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thizes both with Mary and her weeping friends! - When Jesus saw her weep, and the Jews also weeping, he groaned in bis Spirit, and was troubled.” Troubled : Not with any finful perturbation we may be assured : nothing of that nature could posibly be in his finless soul. And, therefore, fome have judiciously enough compared the trouble our LORD now felt, to some chryftal water shaken in a glass or bottle; you may shake it, but there will be no sediment: it will be chrystal water still.

“ He groaned in his spirit.” I do not see why this may not be understood of his praying in the spirit, which maketh intercession for the saints, with anaantos 678827 Lois, “ groanings that cannot be uttered.” Methinks I see the immaculate Lamb of God, secretly, but powerfully agonizing with his Father ; his heart is big with sympathy! At length, out of the fulness of it, he said, ver. 34. " Where have ye laid him ? 'They (I suppose Mary and Martha) say unto him, LORD, come and see.” He came, he saw, " He wept," ver. 35. It is put in a verse by itself

, that we might pause a while, and ask, why Jesus wept? He.


that it was no fin to shed a love and resignation at the grave of a deceased friend, he wept, to see what havock fin had made in the world, and how it had reduced man, who was originally little lower than the angels, (by making him subject to death) to a level with the beasts, that perish; but above all, he wept at the foresight of the people's unbelief, he wept, to think how many then present, would not only not believe on, but would be hardened, and have their prejudices increased more and more against him,

he should raise Lazarus from the dead before their eyes. Well then may ministers be excused, who, whilst they are preaching, now and then drop a few tears, at the confideration of their sermons being, through the perverseness and unbelief of many of their audience, a favour of death unto death, instead of a favour of life unto life. Upon a like occafron Jesus wept. What an affecting fight was here ! Let us for a while fuppose ourselves placed amidst these holy mourners 3 let us imagine that we see the sepulchre just before us, and the Fews, and Mary, and the blessed Jesus weepinground it. Surely, the most obdurate of us all must drop a tear, or at least be affected with the fight; we find that it affected those who were really by-standers : for then said the


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Jews, yer, 36. ” Behold, how he loved him.” And did they (ay, Behold, how he loved him, when Jesus only thed a few tears over the grave of his departed Lazarus ? Come then, O finners, and view CHRisT dying and pouring out his precious heart's blood for you upon an accursed tree, and then furely you must needs cry out, Behold, how he loved us og 91:54

But alas, though all were affected, yet, it seemis, "all were not well affected at seeing Jesus weep! For we are told yer. 37. that some of them said, "Could not this man, who opened the eyes of the blind, have caused that even this man should not have died?” One would imagine, that Satan him self could scarce have uttered a more perverse speech: every word is full of spite and rancour. Could not this man, this fellow, this deceiver, who pretends to say, that he opened the eyes of the blind, have caused that this man, whoin he seems to love so, thould not have died? Is nor this a rafficient proof that he is a cheat? Have we catched him at last? Is it likely that he really helped others, when he could not help his own friend? - how patient ought the servants of our LORD to be! And how may they expect to be censured, a have their good deeds questioned, and lessened, when ble led Mafter has been thus treated before them!" However, Jesus will do good, notwithstanding all these Rights put upon him; and therefore, again groaning in himself, he cometh to the grave; it was a caye, (or vault, as is customary in great families) and a Itone lay upon it ; Jesos færd, ver. 39. Take

ye away the stone.” How gradually does our LORD proceed, in order to engage

the people's attention thie" more ! Methinks I see them all eye, all ear, and eagerly waiting to see the iflue of this affair. But Martha now returning with the rest of the company, feems to have lost that gond frame which she was in

as in when the went to call her fifter; na She faith unto him, (ver: 39.) LORD, by this time he tinkerh: for he hath been either dead or buried four days." "O the difmal effects of carnat reasoning ! How'naturally do' we fåll into doubts and fears, when we have not our eye fimply directed to the blessed Jesus! Martha, instead of looking up to him, looks down into the grave, and poring upon her brother's stinking corpfe, falls into a fit of unbeliefu, 266. By this time he stinketh ;" and, therefore, a fight of him will only be offensive. Perhaps the might think our Lord only wanted


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to, take a view of her brother Lazarus i Jesus, therefore, to
gixe bee yer a further into that he in eaded to do something
Gxuaordinary, faith unto her, ver. 40" Said I not undo thee,
that if thou wouldh believe, thou should fee the glory of
Gop?” Our Lord speaks here with some degree of warmth:
for nothing displeases him more than the unbelief of his own
disciples.r.164 Said I not unto thee, if thou wouldit believe,
thou should it see the glory of God?” When CHRIST for ft
Spoke these words unto her, we are not-sold; it might be,
this was part of their conversation upon another occasion fume
time before : however, he checks her openly for her unbelief
now for those whom Jesus loves, must expect to be rebuked
fhasply by him, whenever they dishonour him by unbelief.
The reproof is taken. }
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Without making any more objections, “ They took away the stone from the place where the dead was laid.” And now behold with what folemnity the holy Jesus prepares himself to execute his gracious design!" And Jesus lift up his eyes, and said, Father, I thank thee that thou hast heard me, and I knew that thou heareft me always, but because of the pedple which ftand by, I said it, that they may believe that thou haft sent me." Who can express with what fervor and intenseness of spirit, our glorious High-prieft uttered these words! They are a thanksgiving arising from an assurange that his Father had heard him ; -for CHRIST, as Mediator, was inferior to the Father, 1* I knew that thou heareft me always (and so may every believer in his degree fay too) but because of the people which stand by, I said it."-Said what? We do not hear that Jesus said any thing by sway of prayer before ; and that is true, if we mean vocally, but mentally he

did say something, even when he groaned jn the fpirit once and again, and was troubled. There is a way of praying, even when we do not, and cannot speak. “Why cryeft the faid God to Moses; though we do not hear that he {poke one single word: but he cried in his heart. And I observe this for the comfort of some weak, but real christians, who think they never pray, unless they can have a great flow of words in buy this is a great miltake: for we often pray, beft, when we can speak Jeaft. There are times when the heart is 100 big to speaks and the spirit itself maketh interceffion for the saints, and that too according to the will of God, with


groanings that cannot be uttereda ' Such was Hannah's prayer for a fon, « She spake not, only her lips moved ?" and such was our LORD's way of praying at this time. And perhaps the soul is never in a better frame,' than when in holy stillness, and unspeakable serenity, it can put itself as a blank in Jesus's hand, for him to stamp on it just what he pleases.

And now the hour of our Saviour's performing this long expected miracle, is comed. Ver. 43. (When he' thus had spoken, he tried with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth” With the word there went an irresistible power : he fpake, and it was done : he cried, and behold, “ He that was dead came forth bound hand and foot with grave cloaths; and his face was bound about with a napkin." What a fight was here! Methinks I see furprize fit upon each spectator's face : as the body rises, their wonder rises. 100. See howt

too. they gaze! See how their looks bespeak the language of aftonished hearts'; and all with a kind of filent, but expreffive oratory, ready to say, What manner of man is this a Surely this is the Messiah that was to come into the world. How did the hearts of Martha and Mary, as we may very well fuppofe, leap for joy! How were they ashamed of themselves, for charging Jesus foolishly, and taxing bim with unkindness, for not coming to prevent their brother's dying! It is true, Christ suffered him to die, but behöld he is now alive again! JESUS never denies us one thing, but he intends to give us something better in the stead of it. Think you not that Martha and Mary were now the most officious to obey' our blessed LORD'S command, “ Loose him, and let him go?" That same power that raised Lazarus from the dead, might have also taken the grave-cloaths from him but Jesus CHRIST never did, and never will work a needless miracle. Others could unloole his grave-cloaths, but Jesus alone could unloose the bands of

**"96 JOD) Dis Jori o ga | And now, perhaps, fome may be ready to afk, What news háth Lazarus brought from the other world ! But fop, O man, thy vain curiosity! It is forbidden, and therefore ureTefs knowledge. The fcriprures are Milent concerning' it. Why should we defire to be wife above what is written it becomes 'ús "rather to be wholly employed in addring the gra- . cious hand of that mighty Redeemer who raised him from the

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dead, and to see (now we have heard the hiftory) what improvement we can make of such a remarkable and instructive transaction.

Would to God that my preaching upon the resurrection of Lenarus to-day, may have the same blessed effects upon you, as the fight of it had upon some of the ftanders-by: For we are told, ver. 45.“. Then many of the Jews who came to Mary, and had seen the things which Jesus did, believed on him.” A profitable visit this ! The best, no doubt, that they ever paid in their lives. And this was in answer to our Sa. viour's prayer, “ But because of the people who stand by, I said it, that they may believe, that thou bast sent me." One would imagine, that all who saw this miracle, were induced thereby, really to believe on him : But alas ! I could almoft say, that I can tell you of a greater miracle than raising Lazarus from the dead. And what is that? Why, that some of these very persons who were on the spot, instead of believing on him, 66' went their way to the Pharisees, and told them what Jesus had done." ver. 46. It was so far from convincing them, that it only excited their envy, ftirred up the whole hell of their self-righteous hearts, and made them, from that day forward, “ take counsel together,” to execute what they had long before designed, to put the innocent Jesus to death, See how busy they are, ver. 47. “ Then gathered the chief priests and the Pharisees a council, and said, What do we? For this man doeth many miracles. Envy itself, it seems, could not deny that. And need they say then, “ What do we," or what Moyld, we do? Believe in, to be sure, and submit to him; take up the cross, and follow him.' No; on the contrary, say they, ver. 48. 5. If we let him thus alone, (which they would not have done so long had not God put a hook in the Leviathan's jaws) all men will believe on him.. And suppose they did? Then all men would be blested indeed, and have a title to true happiness. No, say they,

then the Romans shall come and take away both our place and nation.” But were not the Romans come already? Were they nok at this time tributaries to Gafar? But they were afraid of the church as well as the state : " They will come and take away our place,” our place of worship: and consequently, bthey look upon JESUS CHRIST and his proceedings, and adherents, as dangerous both to church and state.

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