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The Author having published in 1819. the first Edition of his Armenian Grammar for the use of English Students of that language, is encouraged to republish it in a more correct and complete form.

In the present Edition will be found some specimens of Armenian Poetry, and some translations of Lord Byron from the Armenian into English; and there are added, by way of exercise, Extracts from the best Armenian Writers. Some of which are accompanied also with English translations.

It is therefore hoped that the Volume in its present form will prove an acquisition, and meet with a continuance of public approba

tion.

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GRAMMAR

Grammar teaches the art of speaking

and writing correctly.

Human discourse is formed of letters, syl lables and words.

Letters are the elements of a syllable. A syllable is either one letter, or the union of letters.

A word is one or more syllables, which express some thing.

The union of words to explain our thoughts completely is called discourse.

The harmony of words with the rules of Grammar is called Syntax.

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The Armenian Alphabet consists of thirty-eight letters.

Form.

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33

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E pien,
4 kim,

tah,
yetch,
Z zah,
Ļ té,

22

ALPHABET.

Name.

Sound.

Ipe (as in ripe) A (as in father.)
P soft.

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E (as in met.)

ct yet, like French e mute, or as

english
twoh,

U (in us.)
T hard.

tt inni,
liune,

dj (french, or zh or as english s in the words pleasure, measure,

confusion.)

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↓ ↓ dzah,
4 ; ghien,
4 hwoh,
$tzah,
2 ghahd,

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K, C, Q.

T soft.

YE (as in yes.)
Z or S soft.

jé or jdé,
mien,
he or ye,

I or E.

L.

CH german, or as x greek.

DZ.

G hard.

H.

TZ soft.

GH or as y greek.

J or G soft.

M.

H soft.

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B.

22 tché or ché, CH or TCH soft. T

rah,

R hard (as in raft.)

sé,

S.

V.

L viev,

D.

R soft.

2

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1100,

shah,

mbé,

wo,

tchah,

rré,

dune,

tzvoh,

une,

+ pure,

* ké,

44 pha or fé,

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The 36 Characters from 11 to P were formed in the fourth Century, the last two and were introduced into the Armenian Alphabet in the twelfth Century.

Vowels.

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1 The above sounds are the nearest that can be given in English characters.

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