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THE text of Livy, though handed down by the
manuscripts in an imperfect and unsatisfactory state, has been in a great degree rescued and restored by the critical labors of many illustrious philologists. Foremost are the great names of John FREDERICK GRONOV and John NICHOLAS MADVIG ; but around them clusters a brilliant array of scholars hardly inferior to these great chiefs, among whom Crevier, Drakenboroh, Kreyssig, Bekker, Alschefski, Haupt, Hertz, and above all Weissenborn, cannot pass unmentioned. The work of an editor is made both easier and more difficult by so many and such guides : easy indeed when stars of the first magnitude shine in conjunction, but hard sometimes when they are opposed. There is, it is true, one in this list, whom a man might follow even with his eyes shut, and feel assured that he would never be led far astray. The unrivalled sagacity with which the great Danish philologist scents out the true reading in a tangled maze of hopeless obscurity is one of the marvels of our later day. It is hard to resist the fascination of such genius ; yet, with due diffidence, I may say that in some cases I have been less certain that the words MADVIG gives are those which Livy actually wrote, than that they are the best possible expression in Latin of the thought Livy wished to convey. No man for the last thousand years has been a more
HISTORIES OF LIVY, Horribes
BOOKS I, XXI, AND XXII,
WITH EXTRACTS FROM
ROOKS IX, XXVI, XXXV, XXXVIII, XXXIX, XLV.
Edited and Aunotated
THOMAS CHASE, M.A.,
PROFESSOR OF PHILOLOGY IN HAVERFORD COLLEGE; MEMBER OF THE AMERICAN
ORIENTAL AND AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETIES, ETC.