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PREFACE.

When I began to give instruction in systematic theology, the discussions in the class-room were continually forcing us back to preliminary philosophical questions, pertaining to the reality, processes and limits of human knowledge, and to the constitution of man as a personal being. I thus found it would facilitate our work to treat these questions together in a course of preliminary lectures on the Philosophical Basis of Theism. Students in successive classes have found these lectures and discussions helpful both in their studies of Apologetics, Theodicy and the Philosophy of Religion and in the clear and intelligent apprehension of the Christian truth and life. Many of them, from year to year, have assured me that they had been greatly helped by them and have

publish it, partly because, with the volume before us as a text book to refer to, I shall have more time for examining with my classes the subjects which belong more distinctively to systematic theology; and also with the hope that discussions, which have already been helpful to many young men, may be of service to others who are striving to solve the great theological and religious problems of our times.

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CONTENTS

involves agnosticism.-II. Assumes as fact what is contrary to uni.
versal experience.-III. The rational ground for persistent belief.-IV.
A nucleus of knowledge within a zone of probability.-V. A great mass

of knowledge persists. Changes in the progress of physical science.

Changes in the progress of philosophy. Changes in the progress of

religious belief, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20-26

& 9. CLASSIFICATION.-Intellect, Sensibility and Will. Intuition, Representa-

tion, Reflection.-I. Faculties.-II. The Mind active in knowing.-III,
Element of intelligence contributed by the mind.-IV. How acts of
knowledge are distinguished. .....

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2 13. THOUGHT DISTINGUISHED BY ITS OBJECTS.-I. Abstract or Formal.-

II. Concrete or realistic.-III, Creative or Imagination. 1. Fancy its
lower form. 2. Its higher form, creates ideals. 3. Leads in every
sphere of intellectual activity.-IV. Science advanced chiefly by con-
crete thought. 1. Formal thought inadequate because it stops in words.

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