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of the Heathen Oracles, in order to belonging withal to a race of men in remove it, by referring the destruction the highest degree despised and hated, of the demons to causes unconnected will be altogether inexplicable, will be with Christianity. In this work, the at variance with all human experience, author artfully introduces a story cir- with all that we know of the laws of culated at Rome, soon after the death the moral world. of Christ, that the great Pan was 2. The conduct of Paul at Athens dead. This story, if true, and the shews that the apostles, in preaching truth of which Plutarch was anxious the gospel to the Gentiles, did not, in to establish, proved that Jesus, being their first address, dwell upon, or renone of the demons, and that the great- der prominent, the miracles of their est of them, so far from being the Divine Master, because of the imcause of destroying the demons, was proper inference which their hearers, himself destroyed." When Tiberius under the influence of Heathenism, Cæsar heard of the death of this god, would draw respecting his nature. he collected the astrologers and ma- They, therefore, confined themselves gicians in Rome to know what god he to his resurrection, as the proof and was : and they determined that he pledge of the resurrection of mankind, was Pan, the son of Mercury and Pe- and to the necessity of repentance and nelope.” In the number of these im- reformation as a qualification for a postors, were doubtless the wicked future state of retribution grounded Jew and his Egyptian associates brand- on that proof. When the persons ed by Josephus : and as they imposed addressed were thus far informed and on the emperor the belief that Jesus enlightened, then the miraculous works was a Heathen god, it was natural of Jesus, as proofs of his delegation that they should advise him to pro- to reveal and certify the will of God, pose his deification, or his consecra- became proper subjects of discussion tion in the Pantheon. Tertullian well and testimony. knew all this: but though he thought 3. Every convert to Christianity the conduct of the emperor honour- from among the Heathens, carried able to Christ, and, therefore, men- with him into the Christian Church a tions the proposal for his deification, strong predilection in favour of the he leaves his base advisers in the divinity of Christ; and the advocates shade.
of this opinion, down to the present · I shall just notice a few inferences day, argue as the Heathens did, worthy of consideration, which are namely, that the works of Christ are warranted by the above statement. proofs of his divine nature. Conse
1. The opinion held in Rome, that quently, we may conclude with cerJesus was some supernatural being, il- tainty that Heathenism is the source, lustrates, in a remarkable manner, the and the only source of that doctrine. miraculous power with which he was 4. We may further conclude, that, invested by the Almighty. Allow the wherever a Christian Church was estatruth of the miracles ascribed to him blished by Paul, or any other of the in the New Testament, and the con• apostles, the divinity of Christ became duct of the emperor in proposing his one of the first topics of discussion deification, and of the magicians in and dispute among the members. We pronouncing him to be one of the might, therefore, expect in their EpisPagan gods, was perfectly natural. tles, references to that controversy, and Bui deny these miracles, i. e. suppose also words calculated and intended to them to be impostures, then the con- set aside the supposed superhuman duct of the emperor and the magicians nature of our Saviour as altogether around him, in ascribing a superior false and pernicious. nature to an obscure individual in 5. The notion entertained by Lardhumble life, in a remote province, an ner, Priestley, and other Unitarian diindividual, too, who had been con- vines, that the divinity of Christ oridemned to an ignominious death, and ginated in the personification of the
Logos, derived principally from Philo,
and through him from Plato, is very See a Series of Important Facts de- wide of the truth. This opinion gives monstrating the Truth of the Christian the advocates of the Trinitarian faith Religion, by J. Jones, Chap. xii. the advantage of combating error,
while they fight against the truth ;
Sir, whereas, if those learned men had traced the doctrine up to Heathenism tisfaction in reviewing the chaas its true source, they would have racters of those that have borne the held up their adversaries as defenders, same denomination, amongst whom not only of one of the grossest dogmas is preeminent the learned and candid of the Pagan religion, but a dogma Lardner. Of him any party might opposed and condemned by the apos. justly boast. In fact, all parties claim tles themselves.
him as a Christian, and I have someJ. JONES. times wondered that the Trinitarians
do not attempt to prove that he was P. S. The persecution of the Chris. no Unitarian. tians by Tiberius must have taken An ultra-Unitarian he certainly was place a year or two after the resurrec. not. He would, I think, stand surtion of Jesus. The enemies of the prised, were he now living, at some of gospel in the provinces, naturally the opinions of the modern Unitaimitated the temper and measures rians; and there is not a little in his adopted by the higher powers in the writings which these persons must capital. The same spirit, as soon as consider as scarcely reconcileable with the news of it had time to reach Ju• their orthodoxy. dea, must have there kindled a similar For example, in his .“ Vindication flame. Accordingly, we read," In of 'Three of our Blessed Saviour's Mithose days there came to pass a vio- racles," he says, in reply to Woolston's lent persecution of the church in Je fifth objection with regard to the rusalem," Acts viii. 2. In a year or place and state of the soul of Lazarus two, the hostility of the emperor was between his death and resurrection, changed by the fall of Sejanus ; and “Nor could the soul of any good man the effects of the edict dispatched in be unwilling to return for a time to favour of the Christians, must have the troubles and miseries of this wickbeen, in a period somewhat later, felted world, how grievous soever, in or: in all the provinces, and in Judea der to serve the great design of saving and Samaria in the number. Con- his fellow-creatures ; for which end formably to this, we read, Acts ix.31, Jesus his Saviour descended from the “ And all the churches throughout height of glory he had with his FaJudea, Galilee and Samaria had re- ther, took flesh, and underwent the pose; and being edified, and walking troubles and sorrows of this mortal in the fear of the Lord, and in the life.” (Works, 8vo. XI. 41.) Again, consolation of the Holy Spirit, they in his reflections upon the raising of were greatly multiplied.” Thus re- Lazarus, he exclaims, • Herein also markably the transactions at Rome, is adorahle the wisdom, the goodness, inentioned by Philo, Josephus and the condescension of Jesus.” (Id. Tertullian, illustrate, and are illus- 76.). trated by, two corresponding events The treatise from which these ex. in the Acts of the Apostles.
tracts are made, was published in Gibbon, under the veil of insidious the year 1729, only one year before irony, endeavours to expose to con- the Letter on the Logos was written; tempt and derision the testimony of Did Dr. Lardner change his opinion Tertullian. He says of himself, that concerning the person of Christ, in his views respecting the records of the interval between the composition Christianity were rather extensive of the two works ? Or, was his view than accurate, Yet had they been of our Lord's humanity always united extensive, as he thus flatters himself, with some notion of his pre-existent he would have known that all the glory? Or, is the language here improbability which weighs down the marked by italics the mere result of narrative of Tertullian, is removed by early habit, and an accommodation to facts attested by Josephus and Plus the prejudices of the Christian world? tarch; and that the very edict which Other passages might be extracted Gibbon derides, is recorded by Philo. from Lardner, to shew that he wrote See the Decline and Fall, Vol. II. more agreeably to the language of Chap. xvi. p. 444.
Christians in general, than modern
are accustomed to do, and conse- Two recent Letters between Mr. quently to explain why he is accep- Jefferson and Mr. Adams, the Extable as a writer, although an Unita- Presidents of the United States of rian, to all sensible and candid Trini- America. tarians. EPISCOPUS.
[These interesting Letters have been published in some of the En
glish newspapers, from “The Boston Gypsies in Hungary. Christian Register.” They may not, [From “ Voyage minéralogique et géolo- therefore, be new to all our readers,
gique en Hongrie, pendant l'année but we think that all of them will 1818, par F. S. BEUDANT." Trans. judge them worthy of a permanent lated from the Revue Encyclopédique place in our Repository. We give for October, 1822.]
them with the introduction of the URING one of his excursions in Boston Editor. Ed.] of observing some individuals of that sent to the press by the permission of nitz, our traveller had an opportunity THE following Letters have been
obtained by solicitation, and are race of men whom we call Gypsies, their venerable authors. The chaand who, in Germany and in Hun gary, bear the name of Zigenner. the one in his 80th, the other in his
racter, standing and age of the writers, Those of Hungary work to obtain a 87th year, give them peculiar interest, bare subsistence and nothing more; and they cannot fail to be read with live crowded together in huts, in the great pleasure. It is delightful to most disgusting filth. Their features, witness this kind of correspondence their character, their manners have between these two distinguished men, not changed since they have been dis- the asperities of party by which they persed amongst the civilized nations were at one time separated worn down, of Europe. It is surprising that the and nothing remaining but the intersingular mode of existence of this change of sentiments of unfeigned people has not yet sufficiently excited kindness and respect. It is charming the attention of philosophy, to be to see an old age like this, retaining, made the object of a particular study. even under its decays and infirmities, Their origin and their history have the intellectual vigour unimpaired, been discussed; their customs and and displaying amidst its snows, the way of living are sufficiently known; greenness and freshness of the sumbut the philosophical question re
mer of life. The letter of Mr. Jeffermains untouched: it is not known
son was written soon after an attack what obstacle excludes this people upon him by the “ Native Virginian ;.' from the pale of civilization, what and when there was a strong expectakeeps up their anti-social habits, their tion of a war between Russia and Tur.. wild condition which all known hordes key: this will explain some allusions willingly abandon, when they have in them. once had an opportunity of enjoying the sweets of a life more conformable From Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Adams. to the nature of man. Whatever Rousseau may say, the Hottentot
Monticello, June 1, 1822. builds a house and cultivates the land; It is very long, my dear Sir, since the natives of the North of America I have written to you. My dislocated become citizens of the United States; wrist is now become so stiff that I the Negroes have formed numerous write slowly and with pain ; and, societies, and will, with the assistance therefore, write as little as I can. of knowledge from Europe, at length Yet it is due to mutual friendship assuine a rank amongst civilized na- to ask once in a while how we tions. Why then is the Zingare so do? The papers tell us that General inferior to the Hottentot, the Negro Starke is off at the age of 93.—***** and the American ? The study of still lives, at about the same age, this class of men would, perhaps, en- cheerful, slender as a grasshopper, and rich the moral sciences with very im- so much without memory that he portant discoveries.
scarcely recognises the members of his household. An intimate friend of
his called on him not long since. It have seen that they have drawn me was difficult to make him recollect out into the arena of the newspapers. who he was, and sitting one hour, he Although I know it is too late for me told him the same story four times to buckle on the arinour of youth, over. Is this life ?-—with lab'ring yet my indignation would not permit step
me passively to receive the kick of an To tread our former footsteps ! pace
To turn to the news of the day, the round Eternal ?-to beat and beat
it seems that the cannibals of Europe The beaten track-to see what we have
are going to eating one another again.
A war between Russia and Turkey is To taste the tasted-o'er our palates like the battle of the kite and snake; to decant
whichever destroys the other, leaves Another vintage ?
a destroyer the less for the world.
This pugnacious humour of mankind It is, at most, but the life of a cab
seems to be the law of his nature, one bage, surely not worth a wish. When of the obstacles to too great multipliall our faculties have left, or are leav- cation provided in the mechanism of ing us, one by one, sight, hearing, me
the universe. The cocks of the henmory, every avenue of pleasing sensation is closed, and athumy, debility rams, do the same; and the horse, in
yard kill one another ; bears, bulls, and malaise left in their places, when his wild state, kills all the young the friends of our youth are all gone, males, until worn down with age and and a generation is risen around us whom we know not, is death an evil?
war, some vigorous youth kills him.
* I hope we shall prove how When one by one our ties are torn,
much happier for man the Quaker Aud friend from friend is snatch'd for. policy is, and that the life of the feeder
is better than that of the fighter : and When mau is left alone to mourn, it is some consolation that the deso
Oh! then, how sweet it is to die!, lation by these maniacs of one part of When trembling limbs refuse their it in other parts. Let the latter be
the earth, is the means of improving weight, And films slow gath'ring dim the sight;
our office; and let us milk the cow, When clouds obscure the mental light, while the Russian holds her by the "Tis nature's kindest boou to die ! horns, and the Turk by the tail.-God
bless you and give you health, strength, I really think so. I have ever dread- good spirits, and as much of life as ed a doting old age ; and my health you think worth having. has been generally so good, and is
THOS. JEFFERSON. now so good, that I dread it still. The rapid decline of my strength dur- MR. ADAMS' REPLY. ing the last winter has made me hope sometimes that I see land. During
Montecillo, June 11, 1822. summer I enjoy its temperature, but Dear Sir, I shudder at the approach of winter, Half an hour ago I received, and and wish I could sleep through it this moment have heard read for the with the dormouse, and only wake third or fourth time, the best letter with himn in spring, if ever. They say that ever was written by an Octogethat Starke could walk about his narian, dated June Ist. rooin. I am told you walk well and * firmly. I can only reach my garden, I have not sprained my wrist; but and that with sensible fatigue. I ride, both my arms and hands are so overhowever, daily; but reading is my strained that I cannot write a line. delight. I should wish never to put Poor Starke remembered nothing and pen to paper; and the more, because could talk of nothing but the battle of of the treacherous practice some peo- Bennington. ***** is not quite so ple have, of publishing one's letters reduced. I cannot mount my horse, without leave Lord Mansfield de- but I can valk three iles over a clared it a breach of trust, and pu- rugged rocky mountain, and have done nishable at law. I think it should be it within a month; yet I feel when a penitentiary felony; yet you will sitting in my chair as if I could not
rise out of it; and when risen, as if I Paternoster-Rowo, Spitalfields, could not walk across the room : my sight is very dim, hearing pretty good, Sime pay possession relative to the
January 10, 1823. memory poor enough.
I answer your question is death an intercourse between the late Dr. Priestevil ?-It is not an evil. It is a bles- ley and the Rev. Elhanan Winchester sing to the individual, and to the in America, and I beg leave to offer world; yet we ought not to wish for them as deserving to be recorded in it till life becomes insupportable. We the Monthly Repository: In convermust wait the pleasure and conveni. sation with a respected friend, I reence of the “Great Teacher.” Win- marked that I was informed from unter is as terrible to me as to you. I doubted authority, that the late Mr. am almost reduced in it to the life of Winchester, the Universalist, though a bear or a torpid swallow. I cannot a Trinitarian, was a most liberal Chrisread, but my delight is to hear others tian, and possessed a truly Catholic read; and I tax all my friends most spirit, which he evinced by his friendly unmercifully and tyrannically against conduct towards Dr. Priestley in Ametheir consent.
rica, after the Doctor had been exThe ass has kicked in vain; all pelled from his native land, by those men say the dull animal has missed whose intolerant spirit could not bear the mark.
the freedom and energy with which This globe is a theatre of war ; its that great man advocated the cause of inhabitants are all heroes. The little truth and unalloyed Christianity. eels in vinegar, and the animalcules in Wishing to possess a correct statement pepper-water, I believe are quarrels of the particulars, I requested my sissome. The bees are as warlike as the ter, who resided at that time in PhilaRomans, Russians, Britons or French- delphia, to furnish me with any that men-Ants, caterpillars, and canker- fell within her knowledge, which she worms, are the only tribes among kindly and readily did in a letter from whom I have not seen battles ; and which I have made the following exheaven itself, if we believe Hindoos, tracts, and which place both of those Jews, Christians and Mabometans, eminent characters in an estimable has not always been at peace.-We light.
SAML. HART. need not trouble ourselves about these things, nor fret ourselves, because of
Exeter, December 10, 1822. evil-doers; but safely trust the “Ru- DEAR BROTHER, ler with his skies." Nor need we It is now nearly five-and-twenty years dread the approach of dotage ; let it since I was in America, having sailed come if it must.-*****, it seems,
therefrom for England in the spring of still delights in his four stories; and 1798, and in the lapse of a quarter of a Starke remembered to the last his century many circumstances have faded Bennington, and exulted in his glory: from my mind; at your request, how
ever, I will with cheerfulness endeavour the worst of the evil is, that our
to call back to remembrance the occur. friends will suffer more by our imbe
rences of those long-departed days. It cility than we ourselves.
is ever a pleasure to me to reflect on the
character of the late Mr. Winchester, in In wishing you health and happi- which were combined uniformity of Chrisness, I am very selfish; for I hope tiap conduct and deportment with great for more letters ;-this is worth more urbanity and benevolence of heart; and than five hundred dollars to me, for what renders his memory peculiarly estiit has already given me, and it will mable to me, was that artlessness of continue to give me,' more pleasure manners, singularly his own, and an unthan a thousand. Mr. Jay, who is affected liberality which he manifested about your age, I am told, experiences towards Dr. Priestley the first winter the
Doctor came down to Philadelphia to more decay than you do.
preach, and for which I was quite unI am, your old friend,
prepared. JOHN ADAMS.
I believe that Dr. Priestley's and Mr. President Jefferson.
Winchester's being first made known to each other arose from the following cir
circumstance : when the Doctor was VOL. XVIII.