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of the Woman. And if the Woman | also possess infinite merit, because was first in the transgression, it is it is obedience to infinite majesty ? the seed of the Woman who bruises And if so, the obedience and sufthe Serpent's, head and accom- ferings of Christ did not require plishes the salvation of Man. I one whose person is of infinite digbeg you to reconsider the subject, nity and worth.” and see if you cannot apportion a I shall be obliged to any of less share of degradation to Woman, your correspondents who will favor who is at once the ornament and me with a solution of this apparent life of society; one with Man, as dilemma.

G.B. part of himself, and without whom Man," our pretended superior, P. S. BY THE EDITOR. would be a cheerless disconsolate

We shall cheerfully insert any créature,

pointed and well written answer to Yours &c.

this letter which may be sent us,

MARY. having neither time nor room to POSTSCRIPT. The Editor must go into the subject ourselves this enter his Protest against the word month. We beg leave, however, * pretended” in the last sentence in the mean time, to recommend to of his fair correspondent's letter, the serious consideration of our because it militates just as strongly correspondent, Mr. M‘Laurin's against the language of scripture Essay on prejudices against the as it does against any thing that gospel (in his Sermons and Essays, he has written! Whenever, there- p. 163, &c. 2nd edition.) where he fore, Mary shall have adjusted her will find this and other specious claims of superiority, or even of sophisms of the Socinians successequality, with the doctrine of the fully combated. apostles, Paul and Peter, the dif

Justice requires that we give every one ference between herand the Editor will be easily settled. That a sensi- bis due. Our souls and our bodies are God's : ble woman may have sometimes the faculties of the one and the members married a fool, he will not deny, but of the other should be employed in his serhe is very certain that such an vice. Sin robs God of his due, and turns action ought not to be considered as his own workmanship against himself. any proof of her wisdom! The heinousness of any injury is usually

measured by the dignity of the party of

fended by it. And on this is founded the To the Editor of the New Evangelical Magazine.

obvious reasoning, that because the party

offended by sin is infinite, an injury a. , In a recent conversation with

gainst him infinitely surpasses othercrimes a professed Socinian, which turned or injuries. As to the opposite point, viz. upon the guilt of sin, I could the obedience which is rendered to him, it not satisfactorily to my own mind rebut the following reply made to may beobserved that no mere creaturehowan argument adduced to prove the

ever perfect in his obedience, can merit infinite demeritofmoral evil. “If," at the hands of God. But it was necessary said he," it be maintained that the the substitute and representative of sinners disobedience of man against God should not only be holy,--there must be is an infinite evil, or that infinite a fulness of righteousness in him adequate demerit attends sin because it is

to the infinite wants of his redeemed pescommitted against an infinite Being ple—and hence the necessity of his being -may it not, for the same reason,

more than man, which is the doctrine of be maintained, that the perfect obedience of a mere creature would

the Scripture concerning Christ.


Theological Review.


An Attempt to support the diversity and who was the preacher?-he has

of future rewards. London. But- been at considerable pains to conceal ton and Son, pp. 64. 8vo. price 25. himself; but, ubi, ubi est, non potest stitched, 1817.

diu celari! And the mystery was soon This is an extraordinary pamphlet- unravelled by a recollection of some extraordinary in more respects than admirable Sermons which we well one. The first thing that struck us, remember to have heard from on taking it up, was the singular re- country minister, delivered from the pulserve and diffidence of its author; not pit of the late Mr. Austin, in Fetter merely in concealing his name, but Lane. This was the conclusion at in the pains he has evidently been at, which we arrived before we had got to screen himself from detection. The half way through the pamphlet, and style of his composition, too, is in the remainder of it had no tendency strict conformity with the modesty of to shake our confidence therein. But his title page. He seems to think as the author has stated his reasons with Gibbon that “the first of the for wishing to be unknown, (p. 6.) pronouns is the most disguisting of and as those reasons reflect great the monosyllables;” and therefore he honour upon himself, it would be has studiously avoided the use of it highly indecorous and quite unjustithroughout his pamphlet. But unusual fiable in us to draw the curtain farther as these things are, if this “ Attempt” aside! had nothing of higher importance to The subject on which this pamentitle it to consideration, we should phlet is written, is one of those on scarcely have thought of pronouncing which real Christians are differently it an extraordinary production. It is

is minded; and which they certainly the ability with which it is written that may be without detriment to their deservedly entitles it to that appellation. mutual charity. It is none of the Before we proceed, however, to give first principles of the oracles of God; the reader any account of its contents, but it would be extremely absurd to we must be indulged in another re- infer from this, that correct and scripmark. We frankly confess that the tural views of it, are of no imporauthor of it fairly took us by surprise. tance to us in this world. He speaks in the first page of the Preface, of his Essay having been “ Such is the intimate connexion be. announced in several of the monthly that the new light through which one

tween various parts of the divine records, publications.” That may have been the case, but somehow or other it frequently illuminates another, which,

topic is accurately and clearly seen, very escaped our attention, and when it till then, had been involved in great obfound its way into our hands, we took scurity. But this, though no small benefit, it up without the smallest preposses- is not the only one; nor the greatest. sion, and indeed without any expec- Success in one instance, excites to more tation of being much interested in it! strenuous exertions for obtaining inIt was chiefly as the amusement of a creasingly correct views on every other leisure hour that we entered upon the subject; and by exercise the intellect is

also prepared for new and higher attainperusal of it; líttle apprehending that

In proportion as we acquire a it was to be an hour of positive and

contemplative habit, and an inquisitive refined enjoyment. But we had not

turn of mind, we shall, in reading the made our way through more than a scriptures, third of the pamphlet, of which every succeeding page encreased our in- Thro’ provinces of thought yet unexplored.” terest in it, ere

busy, medling memory," began to muster up its recol- And, as we advance in our excursions, lections, and we at length paused to shall obtain both the desire and the

which may at first be very limited, we say, “ These sentiments, which cer- capacity of commencing and prosecuting, tainly are not common place, are not with safety and success, a more extensive wholly new-we surely have heard expedition of discovery, and of forming them delivered no long time ago, for our own satisfaction and the use of from some pulpit; where could it be others, a map of some bitherto unknown




part of this interesting territory, some un- on the sides of the mountain, whose view's discovered tract of these sacred regions.” are more limited, and descriptions less Before he enters directly upon the and surveying that numerous class which

impressive; and coming down to the base, proof of his point, namely, that “

a inhahits the valley, and whose prospects diversity of reward will be apportioned are bounded in almost every direction, to the saints in heaven," he antici- but whose efforts to animate the weary pates and very properly obviates an traveller, by directing his eye to the proobjection which has frequently been mised rest, and to excite others to go with started against considering the hap- them “ to the place of which the Lord piness of heaven under the idea of a

hath said, I will give it you,” are not reward, as though it militated against overlooked by that gracious and conde. the doctrine of salvation by grace. and " has respect to the lowly;" and, on

scending Being, who regards the humble, Having evinced the fallacy of this such a survey, it will be extremely obobjection, our author enters upon his vious that the variety of ministerial talent task, and the first argument which he conferred on the church now, is not much employs to establish

the truth of his less than it was in apostolic times.” proposition is drawn from the analogy of the divine proceedings. This leads

The author traces a similar analogy him to take a review of the conduct in the diversified degrees in which of the Divine Being both towards the God manifests to his people his apworld and the church. Having con- probation of their conduct. Of the templated the dispensations of Provi- seven churches of Asia, no two of dence towards the different nations of them were characterised alike or rethe world, as bestowing upon them ceived the same commendation. Of that vast variety which exists in re

Caleb and Joshua alone it is recorded ference to soil and climate, civil and that they followed the Lord fully;" religious liberty, natural constitution of Moses that “the Lord spake to and intellectual energy; he thus him face to face as a man speaketh to

his friend;" of David that “ he was a proceeds,

man of God's own heart, &c.;" only “In tracing the divine proceedings 10- Peter, 'James, and John were perwards the church, the same “diversity of mitted to witness their Lord's transgifts” becomes conspicuous. This is visible figuration, and only the latter of these in her internal formation, and external enjoyed the endearing familiarity of advantages. In the church, considered leaning on his master's bosom. as a spiritual family, there are many relative characters; such as, babes, young adds strength to the argument, is

Another point of analogy which men, and fathers; teachers and learners; rulers, and the ruled. Or if contem- found in the degrees of punishment plated as a spiritual body, we shall per- which await the enemies of God in a

many members." All is not the future state, agreeably to the doceye-not intellect; all is not the hand-trine of Christ, Matt. xi. 21–24. Luke not exertion; all is not the head-not x. 13-15. authority; all is not the foot--not sub. jection."

“Now, to sum up the preceding points “The same diversity is equally obvious of analogy,---as the Divine Being bestows in the bestowment of external advantages temporal favours on the world, and spirion the church. This is particularly the tual blessings on the church, in various case in reference to ministerial instruction. portions, -and as he distinguishes some In primitive times this was most conspi- churches, and many individuals, by extra

“ He gave some, apostles; some, ordinary testimonials in their favour, and prophets; some, evangelists; some, pas- that according to their christian attain. tors and teachers.” Thus also it is in ments; is it not probable, that the same these latter days of christianity. The kind of conduct will be observed here. ascended Saviour is now giving to some of after. And particularly, if different dehis churches, a Hall; to some, a Chalmers: grees of punishment will be inflicted on to some, a Waugh; to some, a Mason. his enemies in another world, in proporBut, leavir a few individuals of this tion to their guilt in this, agd in order to higher order, who in their contemplations show bis abhorrence of sin; is it not reaseem to reside on the top of Pisgah, and sonable to conclude that he will treat his in their public administrations, describe friends in a manner analogous with this, to their delighted hearers, in the most and for the purpose of evincing his love glowing colours, the immense and inter- of holiness." esting scenery of the countries on each side Jordan; and descending, and ob

The writer next proceeeds to argue serving, as we descend, those whose sta- the truth of the sentiment from the tions are appointed at different altitudes great diversity of Christian experience

ceive «


It is true, as he justly observes, in transport to praise, melody and energy relation to both our depraved and our

to the song of salvation ;--all the hardrenewed nature, that as in water ships, fatigues, and privations, the face answereth to face, so doth the marches and counter-marches, the alter

nate failures and successes, attendant on heart of man to man." But this concession does not affect the truth of in our being made “ more than conque

a scene of perpetual contest, terminating the premises which are restricted to

rors through him that hath loved us," the light and shade--the general cast will swell the shout of victory, and add of countenance-the diversified dis- honour, and happiness, and glory to the pensations of Providence, &c. &c. and triumphant state ;-looking back on this this kind of diversity is quite con- world, the wilderness which we have sistent with a general uniformity. He left, and recollecting its thorns and observes that'a recollection of what i briars, its gins and snares, its serpents we have already passed through,

and beasts of prey, its bitter waters and forms a medium and contrast by poisonous fruiis, will add richness, and

sweetness, and exuberance to the land which our present circumstances and flowing with milk and honey;" beauty, future prospects are greatly embitter- and glory to “that goodly mountain and ed or sweetened. If a person by ex- Lebanon,” that "holy mountain” into travagance and vice, fall from affluence wbich nothing shall enter to destroy, de and honour into poverty and disgrace, file, or disturb." the remembrance of his foriner dig

*Now, if all this be admitted, and it nity and enjoyment, and the manner

is not easy to conceive how it can be dein which he lost them, will aggravate nied, degrees of happiness will follow of

As all the redeemed throng will his sufferings. On the other hand; not have passed through the same depths if a man be raised from a state of of distress, the same floods of tribulation, poverty, obscurity and wretchedness, the same violence of Satanic assault, the to riches, fame, and happiness, the same flames of persecution ; as all will recollection of his past distresses will not have performed the same services, heighten and sweeten his enjoyments. made the same sacrifices, sustained the To be brought into “a wealthy place" same conflicts, or achieved the same vicis very grateful; but this, after having tories; as, in these respects the experience

of each individual will differ from that been “ led through fire and water” is unspeakably more delightful.

of every other in this world, so must

their ręcollections vary in the next. As “Now, is it not very natural to sup- no one can remember that, in the history pose that in the state of future blessedness of his pilgrimage, which never existed ; -the, heavenly Canaan, we shall remem- recollection cannot in every one, in the ber all the way in which we have been same degree, heighten, and deepen, and led through the wilderuess of this world, enlarge the contrast between the present and that we shall be glad according to world, and the future. The happiness the days wherein we have been afflicted, of heaven, therefore, if affected at all by and the years wherein we have seen evil.” | recollection and contrast, must exist in Surely we shall acknowledge that we various degrees.” were “ led by the right way, that we might go to the city of habitation.” But

Another argument in favour of this acknowledgement supposes the re

this sentiment is deduced from the membrance of what is acknowledged; vast variety of natural capacity, with otherwise it must be senseless and disin- which Christians are endowed in the genuous formality. And these recollec- present state. He conceives that on tions will certainly have an influence on our admission into heaven, no previour happiness. The length and roughness ous acquirements will be destroyed;

the trials and difficulties of the journey, will sweeten the comforts of

no new capacities imparted; no act of home ;-the dangers which we have es

uniformity passed respecting their caped, will add pleasure to our security; strength, extent, or exercise. The -the alarms and fears with which we complete renovation of our nature, have been disturbed, will endear to us

then to be accomplished, will improve our.“quiet habitation;" the conflicts our powers of intellectual vision; but which we have sustained, will sweeten it appears unnecessary, unreasonable, our final and everlasting discharge from and unnatural to suppose that those all the exertions and perils of warfare ;

powers, which are so diversified here, the sufferings which we have endured, will be brought to one invariable will heighten our enjoyments ;-the la- standard hereafter; and, admitting bours in which we have been engaged, this, it is easy to show how different will render repose the more refreshing; All the 46 prayers and supplications,

degrees of happiness must necessawhich, “ with strong crying and tears," rily result from such variety. In We have offered up to God, will add heaven, all will be perfectly happy,

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yet not equally so. If, indeed, they of the other a thousand fold, one will were infinitely happy, as some rather of course, and of absolute necessity, absurdly suppose, then there would too, love God a thousand times more exist no possibility of degrees; but than the other. this neither is nor can be the case. An argument in favour of diversity The interminable continuation of of reward is also drawn from its suhappiness cannot make it infinite. perior tendency to advance the happiness Endless duration is not an infinite of the whole society of the redeemed. attribute; to be such, it must be both If every person's talents and attaineternal and everlasting, without be- ments and feelings were alike, no one ginning and without end. Or, if hap- could communicate to another an piness were something entirely nega- idea which the individual addressed tive, consisting only in an exemption did not previously possess; nor exfrom evil, it would then be absolute, hibit an excellence which he had not and of course insusceptible of degrees. already attained, nor excite a pleasing But that is not the case. An exemp- emotion which he had not before extion from evil both natural and moral perienced. Nothing new, at least is indeed essential to happiness, but through the medium of social internot sufficient for it. Happiness arises course, could be produced: no new chiefly from a full and free access to a discovery could be conveyed; no new suitable goodmand hence it must fol- feeling imparted; no new desire exlow that all will be happy in propor- cited; no new anticipation formedtion to their capacity of being so. all would be perfect sameness. There The inhabitants of heaven who will would be an immense multitude, be led to “ living water," may drink without variety; an innumerable in proportion as they are able to draw; company without society. All would and according to their natural capa- be equal in knowledge, in honour, in cities, when perfectly sanctified, will attainments, and in enjoyment--all be the strength of their spiritual ap- would be equality, uniformity, idenprehensions, desires, and anticipa-tity. But, admit all this variety of tions--their discoveries of the cha- natural talent, all those degrees of racter, and perfections, and works of moral excellence, and all that diversity God, as well as of the displays of his of individual happiness, for which the glory around them, and the enjoy author pleads, and the society of ment of his love within them. heaven assumes new properties, and

Our author also infers the truth of a new character. the sentiment for which he contends But the last and best source of from the different degrees of moral ex- proof, in support of this doctrine is, cellence which will exist in the heavenly the testimony of scripture. In entering state. This is that part of his pam- upon this part of his subject, our phlet which will be the last digested author furnishes a noble instance of by his opponents, and that wilĩ pro- his own candour and attachment to bably, at first view, stagger many of the cause of trut

by wholly discardhis readers. He admits that the ing the two texts of scripture which saints in heaven will be as free from are most generally adduced in favor sin as God himself, for they will be of his position; and by shewing, which presented “faultless before the throne he has done most satisfactorily, that of his glory-without spot or wrinkle, they are irrelevant to the point in or any such thing;” but it does not hand, and therefore improperly quoted thence follow that they will possess in support of this sentiment. These positive holiness in the same degree texts are, 1 Cor. xv. 41. « One star as the Divine Being. “ That were an differeth from another star in glory." absurdity, says he, beyond all tolera-. The apostle's object here is not to tion.” To be so, requires infinity of shew that our bodies in a future state nature, Holiness in any creature will possess various degrees of honor, cannot exceed the extent of his natural when compared with each other; but capacities or rational powers. It can- that when they are constituted celestial not exist either without or beyond bodies, they will receive a glory which them. Two persons may“ love God does not belong to them while they with all their heart, and soul, and are terrestrial bodies. The other pasmind, and strength;” but if the natu- sage is, 2 Cor.ix. 6. “He that soweth ral talents, or intellectual powers, or sparingly, shall reap also sparingly, mental strength of one, exceed those and he that soweth bountifully shall

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