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being an Heretick, and a Maintainer of Hereticks. And thence was infer'd, that he was no ways affected to the Roman, and a Favourer of our Religion. In the mean time, we never had a more potent Enemy; and to all mens knowledg he lived and died in the Communion of Rome, and therein shew'd as much Zeal as any of his Predecessors. But not to pass the Seas, you have in the midst of you an instance againft all Contradiction : For what Jealousys have not been raised againt the Religion of the late King of Great Britain, and yet at the hour when there'was no place for dissembling, as being void of Fears and Hopes from Man, he made his Zeal to the true Religion appear; and even that Sweetness and that admirable Patience with which he suffer'd Death by the hands of his own Subjects, hath made it very visible that the Spirit of God reign’d in his Heart. True it is, that from my self I am not able to relate any thing touching the Religion of that Prince ; because for Reasons of State, we had not the Honour of his Presence in our Assemblys of Charenton, the only place where in a formal Body we are able to witness the Relped we bear to Atranger Princes in Communion with us. And as to my felf, I am not considerable enough to have made a visit to so great a Prince, which was also the reason why I had not the Honour to see the Duke of York. But two years since being inform’d, how the Duke of Glocefter had manifefted his Ability to confound the false Doctors that had undertaken to feduce him, and that he had Courage and Generosity enough to refift those who would have placed him in the College of the Jesuits; I thought, confidering how very young he was, that I might have the Honour to give him a visit, without apo prehending any disadvantage. And I perform'd the Work freely, because I knew that not only he would accept it, but did also desire it. I cannot express how much I was satisfy'd with that young Prince. For besides the obliging manner wherewith he receivid me, he gave me several Proofs of his Zeal and Piety. I remember, that among other Discourses, he told me, how the late King his Father, a little before his death, had charg'd him with three things : Never to change his Religion : To obey his elder brother, who was to be his King, in the same manner as he would have obey'd himself, if God had fpared his Life: And to continue obedient to the Queen his mother, in all, but what related to Religion. To which he added, that in persevering in his Religion, he did not only do his Duty towards God, and preserve the Peace of his Conscience ; but also perform the lait Will of the King his Father, and follow the Order of the King his Brother, who had fent for him, to frec' him of future Temptations.
his Discourse, which he deliverd with a very good Grace, on firm'd me in the Belief I had of the late King's Religion, nd made me fee what I ought in Charity to believe of he King his Sun. But over and above, there are in his Family among his Domefticks fome Gentlemen of our Relision, and my antient Friends, who at several times have given me Affurances of the Piety of this Prince, and his StaSility in the Profeffion he makes.' True it is, English-men have unadvisedly done him great Wrong, for upon faise Prejudices they have staid from Communion with us, and so have rais'd Jealousys, as if their King and all his Court were inclin'd to Popery. But the more discreet behave themselves otherwise ; for knowing that the Belief of our Church, and that of the Church of England is the same, they willingly came to our Churches, and even Dr. Cofin, the King of Great Britain's Chaplain, hath join'd with us with great Devotion. To return to my Discourse, God intrufts at this day your Presbyterians, the Gentlemen now in power, with the Honour and Reputation of our Churches: For if without the intervening of any foreign Power, they recal this Prince, and seat him in his Throne, they acqạire to themselves and to their PofteFity an immortal Glory, and stop their mouths for ever, who charge us fallly as Enemys of Royalty, and make appear, that the Maxim of, No Bishop no King, is injuriously imputed to us. For my part I confess, that as I have deplor'd with bitter Tears the bloody Death of the late King; so fall it be to me an exceeding Joy, to behold the Re-establishment of the King his Son, if perform’d with Circumstances not lessening the Splendor of Royal Majesty ; and which may be to the Glory of God, and the Good and Reft of the three Kingdoms. 'Tis for this that I will offer up my hearty Prayers to God : and for you, Sir, that he will preserve and bless you. I have perfuaded my self, that you would not take it ill that I open my Heart to you, and discover my Thoughts upon a Subje&t of fuch nioment ; since I am,
Sir, Your most humble and most affectionate
Brother and Servant,
Minister of the Church of Paris.
A True Relation of the late King's
Death. To which are added, Copies of two Papers written by the late King CHARLES II. of Blessed Memory, found in obe
N Monday, being the second of February, the K. rofe early,
Saying, that he had not slept well the last night ; and about
Seven of the Clock, coming from his private Devotions out of bis Closet, fell down and Scarce any sign of Life remaining in bin for the space of four hours) of a Fit of an Apoplexy: But with the boss of fixteen Ounces of Blood, and other Applications, came again to his Senjes, and there was great hopes of his Recovery, til Tour dag About One a clock; and at Five the Doctors being come before the Coat
cil, declar'd that the King was in great danger; and on Friday . quadr ter before Twelve, he departed this Life. God have mercy on his Soul.
P. M. a C. F. came to the D. upon the Doctor's telling him of the State of the K. and told him, That now was tbe tim for him to take care of his Brother's Soul, and that it was his Duty to tell him fo. The D. with this adinonishment went to the K. and after fome private Discourse, the K. utter'd chele Exprelfions; O Br. how long have I willi'd ? but now belp : withal declaring, that he would have Mr. Hud. who had preserv'd him in the Tree, and now hop'd would preserve his Soul, Mr. H. was accordingly sent for, and delir'd to bring
all Necessaries for a dying Man. But he not having the B. S. by him, went to one of the Qu. Ps. and telling him
the occafion, desir’d his Afliftance to procure it, and to bring it to the Back Stairs. The K. having notice that Mr. Hud. waited at the Door, desir'd to be in private ; the Bishops and Nobles withdrew, the D. latching fast the Door, the Lords P.B.. and F. were going out also, but the D. told them they might ftay. The K. secing Mr. H. cry'd out, Almighty God! wbat good Planet governs me, that all my Life is Wonders and Miracles ! When, O Lord, I consider my Infancy, my Exile, my Escape at Worcefter, my Preservation in the Oak with the Asistance of this good Father, and now to have bim again to preserve my Soul ! O Lord, my wonderful Restoration, my great danger in the late Conspiracy and last of all to be rais'd from Death to Life, and to have my soul preferv'd by the Amistance of this good Father, whom I see, O good Lord, that thou haft created for my good! The D. and Lds withdrew into the Closet for the space of an hour : Then entring the Room again, the Father ask'd the K: whether he would be pleas’d to receive ? He answer'd, If I were worthy of it. Amen, Amen. The Fa. remaining comforting and praying with him, he said, Father, if I am worthy of it, I pray let me bave it. The Fa. said, it would be brought to him immediately, and ask'd his leave to proceed with the Extreme Un&tion. The King reply'd, With all my heart : the D. and Lords assisting at the time. Fa. H. was callid to the Door, where he receiv'd the B. S. and defiring the K. to compose himself to receive, the K. would needs rise (but was persuaded to the contrary) he said, Let me meet my Heavenly Father in a better manner than lying on my back. But being over-ruld, they continue in Prayer: Amongft others, the Fa, repeats an A&t of Contrition, desiring. the K. to repeat it word by word after him. Having made an, end, the K. receiv’d with the greatest Expressions of Devotion imaginable. This being ended, they go on with the Prayers de Anima. That being done, the K. desir'd the A& of Contrition to be again repeated, saying, O Lord, good God, when my Lips fail, let my Heart speak these Words eternally. Amen.
The Bishops and Lords enter the Room again, and desire: the K. to remember his laft End, and to endeavour to make a good End. He said he had thought of it, and hop'd he had made his Peace with God. They ask'd him whether he would receive; he said he would not. So perfifting in extolling. the Qu. and D. said, He was not forry to leave the World, leaving so good a Brother to Rule behind bim.
The Firft Paper.
HE Discourse we had the other day, I hope, satisfied yor
in the main, That Christ can have but one Churcb bere upan Earth; and I believe that it is as visible, as that the Scripture is in Print, That none can be that Church, but that which is callid the Roman Catholick church. I think you need not trouble your self with entering into that Ocean of particular Difputes, when the main, and in truth the only Question is, Where that Church is, which we profess, to believe in the two Creeds? We declare there to believe one Catholick and Apoftolick Church, and it is not left to every fantastical man's Head to believe as he plea ses; but to the Church, to whom Ghrift left the Power upon Earth to govern us in matters of Faith, who made these Creeds for onr Directions. It were a very irrational thing to make Laws for a Country, and leave it to the Inbabitants to be the Interpreters and Judges of those Laws: for then every man will be his own Judg, and by consequence no such thing as either Right or wrong. Can'we therefore suppose that God Almighty would leave us at those Une:rtainties, as to give us a Rule to go by, and leave every Man to be his own Judg? I do ask any ingenious Man, whether it be not the same thing to follow our own Fancy, or to interpret the Scripture by it? I would have any Man Thew me, where the Power of deciding Matters of Faith is given to every particular Man. Christ left his Power to his Church, even to forgive Sins in Heaven, and left his Spirit with them, which they exercis'd after his Resurrection : Firft by his ApoAtles in their Creeds, and many years after by the Council ac Nice, where that Creed was made that is call'd by that name: and by the Power which they had receiv'd from Chrift, they were the Judges even of the Scripture it self, many years after the Apostles, which Books were Canonical and which were
And if they had this Power then, I desire to know how they cante to lose it, and by what Authority men feparate themselves from that Church? The only Pretence I ever heard of, was, because the Church has fail'd in wresting and interpreting the Scripture, contrary to the true Sense and Meaning of it, and that they have impos'd Articles of Faith upon us, which are not to be warranted by God's Word. I do desire to know who is to be Judg of that, whether the whole Church, the Succession whereof has continued to this