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Chap. XXVI. to affirm, is impious and blafphemous f. Nor doth their communion one with another, as faints, take away or infringe the title or property which each man hath in his goods and poffeffionsg.
CHAP. XXVII. Of the Sacraments.
ACRAMENTS are holy figns and feals of the covenant of grace a, immediately inftituted by God b, to reprefent Chrift
III. Col. i. 18. And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the first born from the dead; that in all things he might have the pre-eminence. v. 19. For it pleafed the Father that in him fhould all fullness dwell. 1 Cor. viii. 6. But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jefus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him. Ifa. xlii. 8. I am the Lord, that is my name, and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praife to graven images. 1 Tim. vi. 15, Which in his times he fhall hew, who is the bleffed and only Poteutate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords. v. 16. Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto, whom no man hath feen, nor can fee: to whom be honour and power everlasting. Amen, Pfal. xlv. 7. Thou loveft righteouf nefs and hateft wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladnefs above thy fellows. With Heb. i. 8. But unto the Son he faith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever; a fceptre of righteousness is the fceptre of thy kingdom: v. 9. Thou haft Joval righteoufnefs, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the
oil of gladnefs above thy fellows.
g Exod. xx. 15. Thou shalt not fteal. Eph. iv. 28. Let him that ftole, fteal no more: but rather let him labour, working with his hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth. Acts v. 4. Whiles it remained, was it not thine own? and after it was fold, was it not in thine own power? why haft thou conceived this thing in thine heart? thou haft not lied unto men, but unto God.
I. a Rom iv. II. And he receiv ed the fign of circumcifion, a feal of the righteousness of the faith, which he had yet being uncircumcifed, that he might be the father of all them that believe, tho' they be not circuncifed; that righteoufnefs might be imputed unto them alfo. Gen. xvii. 7. And I will eftablifh my covenant between me and thee, and thy feed after thee, in their generations, for an everlafting covenant; to be a God unto thee. and to thy feed after thee, v. 10. (See below in letter f.) ·
b Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghoft. 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have received of the Lord, that which alfo I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jefus, the fame night in which
Chrift and his benefits; and to confirm our intereft in him; as alfo to put a visible difference between thofe that belong unto the church, and the rest of the world d; and folemnly to engage them to the fervice of God in Chrift, according to his word e.
II. There is in every facrament a fpiritual relation, or facramental union, between the fign and the thing fignified; whence it comes to pafs, that the names and effects of the one are attributed to the other f. III. The
he was betrayed, took bread.
c 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of bleffing which we blefs, is it not the communion of the blood of Chrift? the bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Chrift ? 1 Cor. xi. 25. After the fame manner alfo he took the cup, when he had fupped, faying, This cup is the New Teftament in my blood: this ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. v. 26. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do fhew the Lord's death till he come. * Gal, iii, 27. For as many of you as have been baptized into Chrift, have put on Christ. Gal. iii. 17. And this, I fay, That the covenant that was confirmed before of God in Chrift, the law which was four hundred and thirty years after cannot difannul, that it fhould make the promise of none effect,
d Rom. xv. 8. Now I fay, That Jefus Chrift was a minifter of the circumcifion for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made unto the fathers. Exod. xii. 48. And when a stranger fhall fojourn with thee, and will keep the paffover to the Lord, let all his males be circumcifed, and then let him come near and keep it: and he fhall be as one that is born in the land for no uncircumcifed perfon fhall eat
thereof, Gen, xxxiv. 14. And they faid unto them, We cannot do this thing, to give our filter to one that is uncircumcifed: for that were a reproach unto us.
e Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that fo many of us as were baptized into Jefus Chrift, were baptized into his death? v. 4. Therefore we are bufied with him by baptifm into death: that like as Chrift was raisedupfrom the dead by the glory of the Father, even fo we alfo fhould walk in newnefs of life. 1 Cor. x. 16. (See in letter c.) v. 21. Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils.
II. fGen, xvii. 1o. This is my covenant, which ye fhall keep between me and you, and thy feed after thee; every man child among you frall be circumcifed. Mat. xxvi. 27. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it unto them, faying, Drink ye all of it. v. 28. For this is my blood of the New Testament, which is fhed for many for the remiffion of fins. Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of righteousness, which we have done, but according to his mercy he faved us, by the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Ghoft. III.g Rom.
III. The grace which is exhibited in or by the facrament's rightly used, is not conferred by any power in them; neither doth the efficacy of a facrament depend upon the piety or intention of him that doth administer it g, but upon upon the work of the Spirit h, and the word of inftitution, which contains, together with a precept authorifing the ufe thereof, a promife of benefit to worthy receivers i.
IV. There be only two facraments ordained by Chrift our Lord in the gofpel, that is to fay, baptifm and the fupper of the Lord; neither of which may be difpenfed by any but by a minister of the word lawfully ordained k.
V. The facraments of the Old Teftament, in regard of the fpiritual things thereby fignified and exhibited, were for fubftance, the fame with thofe of the New CHAP.
III. g Rom. ii. 28. For he is not a Jew, who is one outwardly; neither is that circumcifion, which is outward in the filefh: v. 29. But he is a Jew, who is one inwardly; and circumcifion is that of the heart, in the fpirit, and not in the letter, whofe praife is not of men, but of God. 1 Pet. iii. 21. The like figure whereunto, even baptifm, doth alfo now fave us, (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the anfwer of a good confcience towards God) by the refurrection of Jefus Chrift.
b Matth. iii. 11. I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance; but he that cometh after me, is mightier than I, whofe fhoes I am not worthy to bear; he fhall baptize you with the Holy Ghoft, and with fire, 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.
¿ Mat. xxvi. 27, 28. See in letter f) Mat xxviii. 19. (See in let er b.) v. 20. Teaching them to, obferve all things whatfoever I have
commanded you; and lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.
IV. k Mat. xxviii, 19. Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. 20. When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord's fupper. v. 23. For I have received of the Lord, that which alfo I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jefus, the fame night in which he was betrayed, took bread. 1 Cor. iv. 1. Let a man fo account of us, as of the minifters of Chrift, and ftewards of the mysteries of God. Heb. v. 4. And no man taketh this honour unto himself, but he that is called of God, as was Aaron.
V. II Cor. x. 1. Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye fhould be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all pafled through the fea; v. 2. And were all baptized unto Mofes in the cloud, and in the fea; v. 3. And did all eat the fame fpiritual meat; v. 4. And did all drink the fame fpiritual drink; (for they drank of
CHAP. XXVIII. Of Baptifm.
APTISM is a facrament of the New Teftament, ordained by Jefus Chrift a, not only for the folemn admiffion of the party baptized into the visible church b; but also to be unto him a fign and feal of the covenant of grace c, of his ingrafting into Chrift d, of regeneration e, of remiffion of fins f and of his giving up unto God thro' Chrift Jefus, to walk in newness of life g. Which facrament is by Chrift's own appointment to be continued in his church until the end of the world b.
II. The outward element to be ufed in this facrament is water, wherewith the party is to be baptized in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, by a minister of the gospel lawfully called thereunto i.
that fpiritual Rock that followed them; and that Rock was Chrift.) I. a Mat. xxviii. 19. (See letter k of the foregoing chapter.)
b1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.
e Rom. iv. 11. And he received the fign of circumcifion, a feal of the righteousness of the faith, which he had yet being uncircumcifed: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcifed; that righteousness might be imputed unto them alfo. With Col. ii. 11. In whom alfo ye Are circumcifed with the circumcifion made without hands, in putting off the body of the fins of the fleih, by the circumcifion of Christ. v. 12, Buried with him in baptifm, wherein alfo ye are rifen with him, thro' the faith of the operation of God, who bath raised him from the dead.
d Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you as have been baptized into Chrift, have put on Chrift, Rom.
vi, 5. For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death: we shall be alfo in the likeness of his refurrection.
e Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of righteoufnefs which we have done, but according to his mercy he faved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghoft.
fMark i. 4. John did baptize in the wilderness, and preach the bap tifm of repentance, for the remiffion of fins.
g Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that fo many of us as were baptized into Jefus Chrift, were baptized into his death? v. 4. Therefore we are buried with him by baptifm into death; that like as Chrift was raifed up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even fo we alfo fhould walk in newaefs of life.
b Mat. xxviii. 19. (See in letter k foregoing chapter.) v. 20. Teaching them to obferve all things whatfoever I have commanded you: and lo, I am with you alway, even poro the end of the world. Amen.
II. Mat, iii. 11.-1 indeed bap-
III. Dipping of the perfon into the water is not neceffary, but baptifm is rightly adminiftred by pouring or fprinkling water upon the perfon k.
IV. Not only thofe that do actually profefs faith in and obedience unto Chrift 1, but alfo the infants of one or both believing parents, are to be baptized m.
tize you with water unto repentance; but he that cometh after me, is mightier than I, whofe fhoes I am not worthy to bear; he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire. John i. 33. And I knew him not: but he that fent me to baptize with water, the fame faid unto me, Upon whom thou shalt fee the Spirit defcending, and remaining on him, the fame is he who baptizeth with the Holy choft. Mat. xxviii. 19. (See in letter k foregoing chapter.) v. 20. (See in letter b.)
III. k Heb. ix, 10, 19, 20, 21, 22. Acts ii. 41. Then they that gladly received his word, were baptized: and the fame day there were added unto them about three thoufand fouls. Acts xvi. 33. And he took them in the fame hour of the night, and washed their firipes, and was baptized, he and all his ftraightway. Mark vii. 4. And when they come from the market, except they wash, they eat not. And many other things there be, which they have received to hold, as the wafhing of cups and pots, brazen veffels, and of tables.
IV. / Mark xvi. 15. And he faid unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach ye the gospel to every creature. v. 16. He that believeth and is baptized, shall be faved; but he that believeth not, fhall be damned. Acts viii. 37. And Philip faid, if thou believeft with all thine heart, thou mayeft. And he anfwered and faid, I believe that ge
fus Chrift is the Son of God. v. 38. And he commanded the chariot to fland ftill: and they went down both into the water, both Philip and the eunuch; and he baptized him.
Gen. xvii. 7. And I will eftablish my covenant between me and thee, and thy feed after thee, in their generations, for an everlasting covenant; to be a God unto thee, and to thy feed after thee. v. 9. And God faid unto Abraham, Thou fhalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy feed after thee, in their generations. With cal. iii. 9. So then they who be of faith, are bleffed with faithful Abraham, v. 14. That the bleffing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jefus Chrift; that we might receive the promife of the Spirit through faith. And Col.ii. 11. In whom alfo ye are circumcifed with the circumcifion made without hands, in putting off the body of the fins of the flefh, by the circumcifion of Chrift: v. 12. Buried with him in baptifm, wherein alfo ye are rifen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead. And acts ii. 38. Then Peter faid unto them, Repent and be baptized, every one of you in the name of Jefus Chrift, for the remiffion of fins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy choft. v. 39. For the promife is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the`