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corning to Philadelphia, in the autumn not believe in Christ, they are Deists. of 1795 or 6, I think, w deliver his first The idea was, that an Unitarian and a course of Lectures, (afterwards pripted,) Deist meant, on the whole, the same the Unitarians of Philadelphia, who were thing ; 80 concluding the former lo belong lately from England, set on foot and con- as little to Christ as the latter, it natucluded a negociation with the Universal rally enough followed, in their way of ists for the use, on Sunday forenoons, reasoning, that Unitarians not being of a place of worship then building by Christians, it was truly absurd for them them in Lombard Street, wherein Dr. to commemorate the death of Christ by Priestley might preach.
receiving the Lord's Supper : however, The four walls were raised and the the Unitarians were glad to assemble roof on, but the internal fittings up had round the table of their Lord, especially not been cornienced : however, our with such a ministering servant of their friends made an advance of some hun- profession; and I greatly mistake if Mr. dreds of dollars, and employed great Winchester did not give an indisputable activity and energy, so that very soon and unambiguous testimony of Christian the house was completely benched, and love and forbearance in partaking with a pulpit erected, and though not quite them; unhappily too, as by so doing he finished, it was opened for divine service, increased the offence before given to some The congregations that attended were so of his more rigid adherents in his friendly numerous that the house could not con- demeapour to Dr. Priestley. Afternoons tain them, so that as many were obliged and evenings Mr. Winchester resumed to stand as sit, and even the door-ways his ministerial labours in his own pulpit, were crowded with people. Mr. Vice- and afterpoons Dr. Priestley was as atPresident Adams was among the regular tentive a hearer as in the morning he attendants, and to the best of my recol- had been an excellent speaker. lection, Mr. Winchester was never absent, On the same day that Dr. Priestley and he constantly gave out the hymns gave out his vext Sunday's subject to be when that excellent man Dr. P, did not Unitarianism ; after their own service it read them himself.
was notified that Mr. Winchester would, On the floor, directly in front of the by desire, on that evening, defend the pulpit, and close to it, was placed a long doctrine of the Trinity. He did preach seat, with back and arms, and a table about it to the dissatisfaction of many of before it : on this seat, which was gene- his friends, and many more thought he rally occupied by elderly men, members had been peculiarly unhappy that evenof the Universalist society, Mr. Win- ing in wielding the weapons of Trinitachester would take his place, unless he rianism. His general preaching was on went into the pulpit with the Doctor, it the love of God, earnestly endeavouring being large enough to hold several : this to persuade men to obedience to the laws I need not say was a strong mark of of their Heavenly Father, on account of friendly-heartedness and liberality, and, his great love and goodness to them. He in fact, gave umbrage, together with his bimself appeared to be deeply imbued acting as the Doctor's clerk, to some of with the principle of gratitude: he was his own people, many of whom were very fond of psalmody, and used to deAntinomians." Well, thus did Mr. Win- light in paciug his room for a long time chester use to sit, placing himself so as together, singing the following hymn: to have the eye constantly directed to the preacher, the attention riveted to the This God is the God we adore, subject, and a face beaming with hea. Our faithful, unchangeable friend, . venly love,
Whose tove is as great as his power, At the close of the course Dr. Priestley And neither kuows measure nor end. gave notice that, on the Sunday follow. Tis He is the first and the last, ing, be intended to preach directly on the person of Christ, explaining the Uni
Whose hand shall conduet us safe tarians' view of the subject, and that the
home; Lord's Supper would be celebrated at the We'll praise him for all that is past, conclusion of that service: this intima.
And trust him for all that's to come. tion produced a sensation indeed, among
Your affectionate Sister, the Philadelphians; they were puzzled, not being able to conceive what Unita
SARAH HART. rians or Deists, as they termed them, had to do with it.. One exclaims with surprise, they receive the Lord's Supper! Another, what have they to do with Christ? Whilst others asserted, they do
Installation of Sir James Mackintosh and afterwards subscribed his name
as Lord Rector of the University of to the rules and orders of the Univer. Glasgow.
sity. Every breath was now held
in suspense, and amid the mute and (From The Glasgow Free Press, Weda anxious attention of the immense asnesday, January 8.).
SIR JAMES MACKINTOSH rose, and N Friday last, this distinguished commenced his speech by expressing ON
statesman and philanthropist was installed into his high honorary of his sincere and hearty thanks for the fice. In the early part of the day the high, unmerited and unexpected hoforthcoming scene was the general the suffrages of this University. So
nour to which he had been raised by topic of conversation. At the news. rooms, in the shops, and throughout unexpected was the honour, that the the streets, scarcely any other subject he was a candidate.
election was completed before he knew
In addressing was talked about. A great number of gentlemen assembled in the College tion of great difficulty and delicacy.
his hearers, he was placed in a situaCourt a full hour before the proceed
The tone of those calm and mild ings commenced. At half-past two the doors were opened for the admis- studies to which this University was sion of the students, and in the junior consecrated, would not permit politics classes rushed, bounding, cheering, voice had for a long time been raised
to intrude herself upon them, and his and exulting.
in political contention. Universities “ Gay bope was theirs, by fancy fed." are of value only for the production
of those purposes which all good men It was a fine sight, All seemed to of all ages, and sects and parties, be alike ;-joyous even to rapture. equally esteem and equally cherish. The senior classes followed, and, al- Nothing is to be studied and contem. though the expression of their feelings plated here, but that which is to renwas not so exuberant, it was evident der men good subjects of a just go. they participated equally in the den vernment. (Great applause.) He felt lights of the occasion. If there were himself honoured by the consideration any-and there must have been a few of the illustrious competitor to whom -who would have preferred another he was opposed (Sir Walter Scott). and more poetical Rector, their par. He would with great pleasure have tiality was for the moment forgotten. taken this opportunity of saying of Every face appeared clad with the him in public, what he had uniformly same smiles, and the same expression said of him in private, if so much of expectation. At three, strangers praise and admiration had not already were admitted. The rush was tre- been paid him by his friend and premendous, and in a minute the hall decessor, (Mr. Jeffrey,)--the effect of and galleries were crowded to excess. whose encomium he would not mar Repeated attempts to force themselves by attempting to repeat it in less skil. in, hy individuals at the outer-doors, ful phrase. Speaking of his own feel, occasionally, according to the impetus, ings, he would have considered it no gave the dense mass the appearance loss of honour to have been vanquished of a single undulating wave. Shortly by such a competitor. The presence after three, Mr. Jeffrey appeared, of his excellent friend the late Lord escorting two ladies; he was received Rector restrained him from saying all with considerable cheering. Sir James he could wish to say respecting him, in a few minutes followed, accompa- “ but I am sure," said he,“ no man nied by Lords Belhaven, Gillies and who knows me will think that I un, Alloway, Admiral Fleming, Mr. Fin- derrate my own feelings, in the genelay of Castle Toward, Mr. Campbell ral assertion, that he is a man at least of Blythswood, Messrs. Cranstoun, as much beloved as he is admired by Cockburn, Murray, Moncrieff, Sand- his readers and his hearers. He is as ford and Thomson; they were hailed much the darling of those societies of with loud and long-continued plandits. which he is an individual member, as The oath was read over in Latin to he is almost a solitary instance of a the new Lord Rector, which he took, long and brilliant literary reputation, joined to a professional career of equal one of a similar class.' I feel a sort length and brilliancy.” He would be of renovation of the pursuits and careful that there should not escape friends of my youth-my sympathy him a single expression which might rises with your expressions of approcreate the least irritation. He would bation; and I cannot but acknowledge do his utmost to preserve concord and that I feel as if I were sensible that good-will within the University. If were I in your situation, I should long his own character was not sufficient to have done just as you have acted. security, that he would not depart (Loud and continued applause.) It from these rules, he had then beside can be no great infatuation in me, him two of the dearest friends of his therefore, to say that I warmly value youth, (Lords Gillies and Alloway) the approbation and support of youth, who had raised themselves to the like the poet who revisits the scenes highest judicial situations in the coun- of his early life: try, and he was sure, that even their friendship for him would not sanction 'I feel the gales that from ye blow, party politics.
A momentary bliss bestow ;
As waving fresh their gladsome wing, In reverting to the honour done him, he remarked that this was one of
My weary soul they seem to sooth;
And, redolent of joy and youth, the most flattering distinctions that To breathe a second spring.' could have been conferred upon him, for it is peculiarly gratifying to those But, Gentlemen, no delight or gratifiimmersed in political affairs, that any cation could recommend to me an part of their conduct should receive Institution in which such privileges the calm approbation of those devoted were granted to youth, as you enjoy, to study. "He greatly prized any lite- unless my reason and experience were rary honour from a Scottish Univer- satisfied of their utility. I am satissity, and more especially from so dis- fied that the privileges of the Acatinguished a seminary, where he had demic youth of this University, which received his own education. . It re have been enjoyed for so many ages, minded him of that period of life, and are most beneficial to your academical of those scenes where he derived that institutions. They serve to promote tone of literature which has been the industry- to lighten obedience to never failing, and steady enjoyment, enforce discipline-and to attach the and consolation of his life, and to students to the University. It seems which he could now add, the testimony to me that all great seminaries should of a great Latin orator, as proved serve but as means of preparation for from his own experience : “ Hæc the active duties of life. I am satis. studia, adolescentiam alunt, senectu- fied that the original institutions of tem oblectant, secundas res ornant, this seminary, which conferred upon adversis perfugium ac solatium præ- the youth the election of their first bent." He was verging on those magistrate, have been wisely contrived, years in which he was almost entitled for they have never exercised that to confirm by experience that which valuable privilege without doing hohe felt not to be a panegyric on letters, nour to themselves and the University. but a testimony by himn who was most In looking over the list of names of eminently qualified to estimate their those who have been raised to that value. He felt in a more sensible distinguished eminence by their sufmanner the honour done him in this frages, I observe no name that I would that the youth of the University have wish to be expunged. They have been principally instrumental in the always used this privilege wisely and election. “I must confess there is honourably. Their minds are not yet something in this feeling of approba- influenced by venal or interested motion of youth, (which must of neces- tives, and their voices are more to be sity, be pure,) which is extremely gra- valued than if they had been moved tifying, especially to those who pass by considerations which influence perthrough a long and varied life. I sons of riper years, but of less disinrecur to the early period of my ex- terested feelings. Besides, the calcuistence; and I now feel a renovation lations of probability are in this respect of the pleasure I enjoyed when I was confirmed by experience ; the holders
of this office have uniformly been as the most eloquent political philosuch as were recommended to the sopher of modern times. youthful minds of the students by "I am well aware that I have no some eminent claims to distinction in claim to engage your attention, but rank and station, or in science and that of a countryman engaged in laliterature, in legislation, in the useful borions public pursuits. I am well arts, in the science of government, or aware that I have no other pretensions in some department of public business than the love of letters. My life has beneficial to the country. Is it nothing been variegated, and has left little for that the youths of this University the prosecution of projects that were should be trained in their earlier years formed in my early life, and the age to exercise those functions of duty of repose has been converted into an which they may in maturer years be age of anxiety. I would advise those called on to practise, in the election who are masters of their own time, of the magistracy of the country, or that they would confine their life to of the framers of the laws, which it one object, and not be distracted by is the peculiar blessing of our happy diversity of pursuit. I would observe, constitution that the people are sup- Gentlemen, that the national partiality posed to be privileged to exercise? wbich we in Scotland feel for one This early acquaintance with the rights another, may have had some share in of freemen qualifies them to use them this election. This has been consiswithout any tumultuary or disorderly dered by some as a reproach. But it feelings, as habitual rights which lead is a singular circumstance, that one of to no disorder in their future exercise, the greatest writers of antiquity rewhenever they have opportunities of presents this quality as predominating using the elective franchise in any of among the inhabitants of the mounthe various forms which our constitu- tainous regions of Italy. It is desigtion provides. It has ever appeared nated as 'fautrix suorum regio,' to to me, that by this excellent Institu- which some in modern times have tion, the youth who are thus graciously made an approach. entrusted with the choice of their aca- “I should think myself culpable, demical magistrates, are consoled for Gentlemen, were I to pass over a few their subjection to the academical of the extraordinary honours that have laws, and are more submissive to the distinguished this University in former necessary discipline of the University, times. It was founded by the Roman than in other situations where they Catholic establishment--wascoeval are deprived of every power of elect- with the art of printing with a peing their magistracy: "So wisely had riod when a few mechanics, by finding this election been managed by the out the means of inventing a new youths of the University, that he was copying machine, changed in some almost overwhelmed by the talents measure the whole system of letters, and worth of his celebrated predeces- and almost of civil society. It is a sors. The youth of Glasgow had curious fact, that this discovery was shewn the highest veneration for the made at the period of the evacuation productions of genius; he, too, could of France by the English troops. rerere the philosopher, and admire This was an event that was expected the poet, and yet he still thought that to work ont a wonderful change on due applause "should not be withheld Continental politics. The other event from those whose lives had been spent was hardly known. Yet, in the course in studying the nature and ntility of of so short a period, we now find it a Government. In the year 1784, when, difficult matter to settle the precise from the state of political affairs, it time of their leaving France—it is inwould have seemed peculiarly delicate volved in obscurity, and interests no for any literary body to have distin- one. But this mechanical art has guished a person so strongly opposed been extending and improving the to the administration of the day, this condition of mankind-has been perUniversity elected to be Lord Rector, forming its part with silence, rapidity Edmund Burke, who had been called and security-and will never perish so the most philosophical orator of his long as man exists to be benofited by day, but whom I would rather describe it.
“ This University might seem to me leave to say, that, in other branches have been deprived of its chief prop of science, this University has been and stay by the Reformation : but it not less distinguished than in these. is not the course of reformation to I hold in my hand an old edition of sweep away the sciences--it only fixes Ptolemy, printed in 1530, in which is them on a firmer foundation. The given a character of the various naReformation - the emancipation of tions in the world. The character the human understanding, gave a new assigned to the Scots is, that they are vigour to the University. Under the -Ist, prompt to revenge-2d, full of government of Melville, the able law. the pride of birth, so that they boast giver of the Presbyterian Church, this of royal descent, though in u state of University acquired a new impulse, beggary-and 3rd, they are much adwhich led it directly forward to that dicted to logical and metaphysical subprosperity at which it was soon to ar- tleties. Now, happily, the reign of rive. In a brighter period, Dr. Gil. law and regulated government had rebert Burnet, to whom England owes strained this love of revenge within the history of her Reformation, and reasonable bounds; and the progress the exposition of her Creed, and to of commerce and the arts had introwhom the liberties of England are duced a feeling of equality among perdeeply indebted, and whose language sons of birth and merit. "But it is cuis elegant and his sentiments liberal, rious that, even up to our own times,
- he came from amongst you, and no change has been wrought upon the honoured the Divinity Chair of this other part of our character. The disUniversity by his virtues and his ge; position to abstract science still adnius. To me it seems fortunate that heres to the Scottish nation. But the the sciences have not retired here, as study of metaphysics has no where elsewhere, to a hermitage, but have been more rationally or more successo come and planted themselves in the fully cultivated than amongst youl, heart of a great and populous city, and while it has been stripped of its which has risen to be the second in the subtilties, has retained_all its vigour island and the third in the empire, and and its usefulness. There is now, in the very midst of this great city this Gentlemen, none of that spirit of hosUniversity has been planted. It was tility to our countrymen of other perowing to this that the two most im- suasions, that formerly was said to portant new sciences discovered in the distinguish the people of this country. eighteenth century-the sciences of This spirit of intolerance is fast wearchemistry and political'economy--were ing, aivay from every country. Caboth laid, at the same time, within tholic chapels are now erected at Am. these walls where I now address you. sterdam and Gepeva; I have seen a They are both of, such a nature as to Catholic Bishop at Boston; and, even unite the active with the speculative in Glasgow, is a Catholic Chapel, produties of life. About the same time bably the most beautiful in the island." the discovery of the steam engine was (Partial disapprobation.) When siinade by Mr. Watt, a person connect- lence was restored, Sir James, in coned with this University-one of the tinuation, observed with great animainost important discoveries in modern tion and effect, those who had manitimes. This great increase of scien- fested symptoms of disapprobation tific knowledge was the result of the would probably have withheld them, union of recluse speculation with the had they waited for the following senactive business of life, and of the inti. tence: “ Far be it from me ever to mate connexion which Dr. Smith and assert any sentiment inconsistent with Dr. Black maintained with the practic my original convictions of the doccal business of this great city. This trines of a sincere Protestant, or with shows the advantage of men of scien- the most deterinined opposition to the tific skill mixing with the various in. arbitrary doctrines and dominant and dividuals who exert themselves in per- intolerant spirit of the Church of fecting the arts, compared with those Rome. On the contrary, the reason who dose away life in dreams of sci- that I rejoice in the existence of such ence, without applying theip to the a Catholic edifice, is, that it proves practical benefit of mankind. Give that the stain of intolerance has been