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As this mockery is the sign of a bad disposition, it is also an argument of a weak understanding. It requires judgment to distinguish excellence, and to give praise where it is justly due ; while very little knowledge is necessary to discover what is amiss : and there is in all men living something either of offence or infirmity, for a malicious mind to fix upon ; something that is evil, or something that may be interpreted into evil. What is light and worthless floats upon the surface, like scum and straws, which every eye can find out; but what is valuable, is concealed by its weight, and cannot be discovered without some penetration : therefore we always see the shallowest people most addicted to censure : so that in short, mockery, according to the terms of our text, is the proper employment of fools; and mockery at sin, being the most ill-judged mockery in the world, is a sign of the greatest folly.

If we would see how compleatly odious this practice is, we must take some examples of it: for vice never appears to be what it is, till we consider it in a vicious person. When the Israelites fell into sin, and were afflicted for it at home, or sent away into captivity abroad ; the cruel heathens, who hated them for their reli

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gion, never failed to rejoice at their fall, and mock
at their calamity; like the savage Moors on the
coast of Barbary, who were heard to express
themselves by shouts of laughter, when poor
Christian people slipt into the sea and were
drowned, as they were escaping from a wreck
to the shore in a storm. When David, who
had shone as a warrior, a prince, a saint, and
a prophet, was drawn away by his lust at an
unhappy hour into adultery and murder, the
drunkards made songs to turn him into ridicule;
and the enemies of the Lord made use of his
fall as an occasion to blaspheme the religion he
professed. The Scribes and Pharisees, the
greatest of all sinners, because they added a
sanctified hypocrisy to their wickedness, were
always ready to seize the opportunity of black-
ening other people, and of deriding the wis-
dom even of Christ himself. When a woman
was taken in the act of adultery, they were
not only clamourous against her, insisting upon
her condemnation ; but they made use of her
crime as a snare upon the mercy of our Re-
deemer ; who they supposed would be ready to
pardon her offence, and give them an opportu-
nity of accusing him for not observing the laws
of Moses. None were ever more busy than
these hypocrites in bringing sin to light; not

through

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through any hatred against sin, or any zeal to the glory of God, but for some malicious purpose ; either to make themselves appear better than they were ; or with a view to some farther accusation against those who were better than themselves.

So odious is this vice of mockery against sin, that satan himself is distinguished by it; who is never so much a devil, as when he is employed in accusing the brethren ; insomuch that the word devil, in the original Greek, signifies an

He first tempts men to sin ; then ridicules them for their folly, and accuses them to God for their offences. Half his employment consists in treasuring up all the evil he can find in the best men, that he may have it to plead against them in the day of judgment. No faith, no virtue, no charity, no truth, no devotion, will ever charm that deaf adder into a good opinion of any one saint upon earth ; but their failings, their infirmities, their omissions, their mistakes, are the objects of all his attention and vigilance : and if that evil spirit, whose portion is everlasting torment, can be capable of any delight, it is at the fall of godliness, at the ruin of virtue, at the approach of religion, at the apostacy of a believer. We have very lately had an opportunity of

observing observing the conduct of different persons, in respect to the unhappy case of a well krown divine *, now under disgrace and conviction for an offence which is capital by the laws of this country.

As I have passed along the streets of our great city, I have heard him scoffed at, by the vilest of the people, in profane songs and ballads; his profession insulted, and christianity itself set at nought for his miscarriage; while the wise, and the virtuous, and the pious have been sighing over him in secret, recommending him to God's mercy in their closets, or lamenting his fall in their conversation : and indeed, multitudes of people have seemed so affected with his case, from the consideration of his function and character, that there must, on the whole, be more piety and less malice than we should expect to find in an age so given up to vice and dissipation.

From hence let us proceed to the second, and the more agreeable part of our subject; which leads us to consider, on what principles, favour is shewn to sin by the righteous. By the righteous, those persons are signified who are what we call good men in opposition to the wicked. They have a proper sense of religion : their thoughts are in subjection to the rules of

the

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* The late unfortunate Dr. Dodd,

the divine law, and their passions are softened by devotion. Such people can be no friends to sin ; and yet it is true, that sin finds more favour with them than the worst of sinners. But what is this favour? It is not here to be understood, that the righteous are possessed by a mean spirit, which excuses, and makes light of, all the evil it meets with ; as some are wont to do, who set up for charitable persons, and court the favour of the public by giving every worthless man a good character. He is a false-hearted physician, who leaves the patient insensible of his illness, and tells him he has nothing to fear from the worst distemper to which niortals are subject. Such mistaken favour as this proceeds either from weakness or artifice. He, who finds no faults, can give no praises ; because he has destroyed the proper distinction between good and evil. The favour of the righteous is quite of another sort; it is not a symptom of folly, but of wisdom : and it reasons thus : that as sin is in itself the greatest calamity, and the cause of all other calamities there are in the world, it is as cruel and absurd to mock at a man for his sin, as it would be to mock at him for a leprous body, or a broken limb. Sometimes the very appearances of sin are lamentable to a compassionate man ;

but,

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