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remark, 'what I do,' &e. contains a Alexandrian [Alexandrine] copy of reference to a future state. Jesus, in the New Testament, and confesses, verses 12-18, explains the meaning that the question is in his own mind both of this language, and of his sym- "undecided.” bolical action, in waslıing the disci- Ser. XVI. p. 224. Another examples' feet.* When once
we have ple of Biblical criticism, arrests our ascertained, from the context, and by attention. Mr. W. seems to admit other means, tlre just import of a pas- the genuineness of Acts vü. 37; säge of Scripture, no different inter- though from Griesbach's text, it is pretation of it is arlmissible; nor must very properly excluded. Thus we lose we look for what is general and re- the simple confession of the treasurer fined in observations that the speaker, of the queen of Ethiopia, “ I believe or the writer, plainly limits to the that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.” occasion by which they were sug- However, the verse, as it stands in our gested.
Bibles, and considered as an interpoSer. XII. pp. 172, 173. Ju the lation, will at least show, that even in warmth of his zeal for social worship, an age subsequent to the apostolie, a a zeal which, if it be enlig!ıtened, I very short, intelligible and general applaud, Mr. W. does not distinguish confession was deemed sufficient for between the Lord's day of the Chris- those who received baptism. tiun and the sabbatical institution of Ser. XIX. p. 278. “ Let us for a the Jews. If my readers will turn to moment suppose our Saviour to have a concordance, they will perceive, that been a mere man the distinction is real and important. Such language is always incorrect, In some instances this preacher scat- and may sometimes be employed with ters his censures with little judgment an insidious design: scarcely shall we and discriinination. Of this charac- hear it from any well-informed and ter is the next extract.
reflecting believer in Revelation. The Ser. XIII. p. 183. “ Cold and rank of Jesus in the scale of being, is frigid is that pliilosophy which cenies one thing; his endowments and oifice the agency of celestial spirits on (both of them special and characterisearth."
tic), are another. Let us adhere These tautological epithets can have closely to Peter's doctrine and style no just application to any thing which in Acis ii. 22, 36. inerits the name of philosophy. That Ser. XX. p. 287. “ He has made alone is genuine and sound philosophy, atonement for the whole world." which exercises belief on evidence, and I look in vain throughout the sacred in the degree of the evidence afforded. volume for such a declaration. Our * The agency of celestial spirits on Lord, beyond all doubt, is the channel carth,' is a subject 'vlrich I shall not through which we receive, from God, now discuss. I transcribe a single (Rom. v. 11,) the atonement, or rather obserration from one of the highly the reconciliation. That Jesus made valuable works of the late Mr. Far's atonement, is neither the phraseology mer:f “ The best arguments," says nor the sense of scripture. +
reason ean employ to prove the Ser. XXIII. p. 324. “Some whom existence of creatures of a superior I am addressing, may be acquainted order to man, do much more strongly with a tract on this subject (the Hisprove, that they can act only within a torical Conveyance of Christianity] certain limited sphere."
by a late Dissenting Minister, who Ibid. p. 184. It comes in the wrote it with the idea, that no one bad preacher's way to treat of the proper ever discussed it before him ; in this, interpretation and reading of Acts i. 25; That he might go unto his own place.” Griesbach sanctions here the received text. Mr. W. refers to the formed, though important M$. is ipsutfi
* The authority of a single, unconcient.
+ Similar unscriptural language is used * Monthly Repository, IV. 440-443. by Mr. W. in p. 549, where he speaks of
+ Dissertation on Miracles, &c. p. 54. the merits" of Jesus, as the ground of (Pro.)
God's acceptance of the sinner.
however, he was inislaken; Dr. Jeffe. them in silence. Nuinerous are the ries, (Jeffery] Dean [Archdeacon) preponderating beauties of these Serof Norwich, having published his inons. The peroration of the disthoughts upon the saine topic sixty course on “ faith in an unseen Saviyears ago.”
our,” is particularly fine; and in p. This late Dissenting Minister, was 416, we are presented with a most the Rev. John Simpson, a native, I striking andd, I believe, original, image. believe, of the same town* with Mr.
N. Hugh Worthington, and well known as a most amiable, excellent, and SIR, accomplished man. me his Essay to shew, that Christie AFTER the declaration which I
have made of my inability to anity is best conveyed in the historic enter into long discussions, your worform: nevertheless, it affords no inti- thy correspondent Mr. Jevans will not mation that the writer considered him. be surprised that I decline giving a self as discussing a new subject ; formal reply to his cominunication in though he treats it in a inanner en- your last Number (pp. 294–297). tirely his own, and like a strietly inde- That I may not, however, be wholly pendent reasoner.
silent, I will, with your permission, Ser. XXVI. p. 376. “ Horace de- acquaint him and your readers how i fines wisdom, ' A selection of the best came to adopt the opinion in contirthings, and the attainment of theın by nation of which I referred to Mr. the best means.""
Kenrick's Sermons. When a young It is a good definition, come froin man, I read with great interest Dr. whom it may: but I do not meet with Taylor's Key to the Apostolic Wriit in Horace; nor am I aware of its tings. I there found it proved inconbeing deducible from any thing which testably, that the Gentiles were called bę has written,
sinners because they did not enjoy Ser. XXXIII. p. 471. Mr. W. the privileges of the Jewish covenant. would read a clause in Colossians iv. While strongly impressed with this 16, thus, " the epistle sent to Laodi- idea, I was accidentally led to reflect cea.”
on the well-known passage, “ Behold The text, however, must not be the Lamb of God that taketh away the disturbed : nor must the translation. sin of the world ;” and my mind was It is the commentator's province, and forcibly struck with the thought, that becoines his duty, to point out if he the true interpretation of this passage can, what epistle is intended. Now must be, that by the death of Christ this Paleyt has done : “ the epistle a way would be opened by which the from Laodicea was an epistle sent by Gentile world might be translated St. Paul to that church, and by them from what was deemeil an unholy to a transmitted to Colosse."
holy state, by which they, who before Ser. XXXVI. p. 522. “ Soloipon, were sinners, might become saints. - as it appears from many parts of In the justice of this interpretation I his history, the vainest monarch.”- was afterwards confirmed by reading, Here I ain inclined to suspect an error with some attention, the first and seof the press ; otherwise I must ques. cond chapters of the Epistle to the tion the fact, and object to the repre- Ephesians, in which the apostle desentation. Let the reader judge for scribes more fully than elsewhere the himself.
benefits which have resulted from the I could easily proceed. But I am death of Christ, who is there repreapprehensive of wearying others and sented as having broken dowa the midinyself. If I have been hypercritical, dle wall of partition between the Jews there are surviving friends of Mr. W. and Gentiles, and “having reconciled who can rectify my mistakes. Had both unto Gol in one body by the the inaceuracies which I have ven- cross." Nor did I find any thing in tured to notice, been comunitted by an these chapters which was unfavourable ordinary man, I would have passed to the sense which I bad annexel to
the passage above quoted. I hence
jnferred that when the pardon of sin • Leicester.
was spoken of in connexion with the + Hore Pauline, (1796,) p. 248.
death of Christ, the thing intended tion;
was an introduction to a new state of Scriptures are the only rule of faith and" moral and religious privilege. And practice; that the exercise of private here I take my leave of the subject by judgment is the undoubted right and again referring your readers to Mr. Juty of every Christian; and that JeKenrick's Sermons, and, I add with sus Christ himself, who is the sole pleasure, to Mr. Belsham's Exposition head of his church, has commanded of the Epistles of Paul.
us to search the Scriptures, and to E. COGAN. stand fast in the liberty wherewith he
hath made us free; it gives him much
Exeter, concern to see a practice prevails Sir,
June 3, 1823. which contradicts these principles I
DOUBT not it is in the recollec- which we all profess, namely, the
tion of many of your readers, that compiling of articles and confessions at the time Mr. Lindsey was delibe- of faith, and the requiring a subscriprating about the resignation of his tion or belief of them as a condition living, he corresponded with Mr. Ross, of ministerial communion. Such a a ininister of the Church of Scotland. requisition, he is convinced, superMr. Ross had difficulties on the sub- sedes the duty required of Christians ject of Subscription to the Articles of to search the Scriptures, precludes the his Church, similar to those which exercise of private judginent in reliembarrassed Mr. Lindsey respecting gious matters, and is a manifest usurthose of the Church of England. pation of the prerogative of onr Lord
After the death of Mr. Ross his Jesus Christ, who is the only head of widow settled in Excter, and became his church, and who has neither hima valuable meinber of my congrega- self, nor by his apostles, invested any
and by her I was informed of man, or body of men, with authority the steps taken by him, after much to impose their explications of Scripcareful examination and serious reflec- ture on the consciences of their bretion, to relieve his mind. He sent to thren. the Presbytery of Stranmaer a decla- “ Wherefore, being deeply impressration of his sentiments, and a petition ed with these sentiments, and firmly to be released from his Subscription, persuaded that it is his duty to assert Some zealous meinbers of the Pres- his religious liberty, by earnestly conbytery would have prevented the re- tending for the faith once delivered to ception of the petition, but a majority the saints in the Holy Scriptures, after decided in his favour. Disappointed mature deliberation, finds he cannot in their scheme, they carried their op- with a good conscience hold the office position into the Synod; but there also of a minister of this National Church they were silenced. But still hoping on the terms of his admission to that to succeed, they brought the question office. I mean not to advance any before the General Assembly, and thing against the doctrines contained there also they were not listened to ; in the Confession of Faith. I only and Mr. Ross was allowed to continue disclaim the usurped authority which a minister of the Church of Scotland, imposes the belief of that or any comafter lie had thus publicly rescinded position as a qualification for the holy his subscription to its Articles. This ministry. is so extraordinary an occurrence in
“ ANDREW ROSS.” an Established Church, that you may esteem it desirable to preserve the In an original letter, now before following document in your valuable me, from Dr. Benson to Mr. Towgood, Repository
on this subject of Subscription, he "Unto the Reverend Presbytery of says, “ I am desirous you should see Stranınaer,
the inclosed letter on Subscription, “ The Declaration and Petition of because I hope you are proceeding in Mr. Andrew Ross, Minister of Inch, your answer to Powels Sermon conhumbly sheweth,
cerning Subscription to the Thirty“That your petitioner being deeply nine Articles in any sense,
in every sensible of the invaluable blessing of sense, and in no sense at all; as articles religious liberty, considering also that of truth which are not true; as artithe fundamental principles of the Pro- cles of peace which create endless testant religion are, that the Holy contentions, as articles of the Church
of England, which the divines of that 1661, which denounced a capital peChurch very commonly confute; as nalty first against those guilty of blasarticles to prevent diversity of opi- pheiny, and next against those who nion, and which greatly increase di- deny the Trinity. It appears, further, versity of opinion; as articles made that the Lord Advocate stated, that in the days of bigotry by men who the law of 1661 was modified by a had no critical skill in the Scriptures, subsequent statute of the Scottish to fetter the ages of learning and free Parlianient in 1695, by which it was inquiry; and yet for £500 per ann., enacted, that for the first denial of the or less money, there are men who will Trinity a inan was subject to fine, for subscribe, who will contend for sub- the second to fine and iinprisonment, scribing to these same articles, whe- and for the third to death. “ This ther ininisters believe them or not. was the law,” said his Lordship,
“and until it was repealed they were Pudet hæc opprobria,' &c.
bound to respect it.” It is a law “ I am delighted with the prospect which it would not be very easy to of meeting you in a better state, where respect, even if it were still in full there are no subscriptions to articles force; but thanks to the liberal spirit required, no bigotry, nor any thing of the age, these Acts no longer diselse to grieve or offend any more. grace the Statute-book. On the 21st “ With great esteem I am, &c. of July, 1813, an Act was passed by “ GEORGE BENSON."
which all the old laws in England,
attaching penalties to the denial of When I was in Normandy, four or the Trinity, are repealed, and by five years since, I met with some let- which these two Scotch Acts of 1661 ters of Voltaire, in his own hand, re- and 1695 are both quoted and repeallating to the affairs of Calas, which ed in toto, notwithstanding the respect have never been published. Should which the Lord Advocate seems to you think your Repository a proper entertain for them. place for their reception, I will trans- I think I cannot better testify the late them or send them in French as gratitude I feel to the Legislature for you may judge proper.*
this piece of justice and liberality, JAMES MANNING. than by endeavouring to vindicate it
from the unjust aspersion, proceeding
from those who ought to know better, Edinburgh, that it is still disposed to prosecute opiSir, May 9, 1823.
nions which have been held by many N
on the presentation of the petition ornaments of Christianity, by such of the Edinburgh Frec-Thinkers, the persons as Nathaniel Lardner and Sir existing state of the laws seems to Isaac Newton. have been much misunderstood both I have no doubt that the prosecuby the petitioners, by Mr. Hume, and tion of Infidels is equally unjust in by the Lord Advocate of Scotland, principle, and equally adverse to the whose professional character ought to spirit of Christianity, which needs no have insured more correctness, on a such props. I shall be happy to learn subject on which he had given advice that there are no unrepealed Scottish in his official capacity to the Sheriff of Acts which justify interferences with Edinburgh.
persons of this description, and that It appears that Mr. Hume and the in Scotland, Christianity rests exclupetitioners were under the inpression, sively on the solid basis of its own that all which was done by the Sheriff external and internal evidences. Upon was completely justified by an Act of what principles of law or justice Deists the Scottish Parliament, passed in can be deprived of books which are
sold in every shop, and found in every
gentleman’s library, I cannot at all . We shall be glad to receive these imagine. letters, either in the original or in a
ANTITRINITARIUS. translation as may be most convenicnt. ED.
Clapton, nation would often luxuriate on the Sir,
June 11, 1823. dreadful possibilities of hell-torments. HAVE met, accidentally, with “A Thus in his “ Dissertation concerning Hall, on Thursday, December 5, 1822, World," he represents “ God's judgat a Monthly Meeting of Ministers ments on the wicked in this world, and Churches. By John Boutet In. and also their eternal damnation in nes. Printed at the request of the the world to come,” as serving to inMinisters and Congregation.” This çrease in the elect " a relish of their Serinon, entitled “The Doctrines of own enjoyments :” and in one of his Grace conducive to eminent Holiness," sermons he says, that “ however the is designed to rescue Calvinism from saints in heaven may have loved the the imputation of an Antinomian ten- damned while here, especially those
of them who were near and dear to In pursuance of his design the them in this world, they will have no preacher professes (p. 26) to describe love to thein liereafter,” but their suftwo systems. One,” he says,
re- ferings “ will be an occasion of their presents sin as a trivial evil, a mere rejoicing, as the glory of God will human frailty,” and “represents God appear in it.” (See his works by Dr. as conniving at that frailty," and Hopkins, (1806,) Mem. p. 29; 1.513, " eternal judgment as a bugbear.” 514; IV. 509.) The other, which is evidently the “The ministers and congregation” preacher's system, comprehends “the were, however, now left to forget that doctrines of grace,” according to Cal hapless portion of their race, the vicrin ; how worthy to represent the tims of their Almighty Father's preteri. scriptural" grace of God which bring. tion or reprobation, and thus, without etha salvation to all,” I leave to the the consciousness of inhumanity, they decision of your readers.
might indulge some self-gratulation on The preacher appears on this occa- the preference with which they had sion to have practiscd no uncommon been favoured, for the Calvinists are, theological policy; for, like the paint- probably, few (and the case of those er, he casts discretely into shade” few is most justly pitiable) who scruwhat might have been offensive in his ple to class themselves in the number picture. Thus he is profoundly silent of the elect ere must, indeed, on that obvious and, indeed, undis. have been some danger that an auditor puted result of his system, the crea- of the preacher would have been pretion, by the Almighty Parent of man- pared to say to one who could not kind, of a very large part, if not a receive “the doctrines of grace” aclarge majority of his offspring for no cording to the version of Calvin, purpose, but to advance his glory by “ stand by thyself, I am holier thaa their endless guilt and endless misery, thou.” The following note, at least, or, in the language of President Ed- is too well adapted to the encouragewards, by “ leaving them eternally to ment of such an assumption. perish and be everlastingly tormented “It may appear to some unaccounin hell ;" which to the gentleness of his table, but it is a fact by no means youth“ used to appear like a horrible unprecedented, that those who have doctrine," till at length this acute me- embraced Antinomianism, sometimes taphysical Calvinist, his heart proba. adopt, as their ultimatum, a creed bly steeled by his scholastic theology, very similar to that which was taught but to his own apprehension his mind by Socinus. Surprise, however, will enlightened by an extraordinary in- cease, when we remember that the fluence of God's spirit,” discovered two systems are built on principles that tbe once “ horrible doctrine” common to both. Unscriptural and was “exceeding pleasant, bright and inadequate views of sin are the founsweet.” This writer, of whose talents dation on which they each rest. Both and character orthodox Nonconfor- destroy the very principles of morality, mists are instly proud, adopted the by their attack on the divine law. The system of Calvin in all its horrible one represents sin as altogether venial, consistency, as I had occasion to ob- the other as venial in a certain class. serve in another place, and his imagi- The one intimates that God does not