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answered, and said again unto them, "What will ye
then that I shall do unto him whom ye call the king 13 of the Jews ? and they cried out again, Crucify
Then Pilate said unto them, Why, what evil hath he done ? And they cried out the more
exceedingly, Crucify him. 15 And so Pilate willing to content the people, re
leased Barabbas unto then, and delivered Jesus, 16 when he had scourged him, to be crucified. And
the soldiers led him away into the hall called Pre
torium; and they call together the whole band. 17 And they clothed him with purple, and płatted 18 a crown of thorns, and put it about his head, And
began to falute him, Hail, (c) king of the Jews. 19 And they ímote him on the head with a reed, and
did spit upon him, and bowing their knees worfhip20 ped him.
And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple from him, and put his own
clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him. 21 And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who pal
fed by, coming out of the country, the (d) father of 22. Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross. And they
bring him unto the place Golgotha, which is, being 23 interpreted, the place of a skull. And they gave
him to drink, wine mingled with myrrh (e): but 24 he received it not. And when they had crucified
him, they parted his garments (f), casting lots upon 25 them, what every man fhould take.
And it was
(c) In mockery. Matt. xxvii, 29.
(d) See John xix. 17. The names of his fons are mentioned, because they were then disciples of great eminence.
(e) This being a mixture of a stupifying quality, was always placed near the cross on such an occasion, and given by the friends of the person fuffering to affuage his pain, and render him insensible. See Matt. xxvii. 34:
(f) All but the inner part of his dress next his body, which they reserved entire. John xix. 23.
26 the third hour (g), and they crucified him. And the
fuperscription of his accusation was written over,
THE KING OF THE JEWS. 27 And with him they crucify two thieves; the one on 28 his right hand, and the other on his left. And the
fcripture was fulfilled, which faith, And he was 29 numbered with the transgressors (h). And they that
passed by, railed on him, wagging their heads, and
saying, Ah, thou that destroyeft the temple, and 30 buildeft it in three days, Save thyself, and come 31 down from the cross. Likewife also, the chief
priests, mocking, said among themselves with the scribes, He faved others, himself he cannot fave. Let Christ the king of Israel descend now from the
cross, that we may fee and believe. And they that 33 were crucified with him, reviled him. And when
the fixth hour was come, there was darkness over 34 the whole (i) land, until the ninth hour. And at
the (k) ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama fabachthani ? which is
being interpreted, My God, my God, why haft 35 thou forsaken me (?)? And some of them that stood
by, when they heard it, faid, Behold, he calleth
(g) As the night was distinguished by four watches, the twelve hours of the day were also marked by four principal ones, viz. the first, third, Exth, and ninth, as in the parable of the labourers. Matt. xx. so that whatever happened between the third and fixth, that is, from nine o'clock to noon, was reckoned to belong to the third hour, however near the conclusion of it. This was the case of the crucifixion, near the end of the third hour, and approaching to the sixth, as described by St. John xix. 14. about the sixth hour, or very near noon.
(h) jai. lii. 12. See note on John xix. 41.
(1) These words are the beginning of Psalm xxii. which our Saviour repeats not as desponding under his fufferings, but most probably to direct the people's attention to him as the Messiah, whose deliverance and exaltation, as well as his humiliation and death, are described in that pfalm.
36 Elias. And one ran, and filled a spunge full of vie
negar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink,
(m) saying, Let alone ; let us see whether Elias will 37 come to take him down. And Jesus cried with a 38 loud voice (n), and gave up the ghost. And the vail
of the temple was rent in twain, from the top to
the bottom. 39
And when the centurion which stood over against him, saw that he so cried out, and gave up the
ghost, he said, Truly this man was the Son of God. 40 There were also women looking on afar off:
among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary
the mother of James the less, and of Jofes, and 41 Salome; Who also, when he was in Galilee, fol
lowed him, and ministered unto him (o); and many other women which came up with him unto Jerufalem.
And now when the even was come, (because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the 43 fabbath) Joseph of Arimathea, an honourable
counsellor, which also waited for the kingdom of
God (P), came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and 44 craved the (7) body of Jesus. And Pilate marvelled
if he were already (r) dead: and calling unto him
the centurion, he asked him whether he had been 45 any while dead. And when he knew it of the cen46 turion, he gave the body to Joseph.
And he bought fine linen, and took him down, and wrapped him
Luke viii. 3,
(m) The rest faying. See Matt. xxvii. 49..
(D) Who was in expectation of the Messiah, and well disposed to receive our blessed Lord as such.
(9) Probably he informed Pilate, that Jesus was. dead, and that the Jewish law forbad that a dead body should remain all night upon the tree.
See Deut. xxi. 23.. (r) From hence we may judge how grievous this punishment was; Pilate being surprized to hear that our Saviour was dead in the evening, though he was crucified before noon,
in the linen, and laid him in a fepulchre which was
hewn out of a rock, and rolled a stone unto the 47 door of the fepulchre. And Mary Magdalene, and
Mary the mother of Jofes, beheld where he was laid.
ND when the fabbath was past, Mary Magda
lene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and 2 anoint him. And very early in the morning, the
first day of the week, they came unto the fepulchre, 3 at the rising of the fun. And they said among
themselves, Who shall roll us away the stone from 4
the door of the sepulchre ? (And when they look
ed, they saw that the stone was rolled away) for it 5 was very great. And entering into the fepulchre,
they saw a young man sitting on the right side,
clothed in a long white garment; and they were 6 affrighted. And he faith unto them, Be not
affrighted : ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was
crucified: he is risen, he is not here: behold the 7 place where they laid him. But go your way, tell
his disciples and Peter (9), that he goeth before you
into Galilee : there shall ye see him, as he faid unto 8 you. And they went out quickly, and fled from the
sepulchre ; for they trembled, and were amazed : (b) neither said they any thing to any man; for they
were afraid. 9 Now when Jesus was risen early, the first day
of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, Io out of whom he had cast seven deyils. And she
(a) And especially to Peter, who was so much afflicted for his unhappy denial of his master, that he stood more particularly in need of this comfort.
(6) They spoke not to any man they met in the way as they were going to tell the disciples.
went and told them that had been with him, as they 11 mourned and wept. And they, when they had
heard that he was alive, and had been seen of her,
believed not. 12 After that, he appeared in another form (c) unto
two of them, as they walked, and went into the 13 country. And they went and told it unto the residue :
neither believed they them. 14 Afterward he appeared unto the eleven, as they
fat at meat, and upbraided them with their unbelief,
and hardness of heart, because they believed not 15 them which had seen him after he was risen. And
he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and 16 preach the gospel to every creature. He that be
lieveth and is baptized, shall be (d) faved; but he 17 that believeth not, shall be damned. And these
signs fhall follow them that believes in my name
shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new 18 tongues; They shall take up (e) serpents; and if
they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them ; they shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall
So then after the Lord had fpoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and fat on the 20 right hand of God. And they went forth, and
preached every where, the Lord working with them, and confirming the word with figns followin ing. Amen.
(c) In another dress and
appearance. (d) By being made a Christian, fhall be put in the way of salvation : on the contrary, he that will not attend to the evidence of Christianity, but wilfully rejects it, will be subject to damnation. Not that this punishment will be inflicted arbitrarily, and without good grounds, it being indeed no more than the natural consequence of inhdelity; for such a person renders himfelf unworthy and incapable of the divine mercy.
(e) The Acts of the Apostles contain many inflances of these miracles, particularly in the case of St. Paul, who was unburt when a viper fallened on his hand. Als xxviii. 5..