« PreviousContinue »
have been a sincere Christian (p. 145, much, for we apprehend, that, with note): it might mend his charity if the exception of the Calvinistic party, he would condescend to read this wri- the clergy have not yet left off preachter's eloquent letter to Mr. Venn, on ing Foster. His Sermons, we say
evangelical" defamation. (Works, fearlessly, are entitled to a permanent 8vo. I. 421, &c.) With very censura- place in that class of English literable neglect, to say the least, this ano- ture; and will, we predict, keep it, nymous critic quotes a passage from notwithstanding his having been “ one of Middleton's “private letters,” Dissenting minister." in order to disgrace him, without re Lady Hervey's own religion was of ferring to any publication, or in any à very doubtful kind. She explains other manner authenticating the quo- it thus: “I will think as I can, betation. Supposing it to be genuine, lieve as I must, do as little hurt and it does reflect discredit upon Middle as much good as I am able, and take ton, but how many other dignified my chance for the consequences." (P. clergymen have there been, and are 57.) On this subject, she writes from there, at whose Christian integrity it Paris, Jan. 5, 1751, a characteristic virtually glances ! The Editor's re- anecdote : mark is as follows:
“I was, a few days ago, agreeably ;" Lady Herrey would probably not entertained by meeting, at a third place, have thought so highly of him if she had a very deep, acute, determined Deist, known that he had subscribed the Thirty- who undertook me and a very sensible, Dine Articles politically, merely to obtain cautious Abbé ; after arguing, twisting the living of Hascombe, although he was and turning about our several arguments in affluent circumstances, which ought to very cleverly, and shewing what he called have put him above such deplorable our different, but continued inconsistenimeanness. His avowal, too, of this act cies, he very dexterously turned us upon in one of his private letters is almost as one another; ridiculed both our tenets ; shameless as the act itself: • Though and ended by saying, my antagonist the there are many things in the Church Abbé was determined to believe more than which I wholly dislike, yet, while I am he could ; and that I was ready to give content to acquiesce in the ill, I should be up as much as I dared. I wish you had glad to taste a little of the good, and to been there to have heard it all, and to have some amends for the ugly assent and have assisted me ; for I own I sometimes consent, which no man of sense can ap- wanted it. Altogether, it was very agreeprove.' The spirit of a philosopher, for- able and very entertaining, as there was $00th!”—P. 60, 61, Note.
warmth enough on all sides to keep up a
spirit, and not heat enough to produce Mr. Morris appears, from one any ill-humour."—P. 184, the Letters, to bave recommended to his distinguished correspondent, one The uncertainty of Lady Herrey's of the works of Dr. James Foster. mind upon religion, left her a frequent She replies, that she has not so great prey to apprehension and melancholy. an opinion of him as Mr. Morris ex She grows sad as she grows old. În presses ; and adds, most unwarranta- 1748, she writes, “There is nothing bly, “. I believe he is a man of parts, wanting to my present happiness but but, with all his Preslyterian sanctity, the thoughts of its continuance; but as much a man of the world as any the knowing how short its duration one.” (Pp. 151, 152.) Never was will be, is” (the italics are copied) character more mistaken, for if there “the cruel something that corrodes were any two features of “modest and leavens all the rest.” (P. 135.) Foster's” character more striking than In 1767,-"I find a life after sixty is any others, they were his freedom but a burthensome affair, &c. All from all professional and sectarian one can do is to suffer life; to enjoy affectation, and his disinterestedness. it is impossible. This is a bad prosBut a Dissenting minister is, we ap ct,” &c. (P. 327.) Again, —“There prehend, always regarded by persons is a cruel difference between youth in high life, as a person to be either and age,” &c. (P. 328.) And in her suspected or pitied. The orthodox last letter, dated June 22, 1768, (she Editor
says, "his works are now near- died the 2d of September following,) ly forgotten;"—this is somewhat too she speaks miserably concerning death,
and profanely (though in borrowed Lady Hervey lifts up the veil which language) of an hereafter:
Earl Waldegrave forebore to remove,
and shews us the nature of royal pas• What you seem most to apprehend times. is not a subject of horror to me. I think
Her introductory remark is about it as I do about death ; 'tis not
not on a courtly theme; but from that I fear, but 'tis the way to it ; 'tis
“ horned cattle” she presently, asthe straggles, the last convulsions that I cends to the family of Frederic Prince dread; for when once they are over, i of Wales, at Leicester House : don't question but to rise to a new and
“ I hear the distemper among the cat. better life. Dr. Garth, I remember, used to say, ' I DOW lo God, Madam, I take tle breaks out in many new places. The this to be hell
, purgatory at least; we shall town is sickly; and nothing seems proscertainly be better of in any other world: perous but gaming and gamesters. "Tis I think I am of his opinion.”—Pp. 330, ladies play ; but in spite of all these irre
really prodigious to see how deep the 331.
gularities, the Prince's family is an examLike the greater part of the fashion- ple of innocent and cheerful amusements. able world, this lady had no concep- All this last summer they played abroad; tion of religion but as an instrument and now, in the winter, in a large room, of human policy, legitimated by par. they divert themselves at base-ball, a liamentary or royal authority. She play all who are or have been school
The expresses in one place her approba- boys are well acquainted with. tion of the Reformation conducted by ladies, as well as gentlemen, join in this that Christian Reformer Henry the
amusement; and the latter return the
compliment in the evening, by playing Eighth, but at the same time her great for an hour at the old and innocent game doubts of the right of Luther and Cal- of push-pin, at which they chiefly excel, vin to go so far as they did in oppo- (if they are not flattered,)
who ought in sition to ecclesiastical usage! Here erery thing to precede. This innocence she had forgotten her preceptor, Dr. and excellence must needs give great joy, Middleton.
as well as great hopes, to all real lovers The fanatical admiration of Frederic of their country and posterity." -- Pp. the Great (as he is styled by courtesy), 139, 140, King of Prussia, which has been ex This extract was written, Nov. 14, posed in our IXth Volume, p. 548, 1748. On the 1st of the next februinfected Lady Hervey, who ridiculous- ary, she returns to the Prince of ly describes the heartless monarch as Wales, whom she denominates Sosia : something in the great scale of be- "As for the Sosia, I agree with you, ings between man and a deity !” (P. and firmly believe the prologue and 235.)
epilogue are both his own; at least We meet occasionally with_lively they are (as Lord Paulet, when he descriptions of Lady Hervey's French was Lord Hinton, once told him, on acquaintances; the picture of Fonte- being asked his opinion of some of nelle in the letter from Paris, before his poetical performances) worthy of referred to, of Jan. 5, 1751, is very his Royal Highness.” P. 147. It is pleasing :
not a part of the court religion to “ I dine sometimes with a set of beaux praise princes long dead, especially esprits, among which old Fontenelle pre- princes that were never perfected by sides. He has no mark of age but wrin- becoming kings, and therefore the kles and a degree of deafness; but when, Editor gives us, in a note on this pasby sitting near him, you make him hear sage, (pp. 147, 148,) the following you, he never fails to understand you, scarcely decorous intelligence and halfand always answers with that liveliness, disloyal reflection : and a sort of prettiness peculiar to himself. He often repeats and applies his
“ Why Frederic Prince of Wales is own and other people's poetry very agree. here called Sosia, ! do not see; but the ably ; but only occasionally, as it is pro- rest of the allusion is to the play of Cato, per and applicable to the subject. He performed on Wednesday the 4th of Jabas still a great deal of gallantry in his puary, at Leicester House, by his Royal turn and in his discourse." He is ninety- Highness' children, and some other boys; two, and has the cheerfulness, liveliness, a copy of the cast of characters may, and even the taste and appetite of twenty- perhaps, amuse the reader. two."-P. 183.
Cato, Master Nugent. VOL. XVII.
Portius, Prince George (George III.). terly pen we are indebted for the va-
former volume (XIV. 431 and 500), Lucius, Master Montague.
entitled, “An Appeal to Scripture Decius, Lord Milsington.
and Tradition on behalf of the Unita. Syphax, Master North.
rian Faith.” Servetus discusses and Marcus, Master Madden.
refutes the arguments, exposes the Marcia, Princess Augusta (Duchess unwarrantable assumptions, chastises of Brunswick).
the bigotry and repels the calumnies Lucia, Princess Elizabeth.
“ The Prologue, spoken by Prince of the anonymous Reviewer. This George, and Epilogue, by Princess Au- fanatical Trinitarian preaches up a gusta and Prince Edward, were but in new crusade against the infidel Unitadifferent compositions, particularly the rians, and calls upon all believers of latter ; which may indeed have been every orthodox denomination to unite written by the Prince himself. As a spe=' under the tri-une standard. The Unicimen I shall copy the concluding lines : tarian is emphatically “The Enerny." “? Prince Edward.
What can the reverend Reviewer 'In England born, my inclination,
mean? Already the orthodox are Like yours, is wedded to this nation : united in refusing the name of ChrisAnd future times, I hope, will see tian to a sect of which Lardner was Me, General in reality.
the ornament and the champion. They Indeed, I wish to serve this land ; cannot go further in abusive and scanIt is my father's strict command : dalous "language. Nothing would And none he ever gave shall be seem to remain for the zeal of true More cheerfully obey'd by me.'
believers to accomplish, but some “And all this mummery and doggrel was measure of personal violence or secuintended less to amuse the children, than lar injury. This, however, is not yet to vex their grandfather, and make the avowed, and is not likely, we bumbly father popular in his opposition to the think, to be carried into effect. But King,”—Pp. 147, 148.
we leave the author of the mysterious We cannot make any further use project to the lash of Servetus, who of this interesting volume ; interesting retorts upon him the charge of heresy, to all readers, but especially to those and proves, again and again, that his in the circles of fashion and power, doctrine is as anti-evangelical as his whom it admonishes, in effect, to take temper. care what letters they write, lest on The anonymous accuser draws up the turn of the next century their his indictment in the spirit, and almost great grand-children should shew the in the language, of that enlightened public of that age, by their secret cor- statesman,
Haman (Esther jö. 8,9): in respondence, what are their real opi- behalf of the sect who are not to be suf. nions of personages, whom, as in duty fered, because they are diverse from bound and as interest prompts, they all people,” Servetus thus pleads : now praise and extol in the high places.
“ The assumption that Unitarians worship a different God from that worshiped
by the general church is (I might say Art. II.-A Plea for the Nazarenes: unjust to the general church, but I will in a Letter to the British Reviewer. rians. They who acknowledge the Fa
you please) unjust to the UnitaBy Servetus. 8vo. pp. 208. Bris- ther to be the sole, self-existent being, tol, printed and sold by Manchee; the root of Deity and the fountain of love, sold" in London by R. Hunter and worship, with the Unitarian, the Father by John Robinson. 1821.
as properly and supremely God. They THE British Review, a quarterly indivisible being, assuming towards his
who worship a sole, eternal, infinite and journal, in the hands of the soi- creatures the offices or relations of Fadisant Evangelical churchmen, has ex- ther, Son and Spirit, worship, with the ceeded the usual bounds of the odium Unitarian, a common God: but it must theologicum, in its attacks upon the be owned that we do not worship the Unitarians. One of its philippics has drawn upon it the animadversions of
* It is reported that the writer is a the writer before us, to whose mas. clergyman.
Popish God: that we do not worship therefore they invoked Christ as 'himthe God of the Athanasian Evangelians : self the object of prayer. The word that we bave not a common object Timahsuai is the same that occurs in of worship with the Anthropomorphile the passage of Acts, 'I appeal unto CæTrinitarians, who, denying that the Fa sar : Acts xxiv, 11. It has, therefore, ther of Israel is their Saviour, and the no necessary and inseparable connexion Most High God their Redeemer, bow the with religious invocation.”—Pp. 72–74. kaee to the HUMANITY of God in the " The next charge is more serious : person of his CRUCIFIED Son."-P. 27. you really appear, for once, to be in the
Servetus examines some of the Re- right, in so far as the individual is conviewer's criticisms on former Unita- cerned. Mr. Worsley, as well as Mr. rian writers, and hesitates not to avow
Yates, must hear his own burthen. I
have not the book before me, and } canhis dissent from some of their argu- not, therefore, tell whether you have ments and conclusions.
bled the extracts or stated them fairly : “ In another place you seize hold on
but his allusion to the Magi, which you, what you regard as a concession of Mr. of course, hold up to your readers as a Yates,' fatal to the Unitarian cause : specimen of the way in which Unitarians that he is unable to forin a very decided treat Scripture, is probably connected opinion on the meaning of the phrase with a doubt whether this much-canvassed calling on the name of the Lord;"' narrative be Scripture or no. Acts ix. 14-21; I Cor, i. 2. I do not chief charge respects the name of the wonder at your seizing this advantage : LORD of Hosts. That political preachers I only wonder that it should have been have perverted this title, to consecrate giren you : and I must again remind you the unhallowed ambition of statesmen that your bringing forward the opinion delighting in war, is a fact that requires of an individual proves nothing, unless no proof : but it seems strange that Mr. you can prove that the general body of Worsley should both have countenanced Uuitarians hold the same: but so far this false interpretation by regarding it from being able to prove this, you must
as the sense of the Hebrew nation, and in the present instance be fully aware of that he should have overlooked the octhe contrary. Mr. Yates, and not the currence of the name in passages of uneUnitarians, is responsible for the doubt quivocal inspiration. By describing the and the difficulty. Wakefield, a compe- writer, with mock gravity of information, teat scholar, I presume, thought the proper as 'no Deist, but a minister of a Dis. rendering of the words was being called senting congregation, who dedicates his by the name of the Lord,' or taking work to the Unitarian Fund, you wish bis name upon them. What, then, is to to convey the impression that the identity be done? We must step out of the of the Hebrew title Lord of Hosts with
single text,' and take our stand on the that of the God of Battles of the northern broad analogy of Scripture. We there nations, is the familiar and approved confind that the apostles bowed the knees struction of Unitarians. Your malice to the FATHER of our Lord Jesus Christ.' shall be disappointed. I shall simply It happens, however, that there can be refer the reader to a Sermon, entitled no donbt, and that there is no difficulty. • The name Lord of Hosts explained and The phrase is neither more nor less than improved, by Joshua TOULMIN, D. D.' a Hebraism (for, strange to say, though it is there expounded as implying domiyou and Bishop Horsley imagine that the niou over the hosts of heaven, - the moon apostles were inspired to write modern and the stars which he had made :' thus idioms for the express use of the English involving at once a reproof and refutation nation, they actually employed the lan. of the Gentile worship of the planetary guage of their age and country); the idols. I mention the definition, because calling on the name, or calliug a name though 'smelling blasphemy afar off,' in upon them, implies no more than the Mr. Worsley's mistaken irreverence for being enrolled as the followers of him by the termn, I suspect you lie under the whose name they are called.
same mistake as to its import. The “I dissent, as much as you can do, blunder was originally Voltaire's.* You from the supposition of Mr. Yates, that will not be able to make much of this this passage is purposely left as a trial of discovery. Mr. Worsley is in orthodox our humility; for if idiomatical usage did company."--Pp. 81–83. not authorise the construction of calling his name upon them,' or being named
Charges of various kinds are preby his uame,' still it would not follow that, because praying in Christ's name and being baptized into Christ's name, •“Dictionnaire Philosophique, Guerre, they were said to call on Christ's name, p. 108."
ferred by the Reviewer against the your school have adopted with approba a Unitarians; one extract will shew tion as an axiom the inference of Rous-, how well-prepared Servetus is to meet seau, which so many other infidels have them.
echoed, and which, perhaps, has been, “ Our preaching is political. This and still is, a principal cause of their reproach does really exceed all that I being infidels,--that the spirit of the could have conceived of the powers of gospel is favourable to tyrants, and that face. You happen to light on a sermon
True Christians are formed for slaves." of a political cast by Mr. Madge, of Nor
How utterly repugnant such a notion is wich, (a young minister singularly distin- to the genius of that religion of which guished by the spiritual fervour of his the earliest promulgators were distingeneral pulpit eloquence, and you ob- guished by their boldness,' is satisfacserve, • This is what we must look for torily shewn by Dr. Leechman, in his
Discourse on from Unitarians. When we find contro
the Excellency of the
As a Presbyte versy substituted for religion, (Paul's dis- spirit of Christianity.' puting at Athens was, it seems, no reli- rian. he had, indeed, some fond notions politics.' Meaning by faction, as appears it to be a mistake that God, by the progion, we may naturally expect faction for of liberty, incompatible with the notious
of a true Episcopalian ; and his alleging from the rest of your quotation, a disapprobation of what are called Holy Alli- pitiation through Christ, was rendered ances. Perhaps, Sir, you will inform me
merciful and placable when he was otherwhat occasiou of political preaching has wise before, for that it is so far from ever been let slip by the ministers of being the cause of the divine mercy that your schism ? What address or petition his authority to you in other matters;
it is the effect of it,' will not recommend to the King or the National Council has but, as he comes within the pale of your ever been agitated without
general church,' which differs on these Your pulpit, drum ecclesiastic,
all-important points,' and is yet a true Being beat with fist instead of a stick?
church, though the Nazareans, so differIs it not a fact as palpable as the sun ing, stand convicted of being a false is visible at noon-day, that you have ab- church, I shall press on your considera. solutely thinned your churches, and dis- tion an extract from the above discourse : gusted both the rich and the poor of your Whenever this superiority to the fear of congregations, who, when hungering man and the fear of temporal evils and after the bread of life,' have been diéted dangers flows from the principles of the on the froth of your wlipt loyalty and gospel, it is accompanied with a noble the creain of your time-serving adulation? freedom and independence of soul that can • The hustings of Westminster,' indeed! never dwell with mean and slavish princiDo you know how many fathers of fami- ples.'"-Pp. 85-90. lies have stayed at home, and read Secker or Paley to their children, that they into the character and merits of Bi
The Reviewer has provoked inquiry might escape the Sibyllinc furor of your party spirit, sucked from the leaves of shop Horsley, the Courier newspaper? The hypocrisy “ It may seem extraordinary that you, of your charge is only equalled by its di- Sir, who seldom speak of the actual verting simplicity. You have no dislike church without a hint at slumbering preto political preaching in itself; but the lacy, or at « spiritual wickedness in high politics must be of your own dictation. places,' should bestow such pompous euIt consists with the duties of a preacher logies on the high-church bishop, the great to palliate and uphold the art and mys- Goliath of Gath, Dr. Horsley. I can easily tery of governing by a systematic riola- perceive why you do this. "He is held up tion of the laws of the constitution, or to (partly from error, partly policy) as the brand Dissenters (whom, though you champion of the Church of England. Any court them with a fawning show of libe- defence of any Trinity was thought to rality to serve a purpose of persecution, call for gratitude. But the Athanasianyou yet both fear and hate) as turbulent ism of the Bishop is directly opposed to schismatics and sowers of scdition ; but the Oxford decree, as it is to the private he must not say a word of those great opinions of the regular church, which cardinal maxims of civil and religious fluctuate between this decree and the freedom, which speak unto us from the "Scripture doctrine of Samuel Clarke. ashes of English martyrs, or the 'gory Again, Dr. Horsley's damnatory dogma, bed' of patriots who died for liberty. that the MORAL GOOD of Unitarians is The former is to inculcate the “fearing sin,' stands coutradicted by all the sound God and honouring the King ;' the latter divines of the Establishment, living or is to preach faction.
dead; by all, in short, (and they are still « 'The secret is, that the preachers of many,) who hold with the Apostle John,