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5. Do not suffer the people to sing too slow. This naturally tends to formality; and is brought in by those who have either very strong or very weak voices.
6. In every large fociety let them learn to fing; and let them always learn our tunes first.
7. Let the women constantly fing their parts alone. Let no man sing with them, unless he understands the notes, and fings the bass as it is composed in the tune. book.
8. Introduce no new tune till they are perfect in the old.
9. Recommend our tune-book. And if you cannot sing yourself, choose a person or two at each place to pitch the tune for you.
10. Exhort every person in the congregation to sing, not one in ten only.
11. .Sing no hymns of your own composing.
12. If a preacher be present, let him alone give out the words.
13. When the fingers would teach a tune to the congregation, they must fing only the tenor.
14. The preachers are desired not to enco finging of fuge-tunes in our congregations.
15. Let it be recommended to our people, not to attend the singing-schools which are not under our direction.
N. B. We do not think that fuge-tunes are sinful, or improper to be used in private companies: but we do not approve of their being used in our public congrega'tions, because public singing is a part of divine worfhip in which all the congregation ought to join..
N O T E S.
The singing of psalms and hymns and spiritual songs in the congregation, has been allowed by all the churches of God in all ages (one modern society excepted) to be a part of divine wor-thip; and, from its very nature, it evidently belongs to the whole congregation. It would be unseemly for the minister alone to sing : but if this be the duty of one member of the congregation, it must be the duty of all who have voices for singing; and there are very few who may not join in the tenor part, all the defects of their voices being swallowed up in the general sound. Few things can be more pleasing to the Lord, than a congregation, with one heart and one voice, praising his holy name. It is indeed to be feared, that there is feldom a large congregation, where every individual is fincere. However, all who do in finces rity desire a bleffing, should strive to join in the general chorus we mean, in every part of the hymn. If one part of it be above the experience of the finger, he shoult adjoin a filent prayer, that the Lord may give him the grace he needs; for the Lord. listens to hear what the heart speaks, and takes all as nothing, if the heart be silert. Again, when his experience rises above the hymn, his secret prayer should be in behalf of that part of the congregation which it suits : but in the proper hymns of praise he may throw off all reserve, for we are all infinitely indebted to our good God. From these remarks we surely must be fensie ble of the necessity of confining ourselves to fimple tunes, as the fuge-tunes have an unavoidable tendency to confine to a few this part of divine worship, which belongs to the whole. And those, we think, have made few remarks on public worfhip, who have not observed, on the one hand, how naturally the fuge-tunes. puff up with vanity those who excel in them; and on the other hand, how it deadens devotion, and only at the best raises au admiration of the fingers, and not of Christ.
When it is recommended in this section to the preacher fometimes to stop and address the people in the course of singing, the Jubstance only of what he should say is mentioned there. intended, that he should fpeak abruptly on such occasions, but with foftness and due respect on the necessity of singing and of performing every act of devotion from the heart.
I Chron. xvi. 7-9. On that day David delivered first this psalm, to thank the Lord, into the band of Afaph and his brethren. Give thanks unto the Lord, call upon his name, make known his deeds among the people. Sing unto him, fing pfalms unto him, talk ye of all his wondrous works. Psalm xcv. 1, 2. O come, let us fing unto the Lord; let us make a joyful noise. to the rock of our salvation. Let us come before bis presence with thanksgiving, and make a joyful noise unto him with psalms. xcvi. 1. O fing unto the Lord a new song : fing unto the Lord all the earth. civ. 33. I will fing unto the Lord as long as I live ; I will fing praise unto my God while I have my being. Psalm cxxxviii. 1. I will praise thee with my whole heart ; before the gods will I fing praise unto thee. Matt. xxvi. 30. When they (Christ and his difciples] had sung an bymn, they went out into the mount of Olives. See also Mark xiv. 26. I Cor. xiv. 15. I will fing with the Spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also.
Ephef. v. 18, 19. Be filled with the Spirit ; speaking to yourselves in psalms, and hymns, and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord. Col. iii., 16. Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom ; teaching and admonishing ONE ANOTher in psalms, and hymns, and spiritual songs, finging, with grace in your hearts, to the Lord. Jam. v. 13. Is any among you afflicted ? let him pray. Is any merry [joyful]? let him sing psalms.
Of the Method of raising a Fund for the Su
perannuated Preachers, and the Widows and Orphans of Preachers.
. of preachers ?
Answ. 1. Let every preacher, when first admitted into full connection, pay two dollars and two thirds, at the yearly conference.
2. Let every other preacher in full connection, con tribute two dollars every year; except the conference dispense with the payment in cases of distress: in which intances the preachers fo indulged, shall be entitled to all the privileges of the fund, in the same manner as if they had paid their subscription.
3. Out of this fund, let provision be made, first, for the worn-out preachers, and then for the widows and children of those who are dead.
4. Every worn-out preacher shall receive, if he need it, not usually more than sixty-four dollars annually.
5. Every widow of a preacher shall receive annually, if she need it, during her widow-hood, fifty-three dollars and one third. :
6. Every orphan of a preacher shall receive once for ally, if needed, fifty-three dollars and one third.
7. But no one shall be entitled to any thing from this fund, till he has paid fix dollars and two thirds.
8. Nor any who neglects to pay his subscription and arrears for three years together, unless he be employed on foreign missions, or has received a dispensation as above mentioned.
9. Let every preacher who has the care of a circuit, bring to the conference, as far as poffible, the contribution of every preacher left behind in his circuit.
10. Every person who defires support from the fund shall first make his case known to the yearly conference, which shall determine how far he is a proper subject of relief.
11. The president of the yearly conference shall give an order on the general steward of the fund or any of his agents, for any sum of money allowed by the conference, agreeably to these rules.
12. The receip's and disburiements of the fund shall be printed annually in the minutes of the conference.
13. The presiding elder of each district shall keep a regular account of ail the concerns of the fund, as far as they relate to his district, in a proper book which he shall hand down to his successor.
14. Each member of the fund shall from time to time receive a certificate from his yearly conference for the payment of his subscription.
15. This fund fhall be reserved for extraordinary cases, which the chartered fund may not reach. And no travelling preacher shall have a vote in the disposal of the travelling preachers' annual subscription, unless he be himself an annual fubfcriber.
16. The fund shall never be reduced to less than fix hundred dollars.
NO TE S.
This institution is not to be considered as a charity, but as as agreement among brethren for their mutual fupport when old or worn-out in the work of the ministry; and also for the support of their surviving widows and orphans. The chartered fund
allows no more than sixty-four dollars a year to an unmarried, superannuated, or worn-out preacher, which is far from being fufficient to supply him with the necessaries of life, if he have nothing of his own. The same may be obferved concerning all the other objects of this institution. This fund, therefore, is intended to supply the defects of the chartered fund, in respect to those who have so richly and specially served the connection with their strength and lives. And as it is supported only by the fubfcriptions of the preachers out of their little annuai pittance, no one has any right or ground to object to it.
John xiii. 34, 35. A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another. By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another. xv. 12. This is my commandment, That ye love one another, as I have loved you. Ver. 17. These things I command you, that ye love one another. Rom. xii. 10. Be kindly affectioned one to another with brotherly love. Gal. v. 13. By love ferve one another.
I Theff. iv. 9. But as touching brotherly love, ye need not that I write unto you: for ye yourselves are taught of God to love one another. Heb. xiii. 1. Let brotherly love continue. 1 Pet. i. 22. See that ye love one another, with a pure heart, fervently. ii. 8. Love as brethren. 1 John iii. !I. This is the message that ye heard from the beginning, that we fould love one another. iv. 7. Be. loved, let us love one another; for love is of God. Ver. II.' Beloved, if God so loved us, we ought also to love one another. See also 2 Kings iv. I-7. concerning the miracle wrought by Elisha, for the relief of a widow of one of the sons of the prophets.
Of raising a general Fund for the Propaga
tion of the Gospel.
Queft. LOW may we raise a general fund for carry.
. ing on the whole work of God? Antw. By a yearly collection, and if need be, a quarterly one, to be raised by every one who has the charge of a circuit, in every principal congregation in his circuit. To this end, he may then read and en large upon the following hints :