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quiet, and be ye not astounded by portion without hindrance through them.
suffering. For I am afraid of your Let us then be imitators of our love, lest it should injure me. For Lord in meekness, and (emulous) as you indeed, it is easy for you to do to who shall be injured, and op- what you wish; but for me, it is difpressed, and defrauded more (than ficult for me to be accounted worthy the rest.) The work is not of promise of God, if indeed you spare me not. unless a man be found in the power For there is no other time like this, of faith even to the end. It is better that I should be accounted worthy of that a man be silent when he is some- God; neither will ye, if ye be silent, thing, than that he should be speak- be found in a better work than this. ing when he is not; that by those If leave me, I shall be the word things which he speaks he should act, of God, but if ye love
my flesh, again and by those things of which he is am I to myself a voice. Ye will not silent he should be known.
give me any thing better than this, My spirit boweth down to the that I should be sacrificed to God Cross, which is an offence to those while the altar is ready; that ye may who do not believe, but to you salva- be in one concord in love, and may tion and life eternal.
praise God the Father through Jesus There was concealed from the ruler Christ our Lord, because He has acof this world the virginity of Mary counted a bishop worthy to be God's, and the birth of our Lord, and the having called him from the east to three mysteries of the shout, which the west. It is good that I should were done in the quietness of God set from the world in God, that I from the star.
may rise in Him to life. And here, at the manifestation of Ye have never envied any one. Ye the Son, magic began to be destroyed, have taught others. Pray only for and all bonds were loosed, and the strength to be given unto me both ancient kingdom and the error of evil from within and from without, that was destroyed. From hence all things I may not only speak, but also may were moved together, and the de- be willing, and not that I may be struction of death was devised, and called a Christian only, but also that there was the commencement of that I may be found to be (one.) For if which is perfected in God.
I am found to be (one,) I am
also able to be called (so.) Then EPISTLE TO THE Romans.—THE THIRD
(indeed) shall I be faithful when I am EpistLE OF THE SAME ST. IGNATIUS.
no longer seen in the world. For Ignatius, who is Theophorus, to the there is nothing which is seen that is Church which has been pitied in the good. The work is not (a matter) of greatness of the Father Most High, persuasion, but Christianity is great to her who presideth in the place of when the world hateth it. I write to the country of the Romans, who is all the Churches, and declare to all worthy of God and worthy of life, and men that I die willingly for God, if it happiness, and praise, and remem- be that ye hinder me not. I entreat brance, and is worthy of prosperity, you be not (affected) towards me by and presideth in love, and is perfected love that is unseasonable. Leave me in the law of Christ blameless, much to be the beasts', that through them peace.
I may be accounted worthy of God. Long since have I prayed to God I am the wheat of God, and by the that I may be accounted worthy to teeth of the beasts I am ground, that behold your faces, which are worthy I may be found the pure bread of of God; now, therefore, being bound God.' With provoking, provoke ye in Jesus Christ, I hope to meet you the beasts, that they may be a grave and salute you, if there be the will for me and leave nothing of my body, that I should be accounted worthy to that even after I am fallen asleep I the end. For the beginning is well may not be a burden upon any one. disposed, if I be accounted worthy to Then shall I be in truth a disciple of attain the end, that I may receive my Jesus Christ, when the world seeth not even my body. Entreat our Lord for
my love is crucified, and there is no me, that through these instruments fire in me for another love. I do not I may be found a sacrifice to God. desire the food of corruption, neither
I do not charge you like Peter and the desires of this world. The bread Paul, who are Apostles; but I am of God I seek, which is the flesh of one condemned. They indeed are Jesus Christ, and His blood I seek,free, but I am a slave even until now. a drink which is love incorruptible. But if I suffer, I shall be the freed- My spirit saluteth you, and the love man of Jesus Christ, and I shall rise of the Churches, which received me from the dead in Him free. And as the name of Jesus Christ, for even now, being bound, I learn to desire those who were near to the way in nothing. From Syria, and even to the flesh preceded me in every city. Rome, I am cast among wild beasts ; Now, therefore, being about to arrive by sea and by land, by night and by shortly at Rome, I know many things day; being bound between ten leo- in God; but I moderate myself, that pards, which are the band of soldiers, I may not perish through boasting; who, even while I do good to them, for now it behoveth me to fear the do evil the more to me.
But I am
more, and not to regard those who the rather instructed by their injury, puff me up. For they who say to me but not on this account am I justified such things, scourge me, for I love to to myself. I rejoice in the beasts suffer, but I do not know if I am that are prepared for me, and I pray worthy. For to many zeal is not that they may be quickly found for seen; but with me it has war. I have me; and I will provoke them to de- need therefore of meekness, by which vour me speedily; and not as that the ruler of this world is destroyed. which is afraid of some other men, I am able to write to you of heavenly and does not approach them, even things, but I fear lest I should do though they should not be willing to you an injury. Know me from myapproach me, I will go with violence self; for I am cautious lest ye should against them. Know me from myself. not be able to receive it, and should What is expedient for me? Let no- perplexed. even I, not bething envy me of those that are seen cause I am bound, and am able to and that are not seen, that I should know heavenly things, and the places be accounted worthy of Jesus Christ. of angels, and the station of the Fire and the cross, and the beasts powers that are seen and that are not that are prepared, amputation of the seen, on this account am I a disciple : limbs and scattering of the bones, for I am far short of the perfection and crushing of the whole body; hard which is worthy of God. torments of the devil: let these come Be ye perfectly safe in the patience upon me, and only may I be ac- of Jesus Christ our God. counted worthy of Jesus Christ. The [Here end the Three Epistles of pains of the birth stand over me, and Ignatius, Bishop and Martyr.]
THE QUEEN'S SUPREMACY.-STRICTURES ON THE OXFORD
(Continued from p. 68.] The compilers of the address must be understood to mean any commishave intended, that the words any sion for determining any questions recommission, in this statement,* should specting “the ability of a person pre
• For the reader's convenience, we reprint the sented unto a benefice,” (statement statement here commented upon,as given in p.68, five,) or
“any cause of the law divine "That during thewhole reigns of King Hen. VIII. Edw.VI.,and Queen Elizabeth, there is no trace
or spiritual learning,” (st. 7,) or for of any of the nobility or common law judges in taking “cognizance
of heresies, errors, ANY Commission, nor afterwards in one commission out of forty, until the overthrow of the
or schisms,” (st. 8, 9.) For it has inroyal authority in the great rebellion."
disputably been their intention to pass to go
off these statements upon her Majesty, be ignorant of the famous Six Articles as a series of affirmations constituting Act, and of the power then given to an accumulative proof that laymen common justices of the peace to sit in cannot properly be authorized to sit judgment on persons charged with in judgment on such questions; and heresy, nor of the conceded interventhat, in point of fact, they never were tion of a jury. (Lord Herbert's so authorized in the times which the Hen. VIII., under date of 1539.) addressers regard as those of sound Are we to suppose that the Bishops churchmanship; nor even after our of Bath and Wells, and of Salisbury, Church's separation from Rome, till thought it desirable to look out for the monarchy itself received a deadly examining chaplains whose indiffeblow.
rence to Protestantism should be such, No sensible man can have read this that they can never have read, or else address, without perceiving that the they must be held capable of totally words any commission must be so un- forgetting, one of the most pathetic derstood; and that to sign it, would narratives, and noblest examples of consequently be affixing his name to christian fortitude, in the annals of the a disgraceful untruth, if there were Reformation, the martyrdom of Anne not merely traces, but well known and Ayscough? If that narrative had not incontestible instances of noblemen been either utterly unknown, or toand common law judges having been tally forgotten, by Mr. W. K. Hamilmembers of most important commis- ton and Mr. G. A. Denison, the record sions for determining such questions, of her interrogation by the simple, in the very reigns respecting which lord mayor, and by the lords of the the addressers assure their sovereign privy council
, would have made it of the contrary. Yet it is passing impossible for them to affix their strange, if so large a number of Eng- names to the assertion that, “ There lish clergymen and gentlemen, edu- is no trace of the nobility or common cated at Oxford, are to be thought so law judges in any commission,” for marvellously ignorant of the history judging of heresies. And as to the of institutions in which they profess reign of Edward VI., is it possible to be deeply interested, as not to have that gentlemen learned in the law; remembered Henry the Eighth's con- that clergymen chosen by bishops to stituting Thomas Cromwell his vice- examine candidates for holy orders, gerent and vicar-general in all eccle- can be ignorant of the Act 3 Edw. VI. siastical causes; and his consequently and of the royal commission issued taking precedency of the archbishop thereupon, authorizing eight persons, in the memorable convocation of 1536, among whom are two esquires, to take where the sacraments to be acknow- the initiative in determining for our ledged by the Church were the sub- national Church, what should be its jects of debate, and its decisions were canons, what it should deem heresy
forth as rules for the nation's or error, and what its ministers should belief. Did the addressers indeed not be required to teach; and farther, remember the inquisitorial commis- authorizing thirty-two commissioners, sion which sat in judgment on all the subdivided into four committees, each monasteries (then styled religious consisting of two bishops, two divines, houses) in this kingdom, and Crom- two civil and two common lawyers, to well's share in that? Mr. Justice revise and sanction, jointly with the Coleridge and the Vinerian professor privy council, such a constitution for of common law could not be ignorant, our national Church as the eight first though their co-addressers may have named should have recommended, been, of the statute 25 Henry VIII., The result of the labours of this mixed by which sixteen ecclesiastics and commission is only unknown to those sixteen laymen were commissioned to who read but little on such subjects; sit in judgment on the ecclesiastical being put forth with the title of “Reconstitution of the Church, and to formatio legum ecclesiasticarum,” but say what should be abolished and eventually left unsanctioned by the what should remain. They cannot State. Neither the commission nor
its results were unknown to the com- inquire whether the famous case of pilers of the Oxford address; for they Whittingham, Dean of Durham, never have briefly described and cited attracted their attention, turning, as “ Reformat. Leg. Eccles. Præf.” in it did, upon the necessity of episcopal their preceding statement; and in the ordination for ministers of our Church? preface of less than six pages which Let them look at Strype's Annals, they have thus cited, and the sub- B. II. ch. xi. p. 520, where they may joined royal letters patent, are con- read that “in the year 1576, the tained those descriptions of these Queen sent letters of commission to commissions under Hen. VIII. and the Lord Archbishop, the Lord PresiEdw. VI. which prove statement dent of the Council in the north, and twelve to be the assertion of an un- the Dean of York, for the hearing truth. But where there is no love of and determining divers matters comtruth, what shall be the limit to un- plained of against Mr. Whittingham, truth?
the dean of the church, and misdeAt the first inspection of this Oxford meanours there : one whereof, among address, I was certainly amazed at the others, seemed to be about that dean's extensive prevalence of ignorance on orders; it being thought not lawful these topics, implied in the numerous for him to hold that deanery in relist of subscribers to such an assertion; spect of his defect therein; and worand seeing that the compilers of the thy of deprivation, because his miaddress had appended the following nistry was not warranted by the law note, as authority for statement twelve, of the land; being ordained
by a few viz., “Gibson's Codex, Introd. p. xxi., lay persons in a house at Geneva.' on the authority of the Reg. Car. Was not this a court of delegates for Delegat.,” I felt sure that this asser- the northern province? And Strype tion could not extend so widely as to will tell them, from Rymer, under justify their use of it; still charity date May 14, 20 Elizab., how large forbade my expecting to discover an authority was given to this coinwhat I found to be the case on look- mission, and that amongst its meming at the page cited as above, that bers were, Henry Earl of Huntingdon, the compiler, or compilers, of state- Thomas Lord Evers, Sir William Malment twelve, had fraudulently pre- lory and Sir Robert Stapleton, Knts. fixed the word “any” to “commis- But supposing Bishop Gibson had sion,” in their professed quotation really said what the compilers of the from Gibson. Upon that one word, address untruly quoted him as saying, the force of any argument to the pur- it is still a strange thing, that either pose for which they have obviously his word and character, or the influintroduced this statement, will easily ence of party, should have induced so be seen to depend. Gibson is speak- many educated gentlemen and clering exclusively of the court of dele- gymen to sign an address containing gates; and I will not press upon the such an assertion as that made in addressers, that Blackstone has said statement twelve, seeing that, to use a of that court, as appointed by the word now made familiar, it utterly king's commission, that “this com- ignores so remarkable a fact in the mission is frequently filled with lords constitutional history of our country spiritual and temporal, and always as the existence of the high commiswith judges of the court of Westminster, sion court, from its establishment unaud doctors of the civil law,” Comment. der Queen Elizabeth to its driving B. iii. p. 66; because, though Black- the nation mad under Laud's mismastone seems thus to give a direct con- nagement. One would rather have tradiction to what Gibson has said of expected high Churchmen to have the same court, the learned judge and spoken of that court, as affording them the bishop are speaking of its consti- an opportunity of pressing their optution at different times.
ponents with the ill results of a comBut if the examining chaplains who mission, for sitting in judgment on signed this address may be examined ecclesiastical causes, in which the in their turn, one might venture to privy councillors
the bishops. Hallam's Const. Hist. by Dr. Pusey; and by sundry other ch. iv.
members of convocation, whose names I will now only farther notice state- also appeared against their Univerment nineteen, —"That the laxity of sity's condemning the famous Tract interpretation of the formularies of the Ninety, expressly composed to propaChurch, sanctioned by this judgment,” gate a most outrageous laxity of innamely, the Gorham decision, “would terpretation of the formularies of the very seriously affect the good faith of Church; and as voting against its desubscription, the
religious observance, grading Mr. Ward, for publicly teachand ultimately the soundness of faith ing ministers of the Church to retain in the Church and the University,” its emoluments, whilst putting a nonAnd upon this statement I will only natural sense both upon its formularies remark, that the address declaratory and the subscription to its Articles !! of this tender anxiety for the good faith of subscription, &c. was signed in 1850
Hasilbury Bryan, Feb. 17th, 1851,
PRINCIPLES OF CHURCH REFORM ILLUSTRATED.
[Continued from p. 85.] Only so lately as this very time last at the very moment when they lie year, on the ilth of Feb., 1850, did under the 'imputation of selfishness, the Archbishop of Canterbury, in are employing their time, their his place in the House of Peers, make thoughts, their influence, and often not this defence for the charge brought sparing their purses, in promoting the against the Ecclesiastical Commission, comfort and increasing the means of for their application of the funds that usefulness of their humbler brethren,” had passed under their disposition. vide Record, Feb. 14, 1850. We His Grace spoke thus, “An impres- grieve, as we have again and again sion has been produced upon the grieved, over this, the best-shaped minds of many of the clergy, natural defence that can be framed of an under the circumstances, but not the utterly indefensible system. Would it less to be regretted. Many of the not be concluded from it, that the clergy are in painfully straitened cir- straitened circumstances of many of the cumstances. Placed in insulated situa- clergy were occasioned by their own tions, and feeling the want of domes- improvident marriages, and by pretic comfort, they are led to marry carious incomes, for which none are early, often with no better provision to blame? Would it not be supposed than a precarious curacy, or an ill- that they only contrast their narrow paid incumbency, It cannot be mat- incomes with their own labours and ter of surprise that they soon find talents? Would it not appear that themselves embarrassed; and they they are persuaded they are ill-used, naturally compare their incomes with without any cause of which they their labours, their talents, their edu- could rightfully complain? cation, and think them very ill-requited. who could believe that all the while, My Lords, when men are distressed, one of the main causes of all the disit is easy to persuade them that they comfort and dissatisfaction of the are ill-used.But the supposition is clergy is, that they live in parishes, no less unfounded than it is injurious and zealously discharge their labours, to the Church. For it can be nothing and know themselves worthy of their but injurious to the Church when the hire, but they see the parochial funds, feelings of the inferior clergy are the tithes given for the sustenance of alienated from those who are above the parochial ministers, gathered bethem in rank and fortune, though often fore their eyes, and carried away to in nothing else; and who, probably, form inordinate incomes for the