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While rarely Chang, once roused, forgave

But watched his moment to retaliate, No nature, like the still and grave,

To form–preserve-collect—and rally hate! Again—Chang's temper was devout,

So long he prayed—I wish you'd seen itBut Ching, gay wretch ! seem'd half without

A single sound religious tenet ;
Nay, plainest truths, he called too mystical,
And laughed at Chang as methodistical.
However, Custom softens down

The small asperities that gall us,
And Interest, to ourselves unknown,

Will still unto herself enthrall us ;
Thus Chang, and Ching, who early saw
'Twas vain two hostile ways to draw,
Did from their differing minds distill
The spirit of a common will ;
And by a compact of compliance,
They bade their very fate defiance :
Just like one flesh where'er they went or
Dove-tail'd like man, and horse in Centaur;
Or like Sir Thomas Brown and wife, *
Who were so suited to the life,

* Of this pair it is said, that the “lady was of such admirable symmetrical proportion to her worthy husband, that they seemed to come together by a kind of natural magnetism.


So closely knit--so free from schism,
It seemed like “ Natural Magnetism." -
And yet that good—that great Sir Thomas,

Did marriage once so much displease,
He wish'd to take it wholly from us,

And let us-stock the world—like trees.» *

Yet spite of yielding thus mechanically,
To aught their forms enjoined tyrannically,
Their minds, (tho' deeming that existence
Itself was linked with non-resistance,
Would 'gainst the yoke sometimes be straining,
And chafe—altho’ without complaining.

In truth, if differences of temper
The bliss of common twins scarce double ; some

To Chang and Ching, conjuncti semper,
Must needs be singularly troublesome.
For, when grave Chang in pensive mood,

Himself without the door was sunning,
Gay Ching some paltry insect viewed,

And whisk'd his brother into running; And when with some congenial gang

Gay Ching was playing on the roadPious humour seized on Chang,


Who stalk'd him into a pagoda !

* Sir Thomas Browne, author of the “ Religio Medici,” laments pathetically, that we cannot perpetuate the world like trees. Truly he was a great man.---See Religio Medici, part ii. sect. 8.

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'Twas droll to note Chang's doleful eyes,
In sad pursuit of butterflies;
And see of mirth that cynic scorner,
Whirl'd like a dry leaf round the corner !
Nor less to mark poor Ching, screw'd firm on
His seat, bemoraled with a sermon,
Or nail'd for hours to hear debate your
Siamese seers on Human Nature."

Our brothers now were in their teens,
When lo! a stranger on our scenes;
Hodges, the member of a mission,
To probe the Siam trade's condition,
In part a saint, in part a patriot,

He thought in guilt, and grief, as Patmos * ere 66 Rome was not Rome,” did every state riot,

Except in happy England's atmosphere.
There all was virtue, freedom, bravery
Without, all ignorance, crime, and slavery.
Perhaps he thought with old Fitzstephen, t
Our air possest some heavenly leaven,
And that a moral manna falls
From those sweet fogs that cap St. Paul's.
* Whither the Romans were accustomed to banish their criminals,

+ William Fitzstephen, writing in the reign of Henry II., for the goodness of the London people, by the atmospheric properties. “ The calmness of the air, (he says) doth mollify men's minds, not corrupting them, &c., but preserving them from savage and rude behaviour, and seasoning them with a more kind and free temper.”


His tour to Siam, from Oporto,
Is publish'd in three volumes quarto;
From these you'll learn, if you will buy ’em,
Some facts peculiar quite to Siam.
He says (no wonder he was smitten
With things so opposite in Britain)
That Bancok's polished aristocracy
Have no great love for the democracy ;
Are sometimes proud, and overbearing,
Nor vastly for one's feelings caring.
Strange is this fact—nor less to find,

That through the Siamese dominion
Religion in effect's confined

Almost entirely to opinion; +


* Mr. Finlayson, in his account of the mission to Siam, complains of the “offensive coarseness,” the “ manifest disregard to the feelings of others," and the “

arrogance unbounded” of the highest ranks in Siam. How grateful we Europeans ought to be that these faults are so peculiar to the Aristocracy of Siam!

+ “ The people are governed by opinion absurd and unjust-not by reason—by sense—or by kindness.”-Finlayson's Mission to Siam. --Speaking afterwards of the Theism of the Chinese, this gentleman observes, " that it appears to have no effect whatsoever on their conduct."-0 things rare and strange !-How odd must be that people who are governed by absurd opinion ! How solitary in the world must be that religion which does not influence conduct !—The excellent Buchanan, in those articles in the “ Asiatic Researches," so really valuable, entitled On the Literature and Religion of the Burmese,” bath preceded Mr. Finlayson in the merit of one of his observations.-" It must be, however, confessed,” saith he, “ that the practice of morality among the Burmas

And rarely-save by paltry fractions
Varies the total of their actions.
Unlike us—who, what e'er you say for it,
Are really good because we pay for it!
Ne'er left by Virtue in the lurch.
But bolstered up by mother Church,
And cured of evils (in which writhes
Poor Siam)-by a dose of tithes.
He also saw the poor were poor,
That pockets were not quite secure;*-
The court, in nought beside sagacious,
Was far too knowing—when rapacious;
Both sexes too did oft incline

To penchants for display, and finery; †

with many tears, moreover, That lords and ladies lived in clover,

He saw,

is by no means so correct as might be perhaps expected among a people whose religious opinions have such an apparent tendency to virtue !”Alas! the day is yet to come, all over the world, when our conduct shall obey our religious opinions !

* From beggary—a sort of polite theft practised among the nobility, clergy, and gentry of Siam, something like subscriptions here. Plain theft, and professional beggary, thanks to a population not regulated by the desires of Mr. Sadler, are little known in the Siamese dominions.

+ With the above rare discoveries in the Siamese character, and curious anomalies in the human mind, the acute Mr. Finlayson hath in especial (not that I would diminish our obligations to Captain Craufurd's larger, and in many respects, really excellent work,) been pleased to perplex the moral observer, and supersede the labours of Monsieur de la Loubère, hitherto perhaps the very best traveller who ever explored the East.

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