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see sin at all, the other that he does cluded that the projector of a note so not see sin in his own people. Those well calculated to excite, or to enwho are at all acquainted with the courage popular prejudice, had forcontroversy between us and those who gotten to reverence the maxim, de style themselves Unitarians, know that mortuis nil nisi verum, or, at least, they found an objection to our scheme that he may be not unfairly classed of Atonement on the very words of among those " teachers of the law,” Scripture, viz. that God is not said to whom Paul denounces to his young be reconciled to us by the death of friend Timothy (1 Ep. i. 7,) as his Son, but we are said to be 'recon- der standing neither what they say, ciled to God.'"

nor whereof they aífirm." The preacher then refers to “ Drs.

J. T. RUTT. Miagee' and Wardlaw," as having “ most satisfactorily answered the ob- Mr. Little's Sermon in the Hall of jection,” and quotes “ a preacher who

the House of Representatives, styles himself a high Calvinist,” who

Washington. had preached that “it was never necessary to reconeile God to his dear (Extract from a recent letter from elect: he was reconciled to them from

America.) all eternity; all that was wanted, was something to reconcile his dear elect O15th February last, a notice to him." The note concludes with a ligencer, (Washington city, stating,

“ ignorant men" and that next day (Sunday) the Rev. Ro“ their ill-digested schemes."

bert Little was to preach at the CapiFor this Note, “the ministers and tol in the Hall of the House of Recongregation" who requested the pub- presentatives, by permission of the lication of the sermon, are not re- Speaker, at eleven, A.M. Then fol, sponsible. It serves, however, while lowed a notice by the Chaplain, a bringing" those who style themselves young Presbyterian ininister of the Unitarians" into strange company, to Princeton school, to this effect: "The shew how a learned orthodox theolo- Rev. Mr. Breckenridge gives notice gian may prove himself (to indulge that Mr. Little is not to preach in the the charity that “ hopeth all things”) Hall of the House of Representatives ignorant as the most "ignorant men" by his request." The Editors of the respecting the “creed taught by So- paper, both of whom attend on Mr. cinus." Those who, from their inqui- Little's ministry, added, “ Mr. Little ries into the subject, have a right to does not preach in the Capitol by his describe the creed of Socinus, are well own request, but in consequence of aware how that Christian Confessor, the desire of several highly respecfrom a pious apprehension of encour- table persons communicated to the aging “ unscriptural and inadequate Speaker:” and on Monday morning views of sin," and of thus represent- an article appeared in the same paper,

as altogether venial,” was written by one of the most distin-, betrayed even into an infringement of guished Members of Congress, exthe divine prerogative of prescience, pressing great pleasure in consequence lest he should represent God as the of hearing so able a discourse as that author of sin, or diminish, in any de. which Mr. Little delivered on the pregree, the accountableness of inan. ceding day. This was not all. The

Yet if the writer of this note can Chaplain was so unwise as to atteinpt quote any“ creed taught by Soci- to catechise the Speaker for allowing nus," in which that reformer made an Mr. Little to officiate, but be was in“ attack on the divine law," and thus formed that the disposal of the House attempted to “destroy the very prin- on Sundays belonged not to the Chapciples of morality,” your pages are, I lains, but to the Speaker ; and that know, at his service; for Trus, Rutu- his interference was considered as imlusve is the maxim of your adminis- pertinent, arrogant and offensive. The tration. Let him, then, avail himself rule has always been for the Speaker of your impartiality, and produce his to invite ministers of all persuasions authority for such an injurious impu- who are introduced to him, to preach tation on the “creed taught by So- in the Hall. The Chaplains, as Socinus." It will otherwise be con- matter of course, preach in rotati.

ing it “

a

when no such appointment is made, gence, so that he probably was the but they have no right to interfere first who preached as a Dissenter in with what the Speaker does; and it these parts. In these troublesome is notorious that all sects stand pre- times the Dissenters met for social ciscly on the same level. Mr. Little's worship at Kingston, and having spies sermon was so much liked, that 200 or at the outer gate, they gave notice to 300 copies were immediately sub- the congregation when they saw inscribed for, chiefly by Meinbers of formers approaching. One time, on Congress. The subject was, Public notice given, the minister disappeared Usefulness: it has been published, by means of a trap door in the pulpit. but I have not yet seen it. Nobody The congregation were singing Psalms thought of asking any of the orthodox when the officers entered. I conjec. Reverends to publish what they deli- ture this minister might be Mr. Wilyered in the same place.

lis, or his successor, Mr. John Cor

BETT, ejected from Bramshot. Vide Sir,

Chichester. a very advantageous account of him in Y the labours of Dr. Priestley, Calamy's Abridgement, Vol. II. p.

: casy to trace the progress of error in sermon for him. He died Dec. 26, the Christian Church, from the first 1680. alteration which took place in the pre- “Mr. John BucK. In 1691, he vailing creed respecting our Lord, till preached and printed a funeral sermon the doctrine of the Trinity assuined for Mr. Thorowgood of Godalming. to itself its greatest power. And to And when Mr. Smith of Binderton those who consider Ünitarianism to died, he was buried in his own chapel, he synonymous with Christianity, we opposite his house. His pall was supmay suppose it would be matter of ported by six clergymen, who dropt interest to have information, how the the pall at the door, and would not plant which appeared buried under enter in, as the chapel had never been the rubbish of the cloister, has been consecrated. Mr. Buck preached in able again to shoot forth sccessive the chapel his funeral sermon ; and leaves, and is in our day so promising, that was the only sermon ever preached as to give us the pleasing hope that in that chapel. He lies buried in the it will become a great tree, bearing Cathedral (or subdeanery) churchyard. leaves for the healing of all the nations. The date upon his tombstone is NoThis oliject might, I conceive, be easily vember 1700. accomplished, if some one connected “ Mr. John EARLE was pastor of a with our different places of worship church at Gosport, in Hampshire, would publish, with your permission, from whence he immediately snethrough the medium of the Reposi- ceeded Mr. Buck at Chichester. He tory, any, authentic particulars that was the son of Mr. Earle, ejected from could be obtained relative to the intro. East Tarring, and a relation to Dr. duction of the Unitarian Creed into Earle, Bishop of Salisbury. Vide their respective neighbourhoods. Calamy's Account, Vol. II. p. 687.

Under this impression, I have taken He lies buried near Mr. Buck. The the liberty of transmitting a copy of date upon his tombstone is February some brief memorials of the introduc. 3, 1705. The poetry upon it was the tion and state of Nonconformity at composition of Mr. John Bouchier. Chichester, which are preserved in the In his time there was a separation in book of Baptismal Registers belonging his church, with Mrs. Le Gay at their to the Chapel in Baffin's Lune ; the head. They chose Mr. John Eaton their record is licaded with these words, ininister ; and their meeting-house, " An Account of the Succession of though much smaller than the present, Dissenting Ministers at Chichester was on a part of the same ground. from the beginning."

The Presbyterians in that time met in It then proceeds: “ Dr. Calamy, Little Londou. Upon Mrs. Le Gay's in his Account of Ejected Ministers, death, the congregation broke up, and Vol. IV. p. 832, mentions John Wil- joined the Presbyterians, then under LIS (ejected from Wollavington) as the pastoral care of Mr. Robert Bagpreaching very privately at Chichester, sler, and Mr. Eaton was chosen pastor and dying before King Charles' indul- of Stoke Nerrington, where he died.

mon.

“Mr. Robert Bagster was minis- the Doctor, he became at length enter here about 26 years. He was a tirely free and generous in his sentiworthy man, and quite the gentleinan. ments. The single point he had in Before he came here, he was chaplain view, was to discover the truth, withto Lady Hanby. He lies buried near out any fear of the consequences; the north side of St. Andrew's, East which he was fully convinced must Street, Churchyard ; but has no stone. always in the end prove right, as he He died about the year 1730. Mr. firmly believed God himself made that Browne of Portsmouth published a the rule of his own actions. That sermon preached at his ordination, freedom of sentiment which he imJanuary 9, 1706-7; and Mr. Loveder, bibed from his conversation with Dr. of Havant, preached his funeral ser- Avery, he ever after retained through

his whole life, without wavering, for I Mr. John Bouchier never was pas- declare I never conversed with any tor of the church at Chichester; but one more candid and generous in his he preached there alternately with Mr. sentiments. Mr. Predden was so senBagster, some years. At one time sible of his happiness from the Docthey held Arundel, at another Mid- tor's acquaintance, that he has often hurst, but the longest time Havant repeated it to me, that to him he was with Chichester ; and preached alter- indebted for his right sentiments and nately at these places. He lies buried freedom from bigotry.' in the aisle of St. Andrew's Church, “N. B. The above account was comEast Street. The date upon his stone municated by Mr. Thomas Baker, suris September 20, 1720.

geon, in King Street, London, an “Mr. John Predden came to Chi- intimate friend of Dr. Avery's and chester Dec. 25, 1730, and continued Mr. Predden's. pastor of this church to the day of his “Mr. THOMAS Joel came to Chideath, the 26th January, 1761. He chester Nov. 1760, as an assistant to lies buried in the south west corner of Mr. Predden, in which capacity he St. Martin's Church, in this city. continued till Mr. Predden's death; • He was the son of a gunsmith in and in about a fortnight after that the Minories, London, where he was time, he was chosen stated pastor, and born. He received his academical continued to officiate in that relation learning under Dr. Thomas Ridgley, till July 17, 1763. a very rigid Independent. He preach- “ JOHN HEAP came to Chichester ed first at Andover, a borough town August 6, 1764." in Hampshire; afterwards at Whit- Thus far the record in the alreadychurch, another borough town in the mentioned book : by whom it was same county. From whence he re- made does not appear. It is all in one moved to Guildford, in Surrey, where hand-writing. And the remarks about he was ordained by Mr. Daniel Mayo, Mr. Predden are given as an extract, of Kingston-upon-Thames, Mr. Daniel as it is afterwards said, from Mr. Neale, (author of the History of the Baker, of London. Tlie family of Puritans,) and others. Mr. Neale, that Mr. Baker originally, I believe, being an Independent, did not join attended the chapel. Some of the in laying his whole hand on his head descendants or relations live now in in the imposition of hands, but his Chichester and its neighbourhood, but little finger only. He remained pastor are members of the establishment. at Guildford twelve years. Dr. Avery Dr. Baker of St. Alban's, who is also retiring to Guildford two or three of this family, supports the Unitarian summers, Mr. Predden fell into an interest in that place, and perhaps he intimate acquaintance with him, which could communicate many more interproved a great happiness to Mr. Pred- esting particulars relative to the early den. For as Dr. Avery told me him- state of Nonconformity in this city. self, he found in Mr. Predden great After the words “ August 6, 1764," honesty and integrity, and a mind some one else has added respecting strongly disposed to embrace truth; Mr. Heap, “ that he preached till but at the same time as strongly 1788, when becoming infirm, he reshackled and fettered by the preju- signed.” dices he had imbibed in his education, Mr. Thomas Watson succeeded him, from which,“ by his acquaintance with and continued pastor till 1803, when

VOL. XVIII.

20

he declined preaching, and removed to excuse for wilful and sinful negligence. Bath. His successor was Mr. Youatt, We can seldom attempt to produce who, in_March 1812, was succeeded any favourable change in the state of by Mr. Fox, who removed to London society, without encountering more or in March 1817.

less that is unpleasant; painful oppoIn the absence of any further au- sition and misapprehensions, if not rithentic information, it may be conjec- dicule or persecution. And even when tured that Kingston, where the first these are still absent, there is much congregation is said to have assem- unthankful and, to present appearbled, is the place called also Kings- ances, fruitless labour. With whatham; which is a field or two distant ever ardour, therefore, the young phifrom Chichester. That Mr. Predden, lanthropist may enter on the prosecuwhom Mr. Neale would touch with his tion of his schemes, however he may little finger only, paved the way by his have been animated while tasting in liberal sentiments for the introduction forethought the pleasures of benevoof what some would call greater lence, and the luxury of doing good, heresy, which was silently gaining a little real experience of the world strength under the successive ministra- will convince him that he has taken tions of Mr. Watson and Mr. Youatt; an erroneous view of the subject. so that Mr. Fox was cheered, at an Many, indeed, are the pleasures of early period of his ministry at Clio virtue, nor are any sweeter than those chester, by the annual meeting, of which spring froin deeds of love and the Southern Unitarian Book Society compassion, yet I apprehend that the being held there on the first of July, practical philanthropist will find his 1812. I have only to remark, that feelings barmonize not so well with Binderton, where the clergymen drop- the sentimental descriptions of the ped the pall, is about four miles from pleasures of virtue, as with the words Chichester; and that if you think this which encourage us to patient conticommunication suitable for your valu- nuance in well-doing, and bid us not able monthly work, and I can glean to be weary, for that in due season any more particulars connected with we shall reap, if we faint not. This, the above persons or subject, I will then, being the true state of the case, with pleasure transmit them.

we are likely enough to entertain very J. F. willingly ideas which represent our

exertions as unavuiling, inasmuch as

Penzance, they seem to excuse us from an irkSir,

May 14, 1823. some duty, and allow us to sink into THERE is a discouraging feeling, the apathy and supineness to which, acquainted who are in the habit of There are three considerations by contemplating public improvements. which, I think, we should principally It is this, that what an obscure indivi- endeavour to counteract the injurious dual can effect towards these great influence which we have been consiobjects, is so trifling and insignificant, dering. In the first place, we inay so insensible and evanescent a quan- inquire whether we do not underrate tity, compared with the mighty sum the real value of our exertions. It is required, that it is not worthy of con- true, that very few individuals can sensideration, and can never afford a suffi- sibly influence public events, opinions cient reward for much self-denial or or manners. He that can do this exertion. From such thoughts as performs, for an individual, an imthese, two bad results are likely to inense work. Every thing involving be produced in the mind. In the first the interests of that past and everplace, they tend to enervate virtue; succeeding multitude which constitutes for it cannot be expected that the best- the public, is a matter of great mag-, disposed man will persevere in bene- nitude and importance. In order to volent exertions, any longer than he estimate arighi the value of individual sees before him a reasonable prospect exertions in these things, we may conof success. Without this, indeed, vir- ceive a sort of rough arithmetical tue, becoming separated from wisdom, operation. The amount of good or ceases to be venerable. But, in the evil produced is to be divided fairly second place, such thoughts form an among all those who have contributed

to it. The number by which we divide To discern the general tendencies of will of course be great, but so will actions is not difficult, but to calculate also the dividend; and on this account, what may be expedient in a particular the quotient resulting to each indivi- case, considered alone, is commonly dual may be much larger than he beyond human sagacity. It is safer, would expect. Let us suppose, for then, for man to adopt rules of coninstance, that the country is on the duct which he is assured will answer eve of a war, and that the actual oc. on the whole, than to trust to bis currence of this war or not, is likely judgment in particular cases. Moreto depend on the expression of public over, it is to the adoption of general opinion. If the war should really take principles, that we owe the confidence place, it is probable a Irundred thou, and mutual understanding which are sand human lives may be wilfully and the foundations of society. The same violently destroyed, that is, a hundred is the foundation of morality, and its thousand murders may be committed; important connexion with the present for this is the crime for which the subject we have already noticed. aggressing party has to answer, in Lastly, whether our influence on relation to every man that falls in public affairs be great or small, we battle, or by any other unnatural death. are still bound to use it faithfully, beA hundred thousand murders may, cause it is our proper personal duty therefore, become chargeable on the so to do. If it is right that a certain country, if a war be unjustifiably un- thing should be done, we cannot be dertaken. And among how many in- absolved from performing our part in dividuals is this awful amount of guilt it, because numbers must co-operate to be divided? We have not here to before it can be accomplished. We consider the whole population, be- have to answer for our own part, and cause the great majority, from various neither more nor less.

But if we causes, exercise absolutely no voice neglect this part, it cannot be said nor influence in the matter. When that we shall only share the guilt, nor we select from the mass that number if we perform this

part shall we only only who take an active interest in share the merit. The whole guilt or polítical subjects, though without any merit of the whole transaction attaches official character, how many hundred to every agent. If a thousand join in thousands of such there may be, I a murder, each is guilty of the entire will not pretend to say, but I'think it crime; and with this remark, which is plain, ihat a very awful share in the seems to suggest very important recausing of a murder may be assigna- flections, I will conclude. ble to each. The same kind of rea

T. F. B. soning will apply with equal force to all other instances of public good and

Bath, evil, whether in religion, politics or SIR,

May 30, 1823. manners, and may convince us, that VOUR valuable Miscellany frewe have more in our power than we quently contains very interesting might at first suppose.

communications concerning the state In the second place, we are to con- and progress of Unitarianism, a cause sider not merely the effects of an in- to which I sincerely wish success, bedividual action, but of the principle lieving it to be that of truth; but the which we admit, and, therefore, sanc- more earnestly I wish it to prevail, the tion. The part which a single man more I am concerned to observe the can contribute to the common weal, manner which some of its advocates must indeed be small; but the prin- have adopted in their zeal for its difciple that each man is bound to do his fusion. Zeal is good or bad in its part, if admitted and observed, will consequences according as it is emsecure all that can be desired. The ployed by wisdom and knowledge, or effects of general principles are some stirred up by injudicious, though wellthing very different from those of indi- meaning persons, who mistake the vidual actions ; such principles are excitement which may be occasioned rules deduced from the general and by many external circumstances for average tendency of actions, and, that real, permanent conviction, which therefore, they will not fail to produce can proceed only froin sober thought their intended effect, in the long run. and seriously repeated examination.

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