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same had been made by Little | them to think of doing without a Turtle in his speech to the Prefi- minifter till this experiment could dent, which was in behalf of sev- be made—that if they thought, eral nations; and as the same had they had not resolution enough in been warmly expresied by the head general to adopt, and pursue the chief of the Shawanese--that it plan I had proposed, there would was not in the power of our good probably be fome who would be people who had fent me, to put a willing to attempt it—that if they itop to it; but that they would would make choice of a place for rejoice to hear that they were op a village, I would begin it, if I posed to having it come among could not get more than one or them; and that, if they would get two families to begin with me the other nations to join them, that I would be learning their and petition Congress against it, language, schooling their children our good people would undoubt and receiving new members into ediy do the same in their behalf ; the society as faft as they were and that ther there would be little disposed to comply with the redanger but that the united infiu- gulations of it ; and that I would ence of the whole would prevail; do what I could for the comfort and that Congress would pass a of the aged or the fick, who law to prevent liquor from being might be left there through the carried into the Indian country. winter, and exert myself to I affured them that nothing should promote the general intereft of the be wanting on my part to bring whole. I then pointed out the this about.
advantages that would occur to Here I enlarged on the transi- the children, the aged, the fick ent.ess of the pleasures derived and all who would be so wise as to from it, and the mischievous and comply with my proposals. And destructive consequences attend- I represented the fiourishing state ing it ; and on the happy conse- the village would probably be in quences that would follow the before many years, if they would prohibition of it ; and urged suffer me to make this beginning, then to use their utmost endea as the most of them must foon be vors to get as many of the Indian convinced that it was for their nations as poslible to join them, interest to come and live in it, and and send in their petition without follow my advice. I told them delay. I informed them that that it was all in vain for them to some of the fix nations on the Al think that they could profper and legany, through the influence of do well while they rejected what the Quakers who were among God had to say to thein by his mithem,
had come to the noble re nisters--that he had been very ausolution to dalh the heads of eve gry with the Indians for their ry keg of liquor that was offered wickedness (thowing them in what for sale to their people, and had it confifted) and had suffered them acted accordingly; and that, if for several hundred miles, to melt they fhould not be successful in away before the white people, peticioning Congress, it would be like the fnow before the fun; and not only justihable in them, but that the only way that they could their indifpenfable duty to follow expect to prosper was by listening their example. B::t told them to what he had to say to them by that it would do by no meaus for I assured them that if they
would come and live together and and they will plead with you to build a great house for God, and let them live with you, and will meet in it and worship him every tell you how much good they will seventh day, as our good people do you if you will let them stay. did), and do as God told them to Now, Fathers, if you will not do in his bock, and by his mini turn away your children who love ters, that he would not suffer you and are willing to do any thing them to be destroyed as he had for you, and who plead with you the other India , but would pre- in this manner to keep them, I serve them and prosper them as he think I may conclude that you had the white people.
will not turn me away. I then With respect to visiting all left them to prepare an answer. the other Indians, I observed to This extract is much forter them that it would be of no ser- than the original, tho’much lonvice to get the corsent of every ger than I intended. But they tribe, as I could serve but one, paid better attention than before ; and as our good people were not
and I believe they were very prepared to send out any more at much puzzled for some time to prosent; that if I travelled round know what reply to make to it ; as they had proposed, I might as they wilhed to put me off, if not find any Indians who were so possible, without affigning the well inclined as they were, or who true cause for it. They went would be disposed to receive me alone, and were very secret in their that they had a sufficient n'imber consultations with respect to an about them for me to begin with answer. After deliberating for --that if they wished to have all come time, they fent for me to the other Indians join them in hear Little Otter's reply. The these things, the belt way was for first part of it was mere repetitions them to fet. tlic example, and thow of a few things that were nothing them the happy consequences, to the purpose; occafioned, as I which would preach louder to suppose, hy a reluctance to come them than any thing I could say to the main point. The principal or do. I concluded what I had ideas contained in it, expressed in to say to thern in the following fewer words, areas follows. Brothwords. Fathers, you see that I er, the mott of our horses are am very uwilling to leave you. wild. In order to catch them, I have come a great way to visit we love to catch one of the tame you, and I find there is a profpect ones firi, and then we can draw of my doing you fo much good if the rest in fo as to secure them I remain here, that I do not too. It seems that you think know how to think of going that the Indians are like these 2way You see that it is just with hortes. Yon conlider us to be the me as it is with your children. Iftameft, and imagine that if you you tell them that you can't have begin with us that you will be them with you, and that they muił able to draw in the whole. But go off and look out for another we are all wild, and if you was to home; they will tell you that they try ever so long, you could never love you so that they can't leave get us to live together. You can you. . And if you intilt on their go home, or write home to the going away, they will hang round great Fathers who fent you, and you, and tell you they can't ; I let them know how it is. Tei!
them that it is not with their red therefore we cannot listen to you. brothers as it is with the white You mentioned that you had people; that you have tried all come a great ways to see us. We that you could, to have us live to- go a great ways, sometimes to see gether, and that you could not folks, and get news ; but if we get us to do it ; and that if they do not get any news, or make out were to try ever so much, they any thing, we don't mind it, or would never be able to do
This is all thing with us ; and that this is that your red brothers have to say the way of their red brothers. to you. Brother, your religion is very The Interpreter told me, that gocd ; but it is only good for what they meant by the new way, white people. It will not do for was conjuration. Indians. They are quite a differ Little Otter, though said to be cat fort of people. When the clever, is a very shrewd old man, Great Spirit made white people, and capable of deceiving if he is he made them just as they be, and disposed for it ; but, from what put them on another island, and I could discover, I am of opinion gave them farms and tools to work that he was in favor of having me with ; and he made horses and come there at first ; and am inhorned cattle, and sheep and hogs clined to believe that in delivering for them, fo that they might get these speeches he spoke for the their living that way. And he conjurers, rather than himself. It learned them to read and gave was evident, at least that he was them their religion in a book. not half so bitterly opposed to me. When he made Indians, he made At the close of this last speech them wild, and put them in the I told them that I had nothing troods on this island, and gave more to fay, only that I thanked them the game that they have, fo them for treating me so civilly, that they might live by hunting. and should always wish well to So that he did not make us to live them—that I was sorry to find like the white people. The reli- them so dreadfully deluded, and gion, which we used to have, was that they would be forever sorry very much like yours. But we for it in the world to come.-I found that that would not do for then shook hands with the whole us; and we have lately discovered and left them. The Interpreter a much better way. We have appeared very sorrowful. This now got so that some of us come was Saturday the 15th, and near to life again. There, [stripping night ; but as we had every thing up his thirt sleeve] do you see in readiness, and the wind favorathat black spot on my arm? Well ble, we fat out and went several that was put into my arm when I miles that evening. As the wind lived before, away in the open was fair the next day, and as we country. Afterwards I came to were on the Lake thore where we life here on this ground where you were liable to be detained with
If you had only propof- contrary winds for many days, and od to school our children, you were on cxpence, and my call imight have got here and there one to be home was very urgent, we to attend to you, but we are a failed about half of the day ; and fraid of your religion. We find / we were so far favored as to be that it will not answer for us, and enabled, with hard rowing, to
reach home before noon the Tuef- , But if I do not succeed in getting day following. We were blessed him, I do not know but I am like with good health, though we to make out about as well ; for I were exposed to wind and wea have lately seen a young man from ther, and were obliged to lie up the main land, who speaks good on the ground almost every night. English and Indian, and who has
In pursuance of my original partly agreed to serve me for his plan, to visit the Indians at Ar- | board and schooling. Such an inborcrosh, I set sail, the 2d of terpreter would be of great service June, with my family, in a con to me in getting the language. venient schooner, for this place. Indeed it would be next to imporOur accommodations were good, lible for me to get it without an our Capt. all kindness and atten. | interpreter, unless I could be all tion, and we were gently wafted the time with the Indians ; and to this place in seven days. The even then it would be
diffiIndians are vaftly more nume cult. rous here than at Detroit. I fee From what I canlearn, I fear that none here but Ottawas and Chip- it is not much better with the Ineways. I believe that the Otta- dians at Arborcrosh, on account of was are much the most numerous drinking and fighting, than it is just about here. They are ac with those at the Miami Hear. counted by both nations to be the ing that they were mostly drunk, fathers of the Chipeways. I find, and not having an interpreter, I as I had been informed, that there have not visited them yet. Orifit is a good deal of difference be- had not been for thele difficulties tween the language of these In- I do not know but I should have dians, and those of the same na waited for the assistance of Col. tions about Detroit. Some words Hunt ; as he is now expected ev. seem wholly unlike ; but the dif ery day, to take the command of ference in general appears to be this post. Knowing that he was in the pronunciation ; which is to be here so soon, I rather wiihnot so drawling ; but much more ed not to see them till he came. agreeable to the English pronun. For it is said that there are no Inciation. These Indians appear dians who pay fo great respect to much more sprightly, cleanly, in the coinmanding officer as what duftrious and agreeable than those. these do ; and he told me he I have not been able to talk would use all his influence in my with them much yet, for the favor. With all the forbidding trant of an interpreter. I am circumstances in view, which I disappointed with respect to the see attending my mission to these public interpreter, as lie is a Indians, as I am not to look Frenchman and can speak scarce for miracles, I considered it a any English. In order to speak matter of the utmost importance with them by him, it is necessary to avail myself of every
circunito have another to interpret Atance in my favor, at my fit inFrench. I am in some hopes that troduction. With all these I the interpreter at St. Joseph's, think it is very doubtful whether whom I mentioned in one of my I shall be received by the chiefs. letters last winter, will be here There two circumstances within a few days, as there is a against me which I have not nicnFellel expected in from that place. tioned. One is, that these In
cians at Arborcrosh, have for Remarks on the foregoing Extraci. inerly had Roman cathclic priests with them, to whom they adliered The reader will perceive from Mr.
Bacon's account of the Indians, that iis ftritly as could have been ex
one of the greatest obstacles in the way pected.
of propagating the gospel among them Another circumstance not men is the influence of the conjurers. These tioned is, the Indians in general conjurers are the same as the Powows have an idea that ministers have a spoken of in the history of the Newpower to serd distempers or fick Eogland Indians which has been pub
lished in several numbers of this Maganess among people, like their con
zine. They have sense enough to see jurers. And if any mortal dif- that the introduction of the Chriftian ease breaks out among them while religion anong the Indians will destroy they are with them they are sup- their infiuence and endanger their craft. posed to be the authors of it. They will therefore exert themselves The Indians, to this day, teil
to the utmost to prevent Milionaries that the prieits whom they had been received ; and as Mr. Bacon ve
ry juftly observes they are doubtless with them at Arborcrosh, sent the instruments of Satan in preserving fickness among them. So that idolatry and opposing the true God. though they would be more like. But the failure of this first attemp: of ly to prefer the Roman Catho.
Mr. B. ought no: to discourage the lics than us, yet it does not seem rather Atimulate them to more viger
friends to the millionary cause; it should very likely that they would with
ous exertions. The Indians on the for either to come among them. Miami from their proximity to the But if I cannot prevail on the white people have more free access to chiefs to receive me, I mean to fpirituous liquors and are much ricre inlift hard on their letting me have opposed to every thing good than the
tribes which live more remiote. There a number of their sons to educate is fiill reason to hope that to fome of here on ihe island, whilft I am the tribes God will give a listening ear, learning their language ; and I, and that he will prosper the labors of Shall require them to iind them miffionaries that may be fent among food and clothes.
then. !: is certainly the duty of
Christians, and it is a duty the obligae My present determination is, to
cian of which they cazzo: but feel, remain about here, till in one when they fee to what a deplorable way or another, I get the 120- state of fin and wretchedness the Indiguage ; and if I can get a good ans are reduced, to make every possible interpreter at a moderate expense, leat from that ftate. They ought al
exertion to recorer fome of them at be preaching through the summer to a!l the I..dians who will hear fulness of the Gentiles ibail come in :-
ways to remember the promise that the As they are always absent that the glorious head of the church is through the winter, I mitt try in infinitely luperior to Satar and z! his the: part of the tiine to be doing intruments, and believing these things fomething to help support myself
, ! mitlively wait Gad's time to bless their either by a school (which must be cxcrtions with fucccis. Imall) or by some kind of labor.
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