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In her wide streets the lonely raven bred, Albion,-still prompt the captive's wrong to aid, There barked the wolf, and dire hyænas fed. And wield in freedom's cause the freeman's geneYet midst her towery fanes, in ruin laid,

rous blade! The pilgrim saint his murmuring vespers paid; Ye sainted spirits of the warrior dead, 'T was his to climb the tufted rocks, and rove Whose giant force Britannia's armies led!(47) · The chequered twilight of the olive grove; Whose bickering falchions, foremost in the fight, 'T was his to bend beneath the sacred gloom, Still poured confusion on the Soldan's might; And wear with many a kiss Messiah's tomb: Lords of the biting axe and beamy spear,(48) While forms celestial filled his tranced eye, Wide-conquering Edward, lion Richard, hear! T'he day-light dreams of pensive piety,

At Albion's call your crested pride resume, O'er his still breast a tearful fervour stole,

And burst the marble slumbers of the tomb! And softer sorrows charmoed the mourner's soul. Your sons behold, in arm, in heart the same,

Oh, lives there one, who mocks his artless zeal ? Still press the footsteps of parental fame, Too proud to worship, and too wise to feel ? To Salem still their generous aid supply, Be his the soul with wintry Reason blest, And pluck the palm of Syrian chivalry! The dull, lethargic sovereign of the breast ! When he, from towery Malta's yielding isle, Be his the life that creeps in dead repose, And the green waters of reluctant Nile, No joy that sparkles, and no tear that flows![(37) Th' apostate chief,—from Misraim's subject

Far other they who reared yon pompous shrine, shore And bade the rock with Parian marble shine.(38) To Acre's walls his trophied banners bore; Then hallowed Peace renewed her wealthy reign, When the pale desert marked his proud array, Then altars smoked, and Sion smiled again. And Desolation hoped an ampler sway; There sculptured gold and costly gems were seen, What hero then triumphant Gaul dismayed ? And all the bounties of the British queen ;(39) What arm repelled the victor renegade? There barb'rous kings their sandaled nations led, Britannia's champion !—bathed in hostile blood, And steel-clad champions bowed the crested head, High on the breach the dauntless seaman stood: There, when her fiery race the desert poured, Admiring Asia saw th’unequal fight,And pale Byzantium feared Medina's sword,(40) E’en the pale crescent blessed the Christian's When coward Asia shook in trembling wo,

rnight. And bent appalled before the Bactrian bow; Oh day of death! Oh thirst, beyond control, From the moist regions of the western star Of crimson conquest in th' invader's soul ! The wand'ring hermit waked the storm of war.(41) The slain, yet warm, by social footsteps trod, Their limbs all iron, and their souls all flame, O'er the red moat supplied a panting road; A countless host, the redl-cross warriors came: O’er the red moat our conquering thunders flew, E'en hoary priests the sacred combat wage, And loftier still the grisly rampire grew. And clothe in steel the palsied arm of age; While proudly glowed above the rescued tower While beardless youths and tender maids assume The wavy cross that marked Britannia's power The weighty morion and the glancing plume.(42) Yet still destruction sweeps the lonely plain In sportive pride the warrior damsels wield And heroes lift the generous sword in vain. The pond'rous falchion, and the sun-like shield, Still o'er her sky the clouds of anger roll, And start to see their armour's iron gleam And God's revenge hangs heavy on her soul. Dance with blue lustre Tabaria's strearn.(43) Yet shall she rise ;--but not by war restored,

The blood-red banner floating o'er their van, Not built in murder, --planted by the sword. All madly blithe the mingled myriads ran: Yes, Salem, thou shalt rise: thy Father's aid Impatient Death beheld his destined food, Shall heal the wound his chastening hand has And hovering vultures snuffed the scent of blood.

Not such the numbers, nor the host so dread, Shall judge the proud oppressor's ruthless sway, By northern Brenn or Scythian Timur led,(11) And burst his brazen bonds, and cast his cords Nor such the heart-inspiring zeal that bore

away (49)

[(50) United Greece to Phrygia's reedy shore! Then on your tops shall deathless verdure spring; There Gaul's proud knigits with boastful mien Break forth, ye mountains, and, ye valleys, sing! advance,(45)

No more your thirsty rocks shall frown forlorn, Form the long line,(46) and shake the cornel lance; The unbeliever's jest, the heathen's scorn; Here, linked with Thrace, in close battalions stand The sultry sands shall tenfold harvests yield, Ausonia's sons, a soft inglorious band;

And a new Eden deck the thorny field. There the stern Norman joins the Austrian train, E’en now, perchance, wide-waving o'er the land, And the dark tribes of late-reviving Spain; That mighty Angel lists his golden wand, Here in black files, advancing firm and slow, Courts the bright vision of descending power,(51) Victorious Albion twanys the deadly bow:-- Tells every gate, and measures every tower;(52)

made;

And chides the tardy seals that yet detain

Note 6, page 1, col. 2. Thy Lion, Judah, from his destined reign!

Thy house is left unto thee desolate.
And who is He? the vast, the awful form,(53)

St. Matthew, xxiv. 38.
Girt with the whirlwind, sandaled with the storm?
A western cloud around his limbs is spread,

Note 7, page 1, col. 2.
His crown a rainbow, and a sun his head.

The seer.
To highest heaven he lifts his kingly hand,

Moses.
And treads at once the ocean and the land;
And, hark! his voice amid the thunder's roar,

Note 8, page 1, col. 2.
His dreadful voice, that time shall be no more!

Almotana's tide. Lo! cherub hands the golden courts prepare,

Almotana is the oriental name for the Dead
Lo! thrones arise, and every saint is there ;(54) Sea, as Ardeni is for Jordan.
Earth's utmost bounds confess their awful sway,

Note 9, page 1, col. 2.
The mountains worship, and the isles obey;
Nor sun nor moon they need, -nor day, nor night;

The robber riots, or the hermit prays.
God is their temple, and the Lamb their light :(55)

The mountains of Palestine are full of caverns, And shall not Israel's sons exulting come, which are generally occupied in one or other of Hail the glad beam, and claim their ancient home ? the methods here mentioned. Vide Sandys, MaunOn David's throne shall David's offspring reign, drel, and Calmet, Passim. And the dry bones be warm with life again.(56)

Note 10, page 1, col. 2. Hark! white-robed crowds their deep hosannas

Those stormy seats the warrior Druses hold. raise, And the hoarse flood repeats the sound of praise ;

The untameable spirit, feodal customs, and afTen thousand harps attune the mystic song,

fection for Europeans, which distinguished this Ten thousand thousand saints the strain prolong; extraordinary race, who boast themselves to be a “Worthy the Lamb! omnipotent to save,

remnant of the Crusaders, are well described in “Who died, who lives, triumphant o'er the grave!" Pagés. The account of their celebrated Emir,

Facciardini, in Sandys, is also very interesting.

Puget de S. Pierre compiled a small volume on NOTES.

their history; Paris, 1763. 12mo.
Note 1, page 1, col. 1.

Note 11, page 1, col. 2.
Folds his dank wing.

Teach their pale despot's waning moon to fear.
Alluding to the usual manner in which Sleep

"The Turkish Sultans, whose moon seems fast is represented in ancient statues. See also Pindar, approaching to its wane.'s Sir W. Jones's 1st Pyth. Ι. ν. 16, 17. κνωσσων υγρον νωτον αιωgu.”

Discourse to the Asiatic Society.
Note 2, page 1, col. 1.

Note 12, page 2, col. 1.

Sidonian dyes and Lusitanian gold.
Ye warrior sons of heaven.
Authorities for these celestial warriors may be

The gold of the Tyrians chiefly came from Porfound, Josh. v. 13. 2 Kings vi. 2. 2 Macc. v. 3. tugal, which was probably their Tarshish. Ibid. xi. Joseph. Ed. Huds. vi. p. 1282. et. alibi

Note 13, page 2, col. 1. passim.

And unrestrained the generous vintage nowg,
Note 3, page 1, col. 1.

In the southern parts of Palestine the inhabi-
Sion's towery steep.

tants reap their corn green, as they are not sure It is scarcely necessary to mention the lofty site that it will ever be allowed to come to maturity. of Jerusalem. “The hill of God is a high hill

, The oppression to which the cultivators of vineeven a high hill as the hill of Bashan.”

yards are subject throughout the Ottoman empire

is well known.
Note 4, page 1, col. 1.

Note 14, page 2, col. 1.
Mysterious harpings.

Arabia's parent.
See Sandys, and other travellers into Asia.

Hagar.
Note 5, page 1, col. 1.

Note 15, page 2, col. 1.
Then should my Muse.

The guarded fountains shine.
Common practice, and the authority of Milton,

The watering places are generally beset with seem sufficient to justify using this term as a per- Arabs, who exact toll from all comers. See Harsonification of poetry.

mer and Pagés.

Note 16, page 2, col. 1.

stic ruins of Estakhar, or Persepolis, the ancient Thy tents, Nebaioth, rise, and, Kedar, thine ! capital of Persia, an account follows of the wild See Ammianus Marcellinus, lib. xiv. p. 43. local traditions just alluded to. Vol. ii. p. 190. Ed. Ed. Vales.

Amst. 1735, 4to. Vide also Sale's Koran ; D'Her

belot, Bibl. Orient. (article Soliman Ben Dao ud); Note 17. page 2, col. 1.

and the Arabian Nights' Entertainments, passim. Nor spare the hoary head, nor bid your eye

Note 26, page 2, col. 2.
Revere the sacred smile of infancy.

Houseless Santon. “Thine eye shall not spare them.”

It is well known that the Santons are real or afNote 18, page 2, col. 1.

fected madmen, pretending to extraordinary sanc

tity, who wander about the country, sleeping in Smokes on Samaria's mount her scanty sacrifice. A miserable remnant of Samaritan worship still caves or ruins. exists on Mount Gerizim. Maundrell relates his

Note 27, page 3, col. 1. conversation with the high priest.

How lovely were thy tents, O Israel !

Numbers xxiv. 5.
Note 19, page 2, col. 1.
And refluent Jordan sought his trembling source.

Note 28, page 3, col. 1.
Psalm cxiv.

For thee his iv'ry load Behemoth bore.

Behemoth is sometimes supposed to mean the Note 20, page 2, col. 1.

elephant, in which sense it is here used.
To Israel's woes a pitying ear incline,

Note 29, page 3, col. 1.
And raise from earth thy long.neglected vine!

And far Sofala teemed with golden ore.
See Psalm lxxx. 8–14.

An African port to the south of Bab-el-mandeb, Note 21, page 2, col. 2.

celebrated for gold mines. The harnessed Amorite.

Note 30, page 3, col. 1. Josh. x.

T'he temple reared its everlasting gate.

Psalm xxiv. 7.
Note 22, page 2, col. 2.
Or serve his altar with unhallowed fire.

Note 31, page 3, col. 1.

No workman steel, no pond'rous axes rung. Alluding to the fate of Nadab and Abihu.

" There was neither hammer, nor axe, nor any Note 23, page 2, col. 2.

tool of iron, heard in the house while it was in The mighty master of the iv'ry throne.

building." 1 Kings vi. 7. Solomon. Ophir is by most geographers placed

Note 32, page 3, col. 1. in the Aurea Chersonesus. See Tavernier and

Viewed the descending flame, and blessed the present God. Raleigh.

“And when all the children of Israel saw how Note 24, page 2, col. 2.

the fire came down, and the glory of the Lord upThrough nature's mazes wandered unconfined. on the house, they bowed themselves with their The Ara mythology respecting Solomon is faces to the ground upon the pavement, and worin itself so fascinating, is so illustrative of the pre- shipped.” 2 Chron. vii. 3. sent state of the country, and on the whole so

Note 33, page 3, col. 1. agreeable to Scripture, that it was judged improper

Beat o'er her soul the billows of the proud.. to omit all mention of it, though its willness might

Psalm cxxiv. 4.
have operated as an objection to making it a prin-
cipal object in the poem.

Note 34, page 3, col. 2.
Weep for your country,

children

weep.
Note 25, page 2, col. 2.

Luke xxiii. 27, 28.
And Tadmor thus, and Syrian Balbec rose.
Palmyra ("Tadmor in the desert") was really

Note 35, page 3, col. 2.
built by Solomon, (1 Kings ix. 2 Chron. viii.) and And the pale parent drank her children's gore.
universal tradition marks him out, with great pro- Josephus vi. p. 1275. EJ. Huds.
bability, as the founder of Balbec. Estak har is
also attributed to him by the Arabs. See the Ro-

Note 36, page 3, col. 2. mance of Vathek, and the various Travels into the

The stoic tyrant's philosophic pride. East, more particularly Chardin's, in which, after The Roman notions of humanity can not have a minute and interesting description of the majes- been very exalted when they ascribed so large a

for your

share to Titus. For the horrible details of his con

Note 43, page 4, col. 1. duct during the siege of Jerusalem and after its

Tabaria's stream. capture, the reader is referred to Josephus. When we learn that so many captives were crucified, that used for the Sea of Galilee in the old romances.

Tabaria (a corruption of Tiberias) is the name δια το πλήθος χωρα τι ενελοπετο τους σταυροις και σταυροι της σωμασιν ; and that after all was over,

Note 44, page 4, col. 1. in cold blood and merriment, he celebrated his bro- By northern Brenn, or Scythian Timur led. ther's birthday with similar sacrifices; we can

Brennus, and Tamerlane. hardly doubt as to the nature of that untold crime, which disturbed the dying moments of the “dar

Note 45, page 4, col. 1. ling of the human race.” After all, the cruelties

There Gaul's proud knights with boastful mien advance. of this man are probably softened in the high

The insolence of the French nobles twice caused priest's narrative. The fall of Jerusalem nearly the ruin of the army; once by refusing to serve resembles that of Zaragoza, but it is a Morla who

under Richard Caur de Lion, and again by retells the tale.

proaching the English with cowardice in St. Louis's Note 37, page 4, col. 1.

expedition to Egypt. See Knollee's History of the Yon pompous shrine.

Turks.
The temple of the Sepulchre.

Note 46, page 4, col. 1.
Note 38, page 4. col. 1.

Forin the long line.
And bade the rock with Parian marble shine.

The line (combat a la haye), according to Sir See Cotovicus, p. 179, and from him Sandys.

Walter Raleigh, was characteristic of French tacNote 39, page 4, col. 1.

tics; as the column (herse) was of the English. The British queen.

The English at Créci were drawn up thirty deep. St. Helena, who was, according to Camden, born

Note 47, page 4, col. 2. at Colchester. See also Howel's History of the

Whose giant force Britannia's armies led. World.

All the British nations served under the same Note 40, page 4, col. 1.

banner. And pale Byzantium feared Medina's sword.

Sono gl' Inglesi sagittarii ed hanno The invasions of the civilized parts of Asia by

Gente con lor, ch'è più vicina al polo,

Questi da Palte selve irsuti manda the Arabian and Turkish Mahometans.

La divisa dal mondo, ultima Irlanda.

Tasso, Gierusal. lib. i. 44.
Note 41, page 4, col. 1.
The wandering hermit waked the storm of war.

Ireland and Scotland, it is scarcely necessary to Peter the hermit. The world has been so long observe, were synonymous. accustomed to hear the Crusades considered as the

Note 48, page 4, col. 2. height of phrenzy and injustice, that to undertake

Lords of the biting axe and beamy spear. their defence might be perhaps a hazardous task. We must however recollect, that, had it not been The axe of Richard was very famous. See for these extraordinary exertions of generous cou-Warton's Hist. of Anc. Poetry. rage, the whole of Europe would perhaps have

Note 49, page 4, col. 2. fallen, and Christianity been buried in the ruins. It was not, as Voltaire has falsely or weakly as

And burst his brazen bonds, and cast his cords away.

Psalm ii. 3. cvii. 16. serted, a conspiracy of robbers; it was not an unprovoked attack on a distant and inoffensive nation;

Note 50, page 4, col. 2. it was a blow aimed at the heart of a most power

Then on your tops shall deathless verdure spring. ful and active enemy. Had not the Christian

"I will multiply the fruit of the tree, and the inkingdoms of Asia been established as a check to the Mahometans, Italy, and the scanty remnant of crease of the field, that ye shall receive no more Christianity in Spain, must again have fallen into

the reproach of famine among the heathen."— And their power; and France herself have needed all they shall say, This land that was desolate is bethe heroism and good fortune of a Charles Martel come like the garden of Eden,” &c. Ezek. xxxvi. to deliver her from subjugation.

Note 51, page 4, col. 2.
Note 42, page 4, col. 1.

Courts the bright vision of descending power.
While beardless youths and tender maids assume "That great city, the holy Jerusalem, descend-

The weighty morion and the glancing plume. ing out of heaven from God, having the glory of See Vertot. Hist. Chev. Malthe, liv, 1. God," Rev. xxi. 10.

Rev. x.

Note 52, page 4, col. 2.

God Almighty and the Lamb are in the temple of Tells every gate and measures every tower. it. And the city had no need of the sun, neither Ezekiel xl.

of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God

did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof." Note 53, page 5, col. 1.

Rev. xxi. 22.
And who is He? the vast, the awful form.

Note 56, page 5, col. 1.
Note 54, page 5, col. 1.

And the dry bones be warm with life again.
Lo! thrones arise, and every saint is there.
Rev. xx.

"Thus saith the Lord God unto these bones,

Behold I will cause breath to enter into you, and Note 55, page 5, col. 1.

ye shall live.”—“Then he said unto me, Son of. God is their temple, and the Lamb their light. man, these bones are the whole house of Israel.” “And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord Ezek. xxxvii.

Europe.

LINES ON THE PRESENT WAR.

WRITTEN IN 1809.

ID. QVANDO. ACCIDERIT. NON. SATIS. AVDEO
EFFARI. SIQVIDEM. NON, CLARIVS. MIHI
PER. SACROS. TRIPODES. CERTA. REFERT. DEVS

NEC. SERVAT. PENITVS. FIDEM

QVOD. SI. QVID. LICEAT. CREDERE. ADHVC. TAMEN
NAM. LAEVVM. TONVIT. NON, FVERIT. PROCVL.
QVAERENDVS. CELERI. QVI. PROPERET. GRADV

ET, GALLVM. REPRIMAT. FEROX

PETRVS. CRINITVS. IN. CARMINE

AD. BER. CARAPHAM.

Ar that dread season when th' indignant North To catch the war-note on the quivering gale,
Poured to vain wars her tardy numbers forth, And bid the blood-red paths of conquest hail.
When Frederic bent his ear to Europe's cry, Oh! song of hope, too long delusive strain!
And fanned too late the flame of liberty; And hear we now thy flattering voice again?
By feverish hope oppressed, and anxious thought, But late, alas! I left thee cold and still,
In Dresden's grove the dewy cool I sought.(1) Stunned by the wrath of heaven, on Pratzen's
Through tangled boughs the broken moonshine

hill,(2) played,

Oh! on that hill may no kind month renew And Elbe slept soft beneath his linden shade :- The fertile rain, the sparkling summer dew! Yet slept not all;—I heard the ceaseless jar, Accursed of God, may those bleak summits tell The rattling wagons, and the wheels of war; The field of anger where the mighty fell. The sounding lash, the march's mingled hum, There youthful Faith and high-born Courage rest, And, lost and heard by fits, the languid drum; And, red with slaughter, Freedom's humbled O'er the near bridge the thundering hoofs that crest;(3) trode,

There Europe, soiled with blood her tresses gray, And the far-distant fife that thrilled along the And ancient Honour's shield—all vilely thrown road.

away. Yes, sweet it seems across some watery dell Thus mused my soul, as in succession drear To catch the music of the pealing bell; Rose each grim shape of Wrath and Doubt and And sweet to list, as on the beach we stray,

Fear; The ship-boy's carol in the wealthy bay: Defeat and shame in grizzly vision passed, But sweet no less, when Justice points the spear, And Vengeance, bought with blood, and glorious Of martial wrath the glorious din to hear,

Death the last

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