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Charenton in the days of our Worfhip. But altho this may at firft view appear. Árange to those who know not the reason of it ; neverthelefs, as we are better inform’d of this than any one, we can teftify that Religion was not the cause of it, and that he abftain'd from coming upon politick and prudential Considerations, which may be peculiar to our Church. And the proof of this appears, in that when the King of England hath been out of Paris, he hath willingly gone to Sermon in the Churches of our Brethren; as for inftance, in Caen, and some other Towns; and in Holland also, he hath several times heard the Sermons of the famous Monsieur More, who ar prefent is our colleague.

Thus, Sir, it is more clear than the Day, that whatsoever Shath been reported till this time of the Change of his Religion, is a mere Calumny, scatter'd by the Artifice of his Enemies, for to vilify him in the Judgment of his Subjects, and to alienate their Affections and Good Will from him; and finally to render fruitless the juft Prayers which they make at present for his happy Return into England.

God grant their Accomplishment by his Almighty Jukice ; and as it is he who hath inspir'd these good Deligns into the Hearts of his people, and who feems to dispose all things for the effecting them, may it please him to bless what remains of this work, and to fucceed it for his Glory, and the Honour of his Anointed, but especially for the Édification of his Church. For this I pray to him with all my Soul, and recommend you particularly to his Grace, being, Park, 7 April,

Sir, Your moft humble Servant. 1660.


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Rajmond Gaches Paftor of the Reformed Church

of Paris, to the most famous Man and most Upright Paftor, Richard Baxter, wisbeth all Health.


HO I am neither by Face nor Fame known unto you,

(moft Worthy Sir, and moft Reverend Brother in Chrift) yet I address my self to you with confidence, because I know you very well, and am fully affur'd of your Piety. I have read again and again, not without admiration, those learned


Volumes (little indeed, if we respect the Bulk, but exceeding precious, and throughly dyed with the truest Tindures of Chriftianity) where with you have bleft your own Country, and with wnich France hath not been altogether unacquainted. Who can serioully read, tho but one Leaf of them, and not perceive how you felt the Breathing of God's Spirit, and were seasonably rais’d up for these unhappy times, as one who may with ftout Courage and invincible Arms andertake and curb outrageous Ungodliness? I folemnly profess; I never saw any thing ftudied, and come from those, commonly called the antient Fathers of the Church, or from the Doctors of the latter times, which doth with equal Success breathe forth the Author's, and also kindle the Reader's Devotion. Those things which you have already put out concerning Everlasting Rejt, a Call to the Unconverted, Justifeation (in which if you leave the beaten Road a little, you do it, as far as I can understand, not without Reason and Scripture) Infant-Baptism, Peace of Conscience, &c. do witness moft clearly both what your Learning is, and what your Love of Religion. Who then may forbid me to pour forth my careful and doubt. ful Thoughts into the Bosom of such and so great a Man, and to declare what runs in my mind concerning the fad and fickle State of your Commonwealth ? Truly I am no Pryer into other mens matters ; and especially as to yours, 'I have been so far from angerly thundring (Viralent Declaiming) against them, that I have thought it an unspeaka. ble Fault to dispute curioully of them. I will say more, I could not but hope well of Britain ; for I was, and am still of this opinion, that God hath reservd to himself in England more Elect, and more Godly Men, than ever either flourill'd of old, or can be thewn now in any Realm of Cbrijtendom. Let boch fearful Brethren and furious Enemies judg your Safety desperate, and ask in their Unbelief, who will give Salvation to Israel out of Zion? God will provide ; there are not ten, not a thousand Jutt Men, but entire Millions of godly Men. I will hear what the Lord God will say, for he will speak Peace to his people. But because the most high Ruler of the World (who can indeed without the intervening of means, both scatter che Darkness, and call back the Light, yet nevertheless) wills not (for the most part) to put forth his Power immediately; we ought (Reveren i Sir) to lay together our Studies, and all Counsels to eltablish firmly the Safety of Britain, I fup pose its Condition will be perpetually tottering, until the Government return into one Man's hands (Monarchy.) As the Customs of Nations ant their Dispolicions are various, so are their Manners of governing publick Affairs; they are not of the


mind. One People chuses a popular Government; and er is, nor can be accustom’d to be ruled by one Man: her People, being taken with the Splendor of Nobility, nating the Madness of the Commonalty, prefers Monar

Your Country of England hath been a Lover of Kings Jmoft innumerable Ages; neither do I know any Mohy in the world inore antient. The same Sun shine's upon prerent English-men; the Aspects of the Stars, the Quaof the Soil hath the same influence upon their Affections

as formerly : Who then can hope that either a Demoy or Aristocracy, will easily prevail in that Country, 2 rein Monarchy hath taken fuch deep rooting? But Enga **(may some man fay) hath already chang'd the Form of ernment, and that (as it seem’d) with common Consent ;

then can deny that may be commodiously done, which ca -a been done commodiously? I have a double Answer herea

First, I will in like manner query, whether that Change vd very happy for England? Truly, if Taxes and Imco ts be to be counted, they are not only doubled, but insis'd beyond almost all measure. If the State of Religioni 10 to be consider'd, whát a Common Sewer of Hereties is

re! Who ever heard of Ranters, Quakers, &c. under the vig? Secondly, Suppose Britain hath been happy since the isang , yet it was under the Government of One. What ritters the Name? This One was a Protector, not a King, I

int; but he was One, and such a One, as was neither unif Iful in the Art of Ruling, nor behav'd himself inferiour sa King in dissolving Parliaments, and from his Death, or Ritcast from the cafting out of his Son, England never was

; Changes were continual : whom yesterday we reveChed, to day we loath î whom we swore Fealty to byt now, fter wr !imn with Curses. Shall that most noble

s he lo toss'd upon the Waves ? And ither, which may calm your Seas ? ver have Peace ascertain'd either aó or the Attempts of Enemies abroad,

llom , so many Kings, at length be 0

sne. He hath every where

of King of Britain, tho he er

the Title. I know what

Some, whether really or Constancy to the trae Re: s the Church very much, xcel them in Godlittéfs: I 2 faid) that it belongs tot Religion; Be be what he

will, (if his Power be otherwise lawful, and the Right of Reigning belongs unto him) Obedience in Civil Matters muft be perform'd to the King, and other Matters must be committed unto Divine Providence. Let the Bishop of Rome luf to juftle Kings out of the Throne, unless they order Affairs of Religion according to his Beck'; We may not be so pronde We give unto God the things that are God's, and to Cew the things that are Cæsar's. But I pass over all this; for (which is the thing chiefly to be confiderd) this Prince being bors, and duly educated in the true Religion, never departed from the publick Profession of it; no, not even in those places, in which he was likely to suffer lors thereby: neither did he disdain to be present at our Religious Afsembly at Roan and Rochel. Moreover, he hath the Eftimation of godly Use :mong those that are about him. I confess he never graced our Church with his Presence, while he was seated at Paris ; which truly griev'd us: but because the Case of those call's Presbyterians, feem'd to concern us who are Presbyterians ; and because the King's Death was ascribed to the Presbyterians; he could not but be strange to us, until the Event of things certify'd him that his Inftalment was principally hinder'd not by our Brethren, but by the Anabaptifts for the most part, or at least the Independents; whom also he cer. tainly understood to have before promoted his Father's lad Death. I wish the Odium of that Fact, wherewith our Churches liave so long been loaded, might now at length be se moved both from us, and our Englis, Brethren : which I know not how it can ever be, unless matters may be so composid as the Son may bear his Father's Scepter, not violently wrefted out of the Presbyterians hands, but friendly and freely profferd. Go on, Reverend Sir; prevent the Calamitys of imminent War. Do you, and the Brethren like you, embrace peaceable Counsels, and give the like to your Countrymen

. Divine Providence will favour and bless your Endea vours and will use you as sacred Instruments for restoring Happinels to your Country, But enough, and too much of this, for you may wonder that I speak so familiarly to you; but I mettion'd in the beginning what cause moved me thereto, was relying on your Piety and Charity, which will take all in good part. Further, God bless your Studies, your Labours, your Church, and all your, nay our England, which is the Flower and Glory of all the Kingdoms wherein God is truly worfuipped, Paris, April 2. 1660.


Paris, April the third, 1660.

SIR, my Honoured Brother, NO

Othing hath happend more strange in our days, than

the Revolutions of England, Scotland, and Ireland. After the tragical Death of the late King, hopes were given that a Commonwealch might be establishd, that should become the wonder and admiration of the whole World. But the severał·

Changes that have happen'd fince, from time to time, and | the Confusions that are to be fear'd, cause many to believe,

that God will reduce Affairs to their first state, and let the three Crowns united, upon the Head of one Monarch. That which in this doth most rejoice and comfort us, is, That it seems for the doing of this glorious Work, God will use the Service of those with whom we have more strict Cominunion. in Doctrine and Discipline. For we understand, that such as are calld Presbyterians, are now possessid of the greateft Power, and fit at the Helm of State. That illustrious Affmbly, which would have preserv'd to their King his Life and his Royalty, was without doubt very far from designing to rob his Children of that Right which is convey'd to them by a continued Succeffion in their Royal Family for many Ages. A Report is here, that the thing which might hinder this King from being recall'd to the Inheritance of his Fathers, is the Opinion conceiv'd by fome, of his being turn'd to the Roman Catholick Profession; and the fear that in time he might ruin the Religion now flourishing in those three Kingdoms. But, Sir, you know that we have ever detefted the Doctrine of Popes and their Instruments, who teach that all Princes, callid by them Hereticks, are incapable of Succeffion of Crowns, and if in poffelhon, to be turn'd out. And more than this, I see not any ground there is for calling this Prince a Roman Catholick, he making no profeffion of it, but on the contrary, hath rejected all the Advantages and all the Aids offer'd to him upon that condition. Charity is not jeaa lous, and if it forbid us to suspect on Night gronnds private Persons, how can it approve Jealousys upon Persons fo fa cred? Experience hath tauglit us, how little reason bath in the end appear'd, for the like, and even the greateft Appr • hensions of that kind : our History doth furnish us with a co vincing Example. The League never pretended other caule for their Rebellion against King Henry the Third, but for his

Oo 2


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