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a scepter of righteousness is the scepter of his kingdom; glorious in his attendants, his chariots are twenty thousand, even thousands of angels, among them he rideth on the heavens, and fendeth out the voice of his strength, attended with ten thousand times ten thousands of his holy ones; glorious in his subjects, all creatures in heaven and in earth; nothing is left that is not put in subjection to him; glorious in his way of rule, and the administration of his kingdom, full of sweetness, efficacy, power, serenity, holiness, righteousness and grace, in and toward his elect; of terror, ven cance, and certain destruction towards the rebellious angels and men; glorious in the issue of his kingdom, when every knee shall bow before him, and all shall stand before his judgment-seat; and what a little portion of his glory is it, that we have pointed to? This is the Beloved of the church, its Head, its Husband; this is he with whom we have communion; but of the whole exaltation of Jesus Christ, I am elsewhere to treat at large.
Having insisted on these generals, for the farther carrying on the motives to communion with Christ, in the rela ion mentioned, taken from his excellencies and perfections, I shall reflect on the description given of him by the spouse in the Canticles, to this very end and purpose, Cant. v. 10, 11. 12, 13, 14, 15, 16. “My Beloved is white and - ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand. His head
is as the most fine gold; his locks are bushy and - black as a raven. His eyes are as the eyes of doves
by the rivers of waters, washed with milk, and fit
ly set. His cheeks are as a bed of spices: his lips * like lilies, dropping sweet smelling myrıh; bis • hands are as gold rings, set with beryl; his belly
• is as bright ivory overlaid with sapphires; his legs
are as pillars, set upon sockets of fine gold; his • countenance is as Lebanon, excellent as the cedars; • his mouth is most sweet, yea he is altogether lovely. This is my Beloved, and this is my Friend, O ye daughters of Jerusalem.'
The general description given of hin, ver. 10. hath been before considered; the ensuing particusirs are instances to make good the assertion, that he is the chiefest of ten thousand.
1. The spouse begins with his head and face, ver. 11, 12, 13. In his head, she speaks first in general, unto the substance of it, it is as fine gold, and then in particular, as to its ornaménis, his locks are busby, and black as a raven.
1. His head is as the most fine gold; or, his head gold, solid gold; says some, made of pure gold, says others, krusion kephaz says the 70, retaining part of both the Hebrew words, Malla auri. : Two things are eininent in gold, splendor or glory, and duration; this is that which ihe spouse fpeaks of the head of Christ : his head is his
government, authority, and kingdom; hence it is said, a crown of pure gold was on his head, Psal. xxi. and his head is here said to be gold, because of the crown of gold that adorns it. As the monarchy in Daniel, tha: was moít eminent for glory and duration, is termed an head of gold, Dan. ii. 38. And these two things are eminent in the kingdom, and authority of Christ.
1. It is a glorious kingdom, he is full of glory and majesty, and in his majesty he rides prosperously, Pfal. xlv. 3, 4. His glory is great in the salvation of God, honour and majesty are laid upon him,
he is made blessed for ever and ever, Pfal. xxi. 5, 6. I might infist upon particulars, and thew that there is not any thing that may render a kingdom or government glorious, but it is in this of Christ in all its excellencies. It is an heavenly, a spiritual, an universal, and an unlhaken kingdom, all which render it glorious : but of this somewhat before.
2. It is durable, yea eternal, solid gold, his throne is for ever and ever, Pfal. xlv. 6. Of the increase of his government there is no end, upon the throne of David, und upon his kingdom, to order and establish it with judgment and justice, from henceforth even for ever, lfa. ix. 7. His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, Dan. vii. 27. a kingdom that shall never be destroyed, chap. ii. 44. for he must reign until all his enemies be subdued. This is the head of gold, the fplendor and eternity of his government.
And if you take the head in a natural sense ; either the glory of his Deity is here attended to, or the fulness and excellency of his wifdom, which the head is the seat of. The allegory is not to be streighined, whilst we keep to the analogy of faith.
2. For the ornaments of his head, his locks, they are said to be bushy, or curled, black as a raven. His curled locks are black: as a'raven, is added by way of illustration of the blackness, not with any allusion to the nature of the raven. Take the head spoken of in a political sense; his locks or hair, said to be curled, as seeming to be intangled; but really falling in perfect order and beauty, as bushy locks, are his thoughts, and counfels, and ways, in the administration of his kingdom. They are black or dark, because of their depth, and unsearchableness, as God is said to dwell in thick darkness; and
curled or bushy, because of their exact interweavings from his infinite wisdom ; his thoughts are many as the hairs of the head, seeming to be perplexed and intangled, but really set in all comely order, as curled bulhy hair; deep and unsearchable, and dreadful to his enemies, and full of beauty and comeliness to his beloved. Such are, I say, the thoughts of his heart, the counsels of his wisdom, in reference to the administrations of his kingdom, dark, perplexed, involved, to a carnal eye in themfelves, and to his faints, deep, manifold, ordered in all things, comely, desirable,
In a natural senfe, black and curled locks, denote comeliness and vigour of youth; the strength and power of Christ, in the execution of his counsels, in all his ways, appears glorious and lovely.
The next thing described in him is his eyes, ver. 12. His eyes are as the eyes of doves, by the rivers of waters, washed with milk, and fitly set. The reason of this allusion is obvious; doves are tender birds, not birds of prey; and of all others they have the most bright, shining, and piercing eye; their delight also in streams of water is known. Their being washed in milk, or clear white chrystal water, adds to their beauty : and they are here said to be fitly set: that is, in due proportion for beauty and lustre; as a precious stone in the foil or fulness of a ring, as the word fignifies.
Eyes being for sight, discerning, knowlege, and acquaintance with the things that are to be feen; the knowlege, the understanding, the discerning spirit of Christ Jesus, are here intended. In the allusion used, four things are ascribed to them, 1. Tenderness, 2. Purity, 3. Discerning, and 4. Glory.
*1. The tenderness and compassion of Christ towards his church is here intended : he looks on it, with the eyes of gallefs doves, with tenderness and careful compassion, without anger, wrath, fury, or thoughts of revenge. So is the eye interpreted, Deut. xi. 12. The eyes of the Lord thy God are upon that land, Why so? It is a land that the Lord thy God careth for; careth for it in mercy; fo are the eyes of Christ on us, as the eyes of one that in tenderness careth for us; that lays out his wifdom, knowlege, and understanding, in all tender love in our behalf. He is the stone, that foundation stone of the church, whereon are seven eyes, Zech. iii. 9. wherein there is a perfection of wisdom, knowlege, care and kindness for its guidance.
2d, Purity, as walhed doves eyes for purity. This may be taken either subjectively, for the excellency, immixed cleanness and purity of his fight, and knowlege in himself; or objectively, for his delighting to behold purity in others. He is of purer eyes, than to behold iniquity, Hab. i. 15. He hath no pleasure in wickedness, the foolislo Mall not stand in his fight, Pfal. v. 4, 5. If the righteous foul of Loc was vexed with feeing the filthy deeds of wicked men, 2 Pet. ii. 8. who yet
of flesh, in which there was a mixture of impurity, how much more do the pure eyes of our dear Lord Jesus abominate all the filthiness of finners ? But herein lies the excellency of his love to us, that he takes care, to take away our filth and stains, that he may delight in us; and seeing we are fo defiled, that it could no otherwife be done, he will do it it by his own blood, Eph. v. 25, 26, 27. Even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it, that he might sanctify and cleanse it, wit