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and grow close upon the bunches. Skin black, when fully exposed, and covered with a blue or violet bloom. Flesh tender; the juice of a rich vinous musky fla


It ripens well generally, in a warm season, on a south wall, upon a dry bottom, and under good management; but it is much better to plant it in the vinery.

This is the true Black Frontignan grape, and has been known to every practical gardener in England since the time of Miller. It was introduced into this country by Sir William Temple, before 1654.

5. Black GRAPE FROM Tripoli. Speechly, No. 3.

Bunches middle sized, and well shouldered, with long slender foot-stalks. Berries large, globular, very equal in size, slightly compressed : some are without stones, and others have two or three in each ; but they are very small in comparison with those of any other kind. . Skin thin, of a deep purple colour, apparently black, covered with a thin blue bloom. Flesh delicate and tender, with a very rich, highly-flavoured juice.

Requires a hot house or pine stove.

This is a very excellent grape, and has a good deal the appearance of the Black Damascus; but its bunches are always composed of equal sized berries : they are not so deep coloured, and it ripens nearly a month sooner in the same temperature. The leaves of both are very beautifully variegated in the autumn.

6. Black HAMBURGH. Speechly, No. 18. Warner's Black Hamburgh, of some gardens. Potier bleu. Knoop. Fruct. p. 145.

Bunches tolerably large, with two short compact shoulders, nearly as broad across as the bunch is deep. Berries pretty large, of an oval figure, but when grown to an extraordinary size, they are much enlarged at the head. Skin rather thick, of a deep purple colour,

This very

nearly black, and covered with a blue bloom. Flesh tender. Juice sugary, and well-flavoured. Requires a vinery. valuable

grape was brought into England by Mr. Warner, who had his garden at Rotherhithe in 1724. Hence it is sometimes called the Warner Grape. It is a great bearer, and its bunches, although not large, are always perfect, and regularly formed. In the autumn the leaves are mottled with green and yellow.

7. Black Lisbon. Speechly, No. 46.

Bunches large and well shouldered. Berries large, globular. Skin thin, of a black colour. Juice plentiful, of a pretty good flavour.

Requires a vinery or hothouse.

Mr. Speechly is the only authority we have for this grape; he says the bunches are shouldered not unlike the Black Hamburgh, that it is a pretty good fruit, and (1790) but little known in this country.

It has been said by some to be the same as the Black Spanish, or Alicant. Its regularly shouldered bunches, and its globular berries with thin skins, determine it at once to be a wholly different sort.

8. BLACK LOMBARDY. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 82. West's St. Peter's. Ib. West's Black St. Peter's, of some Collections.

Bunches long, with large shoulders. Berries large, round, and of an even size. Skin thin, of a very black colour when fully ripe. Juice plentiful, of a very high flavour. Seeds very small. Wood short-jointed. Eyes prominent. Leaves rather small, smooth, shining underneath, and deeply serrated; they turn to a purple colour as the fruit becomes ripe.

Requires a hothouse.

Mr. Oldacre has given a very good account of this grape, which he thinks is but little known. He always

begins to force it in the middle of April; it becomes ripe in November; and he sometimes keeps it on his vines till the end of March. Gard. Mag. Vol. i.

p. 36.

9. Black Morillon. Miller, No. 6.
Auvergne. Martyn's Miller, No. 7.
Auverna Miller, No. 6.
Pineau. Ib.
Le Bourguignon. Bradley, No. 24.
Small Black Cluster. Speechly, No. 34.
True Burgundy. Martyn's Miller, No. 7.

Bunches small, but rather larger than those of the Miller's Burgundy. Berries middle-sized, somewhat oval. Skin of a very black colour. Juice very sweet.

It is hardy, and ripens well on a south wall.

This is the true Burgundy Grape, and is readily distinguished from the other, in not having its downy appearance ; it has also larger berries, and they are not so closely set upon the bunches. It might be successfully cultivated in this country for wine. In Burgundy it is highly esteemed for this purpose.

10. BLACK MUSCADEL. Speechly, No. 8. Mogul, of some Collections.

The Bunches of this grape contain Berries of different shapes and sizes; generally they are large and oval; but some of them are very large and long, somewhat compressed, and flat at the ends. Skin thin, of a black colour, with delicate juicy Flesh. The leaves change in autumn to a bright scarlet.

Requires a hothouse.
11. Black MUSCADINE. Langley, t. 36.
Black Chasselas. Miller, No. 8.
Chasselas Noir. Ib.

Bunches about the same size as those of the White Muscadine. Berries globular. Skin of a black colour,

covered with a bluish bloom. Juice rich, if well ripened, and of a very good flavour.

Requires a vinery. 12. BLACK PRINCE. Hooker, Pom. Lond. t. 45.

Bunches rather long, and generally unshouldered; they are, however, occasionally well shouldered. Berries oval, and, when well thinned out, of a very good size. Skin dark blackish purple, covered with a thick blue bloom. Flesh white, abounding with sweet well flavoured Juice. In pulling the berry from the stalk, a long receptacle is left, which is red, and covered with the white flesh. Seeds large, generally four, and sometimes five, in each berry. Leaves rather fleshy, broad in proportion to their length, with long footstalks, tinged with red : the principal lobes not deeply divided, broadly serrated, becoming variegated in the autumn with pale red and dark purple.

The Black Prince is of easy culture, requiring only the protection of the greenhouse or common vinery; and in favourable seasons it will, on a warm dry soil, ripen its fruit on a south wall.

Mr. Hooker's drawing was made from a bunch produced at Highgate in 1813.

13. Black Raisin. Speechly, No. 39. Raisin Grape. Miller, No. 18.

Bunches large and long; the largest have good-sized shoulders. Berries large and oval. Skin thick, of a black colour. Flesh hard and firm. Juice very high flavoured. Wood long-jointed. Buds somewhat pointed. Leaves large, very much serrated, with long red footstalks.

It is a tall grape, and requires a hothouse.

Mr. Oldacre,who has given a very good account of it in the Gard. Mag., says, if the bunches are cut in October with long footstalks to them, and hung in the kitchen so as not to touch each other, they will be so ripened by the warmth of the room by Christmas as to eat extremely well.

14. Black SWEETWATER. Speechly, No. 17.

Bunches small, close, and short. Berries small, round. Skin thin, of a black colour. Juice very sweet, with but little perfume.

This ripens on a common wall, and is but seldom introduced under glass.

15. Claret Grape. Speechly, No. 31. Blood Grape. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 43.

Bunches small. Berries very closely set, small, black, of a somewhat oval figure. The Juice is of a blood red colour, and of a harsh taste, unless the berries are highly matured. The leaves change to a russet red early in the summer, and die of a deep blood colour in the autumn.

It ripens pretty well on a south wall.

The branches of this, like those of the White Sweetwater, are very short-jointed. It is very tender when in blossom : on that account the bunches are seldom perfectly formed, and always contain numerous smallsized berries among the larger ones.

16. Early BLACK July. Langley, t. 47. f. 3. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 17.

Madeleine. Ib.
Madeleine noire. Ib.
Maurillon hâtif. Ib.
Morillon hâtif. Duhamel, No. I.
Raisin précoce. Ib.
Raisin de la Madeline. Ib.

Bunches small. Berries small, round, of a black colour, and generally thin upon the bunches. Juice sweet, with but little perfume.

It ripens early on a south wall; but being tender when in blossom, it seldom produces a fair crop. .

17. ESPERIONE. Hort. Trans. Vol. iii. p. 93. t. 2.
Hardy Blue Windsor. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 57.
Turner's Black. Ib.
Bunches handsomely shouldered, and differing little

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