« PreviousContinue »
minds m, renewing and powerfully determining their wills n, fo as they (altho' in themselves dead in fin) are hereby made willing and able freely to anfwer his call, and to accept and embrace the grace offered and conveyed therein o.
Q.68. Are the elect only effectually called?
A. All the elect, and they only, are effectually called p; although others may be and often are outwardly called by the miniftry of the word q, and have fome common operations of the Spirit r; who, for their wilful neglect and contempt of the grace
beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chofen you to falvation, through fanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth: v. 14. Whereunto he called you by our gofpel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jefus Chrift.
112 Acts xxvi, 18. To open their eyes, and to turn them from darknefs to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may re ceive forgiveness of fins, and an inberitance among them who are fanc. tified by faith that is in me. 1 Cor. ii. 10. But God hath revealed them unto us by his fpirit: for the Spirit fearcheth all things, yea the deep things of God, V. 12. Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit which is of God that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God,
n Ezek. xi. 19. I will give them one heart, and I will put a new fpirit within you, and I will take the ftony heart out of their flesh, and will give them an heart of flesh, Ezek. xxxvi. 26. A new heart alfo will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you, and I will take away the ftony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh. v. 27. And I will put my Spirit within you, and caufe you to walk in my ftatutes, and ye fhall keep my judgments, and do them. John vi. 45.
It is written in the prophets, And they fhall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me.
o Eph. ii. 5. Even when we were dead in fins, hath quickened us together with Chrift, (by grace ye are faved.) Phil. ii. 13. For it is God who worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure. Deut. xxx, 6.And the Lord thy God will circumcife thine heart, and the heart of thy feed, to love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy foul, that thou mayeft live.
68. p Acts xiii. 48. And when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord and as many as were ordained to eternal life, believed.
q Mat, xxii, 14. For many are called, but few are chofen.
Mat. vii, 22. Many fhall fay to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophefied in thy name? and in thy name have calt out devils and in thy name have done many wonderful works? Mat. xiii. 20, But he that received the feed into ftony places, the fame is he that heareth the word, and anon with joy receiveth it: v. 21. Yet hath he not root in himfelf, but dureth for a while: for when tribu
grace offered to them, being justly left in their unbelief, do never truly come to Jefus Chrift
Q. 69. What is the communion in grace, which the members of the invifible church have with Christ?
A. The communion in grace, which the members of the invifible church have with Chrift, is their partaking of the virtue of his mediation, in their juftification t, adoption v, fanctification, and whatever elfe in this life manifefts their union with him w. Q.70. What is juftification?
A. Juftification is an act of God's free grace unto finners x, in which
eyes have they closed; left they
lation or perfecution arifeth becaufe of the word, by and by hefhould fee with their eyes, and hear is offended. Heb. vi. 4. For it is with their ears, and understand impoffible for thofe who were once with their heart, and should be conenlightened, and have tafted of the verted, and I fhould heal them. heavenly gift, and were made par- John vi. 64. But there are some of takers of the holy Ghost, v. 5. And you that believe not. For Jefus have tafted the good word of God, knew from the beginning, they who and the powers of theworld to come, were that believed not, and who * v. 6. If they fhall fall away, to fhould betray him. V. 65. And he renew them again unto repentance. faid, Therefore faid I unto you, f John xii. 38. That the faying that no man can come unto me, ex. of Efaias the prophet might be ful- cept it were given unto him of my filled, which he fpake, Lord, who Father. Pfal. lxxxi. 11. But my hath believed our report? and to people would not hearken to my whom hath the arm of the Lord voice: and Ifrael would none of me. been revealed? v. 39. Therefore v. 12. So I gave them up unto their they could not believe, because that own hearts lufts: and they walked Efaias faid again, v. 40. He hath in their own counfels. blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart, that they fhould not fee with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I fhould heal them. Acts xxviii. 25. And when they agreed not among themfelves, they departed, after that Paul had spoken one word, Well fpake the Holy Ghost by Efaias the prophet, unto our fathers, v. 26. Saying, Go unto this people, and fay, Hearing ye fhall hear, and fhall not understand; and feeing ye shall fee, and not per ceive. v. 27. For the heart of this people is waxed grofs, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their.
69. Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, whom he did predestinate, them he alfo called: and whom he called, them he alfo juftified: and whom he juftified, them he alfo glorified
Eph. i. 5. Having predeftinated us unto the adoption of children by Jefus Chrift to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will.
I Cor. i. 30. But of him are ye in Chrift Jefus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteoufnels, and fanctification, and redemption.
70. Rom. iii. 22. Even the righteoufacfs of God which is by
which he pardoneth all their fin, accepteth and accounteth their perfons righteous in his fighty; not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them z, but only for the perfect obedience and full fatisfaction of Chrift, by God imputed to them a, and received by faith alone b.
z Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of righteoufnefs, which, we have done, but according to his mercy he faved us by the wathing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghoft.
faith of Jefus Chrift unto all, and
y 2 Cor. v, 19. To wit, that God was in Chrift, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trefpaffes unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation. v. 21. For he hath made him to be fin for us, who knew no fin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him. Rom. ii. 22. Even the righteoufnefs of God which is by faith of Jefus Chrift unto all, and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference. v. 24. Being juftified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Jefus Chrift: v. 25. Whom God hath set forth to be a propitia tion, through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remiffion of fins that are past, through the forbearance of God. v. 27. Where is boating then? It is excluded, By what law? of works? Nay but by the law of faith. v. 28. Therefore we conclude, that a man is juftified by faith without the deeds of the law.
v. 7. That being juftified by his grace we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life. Eph. i. 7. In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of fins, according to the riches of his grace.
Rom. v. 17. For if by oneman's offence, death reigned by one: much more they who receive abundance of grace, and of the gift of righteoufnefs, fhall reign in life by one, Jefus Christ. v, 18. There fore as by the offence of one, judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even fo by the righteoufnefs of one, the free gift came upon all men unto juftification of life. v. 19. For as by one man's difobedience many were made finners: fo by the obedience of one, shall many be made righteous. Rom. iv. 6. Even as David alfo defcribeth the bleffedness of the man uato whom God imputeth righteousness with out works. v. 7. Saying, Bleffed are they whofe iniquities are forgiven, and whofe Gus are covered. v. 8. Bleffed is the man to whem the Lord will not impute fin.
b Acts 8. 43. To him gave all the prophets witness, that through his name whofoever believeth in him, fhall receive remiffion of fios. Gal. ii. 16. Knowing that a man is not juftified by the works of the law,
Q. 71. How is juftification an act of God's free grace? A. Although Chrift by his obedience and death, did make a proper, real, and full fatisfaction to God's juftice in the behalf of them that are juftified c: yet in as much as God accepteth the fatisfaction from a furety which he might have demanded of them; and did provide this furety, his own only Son d, imputing
but by the faith of Jefus Chrift, even we have believed in Jefus Chrift; that we might be juftified by the faith of Chrift, and not by the works of the law for by the works of the law fhall no flesh be juftified. Phil. iii. 9. And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Chrift, the righteoufnefs which is of God by faith.
71. Rom. v. 8. But God commendeth his love towards us, in that while we were yet finners, Chrift died for us. v. 9. Much more then being now juftified by his blood, we fhall be faved from wrath through him. v. 10. For if when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son: much more being reconciled, we fhall be faved by his life. v. 19. For as by one man's difobedience many were made fiuners: fo by the obe. dience of one fhall many be made righteous.
d1 Tim. ii. 5. For there is one God, and one Mediator between God and men, the man Chrift Jefus; v. 6. Who gave himself a ranfom for all, to be teftified in due time. Heb. x. 10. By the which will we are fanctified, through the offering of the body of Jefus Chrift once for all. Mat. xx. 28. Even as the Son of man came not to be miniftred unto, but to minifler, and to give his life a ranfom for many., Dan. ix, 24. Seventy weeks are de
termined upon thy people, and upon thy holy city, to finish the tranfgreffion, and to make an end of fins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlafting righteoufnefs, and to feal up. the vifion and propheey, and to anoint the moft Holy. v. 26. and after threefcore and two weeks fliall Meffiah be cut off, but not for himfelf: and the people of the prince that fhall come, fhalf deftroy the city and fanctuary, and the end thereof fhall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war, defolations are determined. Ifa. liii. 4. Surely he hath born our griefs, and carried our forrows: yet we did efteem him ftricken, fmitten of God, and af. flicted. v. 5. But he was wounded for our tranfgreffions, he was bruifed for our iniquities: the chaflife. ment of our peace was upon him, and with his ftripes we are healed. v. 6. All we like sheep have gone aftray: we have turned every one to his own way, and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. v. 10. Yet it pleafed the Lord to bruife him, he hath put him to grief: when thou fhale make his foul an offering for fin, he fhall fee his feed, he fhall prolong his days, and the pleafure of the Lord thall profper in his hand. . 11. He shall fee of the travail of his foul and shall he fatisfied; by his knowledge fhall my righteous fervant juftify many; for he shall bear their iniquities. v.
imputing his righteoufnefs to theme, and requiring nothing of them for their juftification but faith f, which also is his gift g, their juftification is to them of free grace h.
Q72. What is juftifying faith?
A. Juftifying faith is a faving grace i, wrought in the heart of a fmaer by the Spirit &, and word of God 1, whereby he, being convinced of his fin and mifery, and of the disability in himfelf and all other creatures to recover him out of his loft condi
12. Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the fpoil with the ftreng: be caufe he hath poured out his foul unto death; and he was numbred with the tranfgreffors, and he bare the fin of many, and made interceffion for the tranfgreffors. Heb. ii 22. By fo much was Jefus made a furety of a better teftament. Rom. viii. 32. He that fpared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how fhall he not with him alfo freely give us all things? 1 Pet. i. r8. For as much as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corrup tible things, as filver and gold, from your vain converfation received by tradition from your fathers; v. 19. But with the precious blood of Chrift, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot.
e 2 Cor. v. 21. For he hath made him to be fin for us who knew no fin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
f Rom. iii. 24. Being juftified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Jefus Chrift: v. 25. Whom God hath fet forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteouf nefs for the remiffion of fins that are paft, through the forbearance of God.
g Eph. ii. 8. For by grace are ye faved, through faith; and that not
of yourselves: it is the gift of God.
Eph, i. 7. In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of fins, according to the riches of his grace.
72. i Heb. x. 39. But we are not of them who draw back unto perdi tion; but of them that believe to the faving of the foul.
k 2 Cor. iv. 13. We having the fame fpirit of faith, according as it is written, I believed, and therefore have I fpoken: we alfo believe, and therefore fpeak. Eph. i. 17. That the cod of our Lord Jefus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the fpirit of wisdom and revelation, in the knowledge of him: v. 18. The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling; and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the faints. v. 19. And what is the exceeding greatnefs of his power to us-ward, who believe, according to the working of his mighty power.
/ Rom. x. 14. How then fhall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and how fall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? and how fhall they hear without a preacher? 17. So then, faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.