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Earl of Chichester, on the Practicability Sketches, illustrative of the Life and of rendering those Properties of Air which Writings of the Rev. James Hervey, A.M. relate to Caloric, applicable to new and Pt. II., including a Collection of Original important Purposes. 28.

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Monthly Repository.



[Vol. XVIII.


History of the Presbyterian Chapel, Dukinfield, Cheshire, with the Succession

of its Ministers. CITH the commencernent of tation in this place by a Mr. Barlow, Mary began a system of moderation in very great esteem. Indeed, such towards the scruples of Nonconfor- was his widely extended reputation, mity, which greatly relaxed the ec- that several London merchants, as clesiastical arrogance of the preceding well as the neighbouring gentlemen, sovereign. Episcopacy was abolished sent their sons to be educated by him. in Scotland, and toleration granted Amongst his pupils from London, a to Dissenters from the Established son of the celebrated critic John DenChurch in England. The Act of nis, was of the number. This boy is Toleration was passed in 1689, and reported to have been a great oddity, immediately after this, the Dissenters whose peculiarities contributed in no in all parts of the kingdom began to small degree to the mirth of his aserect edifices exclusively adapted to sociates. their own forms of worship. As we As Colonel Dukinfield had taken have no earlier era to which the an- so conspicuous a part in the troubles tiquity of any of our chapels can be which happened in Charles the First's referred, so a great number of them time, it may naturally be inferred have their date about the commence- that his son Robert, the first Baronet ment of_the succeeding century. of that name, was not adverse to This in Dukinfield was erected, as the efforts of the Dissenters in his appears by an inscription over the neighbourhood, when they united their southern entrance, in 1707, upon a exertions for the purpose of commost beautiful and commanding emi- pleting the present structure. He nence. A school was also about the gave them a lease for three lives (as same time built near to the chapel, the then custom of the manor hapbut this was taken down some fifty pened to be) of the land whereon the years ago, to give the former building chapel now stands, besides great part all the advantage of its peculiarly fine of the materials, free of expense. And situation.

although this lease was This school is said to have fou- newed, no resumption of his right rished very much, particularly under and title in the freehold was ever the mastership of Domini Gee, spe- claimed by him or any of his decimens of whose superior penmanship scendants. in the Italian court-hand of that About the year 1767, this township period, are yet in preservation. It is and several other great estates benot unworthy of remark, that the longing to the Dukinfield fainily passwidow of Domini Gee's son is yet a ed into the possession of the father resident in the village, and possesses of the present proprietor, F. D. Astcomparatively strong mental and cor- ley, Esq., whose conduct towards poreal energy, now in her 101st year. the Dukinfield congregation has been Not long ago, she was invited to the marked with greater liberality. than house of one of her descendants, that even of any of his predecessors. where a meeting took place at a tea He has added a large portion of land party of five generations in the same to augment the chapel yard, and, befamily. One of her grandsons is now sides encouraging by his subscription the stone-cutter and officiating sexton an addition to the chapel of a newlybelonging to the chapel-yard. Pre- erected vestry and organ gallery above vious to this school, a seminary for it, he has in the most disinterested the education of young gentlemen manner conveyed the whole of the had been conducted with great repu- premises to trustees, in perpetuity for

never re



the purpose of appropriating the God, and continued to discharge the chapel to the worship of God, un- sacred duties of his profession for shackled by creeds and untrammeled about six years. A register in his by any vague dogma whatever. hand-writing is yet extant, containing

There is an endowment belonging to not only memoranda interesting to the chapel, consisting of a freehold es- the congregation, but notices of re. tate of about thirty-three statute acres, markable events connected with that left thereto by Mr. James Heywood. period, whether of local or national He had acquired a competency in the occurrence. An interleaved Bible village as a woollen-draper, and was purchased by him when a student at one of the most ardent promoters of Christ Church, Oxon, in 3 vols. 4to. the undertaking. His name and that and dated 1662, is in the possession of his wife are yet remaining over the of the present writer. It is scarcely north and south doors of the chapel. necessary to remark, that it is enThey had an only son and heir, who, riched by his notes and classical redying seven years after the chapel ferences in the course of frequent was completed, this estate was by perusal down to the period of 1697. them vested in feoffees, and the issues Ît exhibits its first possessor as a and profits of it appropriated to the pious and diligent peruser, a candid augmentation of the minister's salary, inquirer, and a learned and critical and to the repairs of the chapel, so annotator of the Holy Scriptures. long as divine worship continues there He was interred at the south end of to be celebrated.

the chapel, and a Latin inscription, The building of this chapel was very beautifully engraved on his tombattended with no common satisfaction stone, designates with great propriety to the harassed and persecuted Dis- bis character. A copy of this is to senters just emancipated from the be found at the end of Calamy's fetters of the five-mile act, and that Nonconformists' Memorial. for the suppression of conventicles. Mr. Angier's successor was the Rev. Tradition can yet point out the place William Buckley. He happened to in a neighbouring wood, where on possess a patrimonial estate in the days set apart, under the watch of township, and when young, became centinels, and at night fall, when they enamoured of a daughter of the Bawere less likely to be observed, the ronct, whose demesne land lay conproscribed ministers were met by their tiguous to his own. The parties faithful adherents, when the pious were prevented ratifying that union service of prayer, praise and exhor- so much coveted by both, and the tation had no other walls to surround lady died soon after (in lovers' lanit but the oaken thicket, and no other guage) of a broken heart. He after. roof for its protection but the canopy wards' married a half-sister of the of heaven. There was an additional Baronet's, a daughter of Colonel Dusatisfaction resulting from the com- kinfield in his old age, by a third wife, pletion of this structure, of which whose maiden name was Bottomley. only its founders could be duly sen- The children of this marriage, six in sible. The Rev. Samuel Angier, ne- number, are altogether omitted in the phew and formerly assistant to the pedigrees of the family, as they are Rev. John Angier, of Denton, was detailed in the Baronetage of the now a resident in the township, on an kingdom. One of the children, a estate yet known as " Angier's tene- brother of Mrs. Buckley's, Joseph ment.” He lost no time in availing Dukinfield, was educated as a Dishimself of the Toleration Act, to li- senting minister, but at the suggescense his out-housing, and there he tion of the then Archbishop of York, resumed his long-interrupted minis- who promised to provide for him if terial functions. The hay-loft was he would conform, he was induced so fitted up as a temporary gallery, and to do, and became Rector of Felix the family of the “ Hall” were not Kirk, in the Archdeaconry of Clereashamed 'there, surrounded by their land, of which living the Archbishop tenantry, to attend upon his ministry. is the patron.

He was the first pastor who dedi- Mr. Buckley was minister nearly cated this chapel to the worship of forty years, and the subjoined docu

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ment, a copy of one in his hand- therlow, where his place of sepulture writing, shews the number and re- is yet to be seen. spectability of his congregation.

The next was Mr. Gladstone, a

Scotchman, whose extreme culpaBaronet


bility in seducing the servant woman Esquire

1 Gentlemen


of the gentleman in whose house he Tradesmen


boarded, soon drove him away. The Yeomen

76 next was the Rev. Mr. Helnie, who Lale coiners, labourers, servants, &c. 687

came to this place from St. Helens,

in Lancashire, and, conformably to

793 the wishes of the congregation, he was Votes for Knights of the County · 96 induced to resign in favour of the

Rev. William Buckley, the only son He has been mentioned as possess of their former so much esteeined ing an influence over the manners and pastor. Mr. Buckley had quitted conduct of the inhabitants almost un- trade to which he had been destined, bounded. An old native of the vil- and at a mature age devoted himself lage described it to the present writer to an academical education, for the in the following manner : “ If he purpose of healing the divisions of shook his stick at the Hall Green, (the the congregation as their minister. place of his residence,) the boys trem. He prosecuted his studies at Davenbled as far as the town lane end” try, under the care of Dr. Ashworth, (distant balf a mile). His tomb is then the theological tutor,* for whose near that of Mr. Angier, and is in- character he always expressed the scribed with an epitaph commemora- highest regard. The tea-cup and say. tive of his worth and usefulness. cer used by him at Daventry were the

After the loss of Mr. Buckley, a constant accompaniment of his breaklamentable series of congregational fast service through the remaining divisions occur, and a manifest want part of his life. His ministerial laof suitability in the ministers that bours were continued for about twentywere chosen to succeed him. Mr. Bur. seven years, and like a good pastor gess and Mr. Stopford divided the elsewhere, congregation, but neither of them stayed long. The Rev. R. Robinson

“ He ne'er had changed nor wished to

change his place." was next appointed, who left his previous situation at Congleton to settle His studious and sedentary habits in here. He seems to have possessed advanced life, rendered him too nervous much fondness for appearing before and unfit to discharge his pastoral duties the public as an author. At Congle- either with comfort to hiinself, or that ton he preached a sermon against satisfaction he had been accustomed

Popish Projectors," and drew up a to give to his flock. His resignation, small «

Scripture Catechism,” both therefore, elevated him in the esteem of which he published. He removed of those around him. He had through from Dukinfield to Dob Lane, near life sustained a most blameless and Manchester, and there printed two respectable character, was much essermons occasioned by the then high teemed by his brethren in the minisprice of corn. This put him to some try, and the last mournful office that inconvenience, as it drew upon him consigned his remains to the tomb was the animosity of the interested and perforined by his most particular rich speculators in that commodity. friend the late Dr. Barnes. It may be His next removal was to Hatherlow remarked of this congregation geneChapel, where he entered into an rally, that the pastor has always been agreement with a Manchester printer, a character venerated and beloved by of the name of Whitworth, to edite them, but the high priest has excited for him a copy of the Bible. It was feelings of a contrary description. to appear in numbers, and he pro- Mr. Buckley's successor was cured a diploma of D. D., that his young man of much promise, from naine might come before the public the academy at Swansea, the Rev. with more advantage in the title-page of the work. He was interred in his own orchard at the parsonage of Ha- + See Mon. Repos. XVII. 164,


David Davies. Of him much was the neighbourhood, and soon after the hope, and great the encourage- was erected, in 1810, the Dukinfield ment that awaited his exertions. Un- Sunday-school. He remained long fortunately, habits of inebriety, early enough to see this design completed, imbibed, blasted the promise of much but not to its present extent. Another utility. He became unfitted for his floor has since been added, consisting situation, and, quitting the country, it of a large room over the whole of the is said he died abroad. Of the suc- premises, as a farther accommodation ceeding ministers brief notices will to the children, or occasionally a leconly be given, as they are all alive, and ture-roorn for more general purposes. most of them in the regular discharge He removed to Lincoln, and carried of their allotted duties elsewhere. with him the regrets of a large circle The Rev. Thomas Smith quitted this of young friends, many of whom will place after a two years' residence, and never forget the advantage his inaccepted a similar appointment at structions were so well calculated to Stand, in Pilkington, where the litera- afford. His present residence is with ry society of the neighbourhood contri- the congregation at Nantwich. buted for many years to his satisfac- After Mr. Hawkes, the Rev. Joseph tion. He published, besides an Essay Ashton here commenced his minison Avarice, in prose, two volumes terial duties, it being his first settleof poetry, containing great evidence ment with a congregation after the of a tender and fervent feeling ope- completion of his academical course rating upon a vigorous understanding. at York. He possesses many valuable He removed from thence to Risley, requisites for great public utility, and from the latter place to Park Lane, from which the Knutsford society, near Wigan. Some time ago he quit- where he is at present settled, will ted his last situation and the ministry doubtless derive much advantage. together. He now 'resides in the The present minister is the Rer. neighbourhood of Chester, near the John Gaskell, who completed his place of his nativity, and divides his course of study at the University of estimable society, when allured from Glasgow.

His first settlement was the bosom of his family, amongst a at Thorne, then a newly-raised sofew select friends long known, and ciety, through the exertions of Mr. long approved.

Wright, the Missionary. He united He was followed by the Rev. Wil- himself with this congregation about liam Tate, who with brighter prospects four years ago, and has a wide field after a half year's residence here, of usefulness here opened before him. quitted the place for Chorley, where he now remains.

Sir, The next successor was the Rev.


THINK your correspondent E. James Hawkes. He was the second (pp. 289, 290) too readily admits minister this congregation received the inferential reasoning of Mr. Gurfrom Congleton. Accustomed when ney, which is evidently founded on a quite a youth to the tuition of chil- misapprehension, or too literal accepdren, he turned his attention to the tation of Jewish phraseology. If any instruction of the younger members of the Jews have degenerated in their of his flock, and immediately after original opinions concerning God, his his connexion with this society, com- Word, and his Messiah, it must be menced a Sunday-school. His suc- such Jews as Da Costa, his cousin cess in this undertaking was more Cappadoce, and other converts to the than he at first could anticipate. In Platonic doctrine of a tripartite God. a few years, more children attended As to the pretended discovery of the than any private room could accom- sentiments of the old Rabbins, “ remodate, and the necessity of a build- specting the Trinity and the divinity ing to be appropriated to this purpose of the Messiah,the statement inbecame every day more apparent. volves (like the heading of your corMr. Hawkes had very judiciously com- respondent's letter) a taking-for-grantinenced a small fund, accumulated ed of the very points to be prored ; from the children's halfpence who at- namely, the fact, that the old Jews tended the school. This became a ever dreamed of any Trinity at all, nest egg to the larger contributions of and the fact that they had any con

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