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feem'd unto me, that I could not defend mine Honour, and satisfy or content my near Kinsfolks, fundry Princes (to whom this is my Honour that I am link'd) and my whole Pofterity, but in answering by publick Writing to this Accufation, which in the presence of all Christendom, is publith'd and set out againft me. And tho I have not been able to do it, without touching his Honour, I hope notwithstanding (Sir) that your Majesty will impute it, rather to the Inforcement that the Quality and Heinousness of this Proscription hath laid upon me, than to my Nature or Win. For as concerning this point, that some Men may think it ftrange, that I do after this fort defend my self, seeing that I have sometimes heretofore held of him fundry Lands and Lordships; for answer thereto, I will moft humbly beseech your Majefty, to confider the Heinousness of the Injury that is done me, which a right Nobleman will never indeed abide : also that I am not his natural Subject, and as concerning my Fees and Pensions, that he hath poíld me of them. But suppose that I had always enjoy'd them, yet so it is, that the same Law which he ureth towards others, should not be deny'd to me. He holdeth of the French King in Loyalty and in the Letter Homage, and even as the Vassal doth of his sent to the Lord, the County or Earldom of Charolois : French King, and yet for all that he cea seth not to make it is written, war against the Crown of France, yea he never He holdeth leaveth off continually to practise and devise of your Ma. somewhat againft the same. He taketh this as jesty. a sure Foundation or Rule, that being a Sovereign Governor in some other place, it is lawful for him to revenge himself of the wrong which he pretended was done unto him by the late French King Henry of moft noble Memory. When he made war against the Pope Caraffa, because as a Vassal he held of him the Kingdoms of Sicily and Naples, he

publish'd his Defence, by which he maintain'd that he was i absolv'd from his Oath, because that the Pope kept not him

self within the terms or points that the Lord oweth to his Vaffal, according to the feodal Laws which are mutual, and respect as well the one as the other. Now, Sir, there is aqthing so natural or kindly, as that every one should in his own cause, receive the very self-fame Rule and Order, that he would have another Man to receive or allow of. Where. fore he should not think it ftrange, that I being so many ways revil'd and injur'd by him, and not being his Subject, that i, I say, do aid my self with the means that God 'hath given me, and with which he hath been willing to help himself against bis Lords, who have not offended him in any thing


whatsoever, that draweth nigh to the Wrong which I have suffer'd at his hand: yea, he should not think it itrange, that I use againft him that reproachful Note, by, which he afíayeth to mark as it were in the Forchead both meand my Race.

And because my Lords the Estates (who have more nearly known the truth of all that is contain'd in this my D fence and have approv'd the fame) have yielded unto me fuificient Testimony touching my Life paft; I do most humbly alfo beseech your Majesty (Sir) in approving this same mine Answer, to believe that I am not either a Traitor or wicked Person, but that I am (thanks be to God for it) a Noblemas, of a very good and most antient House, yea a good Man, and true in every thing that I promise; not unthankful, nor unfaithful, nor having committed any thing, whereby a Lord or Knight of my State and Countenance may receive any Reproach or Shame: moft humbly beseeching you to hold and account me in the number of your most humble Servants. And thus having moft humbly submitted my self unto your Ma. jefty, I will pray God, Sir, to give you, together with a perteå Health, a moft blefled and moft long Life. At Delft in Holland, Febr, 4. 1581.

Your Majesty's most Humble

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Phenir XIV.

A Narrative of the Proceedings of

a Great Council of Jews, assems bled in the Plain of Ageda

in Hungary, about thirty Leagues from Buda, to examine the Scriptures concerning Cbrift, on the

Twelftb of October 1650. By SAMUEL BRETT, there present. Also a Relation of some other Observations in bis Travels beyond the Seas.

First Printed in 1655.

To the READER.

HERE was nothing I more de fired than to travel beyand the
Seas, and to know the various Manners of the Nations of the

World : for which, thro God's Providence, I had an opportunity offerd me, to my great Satisfaction, being chirurgeon of an Eng lith ship in the Straits, where, for a cure that I did for Orlando



de Spina of Gollipulo, an eminent Man in those parts, I was by bim prefer'd to be a Captain of a Ship of Malta, which was set out by the said Orlando, and committed to my Command against the Turks in the Arches, in afi tance to the Venetian Service : in whicb Setvice I spent about nine months, till the tempestuous Season of the Tear enforcá me to return into Harbour again. And in this time of Employment, I made five Fights at Sea, and two at Land; being cbafer by Lot to invade tbe Turks Country, with a certain Company of Sel. diers colle&ted out of our Fleet, to do some execution upon the Borders of the Enemy, and to get some Provision for our Relief; in all ppbich Pights (altho very perillows) God gave me the Vi&tory.

The whole time I spent beyond the Seas, before and after this Em ployment, w.xs almost four years, not staying long in any one place. But firji I travel'd to all the Sea-Towns of note for Merchandizing, to know the Trude of the places, and the Conveniency of their Hero bours, that I might be able to do some profitable service in Merchants Aff.lirs. Also I travel'd into several Countries, and the most eminente cities and Towns therein ; viz. Egypt, Macedonia, Dalmatia, Calabria, Apuleia, Sicilia, Affyria, Sclavonia, fome parts of Spain and Portugal; to the Islands of Cyprus, Candia, Patmos, Delphos ; to Carthage, Corinth; Troy, Conftantinople; be fides many other Towns and Places : but my longest abode was in Italy, and therein at Venice, Naples, Leghorn, Florence, Milan, Rome, Bolognia, Mantua, Genoa, &c. And at taft looking bomeward, I came into France; taking a brief view of many eminens places in that Kingdom. And at Paris I found many of my countrymen of which, tho some be Persons of great Quality, yet) God knowetb they are in a loc Condition. And now I shall give a brief Account of some of my Observations, during the time of my abode beyen the Seas

A Narrative of the Proceedings of a Great Council

of Jews, c.


T Paris our Countryinen live peaceably, and enjoy our Religion without disturbance. There is a place

allow'd them, with neceffary Accommodations for the Exercise of Religion. Dr. Steward did often preach to them; and for their Form of Worship, ic is the same that was formerly in England, with the Book of Common Prayer, and the Rites therein used; and also they continue the Innovations that were pra&tised by inany of our Clergy, as Bowing at the Name of Jesus towards the Alcar, bc. which I know giveth


Offence to the good French Protestants, who to me did often condemn those Innovations for Romith Superstitions. Doubt. less they would do our Church and our Religion more Credit there, if they did use less Ceremony. As for the French Papists, truly they are more civil to them than was expected : for the Opinion of the World, where I have been, is but mean of that Nation. And I believe the Italian may be their Cousin German, for both of them are false and faithless e. nough. And this consideration (God having taken away Orlando my noble Friend, who did always much countenance me) did lessen my Affection to continue in that Service for my Soldiers were all Italians (except a few Greeks) and Í never saw much cause to be confident in their Fidelity; but it was chiefly for fear of him, that they were fo tractable to ime.

As for Religion, in moft parts where I have heen, it is generally the same with the Church of Rome; but for the Grecians (for amongst them I was) they are neither pure Proteftants nor pure Papifts ; I mean, neither only Proteftants nor only Papifts, but their Religion is a mixture of both : For tho they hold some Fundamentals with us, yet they fol. low many of the Romißl Superftitions; and (according tó my Observation) they follow more the Religion of Rome, than the Proteftant Church ; and they are much poison'd with Heresys.

But of all Nations, according to my Observation, none are more zealous for the Religion of Rome than the Spaniards, who, I think, for this are more Romanists than the Romans themselves ; for with them there is an Inquifition, and in Rome I never heard of the same dangerous Snare: there I had as much Freedom as I could defire, and more Courtesy than I could expect, without any Temptation to apoftatize from my Religion.

As for the Occurrences that I met with, they were many : But these four were the most considerable.

First, The strangling of the great Turk by the Janizaries, at which time there was great Fear and Trouble in Constantinople; but they enthrond his Son, and this brought a peace. able settlement. And with him there were cut off divers Bafha's Heads; all whose Heads (excepting the Great Turk’s) lay three days in Chargers before the Palace-Gare, for the pub. lick View of the People; which they say is the Cuftom for the Noblemen that are beheaded.

The next thing is, The flowing of the River Nilus in Egypt ; the manner whereof is this : It beginneth to Aow about the fifteenth of June cvery year: the People know the time thereNA


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