Page images

vilization, will not of themselves produce kindly dispositions, or incline to their exercise if they already exist. We look in vain, during the brightest days of Greece and Rome, for institutions like those which adorn our country. The purest of their ethical systems never produced the thousandth part of the tender and benevolent effects which Christianity has directly and indirectly produced. These individuals, therefore, from the existence of philanthropic institutions around them, and the example of others, are inclined to assist them with their property and their influence. And how often is all this ascribed to the exercise of reason, or to the native goodness of their own hearts!' pp. 91-93.



Messrs. Dymond and Dawson, of Exeter, are about to publish, a Map of England and Wales, upon a new Plan, in which Numerals and Letters are substituted for the Names of Places and Rivers; the former being used to denote the Places, while the latter designate the Rivers with an Explanatory Key, including a brief Description of the Counties, Places, and Rivers laid down in it, &c. &c.

In the Press, a revised Edition of the Life and Works of Richard Hooker. With an Introduction, additional Notes, and a characteristic Portrait, finely engraved by E. Finden, after Hollar. By a careful collation with the genuine and earliest copies of this celebrated Author's respective productions, the numerous passages in the subsequent editions, which have been either accidentally rendered obscure, or perverted by conjectural interpolations, are restored to their primary and true reading. Those obscurities, too, which Time had brought upon many brilliant and piquant controversial points in the "Ecclesiastical Polity," are elucidated by apposite Notes; and the Editor has ventured occasionally to remark on the sentiments of the Author, and to discuss some of the subjects of his Works.

In the Press, The Heraldry of Crests, containing nearly 3500 Crests, from Engravings by the late I. P. Elven; with the Bearers' Names alphabetically arranged, and Remarks, Historical and Explanatory; forming a Companion to Clark's "Easy Introduction to the Study of Heraldry.”

Preparing for publication, The Work of the Holy Spirit in Conversion, considered in its relation to the Condition of Man and the Administration of God. By John Howard Hinton, M.A.

In the Press, The Early Reformation in Spain, and some Account of the Inquisition. Translated from the French, by the late A. F. Ramsay, Esq. M.D. With a Memoir of the Translator.

Thoughts on the present State of Religion in England, its Impediments, and the Means of Advancement, are preparing for the Press.

Mr. Hood, the Author of "Whims and Oddities", has a new Work in the Press, entitled Epping Hunt. It describes the Adventures of a worthy Citizen, who joins the Easter Hunt, and will be illustrated with several first-rate Engravings on Wood, after the Designs of Mr. George Cruikshank.

Just published, the new Edition of Calmet's Biblical Encyclopædia, in Five Vols. 4to, much improved; with Additions from authentic Sources, New Maps, &c.

Practical Suggestions and Discourses intended to aid a Reformation of the Christian Churches, and the Revival of Religion in Individuals, Families, and Communities. By Charles Moase.



Life of John Locke, with Extracts from his Correspondence, Journals, and Common Place Books. By Lord King. 4to.

Memoirs of the King of Sweden; illustrative of his Character, of his Relations with the Emperor Napoleon, and of the present state of his Kingdoms, with a Discourse on the Political Character of Sweden. By William George Meredith, Esq. A.M. of Brazen-nose College, Oxford. 8vo. 12s.

Memoirs of Lady Fanshawe, wife of the Right Hon. Sir Richard Fanshawe, Bart., Ambassador from Charles II. to the Court of Madrid. Written by Herself. Now first published from the original MS. To which are added, Extracts foom the Correspondence of Sir Richard Fanshawe. 1 vol. 8vo. Portrait, 14s.


Polynesian Researches during a Residence of nearly Six Years in the South Sea Islands. Including Descriptions of the Natural History and Scenery of the Islands: with Remarks on the History, Mythology, Traditions, Government, Arts, Manners, and Customs, of the Inhabitants. By W. Ellis, Missionary to the Society and Sandwich Islands. 2 vols. 8vo. Plates. 11. 8s.


Literary Memorials. By the Author of "Four Years in France and "Italy as it is." 1 vol. 8vo. 14s.


Conversations on Vegetable Physiology,

comprehending the Elements of Botany, with their application to Agriculture. By the Author of "Conversations on Chemistry." 2 vols. 12mo. 12s.


The Nature and Duration of the Papal Apostacy: a Discourse delivered before the Monthly Association of Congregational Ministers and Churches. By Robert Vaughan. 8vo. 2s. 6d.


A Journal through Norway, Lapland. and part of Sweden, with some Remarks on the Geology of the Country, its climate and scenery; the ascent of some of its mountains; statistical tables; &c. By the Rev. Robert Everest, A.M. F.G.S., late of University College, Oxon. 8vo. 14s. The Modern Traveller.-Africa. 3 vols. 16s. 6d. boards.

Journal of a Passage from the Pacific to the Atlantic, crossing the Andes in the Northern Provinces of Peru, and descending the River Maranon. By Henry Lister Maw, Lieut. R.N. 8vo. 12s.

Sketches of Buenos Ayres and Chile. By Samuel Haigh. 8vo. 12s.

Forest Scenes and Incidents in the Wilds of North America. By George Head, Esq. Post 8vo. 6s. 6d.

Travels to Constantinople, in the Years 1827 and 1828. By Captain Charles Colville Frankland, R.Ñ. 2 vols. 8vo. With 38 Engravings. 1. 11s. 6d.

Travels in Turkey, Egypt, Nubia, Pa lestine, &c. By R. R. Madden, Esq. vols. 8vo. 16, 4s.




By Lord King.

Art. 1.-1. The Life of John Locke, with Extracts from his Correspondence, Journals, and Common-Place Books. 4to. pp. 408. (Portrait.) London, 1829. 2. Oxford and Locke. By Lord Grenville. 8vo. 1829.


pp. 88. London.

T is but reasonable to conclude, that the members of an enlightened community, in the possession of the invaluable privileges and benefits which are derived from very ample means of knowledge, and eminently enjoying the blessings of freedom, would be anxious to understand through what channels these advantages have been conveyed to them, and that they would be prepared duly to honour the memory of those individuals to whose labours they chiefly owe their high prerogatives. Society has, however, been but too little careful to preserve the memory of its greatest benefactors, many of whose names have been permitted to pass into oblivion. Omissions and neglects of this kind are most to be remarked in connection with the great moral and religious changes of a country. We have, however, in many instances, the satisfaction of seeing, in the works which survive them, the imperishable monuments of those distinguished persons who were principally instrumental in effecting those changes; and it is very gratifying, occasionally to receive additions to our knowledge of their personal history and character. A statue, said the Lyric Bard of Thebes, is immoveable, but my odes convey men's praises far and wide. And a literary memorial is, after all, perhaps, the best means of rendering justice to merit. Locke's is not altogether a neglected biography; but, till the publication before us, there existed no separate life of that illustrious person, which could be pronounced worthy of his fame: the present volume, therefore, supplies a very important desideratum.



After the death of Locke, his papers came into the possession of Sir Peter King, his near relative and the sole executor of his will. They comprise the originals of many of his printed works, and of some which were never published; the letters of a very extensive correspondence with his friends, both in England and abroad; his common-place books; and many miscellaneous papers; the whole of which have been carefully preserved, and are now in the possession of the noble Lord to whom we are indebted for the volume before us. For the present which he has made to the literature of our country, he is entitled to a very ample measure of grateful acknowledgement. To ourselves, the gift is most truly an acceptable one. Our debt of obligation to the eminent person who is the subject of his book, and our recollection of the benefits derived from his labours, induce in us a feeling of no common satisfaction in possessing the invaluable work before us, and in having the opportunity of recommending it to our readers. It is a fortunate circumstance, both for the memory of Locke, and for the interests of truth, that the selection of the several papers left in the hands of his executor, and the composition of the Life', should have devolved upon so competent and liberal a person as the present noble Author. He has, with most correct feeling and judgement, made Locke the exclusive subject of his work, which, in this respect, may very advantageously be contrasted with the numerous instances of redundant biographies, in which the professed subject is almost forgotten, and every kind of digression freely admitted. In the volume before us, the reader will find many interesting papers, and numerous letters selected from Locke's correspondence with the following distinguished persons: Sir Isaac Newton, Mr. (afterwards Lord) Somers, Lord Peterborough, Lord Shaftesbury, Mr. (afterwards Lord Chancellor) King, Sir William Trumbull, Lord Pembroke, and others. He will have the opportunity of learning from the perusal of the extracts and dissertations now first brought under his observation, the early inclination of Locke's mind towards the subjects which, when advanced beyond the meridian of life, he presented to the world in his Essay and other works; as well as his constancy in the studies by which he was endeavouring to correct and enlarge his own knowledge, and to assist others in the pursuit and acquisition of truth. At the close of the volume, there is inserted a "View of the Essay', drawn up by Locke himself, and originally published in Le Clerc's Bibliothèque Universelle before the Essay itself was given to the world.

John Locke was born at Wrington, in Somersetshire. A.D. 1632. His father, who was descended from the Lockes of Charton Court, in Dorsetshire, possessed a moderate landed property at Pensfold and Belluton, where he lived; but this

was considerably impaired in the times of the civil war, in which he supported the cause of the Parliament, in whose army he bore a captain's commission. John Locke was the elder of two sons, and was educated with great care by his father, of whom he always spoke with the greatest respect and affection, and who enjoyed the happiness of surviving for some years the period of his son's maturity. In the early part of his life, the father exacted from his son the utmost respect, but gradually treated him with less of reserve as he advanced in age, and, when grown up, lived with him on terms of the most entire friendship. Locke mentioned the fact of his father having expressed his regret for giving way to his anger and striking him once in his childhood, when he did not deserve it; and the following letter, written by Locke when almost thirty years of age, to his parent, is very satisfactory evidence of the son's tenderness of affection.

"Most dear and ever loving Father,

"I did not doubt but that the noise of a very dangerous sickness here would reach you, but I am alarmed with a more dangerous disease from Pensford, and were I as secure of your health as (I thank God) I am of my own, I should not think myself in danger; but I cannot be safe so long as I hear of your weakness, and that increase of your malady upon you, which I beg that you would, by the timely application of remedies, endeavour to remove. Dr. Meary has more than once put a stop to its encroachment; the same skill, the same means, the same God to bless you, is left still. Do not, I beseech you, by that care you ought to have of yourself, by that tenderness I am sure you have of us, neglect your own, and our safety too; do not, by a too pressing care for your children, endanger the only comfort they have left. I cannot distrust that Providence which hath conducted us thus far, and if either your disappointments or necessities shall reduce us to narrower conditions than you could wish, content shall enlarge it; therefore, let not these thoughts distress you. There is nothing that I have which can be so well employed as to his use, from whom I first received it; and if your convenience can leave me nothing else, I shall have a head, and hands, and industry still left me, which alone have been able to raise sufficient fortunes. Pray, Sir, therefore, make your life as comfortable and lasting as you can; let not any consideration of us cast you into the least despondency. If I have any reflections on, or desires of free and competent subsistence, it is more in reference to another (whom you may guess) to whom I am very much obliged, than for myself; but no thoughts, how important soever, shall make me forget my duty; and a father is more than all other relations; and the greatest satisfaction I can propose to myself in the world, is my hopes that you may yet live to receive the return of some comfort, for all that care and indulgence you have placed in,

"Sir, your most obedient son,
" J. L."'

« PreviousContinue »