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ble repose to the eye as well as to the mind, which in these charming solitudes seems to be concentrated with in itself. This unlooked-for paradise, situated in a region so wild and so difficult of access, calls to mind those tales of enchantment which amused our childhood. There wants only a genius, and the genius of retire ment and recollection is here.
Ou quitting the garden, the mind, expanded by the contemplation of so many beautiful objects, communicates additional energy to the body, and the summit of Louisaburg is speedily reached. It is surmounted by a large cross, which sheds a cheering influence over the desolate region below, like religion consoling the heart of the afflicted. The cross, being seen from a distance, serves as a guide in the rocky wilderness, and on its lofty site forms an intervening link between the sufferings of earth and the hopes of futurity.
A man wrapped in a cloak was sitting at the foot of the cross, hold ing in his hand some papers, on which he seemed to have been writing, but which he laid aside at my approach.
At the sound of my footsteps he turned his head towards me, and I recoguised Prince Alexander Ypsilanti, the friend of my youth, whom I had not seen since the Congress of Vienna. He rose from his seat and eagerly advanced to meet me. "Dear Ypsilanti," said I, embracing him, "by what chance do I find you here? The fatigue of my pilgrimage is compensated by this unexpected meet ing! How happens it that you are in Bavaria, when I thought you were still at St. Petersburgh?" "I have been induced," replied the Prince, "from the general state of my health, but more particularly on account of my wounds, to undertake a journey to Carlsbad; besides, I expected to meet here some friends, whom I wish particularly to see. However, as they have not yet arrived, I have
taken advantage of their absence, and made a visit to Louisaburg, which had been justly described to me by the King of Prussia, as one of the most picturesque places in Europe." "And what do you intend to do on quitting Carlsbad?" I inquired. “I know not," replied he, "my plans are not yet determined upon.' "Prince Ypsilanti," I said, "I had reason to expect that you would have reposed greater confidence in me. It is but a few days since I left the Princess Helena S****. She was acquainted with all your views, and knowing the friendship which has existed between us for so many years, she did not hesitate to disclose them to me; and your sudden departure from St. Petersburgh was caused, no doubt, by the approach of the period fixed for their execution."—" Pardon my reserve," he said, “for so many and such high interests are connected with my own, that I should not be justified in disclosing secrets which were not entirely personal. But what did the Princess tell you?" "That your object is to deliver your country from the yoke which oppresses it, and to restore Greece in the rank of nations. This is a noble part, a sublime enterprise; but have you well considered the means of putting your plan into execution, and securing its success? Do you think Grecce sufficiently prepared for the happy regeneration?” "I entertain doubts on that point," said Ypsilanti, earnestly clasping my hand. "The dream of my youth," added he, "on the forebodings of which we used to dwell so fondly at St. Petersburgh, when Dolgorosski Wielhorski, you, and I, formed schemes for the future independence of Greece, weighing every possible chance of the consummation of our hopes-that dream, I say, will shortly be realized. Every thing combines to favour the execution of the grand design. I have faithful friends, who, like myself, are
Michael Wielhorski is the son of the Count of the same name, to whom Rousseau dedieated his "Considerations Politiques, sur le Gouvernement de Polagne."
ready to devote their lives and fortunes to the furtherance of the object; and I may venture to say, that I can count upon the assistance of a powerful Sovereign, in addition to the support naturally to be expected from the Greeks. From all the provinces of that oppressed country, the voice of Liberty is heard; the hands of ner people, though laden with chains, are raised towards us. We can no longer turn a deaf ear to this summons, in a cause worthy the support of man, and the protection of heaven; and, if we perish in the attempt, our example, at least, will be followed, and our death avenged."
"Dear Prince," said I, "you are endowed by all that ardent enthusiasm requisite for the success of the enterprise you contemplate; you have lost none of that martial feeling, and that thirst for danger, for which you were distinguished when at Petersburgh; but, Ypsilanti, pardon my sincerity, if, while I admire as much now as ever your patriotic devotedness, I venture to point out the danger of your enterprise, and even the improbability of its success." "How!" exclaimed he, "can danger and improbability be weighed against the result which I anticipate? Perhaps, my presence alone may cast the die. Hear me," continued Ypsilanti, "and then judge. From early childhood, I have proudly cherished the hope of setting my country free, and avenging the wrongs of my family, who were basely sacrificed to political suspicion. This hope supported me through a weary apprenticeship to the military profession in Russia, when I filled the rank of ensign in the Guards. It enabled me even to endure the overbearing inso
lence of men, who were my superiors in rank, though I was far from considering them as even my equals in the world. The hope of living to see the fulfilment of the objects nearest my heart, made me willingly submit to the tyrannical discipline of the emperor's brother, of whose rigid punctilio, the anecdote of the court ball is a sufficient evidence. The sentiments which took root in my heart at so early an age, were developed and strengthened as I advanced in life, and have never forsaken me, either in the camp or in the court. My mind is incessantly haunted with recollections of my father, basely betrayed by courtiers, who, measuring their ingratitude by the extent of the favours he had conferred on them, solicited and obtained from the Divan his deposition and the sacrifice of his life, which was preserved only by the faithful Arnauts of his guards, who escorted him across the Carpathian mountains to the hospitable court of Alexander. I still see my mother on her death-bed, making me swear eternal hatred to the fol lowers of Islamism, and vengeance on the monsters who went to Constantinople to deliver up her father, the last of the Comeni, into the hands of the executioners. The standard of independence is already unfurled in the principalities of Moldavia and Walachia. Confidential agents are issuing proclamations, to which the inhabitants reply by flying to arms. The Boyards are heading their vassals, and in three days I shall join them. Can you believe that the people will remain deaf to the cry of liberty raised by the son of their Hospodar ?" "I know, my friend," I replied, "the reputation and the recollections which your
While Prince Ypsilanti was dancing a polonaise with Princess Jeanetta Czernestinska, his regimental hat got turned a little to one side. Ypsilanti, that is not etiquette," said the Grand Duke Constantine as he passed him. The Prince drew his hat over his forehead; but in the second round the hat again got displaced. Ypsilanti," repeated the Grand Duke in a tone of violent displeasure, I have already told you that that is not right." In the third round, the unfortunate hat again transgressed the military regulation. The Prince was immediately ordered to leave the ball room, and was sent to prison for three days. "There you may learn," said Constantine, “to wear your hat as you should do.”
father has left behind him in the country which he ruled so wisely.* I have myself witnessed the veneration in which his name is held, and the esteem that is entertained for you, since you have, by your own merit, risen to the rank of General in the Russian army. Besides, the Princess Helena has assured me that you will depart, followed by the good wishes of Russia, and even of all Europe. But, Prince, while your generous soul cherishes these flattering hopes, have you weighed the consequences that may attend your project. Success alone will justify the step you meditate; and should a single reverse chill the ardour of your partisans, your enterprise which is now considered as sublime, will be pronounced wild and fanatical, and you will fall a victim to your noble devotedness. For the last thirty years, the French revolution has convulsed the whole of Europe. We have seen a good cause of one day become a criminal cause on the next, and even posterity will judge only from results. But far be it from me to dissuade you from your determination, though I conceive it to be the duty of friendship to warn you against the dangers in which your noble enthusiasm may involve you, Consider how many unsuccessful attempts have already been made for the liberation of Greece. The Empress Catharine, you know, sent Alexis Orloff to the Mediterranean, to attack the Mussulman force. What were the consequences of the expedition to the Peloponnesus? The Greeks, who had been excited to rise by the promises of Russia, were soon cruelly forsaken, and delivered up to the implacable revenge of their irritated masters." "But times are changed," said Ypsilanti;
"the cause of Greece is now the cause of Europe. It is the cause of
religion as well as of humanity.” "Certainly," resumed I, "the most revolting pictures have been drawn of the excesses committed by the barbarians in the subjugated provinces. A universal cry of indignation has been raised against them, strong representations have been made to them on the subject of their tyranny; but, notwithstanding all their stupid ignorance, they are persuaded that their political existence is indispen sable to the balance of Europe, and it is, in fact, on this account that they have for many years been tolerated in their station on the Bosphorus. Were they driven back into Asia, to whom would the Dardanelles be ceded? Philosophy grieves to be obliged to yield to this political consideration." "What apprehensions do you now disclose!" said the Prince with emotion. "I no longer recognise in you those sentiments which once so perfectly sympathised with mine, and which formed the first links of our affection." "They are not changed, my dear Alexander," I replied, "but a few years such as those which have last passed away, may have matured them sooner than might otherwise have been expected. In this age, life advances rapidly, and I have too often seen cases in which reflection only arrived with the last misfortune. Having been the spectator of many dramatic scenes, I can form some judgment of actors, plots, and denouements; and what I have learned most to distrust, is the appearance of violent enthu siasm, under whatever denomination it may display itself." "Enthusiasm is, however, the parent of great act ions. It is like sail to a ship; with too much, a vessel may be founder ed; but without, she would never reach her Port."
"Look here, my dear friend," said I, "is not that the town of Wan
*The Hospodar is perhaps the only Sovereign whose government is regretted after an existence of six years. The following is a trait honourable to a legislator. Having the lives of his subjects at his arbitrary disposal, against which there was no possibility of appeal, and knowing the cruelties which despotism is liable to commit, Ypsilanti decreed, that before the execution of a criminal, the governor of prisons should appear three times in his presence, sol emnly repeating the words-Dost thou persist in shedding human blood ?”
siedel?" "Yes, certainly, to the existed, I consider them so degenerleft." "Well, look, do you see ate, that, like the Israelites of old, that white house surrounded with they will murmur at their deliverpoplars?" "Well, what of it "ance.' "The picture is unfavoura"What of it! That is the birth- ble, I will even say, unjust," replied place of Sand, whom political fanati- Ypsilanti, with some warmth, "but cism armed with a poignard to assas- facts always speak more clearly than sinate a defenceless old man, and the arguments, and time is still a better You will take it for blood of Kotzebue-" "What has instructor. the shedding of the blood of Kotze- granted, I hope, that I have not bue, or any such useless crime, to do acted altogether without reflection : with the deliverance of Greece?" moreover, to settle your friendly "Unquestionably there is no direct doubts, I wish you to return with me I will there prove to connection between them; but all to Carlsbad. innovations of this kind commence you, that the plan which I follow is almost always with massacres; and as wisely framed as the cause it will when Barère said that revolutions render triumphant is sacred." "Exare not to be made with luke-warm cuse me, Prince, I must leave Alexwater, he spoke the plain truth. Be- andrebad this evening, and sleep in sides, all these rings, fastened one Beiruth to-night; but if the affair into another, are to form an extend- which calls me thither, should termied chain, of which you are to be the nate as promptly as I wish it, I promost conspicuous link. Are you mise you to set out for Bohemia beBut be that able to resist the efforts which will fore to-morrow night. be made to ruin or at least to injure as it may, in whatever spot I may you?" "I hope, supported as I am, be, you may rely upon it, that there "Of that I am by friends zealously devoted to the you have a friend." cause which I embrace, and for certain," said Ypsilanti. which every Greek is ready to shed his blood." "Alas! my dear friend, do you recollect how often, at Petersburgh, I have blamed you for judging of others by yourself, whep, with all the enthusiasm of an exaggerated recollection, you used to draw such flattering portraits of some of your countrymen. I had not been long at Constantinople, before I was convinced, that, in consequence of the early age at which you eft Greece, you had had no opportunity of forming an opinion of its people, except by what you saw in your own family or read in books. It is impossible, indeed, to imagine any thing more degraded than the character of the leading men of the Fanure, whose silly vanity prompts them to crawl at the feet of beings whom they despise. I saw enough there to conVince me how dangerous it must be to place confidence in corrupt hearts. Finally, in consequence of the state of slavery, in which they have long
We began to descend the moun-
we reached the bottom of the moun-
"We must now part," said Ypsi; lanti, and we accordingly took leave of each other; but we soon turned again towards those imposing masses which we were, doubtless, about to
* The quarter of Constantinople inhabited by the Greeks.
abandon forever. "You perceive," said he, "how the most sublime harmony, may arise out of the greatest disorder. Thousands of ages have rolled away since nature, in a prolonged convulsion, threw from her bosom those children of creation; but, in the midst of the frightful crisis, do we not seem to see the hand of the Creator stretched out to stop this incipient germ of general destruction, and commanding the furious elements to be still." "How many profound reflections are awakened by these awful phenomena," said I; "and how well do the convulsions of nature remind us of the dangerous moral convulsions produced by the passions of men! At a former period, Europe, transformed into one vast field of carnage, was visited, from west to east, by all the scourges which ambition drags in her train, Countries were laid waste, towns deserted, industry and trade paralyzed, and the very springs of life and happiness assailed; while Providence seemed to turn a deaf ear to the prayers of supplicating nations. Alas! my dear Prince, do you not tremble to think that a single spark may yet rekindle the volcano, and that the brand of destruction is in your hands?”—“Great crises,” said Ypsilanti, are necessary to temper men's minds, as revolutions are requisite to enlighten them. The moment has arrived for the regeneration of Greece. Ages of glory will yet arise upon my unhappy country; and if I help to raise her from the state of degradation into which misfortune has plunged her, I shall not at least die unremembered. However," continued he, fervently pressing my haud, after a short pause, "I thank you for what you have said. Men's actions are often judged of so unfairly, and the poison of calumny is so unsparingly diffused, that it is not improbable my motives may be falsely interpreted. But you, my friend, you will defend nie. You, who know my heart, will not suffer me to be accused of any thing base
and ungenerous. Here is a manoscript, which I entrust to your care. It contains a detail of the principal events of my life, and that of my father, together with the causes by which existing circumstances have been brought about. Among the papers are some official documents. Take them all; and, if I should perish in my enterprise, you will publish them. They will bear evidence of the pure sentiments by which I have been actuated." I received the papers, promising to pub lish them whenever he might authorise me to do so.
We had now reached the gates of the castle, where my carriage was waiting. I embraced my friend, and my looks, doubtless, informed him how deeply I felt the painful adieu. Alas! I was doomed never to see him more. He was chosen by the Hetaria to direct the enterprise which had for its object the indepen dence of Greece. In January, 1821, he proceeded to Bessarabia, where, conjointly with his friends, he concerted the measures to be adopted. The secret was communicated to Michael Sontzo, the Hospodar of Moldavia, who promised to co-ope rate in the enterprise to the utmost of his power. Wladimiresko, Boyard of Crayova, joined the cause, at the head of a band of adventurers, of all nations, with whom he rav aged and pillaged Walachia. As the number of his adherents was rapidly augmenting, Ypsilanti thought it time to hasten the execution of his schemes, in concert with Wladimi resko. The Prince next arrived at Jassy, at the head of two hundred Greeks, who had been armed in Bessarabia, and be there published the proclamation, in which he styled himself the agent of Russia, and the leader of the Russian forces. All the Greek adventurers, together with great numbers of Moldavians and Walachians joined him, and he soon formed a corps of four thousand men. Moldavia immediately leagued with him, and Walachia soon after,