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“5. That the grant made by the Iron workes be forthwith delivered to the Secretary here, that it may be read and considered; as the grant made by New-Haven shall be to them; that the two plantations may receive and bear their due proportion in profits and charges, as was at first provided for."
How far these resolutions were carried into effect does not appear. But about eight years afterwards, Benjamin Linge prosecuted John Cooper, agent of the Iron works, for the damage he had sustained from the water of the dam. And the people employed there being many of them corrupt foreigners and strangers, were so immoral and vicious as to require the frequent interposition of the civil authority.
“ 'The General Court, therefore, ordered that complaint should be made to Capt. Clark about the disorderly persons that came to the Iron works. And also ordered that the master, clerk, or overseer, and other officers, shall not admit any without a certificate from persons of known reputation, under the penalty of 40 shillings for every offence; and if any come or tarry there without such recommendation and permission, shall be liable to the penalty of forty shillings.”
And as a further check to these increasing evils, Matthew Moulthrop, sen. was appointed conservator of the morals of the people about the Iron works.
Of so much consequence was this establishment, that after the union of New-Haven with Connecticut, a special was made to grant the people employed in the work, to free them from taxes for 7 years, as appears from the following order.
“13th May, 1669, Upon the petition of Mr. William Andrews, on behalf of Capt. Thomas Clark, master of the Iron works of New-Haven, for encouragement of the said worke, for the supply of the country with good Iron, and well wrought according to art, this Court do confirm a grant formerly made by New-Haven: That the said persons and estates constantly or only employed in the said work, shall be and are hereby exempt from paying country rates for 7 years next ensuing."-[Conn. Col. Rec.]
At this period, and until the business was relinquished, Thomas Clark of Boston appears to have been the principal
Business was carried on here both from New-Haven and Branford. It continued until about 1679 or '80. Why the business was relinquished cannot now be satisfactorily ascertained. The furnace was supplied with bog ore
from North-Haven. It was chiefly carted, but sometimes brought from bog-mine wharf by water, round to the point below the furnace; and from that circumstance the point to this day is called Bogmine. There was a great mortality in the village in the year 1679, when Ralph Russell, and some other principal workmen died, which may have obstructed the operation; and, probably, the expense was too great to realize sufficient profits. It is a tradition in the Russell family, that the death of the principal workmen produced this change.
Jasper Crane and John Cooper were overseers and agents. Richard Post was founder; and John Russell was potter in the furnace.
On the 19th August, 1680, Thomas Clark sold to sergt. John Potter, “ All that farm lying and being within the township of New Haven, and near and adjoining to a brook called by the name of Stoney brook, which Thomas Clarke bought of Nathaniel Micklethwaite of the city of London, merchant, containeth by estimation 300 acres of upland, be it more or less, and 3 score acres of meadow, be it more or less, adjoining thereto; excepting always all the uplands that hath been formerly sold from the said farme or Iron workes, reserving only all the Iron worke plates of Iron, and the moveables to himself, that are upon the premises." John Potter was to pay £40 per annum for 21 years, in wheat, pork and peas.
The farm soon passed into the hands of William Rosewell, whose only daughter and heir married Gurdon Saltonstall, afterwards the Governor of Connecticut.
Sergt. John Potter did not resume the Iron business, as was contemplated when he bought the farm. But in the year 1692, he and Thomas Pinion petitioned New Haven for liberty to build a Bloomary on the first spring, or brook towards Foxon. In April, “ some of the townsmen having viewed the brooke that runs into Stoney river at the place, or thereabouts, which was moved for by John Potter, formerly, to set up a Bloomary; the town by vote approved of his design of a Bloomary; and for his encouragement allow him the use of said brooke, and 20 acres of land, not exceerling 30, near the first spring, the west side of Stoney river ; and grant him the liberty of what Iron mines there are within the town bounds, and the use of what wood he needs in the commons for the work, if it proves effectual. And the aforesaid land is to be laid out and bounded to him,
by the surveyor, and one or two of the Townsmen. Always preserving the necessary highways if there be any."—[N. H. Rec.]
This Bloomary was established, but I cannot find how long it was in operation.
The site of the Furnace was sequestered for a grist-mill, as appears from the following curious document on East-Haven records:
“ Articles of agreement made between the Inhabitants of Stoney River of the one party, and Samuel Heminway of the other party, 2 July, 1681, is as followeth, concerning setting up of a Grist-Mill at the Furnace Dam.
1. "The said Village doth for his encouragement give the Furnace Dam, with the use of the water damed therewith, and do promise to defend the said Heminway in the possession thereof, (so far as in their power) without let or molestation from any, either New-Haven or Branford, or any other; reserving liberty for John Potter to have a convenient place for water from the same pond, to set up and manage a Bloomary Furnace of Iron, if the said Potter shall at any time, hereafter, see cause to enter upon such a design."
2. “The said Village doth give to the said Heminway the land that lies next to his house between Stoney River and the Farme, to the quantity of an acre or two, if it may be spared from the highways, as they shall see good to set out to hiin, and 16 or 17 acres of land elsewhere, that may convenient for the said Heminway.
3. “The said Village do free the said Grist Mill from paying taxes to the said Village or Town.
4. «The Inhabitants of the said Village do engage to bring the corn that they would have ground into meal, to the said Mill.
5. “The said Inhabitants do engage to perform the whole work of what is necessary for the setting down said Mill, and to repair it, that the Dam may be secure from breaches at the setting down said Mill. But the said Heminway is to secure it at his own charges for the future, when some extraordinary, or unexpected accident shall happen to it.
6. “The said Inhabitants of the said Village do engage to assist him to raise the Mill Stones, and to get them to the said Mill, and to give the said Samuel Heminway liberty to use what timber and stones may be needful for building and repairing the said Mill, as shall be most convenient for him in that business,
“ And in consideration of the premises, the said Samuel Heminway doth engage as followeth:
1. “That the said Heminway will, before the next winter, in November next ensuing, set up a sufficient Grist Mill, at the above place, and keep the said mill in good repair, fit to make good and sufficient meal of corn, that is dry and fit for grinding:
2. “That he the said Heminway will set up a house over the Mill sufficient to secure the inhabitants' corn from damage by the neighbours hogs, or other creatures, that might otherwise devour it-within his compass.
3. “That the said Heminway or somebody for him, shall attend at the said Mill, one day in a fortnight, if there be need, to grind for the inhabitants their corn. And shall spend more time, and give attendance on the same, if need be, that is, till he hath ground all that is brought to be ground the said day.
4. “ That the said Heminway will take no more toll for the grinding our corn into meal than what the law allows.
5. “That he will either keep this mill himself, or if he shall let it to any other, it shall be lo such an one as the Inhabitants of the Village shall approve of.
6. “The said land, the said Village do give to the said Heminway, to be for the use of said Mill, and so continue, except the 16 or 20 acres given him.
“ The first article is thus to be so understood that the said Heminway doth engage to bear his share with the other Inhabitants of the said Village in any damage that
may fall by the Dam or Stream, or by any trouble for the same, by New-Haven or Branford or any other. And as for the land about the house, mentioned in this agreement, it be understood, that the said Heminway is to have what can be spared there from highways and across on the other side of the pond.
"The abovesaid articles of agreement concerning the Mill, made between the said Samuel Heminway and the Inhabitants of said Village, 2d July, 1681, is confirmed by Vote to be their doings.”-[E. H. Rec.]
The grant of 16 or 17 acres, the town of New-Haven refused to ratify.
About 25 years after this transaction, the sons of Samuel Heminway, viz. John and Abraham, obtained a grant of the Mill privilege from Branford, as follows:
“ Branford, 23 Augt. 1706.- At a meeting of the Propri
etors, warned according to law, John and Abraham Heminway, of New Haven Iron works, desire us to grant them liberty to erect a Dam on the Furnace pond, where it formerly was, and to get stone, and timber and earth to erect the same, on our side.”
1. “We having considered the public benefit such a Mill may be, doe on the terms following grant the desire of the said John and Abraham Heminway, viz. that they shall raise the said Dam no higher than it was formerly, nor no higher, than shall be allowed by Mr. William Maltbie, Deacon John Rose, Sergt. Nathaniel Foot, of Branford, when they shall view said Mill place."
2. “ John and Abraham Heminway and all who shall after them possess and improve said Mill
, shall at all times, hereafter, grind what corn shall come from this Towne, in turn, as it shall come to said Mill, not preferring others before them."
3. “ The said John and Abraham Heminway, their heirs and assigns, shall erect and maintayne a sufficient Mill at said place, at all times, hereafter forever; upon those aforesaid conditions, we grant the request of said John and Abraham Heminway. But if they or any, who shall at any time hereafter possess said mill, shall refuse or neglect to perform any or all the abovementioned conditions, then this grant shall be void and of no effect, that we, or our successors, may set up a Mill ourselves for the public benefit on this side."
Voted, and passed Test, by Wm. Maltbie, Clerk.-[Branford Rec.]
The manner of expression in this document intimates that the mill had not been erected by their father, as was expected when he obtained the village grant.
The water privilege where the forge stood was disposed of afterwards. Samuel Heminway applied to the town of New-Haven for it and obtained the following order:
April 26th, 1687. Samuel Heminway moved to have liberty to set a fulling mill where the forge formerly stood. After much debate the towne granted liberty to the said Heminway to set up a fulling mill in the forementioned place, provided that he make no dam that shall make a pond to raise the water above two feet deep upon Austin's highway. And that he consider beforehand, whether such a dan, but of such a height as aforesaid, will answer his pur
Upon this grant, and one that was made by the village in