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the cause, I request you will apply to count before the readers of the Monthit the inclosed note of five pounds, and ly Repository. He was previously acknowledge the receipt of it in the known in Germany by a work distinnext Number of your Monthly Repo- guished for piety and warmth of feelsitory.*
ing, entitled “ Glockentöne ; or, The
C. B. Church Bells,” a series of pictures of P. S. Perhaps I can the more rea
the principal calls of duty of a clergydily yield my assent to the contents
His present work is entitled, of the modest letters of William Ro. “Helon's Pilgrimage to Jerusalemn berts, because I happen to know that 109 Years before the Birth of Christ,” his master, Mr. William Harrington, and its object is to present a view of was that excellent man he describes the political condition, the sacred him.
usages and domestic manners, and the
It is “ Helon's Pilgrimage to Jerusalem,” preceding the Christian era.
offered to the world as a substitute for by M. Strauss.
a much more elaborate undertaking THE success of the Travels of which the author had projected early
, sons to adopt a similar method of in- accomplishing by the increase of offiterweaving information respecting the cial duties. The plan of it is the folhistory and antiquities of ancient na- lowing. Helon is a pious Jew of tions with the adventures of some fic. Alexandria, whose parents had mititious personage.
Hardly one of
grated from the Holy Land. He had them, however, has obtained any per- early lost his father, and by associamanent place in literature, and Bar- tion with the Greeks of Alexandria, thelemy, we believe, owes his success especially a young man of the name chiefly to the valuable matter con- of Myron, he had been for some time tained in those parts of his book in seduced to prefer the wisdom of the which his Scythian traveller disap. Greek philosophers to the Law and pears ; and the learned member of the Prophets ; and, without renouncthe academy preseuts us with the ing his Judaism, had wandered in the fruit of his own antiquarian researches. labyrinths of that system of mystical Indeed, in adopting such a form for allegory with which the Jews of Alexthe communication of this kind of andria endeavoured to improve upon knowledge, it is scarcely possible to the simplicity of the literal sense of avoid either sacrificing the grace of Scripture. He had, however, been the fiction to the didactic object, or awakened from this delusion, chiefly the didactic object to the fiction. Sis- by the influence of his uncle Elisama, mondi's Julia Severa, perhaps, como a venerable man, full of zeal for the bines these two points in the highest law and its literal interpretation, hopdegree of all the antiquarian novels ing for the consolation of Israel, and which have hitherto appeared ; and detesting the degeneracy of many of his yet we doubt whether even his readers Alexandrian brethren, who had so far have not often felt that the attempt to forsaken their ordinances as to worattain two dissiinilar purposes had
ship at the Temple of Leontopolis, in prevented the author from accom- Egypt, erected for them through the plishing either in perfection.
influence which they had obtained at The Holy Land has not, as far as the court of the Ptolemies. Helon, in we know, been chosen as the scene of short, from a hellenizing. becomes an such a fiction by any author before M. Aramean Jew, and is impatient to Strauss, of whose work, 1. as being keep the sacred festivals at Jerusalern connected with biblical criticism and and visit the land which had been the history, we propose to lay some ac- scene of the past glories of his nation,
and was soon to witness more illus
trious displays of Divine power in the We publish this excellent letter as appearance of the Messiah. It is on the best form of acknowledgment of the this journey that the reader is called contribution. En.
to attend him. We think the ground+ Helou's Wallfahrt nach Jerusalem. work of the fiction has been very hap4 vols, 12mo. Elberfeld. 1820. pily chosen. The motive is in strict
accordance with historical truth ; the going to Gaza, and as they journey piety, sensibility and ardour of Helon through the dreary regions which seare well adapted to the author's pur- parate Palestine from Egypt, Elisaina, pose of giving an attractive picture of at each evening's halt of the caravan, ihe Jewish people ; even the circum- relates to Myron and Helon a portion stance of nis having been recently re- of the previous history of the Jewish claimed from the love of spiritualizing people, and explains the effect which and allegory, by heightening his inter- Providence designed to produce on est in every thing which related to the the character of the nation, by their history and usages of his people, (con- captivity in Egypt, their wandering in sidered by the allegorists merely as the desert, their possession of the prothe covering of some deeper meaning,) mised land, and the subsequent vicisgires an air of nature to his eager cu- situdes of their fate. This occupies rosity respecting things which might rather too large a part of the book, otherwise have appeared trifling. The and the effect ascribed to particular Christian reader naturally wishes such series of events is not always accua work to be made as much subservi. rately characterized and supported : ent as possible to the illustration of there seems, for example, no good the New Testament, and may, per- reason why the period from the reign haps, regret, that the travels of Helon of Rehoboam to the Captivity should had not been placed somewhat nearer be exclusively called the period of reto the Advent of our Saviour. But tribution. Undoubtedly, the calamithis could not have been done without ties which befel the Jews, whenever injury to the fiction, and without de- they gave themselves up to idolatry, feating one of the chicf objects of the taught and at length convinced them author. A completely different cha- of the folly of forsaking the living racter must have been given to the God; but many events in their earlier work, had it represented the Jewish history, indeed the whole tenor of it, people as degraded and oppressed un- had the same tendency. We pass on, der the Roman yoke: they must have therefore, to the beginning of the sebeen drawn with the vices of slaves, cond volume, which brings us to instead of the high feeling of a nation, Gaza, where Myron takes his leave, who, under the Maccabees, had reco- engaging to meet them again at Jeruvered their independence, and, with salem, when he has finished his affairs Hyrcanus at their head, felt them. in Sidon and Damascus. Helon and selves once more free in the land of Elisama begin their pilgrimage togetheir fathers. At the same time, it ther, to reach Jerusalem at the Passomust be observed, that, except in what ver. relates to political condition and those “From Gaza, two roads conduct to moral differences which it produces, Jerusalem. One passes by Eleuthethe picture of the Jews given in this ropolis and the plain of Sephela ; the work may be applied to the time of other, through the hills by Hebron. our Saviour. The Temple, as it is Although the former was the easier bere described, is that of Herod; the and more customary, Elisama presacred usages were prescribed by an ferred the latter. He had a friend in unchangeable authority; and it is not Hebron whom he had not seen for in the nature of Oriental manners to many years, and in whose company vary from one half century to another, he wished to perform the pilgrimage, like our own.
and he was desirous of making Helon's The first volume opens with the de- first entrance into the Land of Proscription of Helon's departure from mise as solemn and impressive as posAlexandria, (where he leaves his mo- sible. By taking the easier road, they ther,) accompanied by Elisama, My- must have gone a long way through ron, who is going on commercial bu- the country of the Philistines, and not siness to the maritime cities of Pales. have been joined by pilgrims till they tine, and Salla, a faithful slave of the reached Morescheth, and then only in family, who, when offered his emanci- small numbers. On the other road, pation by Helon, prefers continuing they entered immediately on the Jewhis bondsman, in order to visit the ish territory, and their way conducted Holy Land in his company. They them through scenes adorned with join themselves to a carayan which is inany an historical remembrance.They had not proceeded far inward been fulfilled, when the patriarch said, from the sea, in the direction of the 'God give thee of the dew of Heaven, river Besor, when they reached the and of the fatness of the earth, and confines of Juda; they stood at the plenty of oil and wine.' He drank of foot of its hills, and the land of the the pure, clear mountain stream, Heathen lay behind them. Helon whose sparkling reflexion seemed to seemed to feel for the first time what him like a smile from a parent's eyes home and native country mean. In on a returning wanderer, and thought Egypt, where he had been born and the sweet water of the Nile, so praised bred, he had been conscious of no by the Egyptians, could bear no comsuch feeling; for he had been taught parison with it. Elisama reminded to regard himself as only a sojourner him of the words of the Psalm (lxv.): there. Into this unknown, wtrodden native country he was about to enter, Thou lookest down upon our land and and before he set his foot upon it, at And makest it full of sheaves.
waterest it, the first sight of it, the breeze seemed The river of God is full of water. to waft him froin its hills a welcome 'Thou preparest corn and tillest the land. to his home. ‘Land of my fathers,' 'Thou waterest its furrows and softevest lie exclaimed, • land of proinise, pro- its clods; spised to me also from iny earliest Thou moistenest it with showers, thou years!' and quickened his steps to blessest its springing, reach it. He felt the truth of the Thou crowuest the year with Thy blessaying, that Israel is Israel only in the sing, Holy Land. 'Here,' said Elisama, And Thy footsteps drop fatness. ‘is the boundary of Juda.' Helon, They drop upon the pastures of the wil
derness, unable to speak, threw himself on the sacred earth, kissed it and watered it And the hills are encompassed with rewith his tears, and Salla, letting go The pastures are clothed with flocks,
joicing : the bridle of the camels, did the same. And the fields are covered with corn ; Elisama stood beside them, and as he All shout for joy and sing.' stretched his arms over them, and in the name of the God of Abraham, of “Helon replied to him from anoIsaac and of Jacob, blessed their going ther Psalm (civ.): out and their coming in, his eyes too overflowed with tears, and his heart • The springs arise among the valleys, seemed to warm again as with the re- They run among the hills. newal of a youthful love. They pro. Here the thirsty wild beast cools itself, ceeded slowly on their way; Helon The wild ass quenches his thirst. gazed around him on every side, and The fowls of Heaven dwell beside them,
Aud sirg among the branches. thought he had never seen so lovely a He watereth the hills from his clouds Spring. The latter rains had ceased,
above ; and had given a quickening freshness The fruit of his works satisfieth the to the breezes from the hills, such as earth. he had never known in the Delta. He maketh grass to grow for cattle The narcissus and the hyacinth, the And berb for the service of niau, blossoms of the apricot and the peach, Preparing bread from the earth shed their fragrance around. The And wine that maketh glad man's heart; groves of terebinth, the oliveyards The fragrance.of the oil for ointment and vineyards stood' before them in And bread that giveth strength. their living green: the corn, swollen The cedars of Lebanon, tall as Heaven,
He has planted, he watereth them!"" by the rain, was ripening fast for the harvest, and the fields of barley were They reach Hebron in the evening, already yellow. The wide meadows and are hospitably entertained by covered with grass for the cattle, the Elisama's friend. On the following alternation of hill and valley, the rocks morning, they set forth again for Jeruhewn out in terraces, and filled with salem. earth and planted, offered a constant " At the first crowing of the cock, variety of delightful views. You might all was in motion; their host was see that this was a land, the dew of making the last arrangements for his which Jehovah had blessed, in which departure; the neighbours entered to the prayer of Isaac over Jacob bad announce that the march was about
to begin. Refreshments were offered were buried. And on the spot conseto the travellers, and especially to crated by so many recollections, the Elisaipa, but he declared with earnest- children of these patriarchs were now ness, that, even amidst the idolaters preparing to depart on their festal of Egypt, he had scarcely ever allowed pilgrimage to Jerusalem. The occabimself to taste food early in a morn- siun and the place seemed to banisha ing, and much less would he do so from all hearts every other feeling but in Israel, and in the city of David, piety and good-svill: mutual greetings and on a pilgrimnage to Jerusalem. were exchanged, friends and relatives The commotion in the streets became sought each other out, and associated greater and greater, and it was scarcely themselves for the journey, and all dawn when they set forth. All the faces beamed with joy. The priests doors of the houses were open, all the and elders led the procession; the roofs were covered with persons watch- people followed, and the slaves with ing their departure. Helon, as he the camels were placed in the midst passed through the streets of Hebron of them; the Levites had distributed in the ruddy light of the dawn, and themselves with their instruments by the palm trees at the gate, was among the multitude, and as they reminded that Hebron was one of the set forward they sung this Psalm oldest cities in the world, even older (cxxii.): than Zoan in Egypt; that it had been
"How am I glad when they say unto conquered by Joshua, and given as a
me, portion to Caleb, the bravest and most faithful of the explorers of the We will go up to the house of Jehovah ! land; that it had afterwards become My foot hath stood already in thy gates,
0 Jerusalein! a city of the priests, and had been for Jerusalem, thou beautifully built, seven years the residence of David ; Chief city, where all unite together! that it had been taken by the Idume. Thither do the tribes go up, ans, and reconquered by the Macca- The tribes of Jehovah to the festival of hees, and once more incorporated with remembrance, Juda. But when he had passed the gate, To praise the name of Jehovah. and gained a view of the lovely valley There are the thrones of judgment, in which it stands, full of vineyards The thrones of the house of David. and corn-fields, and looked around on
Pray for the peace of Jerusalem, the region where patriarchs had tend- May they prosper that love thee!
Peace be in thy walls, ed their flocks and pitched their tents, Prosperity in thy palaces ! and lived in friendly communion with For my brethren and companions' sake, Jehovah, all the high and enthusiastic I wish thee peace. feelings of the preceding day were re. For the sake of the temple of our God, newed in his inind. From all the 1 bless thee with good.' cross-roads, men, women and children were streaming towards the highway "It is impossible to conceive of the that led to Jerusalemn. They bad soul-felt exultation with which this scarcely proceeded a Sabbathi-day's Psalm was sung, and of its effect on journey, when they saw the grove of old and young. Now the voices rose terebinths; cymbals, flutes and psalms like the notes of the mounting lark resounded from the midst of it, and upon the summits of the hills, now hundreds were standing under the tur- sunk again in the depths of the valpentine tree of Abraham, a tree of leys. How differently did it operate immense size and wide-spreading now upon the heart of Helon, and branches. Helon entered the grove of when he had sung it before to his soMamre with feelings of religious ve- litary harp on his roof in Alexandria ! neration. Here Abraham had dwelt; How did he bless the memory of Sabere the angels had appeared to him; muel, who had given his schools of beneath these trees Isaac had been the prophets the harp and the flute; promised, and the rite of circumcision and of David, who, bred up among instituted; here Ishmael had been them, did not forget them even when born and driven from his father's tent; seated on his throne, but appointed and not far off was the cave of Mac- Levites for the cultivation of music, pelah, where Abraham and Sarah, and himself often laid down bis sceptre Isaac and Rebecca, Jacob and Leah to assume the liarp!”
In this way the train of pilgrims to hands, to partake of the paschal meal. the Passover proceeds ; they halt at. The unleavened bread, (flat cakes with mid-day beside the pools of Solomon, many small holes in them.) the bitter the reservoirs of an aqueduct by herbs, a vessel with vinegar, the paswhich Jerusalem had formerly been chal lamb, were then placed upon the supplied. In the evening they enter table, and last of all the charoseth, a the Holy City, and are hospitably re- thick pottage of apples, nuts, figs, ceived by Iddo, an old friend of Elisa- almonds and honey, boiled in wine ma's family. The description of the and vinegar, and not unfrequently City and Temple, of the day of Prepa- made in the form of a brick or tile, ration, the feast of the Passover itself, to remind the Israelites of their Egypthe Sabbath and the remaining days of tian slavery, and strewed with cinnathe solemnity, occupy the remainder mon in imitation of the straw which of this volume. The following de. was mixed with the clay. The inaster scription of the Paschal meal may of the house then spoke again, 'Praised serve as a specimen of the antiquarian be Thou, O Lord our God, who hast part of the work.
given us the fruits of the earth.' He “ In the middle of the room stood dipped one of the herbs in vinegar, and the table, which in the East is always the whole company did the same. At low, because the guests either lie this moment, the mistress touched her around it on divans, or sit on cushions. little grandson, a child of ten years On this occasion, however, there was old. Children were always present at neither divan nor cushion, and the this festival, and one design of its table stood apart, as if the prepara- establishment was, that the son should tions were but half finished. It was learn from the lips of his father the about the middle of the second hour events to which it referred, and the. of evening (half-past seven) when the remembrance of them might thus be coinpany, consisting of nineteen per- propagated to the most distant possons, assembled around the table. terity. The child understood the hint, Every one, though splendidly clad, and asked his grandfather why on this appeared prepared for a journey. With night only unleavened bread and bitsandals on their feet, which at other ter herbs were to be eaten ; why on times were not worn in a room, but this night alone the guests stood given to the slaves to be placed at the around the table, instead of sitting or door, with their garments girt and a lying. With dignity and solemnity, staff in their hands, they surrounded the grandfather, turning to the child, the table. A large vessel, filled with related to him how their forefathers, wine immediately from the cask, stood had been oppressed in Egypt, and how upon it, and the meal begin by the the Lord had brought them out thence master of the house blessing it. He with a mighty arın. He described to laid hold of it with both hands, lifted him the evening which preceded their it up with the right, and said, 'Praised flight from Goshen, their busy prepabe Thou, O Lord our God, Thou ration, and their anxiety to conceal it King of the world, who hast given us from the Egyptians. The lamb was the fruit of the vine;' and the whole as- slain and the blood sprinkled on the sembly said, “Amen. Next he blessed. door-posts, that the destroying angel the day, and thanked God for having of the Lord might pass by their given them his passover; and then, houses, when he slew the first-born. drinking first himself from the cup, of the Egyptians. It was to be roastsent it round to the rest. When this ed, not boiled, that it might be sooner was over, he began again; · Praised ready, and strengthen more those who be Thou, O Lord our God, Thou King partook of it; it was to be eaten in a of the world, who hast sanctified us by standing posture, as by men prepared thy precepts, and commanded us to for instant departure; it was to be wash our hands. He and the whole consumed entire ; for the whole peocompany then washed their hands in a ple were to quit their dwellings and silver bason, with water poured from never to return to them: and no bone an ewer of the same metal. This was of it was to be broken; for this is the the emblem of purification, and im- act of men who have time and leisure plied, that every one should come for their meal. The bitter herbs and with a pure heart, as well as clean unleavened bread were then eaten, and.