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ment of the universe he has formed; beings of limited attributes, consti. dares to usurp his throne ; wield his tutes an essential part of the Deity; sceptre, with the puny arm of flesh; and thus confcunding and identifving arrogate his power and his other at- the supposed first great Intelligent tributes, to flatter the vanity and feed Mover with the second causes and the fancied importance of the insects countless motions of that universal of a day. I scarcely know whether machine, which is supposed to be but to call this tendency Polytheistical, the mere effect of his infinitely enerAtheistical, or Pantheistical, but one getic agency, we are here presented of these it certainly is ; since free- with a perfect system of Pantheism; agency necessarily supposes the ex- but the difference between this and istence of many beings, possessed of Atheism must, I should think, be reperfectly independent power, sufficient garded as merely nominal." to controul the causes which give rise 2ndly. I beg to assure Mr. J., that to their motives and actions, inde- if he had so thoroughly understood pendently of any other being or cause the nature and basis of my hypothesis in existence, which necessarily consti- as he might have done, it would not tutes them nothing short of the Deity have appeared, in his estimation, such itself: and here, rank Polytheism is a frightful monster as he, through the inevitable result. Or, in another mistake, supposes it to be: many of and still more applicable point of view, his observations, for instance, are to suppose a variety of beings pos- grounded on the assumption, that the sessing this uncontrolled power, must hypothesis denies or lessens the ultinecessarily be, as far as it goes, an mate felicity of the righteous, whereas infringement upon, and an exclusion it in fact proposes io constitute that and denial of, that all-perrading and felicity. Such expressions as the foluniversal power which is essential to Jowing can be grounded only upon the existence' of one Almighty and this assumption, and which I should universally controlling Agent, who is think a perusal of the foregoing will supposed to be the Author of all convince him to be utterly fallacious, causes, without the smallest excep- i. e. the hypothesis “denies the tion, and who is described as being power of progressive improvement of ' a jealous God, who will not give or the human soul, destroys the efficacy share bis glory with another :' and and lessens the motives to repentance, therefore in supposing a variety of annihilates the value of the Saviour's beings, with limited attributes, pos- admonition to strive after perfection, sessed of this uncontrolled power, and and damps the fondly cherished assharing this glory, horrible Atheisin pirations of the sainted pilgrim, by is the unavoidable inference; because inducing the fearful and chilling apthe possession of such a power in a va- prehension, that there is no ultimate riety of beings, with limited attributes, haven of repose, no security from ill, utterly denies, or at least circumscribes, no not even when enjoying the preand is therefore absolutely incompa- sence and smile of his Creator in his tible with, the power, agency and promised heaven.” “An arm all. existence of that Being who if he powerful must secure, without posexist at all, must necessarily possess sibility of failure, the ultimate feli. unlimited attributes, and be the uni- city of the whole intelligent offspring versal Ruler and Agent, and have all of God.” Had Mr. J. rightly underother beings subject to his absolute stood the hypothesis, he would not controul; and whose unlimited and all- have suffered his rhapsodical feelings, pervading power and agency inust beut- and poetical style, to have made such terly incompatible with the free-agency manifestly groundless charges against or independency of any other being or it, and brought positions and argubeings. Prove then the reality of ments in opposition to it which are in finite free-agency, and the non-exist- fact in perfect unison with it. ence of a being with infinite attributes 3dly. Mr. J. says, “ Upon what will become certain. Or if we take ground we must conclude that because another view of the subject, the pos- the knowledge of created beings is session of such an independently not infinite, they must be subject to controlling faculty, in a variety of natural and moral ill, I am at a loss
to conceive." I would request Mr. remarked, the degree of error and J. to read the hypothesis again, and evil in a future state of bliss, will if he cannot then conceive it, let him doubtless be so far removed from all endeavour to meet and refute the line that we now designate by these terms, of argument upon which it is founded, that the perfection and happiness of but which he has not hitherto at- the righteous in a future state, will tempted : and a similar remark ap- amount to all, and to much more plies to his assertion, that “natural than all, that we can at present conand moral evil are only arbitrary ceive of even infinite happiness itself. terms, which have the same meaning, I believe I have now replied to all is a position that cannot be maintain- the assertions and objections of this ed; nor that natural evil constantly gentleman, since those of them to arises from inoral evil, and vice versa." which I have not specifically and disI challenge Mr. J. to refute either of tinctly alluded, have received from these positions ; mere assertions are their similarity to several of Mr. Eaeasily inade, but proofs are not quite ton's observations, their answers in so subservient.
my replies to that gentleman: and in 4thly. Mr. J. asks, in what light taking my leave of Mr. J., while I the hypothesis will appear if applied cannot compliment his metaphysics to Christ; “ Shall he ivho was with- or his closeness of reasoning, I must out sin be subject to miscalculation, express my admiration of his warmerror and guilt? The supposition is hearted piety, bis evident goodness of too preposterous, if not too profane, heart, and even that honest zeal for to be admitted for a moment.” I his pre-conceived sacred prejudices, most willingly meet the application which has hurried him unintentionally, of the hypothesis to our Lord Jesus I doubt not, into several illiberal exChrist: and here I would ask Mr. J. pressions. Had he been a little more whether be supposes that Christ was guarded in some of his observations, without the liability to sin, or was a it would certainly have been more being of more than finite or limited at- pleasant to the feelings of a fellowtributes; and whether his being with- inquirer after truth, who, publishing out sin signifies any thing more, than an his sentiments from as purc inoabstinence from actual transgression tives and with as pious impressions of the moral law? And I would remind and as sincere a desire for the attainMr. J., that the Scriptures describe ment of pure theological knowledge Jesus as being a man, in all points as those of Mr. J. himself, expects tempted, like unto his brethren; to be opposed in the enlightened cowhich, I should suppose, proves be- lumns of the Monthly Repository, yond all question that he was by na- only by liberality, calm and patient iure a mere man, and, like his breth- inquiry, and unprejudiced and temren, subject to miscalculation and perate investigation. error, unless Mr. J. can shew that I shall now conclude by sumıning by office our Lord was raised above up the hypothesis in the words of this subjection and made infinite, for your enlightened correspondent, Mr. it could be nothing less. But here, Luckcock, (p. 522,) as being a most Mr. J. has overstrained the doctrine concise and admirable epitome of it; of the hypothesis, for the purpose of and for which, and the favourable caricaturing it by adding guilt. Pre- notice he has taken of the subject, posterous and profane then as it may I feel obliged-“ All inferiority imseem to Mr. J. to suppose our Lord plies inperfection; and as all creaJesus Christ to be by nature subject tion, material and intellectual, must to miscalculation and error, I shall necessarily be inferior to its great and not hesitate for a moment, to be original Creator; it must consequently “ preposterous and profane” enough, partake of some qualities, both phyuntil our Lord Jesus Christ can be sical and moral, which our limited proved to be the infinite Jehovah views lead us to express by the term himself, to assert, that he was, and evil.” ever will remain, with all his finite
G. P. HINTON. brethren, subject to miscalculation and error; although, as I before
Correspondence in a a Washington “ I believe, when the founders of
Newspaper on the College establish the Columbian College applied to ed in the Vicinity of that City. Congress for a charter of incorpora(See p. 350 of the present volume.)
tion, they met with unexpected diffi“ To the Editors.
culties, arising from its being under
stood that the Institution was likely VENTLEMEN : In perusing an to be directed chiefly, if not exclu
a my hands the other day by a friend, religious sect. A majority in Cowhich is called “The Monthly Repo- gress would not vote for it on that sitory of Theology and General Lite- ground, and it was not until the most rature,' for June, 1823, I was struck earnest, solemn and repeated assurwith a passage in a communication to ances were given, that nothing of a the Editor of that work, that I think religious nature was contemplated, requires some explanation in this dis. and that the Institution was to be trict. The writer of the passage in purely and exclusively for literary question is a Mr. Reuben Potter, of purposes, that at length the charter Rhode Island, Editor of the Gospel was obtained. Even then a clause Palladium,' a paper of a religious cast, was introduced with special care, renpublished once a fortnight. It seems dering it unlawful for any person to this Mr. Potter writes in reply to be hindered or excluded from any some questions forwarded from En- office or benefit of this institution, gland, relating to the state of the either as governors, professors or stuBaptist denomination in this country, dents, &c., on account of any partiand he gives a very flattering account cular religious sentiments they may of the progress and prospects of that entertain. That the College in ques. denomination. He describes, indeed, tion is commonly styled the Baptist a considerable part of them as rapidly College, and that its President and going over to Unitarianism; in this, principal officers are of that denomiperhaps, he is mistaken, but whether nation, are facts that every one knows. or not, is not material to the present But, for that same reason, let it not object. The passage I adverted to be called a National College ; for our above, is in a part of his letter concern- friends on the Hill at Georgetown ing the Seminaries of Learning among might, with as great propriety, call the Baptists. He says, The National theirs the National College. And out College, at the seat of Government, is of friendship to the Baptists, I would under their jurisdiction. Now, I have caution them not to be too loud in lived long at the seat of Government, boasting of their jurisdiction, lest and I did not know till now, that we Congress should happen to think that had a National College. And if we they have forfeited their charter by had one, I believe and hope it would converting it to sectarian purposes. not be under the jurisdiction of the “I am informed that the Directors Baptists, or indeed of any other reli- have an agent in London, soliciting dogious denomination. Our excellent nations for the College; this is all constitution, (may it live for ever!) well if they apply as a sect, in forma prohibits Congress from making any pauperis, but if they, at the same law respecting an establishinent of time, say it is a National College, I religion, and, consequently, no Na- must, as an American, say it has a tional College or University can have very beggarly look. We shall have, I a religious character, or patronise a hope, a National University in time; sectarian theology. The exclusive in. but it will be of a very different de fluence of religious sects on the great scription from this, and be raised seminaries of learning in Europe, has without foreign aid. If I had conbeen productive of such incalculable nexions in England, I should like to mischief, and operated so partially, have this matter better understood unjustly and oppressively, on large there than it seems to be. portions of mankind, that we cannot
“ FAIR PLAY." be too jealous of every attempt to accomplish the same pernicious objects in this land of liberty.
“ Columbian College. vantages of the National Seminary, “ Messrs. Editors: I observed, in contemplated by the vaticinations of your paper of September 17, a com. Fair Play. Nevertheless, his own munication, bearing the signature of implied confession that he had never * Fair Play,' the purport of which before heard of this appellation, alseemed to be to solicit explanations though a resident in the immediate on some points connected with the vicinity of the College, proves that it Columnbian College, in this District. has never been assuined. No reply has yet appeared, from which “ I have thus replied to the only fact I infer that the more inmediate material part of your correspondent's friends of the College have not thought remarks. He has bestowed some it necessary either to take any notice sound instruction respecting the conof complaints grounded on so slight stitution of the United States and the authority, or to express their gratitude charter of the College, accompanied for the gratuitous counsel which your by a few hints by way of advice, all correspondent has bestowed.
which the friends of the College, who “The patriotic sensibilities of ' Fair doubtless are quite as much attached Play' appear to have been unplea- to these instruments as himself, and santly affected by the discovery that probably understand them nearly as an individual in this country had well, will, I presume, take into serious thought proper, in a letter directed to consideration, a friend in England, and there pub- “ Before I conclude, permit me to lished, to employ the term • National quiet the apprehension of your correCollege,' in reference to the Colum- spondent, by assuring him that the bian College in this District. This proceedings of the Agent of the Coldoes not seem to be a very serious lege, while in England, have had no offence; and, if it were, the proper tendency either to mislead in regard question would be, how far the ma- to its character and title, or to implinagers of the College were answerable cate, in any degree, our national hofor it. The individual who used the nour.
“K.” expression is, I presume, entirely unknown to these gentlemen. He is not
Clapton, a Calvinistic Baptist, and has no con- Sie,
December 6, 1923. nexion with the great body of Baptists
FIND that I very imperfectly exin this country. His remark, that amined Whiston's Memoirs, for they are rapidly verging to Unitari- some account of the Collet family anism, was shaped rather by his wishes (p. 650). He, no doubt, designs the than by fact; and it conclusively indi- physician, who is the subject of N.'s cates the degree of importance which inquiry, when he speaks (p. 420) of should be attached to his statements“ Dr. Collet's very Serious and Seaand expressions on the subject before sonable Address to the Jews; or a
Treatise of their Future Restoration. “ The term alluded to is certainly Printed 1747. This book," he adds, an improper one; and it has never, to though containing, I think, many my knowledge, been used by the au- mistakes which want to be corrected, thority of the Trustees of the College. does yet give a particular and wellIf any one acquainted with the cha- attested account of the goodness of racter of the institution has at any the country of Judea, and of the Jews' time employed it, it has been applied happy condition there, upon their rein that general sense in which the storation, when the Messiah will estaIntelligencer, and other newspapers, blish his kingdom at Jerusalem, and have assumed the title of National. bring in the last glorious ages.” I have Its location at the seat of government, found also, in a volume of inaugural and its prospects already partially re- medical dissertations, one, de Peste, alized, of becoming a resort for young delivered at Leyden, in 1731, for his men from every quarter of the Union, Doctor's degree, by “Joannes Collet, may have led some to apply to it an Anglo-Britannus.” epithet, not correct in point of official It appears ( Mem. 296), that Whis. character, but deserved precisely in ton's * great and good friend, Mr. proportion as the institution shall per- Sainuel Collet,” whom I mentioned form the functions and afford the ad- p. 650, was a Baptist,” and a most VOL. XVIII,
punctual attendant on the “ Society versation, arguments arose concerning for promoting Primitive Christianity, the Arian scheme : and the author, which met at the Primitive Library” for several good reasons, declining to at Whiston's house in Cross Street, enter into the controversy, was pleaHatton Garden,” from 1715 to 1717; santly told by him, that his unwillinge and to which “ Sir Peter King, Dr. ness proceeded from a consciousness Hare, Mr. Benjamin Hoadley, and of the badness of his cause, which, Dr. Clarke, were particularly invited; indeed, was the only reflection that though they none of them ever came.” could have roused him, or provoked (See Mem. 202, Hist. Mem. of Dr. him, to engage at all in this debate ; Clarke, 66–74, Ed. 3, 1748.) In not being willing to enter the lists 1735, Mr. Collet, being “ very ill," with a gentleman to whom he stood and, as he supposed, “ in danger of greatly obliged.” Of this gentleman, death,” desired Whiston “10 anoint who appears to have died before the him with oil, according to the injunc- publication of the Two Letters, he tion in James v. 14–16.” Whiston further says, (p. ix.,) that “ he was, “ hesitated and durst not venture; in truth, a man of great ingenuity, not then remembering that the Apos- learning, humanity, charity and good tolical Constitutions appoint a form sense : but was so particularly emifor the consecration of oil, and in nent for his Arian sentiments, (which want of oil, of water, for the healing he was far from endeavouring to conof the sick, and the casting out dæ- ceal,) that had the author leave, and mons, nor recollecting" Tertullian's was he so inclined, it would be alterelation of “ the cure of Severus the gether needless to publish his name." Emperor by Proculus Torpacio, upon The Country Gentleman,” thus his anointing him with oil;” other- challenged, now borrowed his Arias wise he was inclined to “ have conse- friend's MS., and “after some con. crated some oil, and anointed him." siderable time" sent the first letter, to His friend, however, recovered, not- which he received " a very short letter, withstanding the oinission from “ in. which did not contain an answer to voluntary ignorance on both sides." any one of the author's arguments,
Whiston mentions again (p. 355) but instead thereof, a pamphlet came “ Mr. Collet,” with whom he “ was with it, bearing the name of one at Newbury in 1748," where he "beard Chubb, for its author." This parnMr. Mace preach in the same Meet- phiet was, no doubt, « The Supreing-house where he had heard Mr. Macy of the Father vindicated," with Pierce preach before he went to Exe- a dedication “to the Reverend the ter.” There was also a “ Rev. Joseph Clergy; and in particular to the Right Collet,” of “ Coat, in Oxfordshire," Reverend Gilbert [Burnet] Lord Bion whose death, in 1741, a sermon shop of Sarum.” (2nd edition, 1718.) was preached there by the father of Whatever Chubb may appear in his the late Dr. Stennet.
later writings, he is here as strictly In the conversation which I noticed Christian as Dr. Clarke in his "Scrip. p. 650, Dr. Toulmin informed me ture Doctrine of the Trinity." Yet that Governor Collet, who had held the “Country Gentleman" says of an appointment in the East Indies, him, (p. 73,) '“ What he drives at, I and of whom I promised a further am well aware of; and by that way account, was, he believed, the person of reasoning, we may bring ourselves addressed in a pamphlet, now before into downright Deism, which, I think, me, entitled, “ Two Letters to a very the Arian scheme naturally leads to.” eminent and learned Gentleman, at- He, also, there mentions“ the pamteinpting 10 subvert the Doctrine of phlet wrote by Philanthropus," sent the Arians. Being Animadversions on to him by the author of the MS., as a very famous Arian Manuscript, wrote “a full answer" to his first letter. by Him, some Years since, in India. The “ Country Gentleman” soon By a Country Gentleman. 3rd Ed. sent the second letter, to which his 1751.”
friend,“ being much indisposed, In the preface we are informed, that caused a sort of answer to be wrote “ the author of these Letters, and the by another hand." Neither of these learned Gentleman to whom they were letters was he permitted to publish. addressed, being occasionally in con- · The Country Gentleman" having