Surviving a Japanese Internment Camp: Life and Liberation at Santo Tomas, Manila, in World War II
During World War II the Japanese imprisoned more American civilians at Manila's Santo Tomas prison camp than anywhere else, along with British and other nationalities. Placing the camp's story in the wider history of the Pacific war, this book tells how the camp went through a drastic change, from good conditions in the early days to impending mass starvation, before its dramatic rescue by U.S. Army "flying columns." Interned as a small boy with his mother and older sister, the author shows the many ways in which the camp's internees handled imprisonment--and their liberation afterwards. Using a wealth of Santo Tomas memoirs and diaries, plus interviews with other ex-internees and veteran army liberators, he reveals how children reinvented their own society, while adults coped with crowded dormitories, evaded sex restrictions, smuggled in food, and through a strong internee government, dealt with their Japanese overlords. The text explores the attitudes and behavior of Japanese officials, ranging from sadistic cruelty to humane cooperation, and asks philosophical questions about atrocity and moral responsibility.
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Telling the Santo Tomás Story
1 War Clouds Over Eden
3 A Porous Prison
4 Dorms Shanties and Sex
5 Cheer Up Everythings Going to Be Lousy
6 Childs Play
11 Theyre Here
13 Signifi cance
The Camps Ten Commandments
The Literature of Santo Tomás
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Abiko Alcuaz American Anne Balfour Annex Bailey Baños beriberi boys British camp’s Cates Roka chow-line civilian commandant commandant’s office Committee Minutes conversation with RW Curtis Brooks December dorm Drainpipe Diary 1957 Earl Carroll early Education Building Elizabeth Vaughan Executive Committee father February Filipino flying-column Fort Santiago Frank Cary friends garrison guerrillas Hartendorp Hayashi internee administration Internee Committee internee leaders Internment Camp 1946 Irvine Lautzenhiser January Japa Japan Japanese army Kempeitai killed later liberation Los Baños Luzon MacArthur Main Building Manila Mary June Matter ofDays 2001 military POW months mother package line Paul Esmérian pesos Philippines phone conversation Poston Wootten POWs prison Red Cross reported Robin Prising Santo Tomás Internment Santo Tomas Story shanty Sherk Sickle smuggled Stevens tanks teenagers told Tomás Internment Camp Tomas Story 1964 took Tressa Roka troops U.S. Army U.S. Signal Corps Weinzheimer women Wygle