocked to hear the gospel Sir, April 6, 1823.
preached in primitive simplicity. "A LATELY received from a much- convention was held every 24 hours, of teresting particulars respecting Elias us. Hickes, of Long Island, near New “ Ten delegates, sanctioned by the York, who has long been, and still is, Pontiff J-- E- addressed a leta celebrated preacher in the Society of ter to him, (which I have not seen,) Friends. He has, however, I am cre- on the subject of his heterodox docdibly informed, for the liberality of trines ;' and he answered it in the his sentiments, met with considerable ability which God gave, proving all opposition “ from a few formal bi- their accusations to be false, and gots” amongst his brethren for several founded on bigotry and prejudice. years past, who have accused him “ He has cleared his skirts, and left * of preaching Hannah Barnard's doc. 113 to reflect upon his testiroonies, trine."
But slander, that thousand-tongued
viper, which outvenoms all the worms From that hour the star of glory of the Nile, is still pouring out bitter
Shone on Judah's hallow'd ground, invectives against him, and striving When the shepherds sang the story to blast his character," for reputed
Where the infant King was found, orthodoxy I suppose,
'to bring himn Thro' the gloom of darkest ages, under condemnation' by the Church, Truth has shone with piercing ray, and thus cause him to be thrust out And the balm that pain assuages of the Synagogue. But this is not in Shed ou hearts that own its sway. their power." A spirit of inquiry seems to the light of grace inshining to be abroad among us, and the
Thro' the darkness of our souls, youth appear disposed to search for We must bow with hearts inclining themselves, and not pin their faith To his will that ours controuls. upon pontiffs, cardinals, or their privy Thus we learn by revelation, counsellors, who are nothing but ty
What the will of God makes known, Fannical, sectarian bigots ; and, if Thus we bow in adoration, sanctioned by law, would soon cause Humbly at the Saviour's throne. a Smithfield smoke to be raised among Need we then the long narration us.” The letter-writer adds, “ I have
As the means, our heaven to win ? been informed, the people who call No, the source of our salvation, themselves Friends are about to lay Is the light of Christ within. a proposal before their ecclesiastical court to publish a new confession of By the eternal word of power,
Manifest within the mind, faith to the world, since Elias has jos. Acting in the silent hour, tled their lees, and produced a fer- On the thoughts of human kind: mentation, which I hope will purge For this holy truth professing, out all their old leaven. I have long
Long our fathers suffer'd sore, sighed for a Reformation. If it begin Long contended for the blessing, in this city, it will spread far and Given to the saints before. wide. All the meetings seem con. vulsed !!”
Now again the way thou showest,
That the Apostles ever trod, To give you and your readers some
Heaven reward thee as thou goest, farther idea of the warınth with which
On the errand of thy God. the attempt to obstruct Elias Hickes in the exercise of the sacred rights of Persecutions here attend thee, conscience and of free discussion has But the Eternal shall defend thee,
Which the saints have ever known, been met, I send you a copy of some
From the shaft that hate has thrown. complimentary lines addressed to Elias Hickes during the contest, on hearing
And may'st thou, when hepce retiring, bim preach a sermon, Dec. 12th last, Feel thy soul to God aspiring,
When this tour of love shall cease, at Philadelphia
And enjoy his holy peace.” “Yes, we saw thee stand before us, Heard the words thy lips impart,
From these lines I think we may Felt that heavenly love was o'er us,
safely infer that the heresy imputed to For each sentence touch'd the heart. Elias Hickes is not a dereliction of the To the work by heaven appointed,
distinguishing tenet of the Quakers, in Thou the light of truth hast shed,
the language of Barclay, the doctrine Coming as the Lord's anointed,
of “ immediate Divine Revelation." Knowledge of his will to spread.
But in what comparative estimation
Elias Hickes, or his poetical Eulogist, As on Sinai's holy mountain
holds the authentic records of the Shone the Prophet's face divine,
primitive Christian faith, once reEffulgent thus from heavenly fountain
vealed to the saints under special and Rays of truth illumined thine.
extraordinary circumstances, is left unLike some angel sent from heaven, certain. Nor is it clear to me whether To instruct the human race,
the writer means to ascribe “adoraWere thy admonitions given
tion” to the person whom he describes From the source of truth and grace.
the infant King,” or to his God Thou po untaught doctrine teachest,
and Father whom he addressed in But that which was erst received, prayer, when the time of his sufferGod's eternal truth thou preachest, ings and death was at hand, as “ the That his saints have all believed.
only true God.”
Wishing this extraordinary differ- it is their duty to unite with those ence of sentiment, among the most who wish to effect its gradual amenumerous body of Friends in the lioration and ultimate annihilation. world, may promote on both sides a Again let me explain, that, for my spirit of serious, candid, dispassionate own part, I give then the fullest inquiry, and thereby tend to the fur- credit, as a body of Slave-bolders, therance of the gospel in its genuine for the disposition to render the lot purity and simplicity, I am,
of their unfortunate bondmen and BEREUS. bondwomen as little oppressive as pos
sible ; and that it is not them, but Newcastle-under-Lyme, their system with which I feel so much Sir, April 12, 1823.
dissatisfaction. I think it not imposI . communication from your very re
the eye of Mr.
Bright, the honourable spectable correspondent, Euelpis, [p. Member for Bristol, in which case I 100,] that my animadversions (XVII. solicit his attention to a part of its 751] on his letter [XVII. 677) should contents, as well as that of Euelpis. have led him to suppose that I felt I learn from the newspapers of the myself hurt at his remarks, on what day, that the former has no very higlı I have written, in your valuable work, opinion of me, either as a man or as on the moral and religious instruction a Christian minister. Indeed, if the of the Negro Slases in the West In- Morning Chronicle* may be relied on, dies. I must, therefore, beg to assure he has openly charged me with spirikim, that I never imagined he had the tual pride and neglectful conduct as a slightest intention of wounding my Missionary, while I was in Jamaica, feelings, much less of questioning my besides broadly insinuating that I can veracity; and that it has been a stand be guilty of the contemptible and hor. ing rule with me, ever since I read rid crime of falsehood. These are Mason on Self Knowledge, never to grave charges, calculated to ruin my take offence without being previously character, blast all my hopes as a satisfied that offence was actually in- public man, and destroy, at one blow, tended. After this, I trust, he will the credit of the statements which readily believe, that however nnhappily some thought I might make to the I may have expressed myself in a fora advantage of the approaching contest, mer epistle, I was really gratified, on the subject of Negro-Slavery. Had rather than otherwise, with his friendly Mr. B. descended to particulars, it queries. My opinions of the withering might have been expected that I should influence of Negro-Slavery may pos- have entered on a particular reply; sibly appear soinewhat peculiar; if but this, I think, he has not sufficiently they are erroneous, my only wish is done, and, therefore, he is respect. to have them corrected. The subject fully invited to proceed to the task, or is daily becoming more and more in- expected, as a man of honour, to reteresting and important; and I rejoice tract his very unhandsome and most to learn that it is already under the injurious language. The passage in scrutiny of several individuals of high the petition from Southwark against distinction in the philanthropic world. Negro-Slavery, presented to the House If it were desirable, it would be im- of Commons by Sir R. Wilson, which possible to keep down discussion, and so much offended Mr. B., was evi. as a Christian and a friend to the na- dently the following, taken from a tural rights of our species, I am quite small work, lately published for Hatch, willing to communicate, for the advan- ard and Son, Piccadilly, and J. and A. tage of both parties, any information, Arch, Cornhill, entitled, Negro bearing on the controversy, which my Slavery." "Mr. Cooper never saw a late residence in the seat of Slavery Negro who, when uncovered, did not enabled me to acquire. Let the whole exhibit marks of violence, that is to truth be known, and judgment given say, traces of the whip on his body.” accordingly. If there be no injustice in Slavery, the Planters can have
I would refer the reader to the No. nothing to fear even from the most of the paper containing the Report of rigid examination of the eystem. But Mr. Bright's Speech, but it is not at if there be, they must perceive that hand.