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great pond to the head of it, and thence a line eastward half a mile to a station, which is a white oak, marked H. T. B."

The east line of the half mile, had not yet been run and marked. The village, therefore, moved the matter to Branford, and having agreed, their Committees met and came to the following result:

“We the subscribers being appointed to ineasure off the half mile agreed upon with New-Haven, as by record may appear, to the inhabitants of East-Haven village, in pursuance thereof on the 14th April, 1713, then meeting with East-Haven Gentlemen at the head of the Furnace pond, and after full debate and consideration of the premises, we began at the first bound mark at the head of sayd pond, near the middle of sayd pond, and run a line eastwardly, square from the old line, which was the dividing line between New-Haven and Branford, an 160 rods to an heap of stones, on the east side of a small hill, at the upper end of Brushy plane; thence a line northward, according to agreement, to à Walnut Tree marked with B B, and stones at the root, which Tree is 160 rods eastward from the Antient bounds Tree; near Hercules' meadow, and from the aforesaid Walnut Tree, still northward according to agreement, to the head of the bounds to a White Oak Tree, with letters on it and stones at the root, which is 160 rods eastward from the Antient corner at the head of the bounds between New-Haven and Branford. It is agreed, that the abovementioned bounds shall stand and abide to be the bounds between Branford and East-Haven. As witness our hands.

John RUSSEL,
SAMUEL Russel,

Committee
DANIEL COLLINS,

of
ALLING BALL,

East-Haven.
SAMUEL HOTCHKISS,
NATHANIEL Harrison, Committee
NATHANIEL JOHNSON,

of
JOHN LINDSLEY,

Branford. Vuted in Town-meeting, Branford, 4ih Jan. 1714.” The 29th Dec. 1679, the village, among other things, petitioned New-Haven for their parish or village bounds to extend as far north as Muddy River; in answer to which they say

-“ 'That their bounds shall be the north side of Alling Ball's Farme, by a line from the River as his line runs, untill it meets with Branford line, above Foxon's."

Thus the bounds of the town were all fixed. But after several families on the half mile were set off to NorthHaven Society, the line in that quarter was changed. In 1716, the General Court granted the northern parish in New-Haven, to be a distinct Eclesiastical Society. And in May 1718, the Assembly gave them permission to enter into a church state. A number of East-H en families tiving on the half mile, were so far from public worship that they requested the privilege of uniting with North-Haven Society, which was granted as follows:

“New Haven, Oct. 1737-In the memorial of Samuel Jacobs, Daniel Finch, Benjamin Barns, Isaac Blakeslee, Nathaniel Hitchcock, William Rogers, Abel Smith, Joseph Moulthrop, and Caleb Hitchcock, inhabitants in New-Haven, shewing this Assembly that they are settled within the bounds Parish of East-Haven, on a certain tract of land, called of the the half mile, in the Northeast corner of said Society and remote from the publick worship of God in said Parish, praying this Assembly to discharge them from the said East Socity, and annex them to the North Society in said Town, so as to include the said memorialists, and no other inhabitants; bounding so far South, as to include Benjamin Barnes Farm, and so Eastward to the east part of said half mile between Mr. Mather's and Mr. Abraham Heminway's land, and so north to Wallingford Town line, between Branford and said half mile, including all the lands east of the said North Society, within said bounds."- Colony Records.]

When North-Haven became a town in 1786, that society line became, of course, the line between the two towns, across the half mile; and all the half mile above that line was taken from the town of East-Haven and annexed to the town of North-Haven. And this alteration of the line on the half mile, accounts for the crookedness of the north line of this town. The whole line between the two towns was surveyed 11th March, 1789:

Beginning at a heap of stones at Branford line, northeast of the house of Abner Thorpe; thence 4 degrees north 78 rods to the middle of the high way or thereabouts to a heap of stones ;-thence in the high way 47 rods south 5 degrees west to a heap of stones; thence in the line of Jonathan Barnes' farm west 8 degrees north 80 rods, to the old New-Haven line to a heap of stones; thence 4; degrees west of south, 80 rods ;—thence south 21 degrees west, 80 rods, to a heap of stones; thence south 3 degrees west 80

rods to a heap of stones; thence in the same line 80 rods more to a lage white oak tree marked; thence west 11 degrees south 80 rods; still in the same course 80 rods more ; thence west 13 degrees south 80 rods; thence west 14 degrees south 80 rods; thence west 12 degrees south 70 rods, to the bend in the Ball farm, and from said bend 10 rods to another monument; thence west 6 degrees and 8 minutes south to the East River; erecting monuments at the distance of every 80 rods, with marked stones at each monument from the white oak Tree to the River; the number of monuments or 80 rods distance is 12, and 49 rods. 11th March, 1789.”

Josiah Bradley,
Stephen Smith,
Isaac Chedsey,

Committee.
Ephraim Hummiston,
Joshua Barnes,

Levy Ray, This is now, 1824, the condition of the bounds of the town of East-Haven.

CHAPTER III.

Concerning the Iron Works and Mills.

THE transactions relative to the Iron Works are contained in sundry resolutions and orders. This was, probably, the first establishment of the kind within the present bounds of the state. This business was introduced in the follow. ing manner :

« General Court, N. H. 12th Nov. 1655. “ The Towne was acquainted that there is a purpose, that an Iron Worke shall be set up beyond the farmes at Stoney River, which is considered will be for a publique good ; and Mr. Goodyear declared that Mr. Winstone and himself did intend to carry it on; only he desired now to know what the Town desired in it; much debate was about it; but no man engaged in it at present; but divers spoke, that they would give some worke towards making the Damm, whose names and number of days worke were taken, which amounted to about 140 days : so it issued for that time.”

“ 29th Nov. 1655.-The Governor informed the Towne that this meeting was called to consider something further a

bout the Iron Worke, sundry who engaged to worke, last Court, have not yet performed, tho' all others have; and it was now concluded that those that are now behinde, should be called upon to perform what they promised. It was also now desired that men would declare, who will engage in the worke, and what estate they will putin. But few speaking to it, it was desired that those who are willing would ineet at the Governor's this afternoon at 2 o'clock, to declare themselves therein, and it was now propounded whether the Towne will give up their right in the place, and what accommodation is necessary for the best conveniency of the said Iron Worke ; in this case all the Towne voted to give a full libertie for the Iron Workes to go on, and also for wood, water, ironplace, oares, shells for lime, or what else is necessary for that worke, upon the Towne lands

upon

that side of the great river, called the East River; provided, that no man's proprietie, laid out, or to be laid out, be entered upupon, nor no planter prohibited, from cutting wood, or other conveniency upon the said common, in an orderly way; and that Branford doe make the like grant, according to their proportion they have in the worke, that future questions about this thing may be prevented.

“ 19th May, 1656. Upon motion of Mr. Goodyear and John Cooper in behalf of the Collier that comes to burn coal for the Iron workes; he had 12 acres of land granted him as his own, if the Iron workes go on, and he stay three years in the worke. Provided that all minerals there be reserved, and that he attend all orders of the Towne for the present, and in disposing of said lands hereafter, if it shall so fall out, to have it. The place propounded for is a piece of land lying betwixt the Great Pond, and the Beaver MeadOws, a 100 or 2 acres, about 2 miles from the Iron worke. Against which grant or place none objected, so as to hinder the same."

This is now called the Farm. It was first in the possession of Theophilus Eaton the Governor. It was given to his daughter Mary, who married Valentine Hill, merchant, Dover-Pisquataqua. He sold it to Nathaniel Micklethwaite, merchant, London, 2 Nov. 1660—for £230 sterling, or 81022 22. He sold it to Thomas Clark of Boston for £100 lawful money, 28th Feb. 1665.-And in the Township of New-Haven. The farm contained 300 acres of upland and 60 acres of meadow.

“ 14th Sept. 1657. The Governor informed the Court

that Mr. Winthrop has let out his part of the Iron workes to two men in Boston, Capt. Clarke and Mr. Payne, as they have agreed.”

This plan met with a general disapprobation. Debating followed. It was contended, that as this establishment was made for the

purpose

of trade; there was danger of the entire alienation of the trade and the property. And there would also be a collection of disorderly persons, which would corrupt the morals of the neighborhood, and cause great trouble in the Town. The subject was referred to the Court, and the Townsman John Cooper to consider of it, upon what terins to let out the workes, and whether they should cut wood upon our ground.”

That reference reported thus :

“ An agreement made by the Committee appointed to consider about the Iron workes, was read to the Towne and by vote confirmned and ordered to be entered.”

At the Governor's house, 1 Dec. 1657." “1. It is agreed that the Iron Workes propounded to and allowed by this Towne, and to which they granted several priveleges, was, and is only for this Furnace now made in the place intended, and expressed, as appeareth by the records, with a Forge, or two, if necessary for the Iron which this furnace produceth, which are to be improved by the Townes jointly within the limits allowed by this Court.

“2. This Iron worke and all the privileges thereunto belonging, were intended and granted for the good of NewHaven and Branford, for bringing and setting up trade there, which in whole or in a great measure they are like to be deprived of, if any part of it be alienated either to strangers, or others out of their jurisidiction. They, therefore, think it not safe, that any part of it be sold, or leased out, without particular and express law and licence from the Towne, or Jury, or a Committee, as is appointed for house lots or lands.

“ 3. That our neighbors and friends of Branford provide and supply their part of wood, which is 3-8th parts, with other things of a like nature, from the land within their own limits, and that New-Haven do the like for their 5-8th parts.

“4. That all servants, women and others employed in any respect about the Iron workes, shall attend and be subject to all orders and laws already made, or which shall be made and published by this towne, or jurisdiction, as other

men.

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