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( % ) worthy of double honour, especially they who labour in the words and doctrine,'' ver. 17. “ against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three witnesses. Them that fin, rebuke before all, that others may fear," &c. ver. 19. 21. (3) To lay on hands for the ministry: "Lay hands suddenly on no man,
(4) To choose men for the preaching of the gospel: “The things that thou hast heard of me among many witneffes, the same commit thou to faithful men, who foall be able to teach others alfo,” 2 Tim. ii. 2. And throughout these two epistles, St. Paul addresses himself to Timotby as one who had the chief superintendance over the private members of his church, and in all the affairs thereof. He also authorizes Titus to ordain elders (a peculiar part of the episcopul ofice) and to regulate every thing : « For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest fet in ore der the things that are wanting, and ordain elders in every city, as I had appointed thee,” Titus i. 5.
Nor is it less evident, that the seven angels of the seven churches. of Asia Minor (the seven stars held in the right hand of Christ) mentioned in the 2d and 3d chapters of the Revelation, possessed all the parts and requisites of the episcopal office. For our Lord would never have addressed those epiftles, which so deeply concerned the interests of those churches, to fingle individuals, if those Jingle individuals had not been, by the superior offices with which they were invested, proper representatives of those churches refpectively. We must also observe, that each of those churches: belonged to a great metropolitan * city, to which many other cities, towns, and villages, were considered as adjoined : so that as. Titus, bishop of Crete, was required to “ordain elders and to set in order the things that were wanting, in every city” in the lile of Crete, so the other bishops (as soon as possible) had each an exam tensive diocese, through which they travelled, and over which they superintended.
Nor most we omit to observe, that each diocese had a college of elders or presbyters, in which the bishop presided. So that the bishop by no means superintended his diocese in a despotic manner, but was rather the chief executor of those regulations, which were made in the college of presbyters, which answered to the convocationis, fynods, or conferences of all the well-organized churches in modern times.
But in all we have obferved on this subject, we by no means intend to speak disrespecifully of the presbyterian church, or of any other : we only desire to defend our own from the unjust ca lumnies of its opponents.
* The chief city of a natiqxo
Articles of Religion.
HERE is but one living and true God, everlast
ing, without body or parts, of infinite power, wisdom, and goodness; the maker and preserver of all things, both visible and invisible. And in unity of this God-head, there are three persons of one substance, power, and eternity ;-the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghoft.
N o T E S.
This article is proved from the following fcriptures, viz. (1) John iv. 24. God is a fpirit. Ephef. ü. 9. God, who created all things by Jesus Christ. (2) John i. 14. We beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father. viii. 54. Jesus answered—it is my Fatber that honoureth me. 1. 29. My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all. (3) John i. 1. The Word was God. Ifai. 9. 6. Unto us a child is born, unto us a Fon is given, and his name shall be called The mighty God. John XX. 28. Thomas said unto him [Chrift] my Lord and my God. Acts xx. 28. Feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. Rom. ix. 5. Christ, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Phil. ii. 6. Who [Christ Jesus] being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God. Tit. ii. 13. The glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour,
Fefus Chrift. Heb. i. 8. Unto the Son he faith, Thy throne, O
XV. 26. When the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father ;-he shall testify of me. xvi. 8. When he (the Comforter] is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment. (s) 1 John v. 7. There are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghoft: and these three are one. Matt. xxvüi. 19. Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Fatber, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghoff,
said unto you.
Luke 3. 22. The Holy Ghost descended in a bodily íhape, like a dove, upon him (Christ] and a voice came from heaven, which faid, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased. 2 Cor. xiii. 14. The grace of our Lord Jesus Chrift, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost
, be with you all. Amen.
II. Of the Word, or Son of God, who was
made very Man.
HE Son, who is the Word of the Father, the
very and eternal God, of one substance with the Father, took man's nature in the womb of the blessed Virgin; so that two whole and perfect natures, that is to say, the God-head and-manhood, were joined toge ther in one person, never to be divided, whereof is one Christ, very God and very man, who truly suffered, was crucified, dead and buried, to reconcile his Father to us, and to be a facrifice, not only for original guilt, but also for actual fiqs of men.
This article is proved by many of the above-quoted as well as by the following scriptures, viz. (1) John i. 14. And the Word (who was God, ver. 1.] was made flek. Phil. ii. 7, 8. Chrift" Jesus, (who thought it not robbery to be equal with God, ver. Se 6.] was made in the likeness of men ; and being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. I Tim. iii. 16. Without controver fy, great is the mystery of godliness, God was manifest in the fej. (2) Col. i. 14. In whom (God's dear Son] we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins. Ephef. ii. 13, 16. Now, in Chrift fefus, ye who fometimes were far off, are made nigh by the blood of Chrift. For he is our peace,
that he might reconcile both (Jews and Gentiles) unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby. I Tim. ü. 6. Who (Chrift Jesus] gave himself a ransom for all.
III. Of the Resurrection of Christ. CH
HRIST did truly rise again from the dead, and
took agaịn his body, with all things appertaining to the perfection of man's nature, wherewith le alceado
ed into heaven, and there fitteth until he return to judge all men at the last day.
NOT E S.
Matt. xxviii. 6. He [Jesus] is not here; for he is risen, as he said. Luke xxiv. 39. Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself. Handle me, and see: for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have. Mark xvi. 19. After the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and fat on the right hand of God.
IV. Of the Holy Ghoft.
HE Holy Ghost, proceeding from the Father
and the Son, is of one substance, majesty, and glory with the Father and the Son, very and eternal God.
N O T E S.
(1) John xiv. 16, 17. I will pray the Fatber, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever, even the Spirit of truth. John xiv. 26. The Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, &c. (2) 'Rom. viii. 9. Ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if fo be that the Spirit of God dwell in you: now if any man have not the Spirit of Chrift, he is none of his. Gal. iv. 6. Because ye are fons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts. :(3) 2 Cor. iii. 3. The Spirit of the living God. 2 Cor. iii. 17. Now the Lord is that Spirit ; and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. I Pet. iv. 14. The Spirit of glory and of God restech upon you.
V. The Sufficiency of the Holy Scriptures for
FOLY Scripture containeth all things necessary to
salvation: so that whatsoever is not read therein, or may be proved thereby, is not to be required of any man, that it should be believed as an article of faith, or be thought requisite or necessary to salvation. In the name of the Holy Scripture, we do understand those
canonical books of the Old and New Teftament, of whose authority was never any doubt in the church.
The Names of the Canonical Books,
Twelve Prophets the less : All the Books of the New Testament, as they are commonly received, we do receive and account canonical.
Ν Ο Τ Ε 5.
2 Tim. iii. 16, 17. All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for in. struction in righteousness; that the man of God may be perfed, thoroughly furnished unto all good works. 2 Pet. i. 19, 20, 21. We have also a more sure word of prophecy, whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day darn, and the Day-Itar arise in your hearts ;