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the Scriptures represent to be the length of men's lives and of generations in those ages, to which these reigns belong. As to the ancient empire of Assyria, I submit what I have offered about it to the reader.

After so large digressions upon these subjects, I cannot find room to enter upon the particulars which are contained in the following sheets. I wish none of them may want a large apology ; but that what I now offer the public may meet with the same favour, as my former volume ; which if it does, I shall endeavour, as fast as the opportunities I have will enable me, and my other engagements permit, in two volumes more to finish the remaining parts of the undertaking.

Shelton, Norfolk, Dec. 10, 1729.




BOOK VI. .';

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WHEN Abram was · entering into Egypt, . he was full of thoughts of the evils which might befal him in a strange land; and considering the beauty of his wife, was afraid that the king, or some powerful person of the country, might fall in love with her, and kill him in order to marry her. He therefore desired her to call him brother. They had not been long in Egypt, before the beauty of Sarai was much talked of; she was therefore brought to court, and the king of Egypt had thoughts of marrying her; but in some time he found out that she was Abram's wife. Hereupon he sent for, and expose tulated with him the ill consequences which might have happened from the method he had taken ; and

a Gen, xii. 11.

generously restored Sarai, and suffered Abram to leave his country, and carry with him all that belonged to him. Abrar's stay in Egypt was about three months. The part of Egypt where he travelled was the land of Tanis, or lower Egypt; for this bordered on Arabia and Philistia, from whence Abram had journeyed. His coming hither was about the tenth year of the ofth king of this country; for Menes or Mizraim, being as before said, king of all Egypt until A. M. 1943, and the reigns of the three next kings of lower Egypt taking up (according to Sir John Marsham's tables) one hundred and thirty three years ; the tenth year of their successor will carry us to A. M. 2086, in which year Abram came into Egypt. b

Abrạm, after coming out of Egypt, returned into Canaan, and came to the place where he formerly first stopped, between Bethel and Hai; and here be offered a sacrifice of thanksgiving for the happy events of his travels.

Lot and Abram had hitherto lived together ; but by this time their substance was so much increased, that they found it inconvenient to be near one another. Their cattled mingled, their herdsmen quarrelled, and the land was not able to bear them; their stocks, when together, required a larger tract of ground to feed and support them, than they could take up, without interfering with the property of the inliabitants of

< Gen, xiii.

: 'o See vol. i. b. v. 248.

d Gon, xiii. 7.

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the land in which they sojourned. They agreed therefore to separate. The land of Canaan had spare room sufficient for Abram, and the plains of Jordan for Lot ; therefore upon Lot's chusing to remove towards Jordan, Abram agreed to continue where he was, and thus they parted. After Lot was gone from him, God commanded Abram to lift up his eyes and view the country of Canaan, promising that the whole of it should be given to his seed for ever, and that his descendants should exceedingly flourish and multiply in it. Soon after this Abram' removed bis tent, and dwelt in the plain of Mamre in Hebron, where he built an altar to the LORD. His settling at Mamre might be about A. M. 2091.

About this time Abram became instrumental of great service to the king, in whose dominions he sojourned. The Assyrian empire, as we have observed, had in these times extended itself over the adjacent and remote countries, and brought the little nations in Asia under tribute and subjection. The seat of this empire was at this time at Elam in Persia, and Chedorlaomer was king of it ; for to him the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah, and of the three other nations mentioned by Moses,& had been in subjection. They had served him twelve years, but in the thirteenth they rebelled. We meet no where in profane history the name Chedorlaomer, nor any names of the kings mentioned by Moses, as confederate with him ; but I

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Gen xii. 14.
Gen, xiv. 4.

frer. 18.


have formerly observed how this might be occasioned. Ctesias, from whom the profane historians took the names of these kings, did not use their original Assyrian names in his history ; but rather such as he found in the Persian records, or what the Greek language offered instead of them..

If we consider about what time of Abraham's life this affair happened; (and we must place i it about his eighty-fourth or eighty-fifth year, i. e. A. M. 2093) we may easily see who was the supreme king of the Assyrian empire at the time here spoken of. Ninyas the son of Ninus and Semiramis began his reign A. M. 2059,k and he reigned 38 years,' so that the year of this transaction falls four years before his death. Ninyas therefore was the Chedorlaomer of Moses, head of the Assyrian empire; and Amraphel was his deputy at Babylon in Shinaar, and Arioch and Tidal his deputies oyer some other adjacent countries. It is remarkable, that Ninus first appointed under him such deputies, and there is no absurdity in Moses calling them kings; for it is observable, from what Isaiah hinted afterwards," that the Assyrian boasted that his. deputy-princes were equal to royal governors ; are not my princes altogether kings ? The great care of kings in these ages was to build cities; and thus we find almost every new king erecting a new seat of his

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ii. e. about a year or two before the birth of Ishmael, who was born when Abram was eighty-six, Gen. xvi. 16. * See vol. i. b. 4.

'Euseb. in Chron. m Diodor. Sic. lib. 2.

* Isaiah x. 8.

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