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to mount Ephraim, to the house of Micah, as he journeyed.

9 And Micah said unto him, Whence comest thou? And he said unto him, I am a Levite of Beth-lehem-judah, and I go to sojourn where I may find a place.

10 And Micah said unto him, Dwell with me, and be unto me a father and a priest, and I will give thee ten shekels of silver by the year, and a suit of apparel, and thy victuals. So the Levite went in. 11 And the Levite was content to dwell with the man; and the young man

was unto him as one of his sons.


12 And Micah consecrated the Levite; and the young man became this priest, and was in the house of Micah.

13 Then said Micah, " Now know 1 that the LORD will do me good, seeing I have a Levite to my priest.


The Danites send five men to seek an inheritance for them, 1, 2.
Meeting with Micah's Levite, they consult him, and are en-

B. C. 1400.

to surprise the place, 11, 12. They rob Micah of his idols,
and entice away his priest, 13-21.
is frightened back by threats, 22-26. They take Laish, and
Micah pursues them, but
call it Dan, 27-29. They set up idolatry; and Micah's Levite,
who was called Jonathan, and his sons after him, become the
priests, 30, 31.


those days there was no king in Is N the Danites sought them an inheritance rael: and in those days the tribe of to dwell in; for unto that day all their inheritance had not fallen unto them among the tribes of Israel.




2 And the children of Dan sent of their family five men from their coasts, of valor, from Zorah, and from Eshtaol, and they said unto them, Go, search the to spy out the land, and to search it; land: who, when they came to mount lodged there. Ephraim, to the house of Micah, they

3 When they were by the house of Micah, they knew the voice of the young man the Levite; and they turned in thither, and said unto him, Who brought thee hither? and what makest thou in this

couraged to proceed, 3-6. They search Laish, and bring place? hand what hast thou here?

back an encouraging report, 7-10. Six hundred men are sent

* Heb. in making his way.
q 11. 18:19. Gen. 45:8. 2 Kings
6:21. 8:8,9. 13:14. Job 29:16.
1s. 22:21.

r 18:20. 1 Sam. 2:36. Ez. 13:
19. Matt. 26:15. John 12:6.
1 Tim. 6:10. 1 Pet. 5:2.
† Or, a double suit, &c.


an order of garments. 8 5.

t 18:30.

Num. 16:5,8-10.
Kings 12:31. 13:33,34.

u Prov. 14:12. Is. 44:20. 66:3,4.
Matt. 15:9,13. John 16:2. Acts
26:9. Rom. 10:2,3.


V. 7, 8. This man's father was a Levite, but by marriage he was allied to the tribe of Judah, and so had been a sojourner at Bethlehem. But he left that place to seek some other situation. Perhaps, in those unquiet times, the tithes were not paid very regularly: yet it can hardly be sup-|| posed, that a Levite of good character was constrained, from mere want, to ramble like a vagabond. He seems to have been a man of an unsettled disposition, who did not choose to be under the control of the priests.

V. 10-13. The terms proposed by Micah do not seem to have been very advantageous: but the Levite thought the situation honorable, and a kind of preferment; especially as Micah spake of his being a father and a priest. induced to intrude into the sacerdotal office; and Thus he was Micah presumed to consecrate him. (Note, 2 Chr. 11:13-17.) And so satisfied was Micah with what he had done, that he deemed himself sure of the Lord's blessing on that account; for it seems, he deemed the priesthood of his son informal. (5) But instead of having now done better, he had added to all his other crimes, that of tempting a Levite to act as a priest, and to commit idolatry. (Notes, John 16:1-3. Acts 26:9-11.)

PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. Old age will not wean the heart from love to worldly objects; and when men have lost their relish for other sinful indulgences, avarice frequently acquires double force: but every idol is liable to be torn from them, and their inordinate love increases their grief and resentment for the loss of it. The curse causeless hurts only the person who vents it: yet when children rob their parents, they may expect from them a curse instead of a blessing, and in consequence the displeasure of God.-Confession and restitution, though attendants on true repentance, do not always imply it. (Note, Matt. 27:3–5.)-Those

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parents who have not, by their instructions or examples, taught their children their duty to God, but have been their tempters to ungodliness, cannot reasonably expect that they should perform their duty to them.-Riches are seldom made a good use of: indeed they are commonly idolized, proud and sensual purchase with them.-Men either in themselves, or in those things which the naturally love their own inventions in religion, being more flattering to pride, and more indulgent God are; and the liberality of superstitious peoto their sloth and lusts, than the appointments of ple often shames the niggardliness of the professfrom the rule of the sacred Scriptures, will in ors of true religion.-They who once deviate bewilder themselves more entirely; and will general wander more and more widely, and presumptuously expect a reward for the very practices which God abhors!-When pride, an unsettled temper, ignorance, and sloth, in those appointed to the ministry, meet with poverty or extravagance; by the prospect of secular advantage they may be induced to patronise crimes, and beample and concurrence serve to quiet every recome ringleaders in transgression; while their exmaining scruple in the consciences of others.Many wealthy people love to have such "Levites their sins, they embolden them in the commission for their priests," because instead of reproving of them; and induce them to conclude, that there is no reality in religion, as its ministers are so mercenary and ungodly.


of Dan had its lot within that at first assigned to CHAP. XVIII. V. 1. (Note, 17:6.) The tribe Judah, and near to the Philistines: so that, through their own neglect or cowardice, and concurrent causes, they had been in part kept out of possession of it, and were therefore greatly straitened at this time. (Notes, 1:34,35. Josh. 19:40—48.)

thus dealeth Micah with me, and hath
i hired me, and I am his priest.
5 And they said unto him, Ask coun-
sel, we pray thee, ' of God, that we may
know whether our way
which we go
be prosperous.
6 And the priest said unto them, m Go
in peace:
" before the LORD is your way
wherein ye go.

7 Then the five men departed, and came to Laish, and saw the people that were therein, how they dwelt careless, after the manner of the Zidonians, quiet and secure; and there was not magistrate in the land, that might put them to shame in any thing: and they were far from the Zidonians, and had no business with any

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11 And there went from thence of the family of the Danites, out of Zorah

i 17:10. Prov. 28:21. Is. 56:11. o 27,28. Rev. 18:7.

Ez. 13:19. Hos. 4:8,9. Mal. 1:

10. John 10:12,13. Acts 8:1821. 20:33. 1 Tim. 3:3. Tit. 1: 11. 2 Pet. 2:3,14,15.

1 Kings 22:5. 2 Kings 16:15. Is. 30:1. Ez. 21:21. Hos. 4:12. Acts 8:10.

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Heb. possessor, or, heir, of

restraint. 1 Sam. 3:13. 1 Kings
1:6. Rom. 13:3. 1 Pet. 2:14.

p 2,11. 13:2. 16:31.

q Num. 13:30. 14:7-9. Josh. 2:


r 1 Kings 22:3.

s Josh. 18:3. 1 Sam. 4:9. 2 Sam.
10:12. John 6:27. Heb. 6:11,
12. 2 Pet. 1:10,11.

t Deut. 2:29. 4:1. Josh. 6:16.
u Ex. 3:8. Deut. 8:7-9. 11:11,
12. Ez. 20:6. 1 Tim. 6:17.

and out of Eshtaol, six hundred men appointed with weapons of war.

12 And they went up, and pitched in Kirjath-jearim in Judah: wherefore they called that place * Mahaneh-dan unto this day; behold, it is behind Kirjath-jearim.

13 And they passed thence unto mount Ephraim, and came unto the house of Micah.

14 Then answered the five men that went to spy out the country of Laish, and said unto their brethren, Do ye know that there is in these houses an ephod, and teraphim, and a graven image, and a molten image? now therefore consider what ye have to do.

15 And they turned thitherward, and came to the house of the young man the Levite, even unto the house of Micah, and saluted him.

16 And the six hundred men appointed with their weapons of war, which were of the children of Dan, stood by the entering of the gate.

17 And the five men that went to spy out the land went up, and came in thither, and took the graven image, and the ephod, and the teraphim, and the molten image: and the priest stood in the entering of the gate with the six hundred men that were appointed with weapons of war.

18 And these went into Micah's house, and fetched the carved image, the ephod, and the teraphim, and the molten image. Then said the priest unto them, What do ye?

19 And they said unto him, Hold thy peace, lay thine hand upon thy mouth,

Heb. girded.

v Josh. 15:60. 1 Sam. 7:1.

x 13:25. marg.

10:12,13. Luke 10:4-6. John 14.27.

b 11.

y 2,3. 17:1. 19:1. Josh. 24:30,33. c 2,14.
z 3,4. 17:5.

a Prov. 19:27. Is. 8:19,20.
Heb. asked him of peace.
Gen. 37:14. 43:27. 1 Sam. 17:
22. marg. 2 Kings 4:26. Matt.

d 6:31. 17:4,5. Ex. 32:20. Sam. 4:11. 6:2-9. 2 Kings 19: 18,19. Is. 46: 1,2,7.


e Job 21:5. 29:3. 40,4,5,
30:32. Mic. 7:16.


V.2-4. Hath hired me. (4) Marg. Ref.-ern extremity of Canaan, but within the bounda Note, 17:10-13.

ries of the promised land; and perhaps it had been V. 5, 6. It does not appear that the Danites originally allotted to the Danites, in addition to had consulted the Lord by his high priest, about their too contracted inheritance. But the Israeltheir intended enterprise: but when the spies met ites so neglected to prosecute their victories, that with this Levite, whom they had known in his the Canaanites despised them: and this people, former rambles, and were informed by him that abiding unmolested in a very plentiful country, he was become a priest, they bethought them- || had no magistrates, and were not secured by walls, selves of inquiring by him; in which their ignor- troops, or alliances; but every one lived accordance and inattention were lamentably exposed.-ing to his own inclination, without either fear or The Levite, it is probable, having gone through his shame!-It seems indeed to have been considered form, answered them according to their inclina- as a part of the territory of the Zidonians; but it tions, in the language of piety: (Notes, 1 Kings lay at a considerable distance, eastward of Zidon, 22:6,13,14.) and his words being verified by the and had no direct dependence on that city or proevent, raised the reputation of the oracle, and tection from it, or intercourse with it. (28) sanctioned the idolatry. Thus all the mistakes (Marg. Ref.) and lies of fortune-tellers, monthly prognosticat- V. 11, 12. So small a company as six hundred ors, and other pretended prophets, are overlooked men out of this large tribe, (Num. 26:42,43.) unor soon forgotten, because they sometimes happen assisted by their brethren, marching on this enterto conjecture right; and these random guesses, prise, manifested how regardless the Israelites when they prove to be right, raise their credit were of the public cause, and how intent upon with the ignorant and credulous. personal indulgence. Yet this small troop, in V. 7-10. Laish, or Leshem, lay in the north-confidence of success, took their families with

and go with us, and be to us a father!! and a priest: is it better for thee to be a priest unto the house of one man, or that thou be a priest unto a tribe and a family in Israel?

20 And the priest's heart was glad, and he took the ephod, and the teraphim, nd the graven image, and went in the midst of the people.

21 So they turned and departed, and put the little ones, and the cattle, and the carriage, before them.

22 And when they were a good way from the house of Micah, the men that were in the houses near to Micah's house were gathered together, and overtook the children of Dan.

23 And they cried unto the children of Dan: and they turned their faces, and said unto Micah, What aileth thee, that thou comest with such a company?


24 And he said, Ye have taken away my gods which I made, and the priest, and ye are gone away; and what have I more? and what is this that ye say unto me, What aileth thee?

25 And the children of Dan said unto him, Let not thy voice be heard among us, lest angry fellows run upon thee, and thou lose thy life, with the lives of thy household.

17:10. 2 Kings 6:21. 8:8,9. 13: 14. Matt. 23:9.

g 17:10. Prov. 30:15. Is. 56:11. Ez. 13:19. Hos. 4:8. Acts 20: 33. Phil. 3:19. 2 Pet. 2:3,15,16. h Gen. 21:17. 1 Sam. 11:5. 2 Sam. 14:5. 2 Kings 6:28. Ps. 114:5. Is. 22:1.

*Heb. art gathered together.
i 17:13. Ps. 115:8. Is. 44:18-
20. Jer. 50:38. 51:17. Ez. 23:
5. Hab. 2:18,19. Acts 19:26.
Rev. 17:2.

Heb. bitter of soul. 1 Sam.
30:6. 2 Sam. 17:8. Job 3:5. 27:
2. Marg.

them. (21) "Mahaneh-dan" signifies the camp of Dan. (Note, 13:25.)

26 And the children of Dan went their way: and when Micah saw that they were too strong for him, he turned and went back unto his house.

27 And they took the things which Micah had made, and the priest which he had, and came unto J Laish, unto a people that were at quiet and secure: and they smote them with the edge of the sword, and burnt the city with fire.

28 And there was no deliverer, because it was "far from Zidon, and they had no business with any man; and it was in the valley that lieth by Beth-rehob: and they built a city, and dwelt therein.

29 And they called the name of the city P Dan, after the name of Dan their father, who was born unto Israel: howbeit the name of the city was Laish at the first.

set up

30 And the children of Dan the graven image: and Jonathan, the son of Gershom, the son of Manasseh, he and his sons were priests to the tribe of Dan, until the day of the captivity of the land.

31 And they set them up Micah's graven image, which he made, tall the time that the house of God was in Shiloh.

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ever, a very suitable introduction to their subsequent idolatry and apostacy.-Micah, though ignorant and immoral, yet deemed his religion his chief treasure; and when the Danites had taken from him that in which he had gloried, and on account of which he was confident "the LORD would do him good," he counted himself to have lost his all, and intimated that they might as well have taken all the rest of his substance! Yet his zeal for his images did not induce him to venture his life in attempting to recover them.

V. 27-29. Marg. Ref.

V. 13-26. (Marg. Ref.) The Levite's answer to the spies having been apparently verified by the event, they seem to have concluded that he would be a valuable acquisition, if they could induce him to accompany them; especially if they could also take Micah's images, ephod, and teraphim with them: and at their instance, the Danites were led to form a plan for that purpose. They were going to seek a settlement at a great distance from Shiloh; and, it may well be thought, were desirous of excusing themselves from the long journeys, which attending on the worship at the sanctuary would require: and here was a priest, and an oracle, and all which they deemed requisite for their religious observances, ready prepared for their purpose. They were evidently very ignorant; and they absurdly concluded, that they should, by taking these, secure the presence and favor of the God of Israel, in their expedition and settlement. (Note, 17:10-13.) They coveted Micah's house of gods, and supposing that he could not be induced by fair means to part with them, they determined to plunder his termple; and after they had effected this, they found no difficulty in engaging his priest to accompany them, by a prospect of far better preferment than he then possessed. They perhaps supposed the piety of their motives, and the goodness of their end, would justify the means. But it was a base robbery of If men were as sensibly affected with the wants Micah, aggravated by the Levite's ingratitude, of the soul as with those of the body, the inheritand by their violence and menaces: it was, how-lance of the kingdom of heaven, though distant VOL. I.


V. 30, 31. Jonathan was the name of this Levite, but it is not known of what family he was; for Gershom and Manasseh were names common in Israel. The tradition of the Jews, that he was the grandson of Moses, is in all respects highly improbable.-As Dan lay on the northern extremity of the land, none of the judges were able to destroy this idolatry, which continued "all the time that the house of God was in Shiloh." This proves that the captivity here mentioned was that of the ark, by the Philistines, in the time of Eli. (Notes, 1 Sam. 4: 5:) It may be supposed that Samuel or David put an end to it.-Jeroboam set up the worship of one of the golden calves in this very city. (1 Kings 12:28—30.)


V. 1-10.



A Levite's concubine commits adultery, and returns to her father, 1. 2. The Levite goes to take her back, and is kindly enter being entertained by an old man of Ephraim, who sojourned

tained, 3-9. They depart at a late hour, and lodge at Gibeah,

there, 10-21. The men of the city beset the house, with a vile intent; the Levite yields up his concubine, who is abused

till she dies, 22-28. He divides her body into twelve parts,

and sends one to each tribe, 29, 30.

AND it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning on the side of mount Ephraim, who took



to him a concubine out of Beth-lehemjudah.

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2 And his concubine played the whore against him, and went away from him unto her father's house to Beth-lehemjudah, and was there+four whole months. 3 Ánd her husband arose, and went after her, to speak friendly unto her, and to bring her again, having his ser

vant with him, and a couple of asses; and she brought him into her father's house; and when the father of the damsel saw him, he rejoiced to meet him.

4 And his father-in-law, the damsel's father, retained him; and he abode with

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and future, would not be neglected; and the labor, deceived.-Mercenary priests in every age are danger, and self-denial, which lie in the way, ready to go the most disgraceful lengths to obtain would no longer affright or deter them from seek- preferment, and even to put up their services for ing it. Whatever valor, wisdom, or diligence we sale to the highest bidder: while however they employ in any undertaking, we shall not be suc- eagerly seize upon the proposed advantage, let cessful in a comfortable and profitable way, if we them remember, that they are increasing guilt, neglect to consult the Lord, and to seek his as- shame, mischief, and condemnation.-When the sistance and blessing.-Ungodly men generally removal of idols weans the heart from idolatry, find out those of their own character in every the anguish of parting will be made up by the place. And they, who along with a worldly heart, consequent advantage: but wretched are they, and much ignorance or error, have yet convic- who are deprived of their idols, and left under the tions of conscience, that they ought to worship power of the idolatrous affection! Thus death will and serve some superior power, often meet with ||rend men from all those worldly objects, on which a superstition, or false religion, apparently devis- they have placed their hearts: their gods will be ed and framed on purpose for them: as indeed it for ever gone, and "what will they have more?" is; for Satan, who works in the children of diso-But the case of self-confident hypocrites, when bedience, and prompts the devisers of every spe- disappointed of all their towering hopes, will be cies of delusion, knows well what will suit the peculiarly dreadful.-Happy-they, who renounce taste, and state of heart, and convenience, of those all for Christ, and in him have the LORD for their whom he aims to delude; and he forms his plans God! no enemies or changes can take away their accordingly.-Success does not prove our under-portion, or their comfort. But if we would have takings pleasing to God, any more than a fortu- this felicity, we must carefully attend to the word nate conjecture proves a man a prophet: for the and ordinances of God, and be afraid of every deformer is sometimes sent as a curse; and the latter||viation from our perfect rule: "for behold how is permitted, in order to punish those who despise great a matter a little fire kindleth!" and hate the truth. (Notes, Deut. 13:1-5. 2 Thes. 2:8-12.)-We ought to be very thankful for good government, and for magistrates who put men to shame for their crimes; without which they can scarcely be prevented from destroying each other. The blessings also of liberty and prosperity call for gratitude: yet when they produce sloth, self-indulgence, and carnal security, they indicate approaching destruction.-Worldly men, finding "no want of any thing that is in the earth," do not consider the disadvantages which they lie under with respect to their souls: for if their situations or occupations are not consistent with true religion, they can either do without any religion, or adopt one more suited to their convenience.

V. 11-31.

Those who are destitute of the fear of God, will seize on whatever they covet, when they possess power, and can do it with impunity: for justice, gratitude, and the rights of hospitality form but feeble barriers in their way. Indeed, injustice and idolatry consist well with each other; for Satan loves "robbery for burnt-offering," though God "abhors it."-They who do wrong are commonly much offended, if the injured party dares to complain or remonstrate; and thus theft is frequently an introduction to murder, through the combined influence of avarice, pride, and malignity. But those who rob God of his glory, and tempt others to iniquity, deserve to be plundered by their fellow-creatures; and they who trust in unprincipled persons, need not wonder if they are 746]


CHAP. XIX. V. 1. The events, recorded in this and the following chapters, occurred while Phinehas the son of Eleazar was high priest, and therefore could not take place very long after the death of Joshua. (20:28.) Eleazar seems to have survived Joshua. (Josh. 24:33.) Phinehas might continue high priest for twenty-five or thirty years. I suppose the events of these chapters subsequent to those in the preceding.-There was then no king in Israel, nor any judge who exercised authority over the people in general; and the want of a regular civil government produced many fatal effects, notwithstanding the advantages enjoyed by the Israelites in all other things. (Note, 17: 6.)

V. 2. This woman seems to have been the Levite's only wife; who was called his concubine, because not admitted to all the privileges of the conjugal relation: (Note, Gen. 25:5,6.) but her father is called his father-in-law, and he is called her husband. (3,4.)-Having been guilty of adultery, she fled from him to escape punishment, or from dread of his resentment. It is remarkable, that no mention is made of any other Levites in this whole book, except of him who established idolatry at Dan; and of this man, whose concubine proved the occasion almost of extirpation to the tribe of Benjamin, and of great slaughter in the other tribes! Phinehas, the high priest, is also named.-This both implies a censure on the regu lar ministers of religion; and confirms the opinion

B. C. 1398. him three days: so they did eat and a stranger, that is not of the children of drink, and lodged there. Israel; we will pass over to Gibeah. 13 And Come, and let us draw near to one of he said unto his servant, these places to lodge all night, in " Gibeah, or in Ramah.

5 And it came to pass on the fourth day, when they arose early in the morning, that he rose up to depart: and the damsel's father said unto his son-in-law, * Comfort thine heart with a morsel of bread, and afterward go your way.

6 And they sat down, and did eat and drink both of them together: for the damsel's father had said unto the man, Be content, I pray thee, and tarry all night,|| and let thine heart be merry.


7 And when the man rose up to depart, his father-in-law urged him; therefore he lodged there again.

8 And he rose early in the morning on the fifth day to depart: and the damsel's father said, Comfort thine heart, I pray thee. And they tarried until afternoon, and they did eat both of them.

9 And when the man rose up to depart, he, and his concubine, and his servant; his father-in-law, the damsel's father, said unto him, Behold now, the day * draweth towards evening, I pray you tarry all night: behold, the day groweth to an end, lodge here, that thine heart may be and merry: k to-morrow get you early on your way, that thou mayest go " home.

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10 But the man would not tarry that night, but he rose up and departed, and came over against Jebus, (which is Jerusalem;) and there were with him two asses saddled; his concubine also was with him.

[Practical Observations.]


14 And they passed on, and went their
when they were by Gibeah which belong eth
and the sun went down
upon them
to Benjamin.

in, and to lodge in Gibeah: and, when he
15 And they turned aside thither to go
city; for there was
went in, he sat him down in a street of the
them into his house to lodging.
no man that took

16 And, behold, there came an old man from P his work out of the field at even, which was also of mount Ephraim; and he sojourned in Gibeah, but the men of the place were Benjamites.

17 And when he had lifted he saw a way-faring man in the street of up his eyes, the city: and the old man said, a Whither goest thou? and whence comest thou?

18 And he said unto him, We ing from Beth-lehem-judah toward the are passside of mount Ephraim; from thence am 1: and I went to Beth-lehem-judah, but I am now going to the house of the LORD: and there is no man that receiveth me to house.


19 Yet there is both straw and provender for our asses; and there is bread and wine also for me, and for thy handmaid, and for the young man which is with thy servants: there is no want of any thing.

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let all thy wants lodge not in the

11 And when they were by Jebus, the 20 And the old man said, Peace be day was far spent; and the servant said with thee: howsoever, unto his master, Come, I pray thee, and lie upon me; only let us turn in unto this city of the Jebu-street. sites, and lodge in it.

12 And his master said unto him, We will not turn aside hither into the city of


*Heb. Strengthen. Gen. 18:5. | 1 Sam. 14:27-29. 30:12. Kings 13:7. Ps. 104:15. John 4:34. Acts 9:19.

i 9,21. 9:27. 16:25. Ruth 3:7. 1 Sam. 25:36. Esth. 1:10. Luke 12:19. 1 Thes. 5:3. Rev. 11:10,13.

Heb. is weak.

Heb. it is the pitching time
of the day.

k Prov. 27:1. Jam. 4:13,14.
Heb. to thy tent.

Heb. to over against.
1:8. Josh. 18:28. 2 Sam. 5:6.
m 10. 1:21. Gen. 10:16. Josh.

Heb. till the day declined. that the regular appointment of judges was neglected, as the Levites were chiefly called to that office.

V. 3, 4. Perhaps the Levite heard, that his wife repented, and was dejected under conscious guilt, and alarmed lest she should be made a public example. He therefore went and spoke friendly and affectionately to her, and a reconciliation was speedily effected, at which his faner-in-law rejoiced. The Levite's choice seems to have been imprudent, and his affection inordinate; but in other respects his character appears consistent with his profession. (Note, 15:1,2.)

V. 12. This conduct of the Levite, in refusing to seek a lodging among idolaters, shews that he

21 So he brought
and gave provender

n Josh. 18:25.26. 1 Sam. 10:26.
Is. 10:29. Hos. 5:8.

o 18. Gen. 18:28. 19:2,3.
Matt. 25:35,43. Heb. 13:2.
p Gen. 3:19. Ps. 104:23. 128:2.
Prov. 13:11. 14:23. 24:27. Ec.
1:13. 5:12. Eph. 4:28. 1 Thes.
4:11,12. 2 Thes. 3:10.

q Gen. 16:8. 32:17.

r 18:31. 20:18. Josh. 18:1. 1

him into his house, unto the asses: and

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the foregoing chapters; and it was proper, that he
was very unlike the Levite of whom we read in
should by his example protest against the disobe-
dience of his people, in associating with the idol-
aters, and even contracting marriages with them.
-Jerusalem appears to have been at this time al-
most wholly occupied by the Jebusites; and if any
of Judah or Benjamin dwelt there, their number
and influence must have been inconsiderable.
V. 13-17. Marg. Ref.

V. 18. Shiloh lay near to the Levite's habitation in mount Ephraim. Either his employment required his attendance at the sanctuary; or he purposed to offer sacrifices, suited to the circumstances of his family, before he returned home.

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