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were imputed to herself: fo that at “ this time she has hardly a place in the "'world to retire to. One would wonder
what strange qualities this daughter must “ poffefs, sufficient to blast the influence “ of fo divine a mother, and the rest of her “ children. She always affected to keep
mean and scandalous company; valuing
no body, but just as they agreed with “ her in every capricious opinion she
thought fit to take up; and rigorously
exacting compliance, though she chang" ed her sentiments ever so often. Her
great employment was to breed discord
among friends and relations, and make up “ monstrous alliances between those, whose
dispositions least resembled each other. “Whoever offered to contradict her, though “ in the most insignificant trifle, she would “ be sure to distinguish by some ignomini
ous appellation, and allow them to have “ neither honour, wit, beauty, learning,
honesty, or common sense. She intruded “ into all companies at the most unseason“ able times; mixed at balls, assemblies, “ and other parties of pleasure, haunted every coffee-house and bookseller's shop, and
by her perpetual talking filled all places « with disturbance and confusion: The « buzzed about the merchant in the Ex
change, the divine in his pulpit, and the shopkeeper behind his counter. Above all, “ The frequented publick assemblies, where «« she sat in the shape of an obscene, ominous “ bird, ready to prompt her friends as they
If I understand this fable of FACTION right, it ought to be applied to those, who fet themselves up against the true interest and constitution of their country; which I wish the undertakers for the late ministry would please to take notice of, or tell us by what figure of speech they pretend to call fo great and unforced a majority, with the queen at their head, by the name of the faction; which is not unlike the phrase of the nonjurors, who dignifying one or two deprived bishops and half a score clergymen of the same stamp with the title of the church of England, exclude all the rest as schismaticks; or like the presbyterians laying the same accusation, with equal justice, against the established religion.
And here it may be worth enquiring, what are the true characteristicks of a faEtion; or how it is to be distinguished from that great body of the people, who are friends to the constitution? Thc heads of a faction are usually a sett of upstarts, or men ruined in their fortunes, whom some great change in a government did at first out of their obscurity produce upon the stage. They associate themselves with those who dislike the old establishment, religious and civil. They are full of new schemes in politicks and divinity ; they have an incurable hatred against the old nobility, and strengthen their party by dependents raised from the lowest of the people. They have several ways of working themselves into power; but they are sure to be called, when a corrupt administration wants to be supported against those who are endeavouring at a reformation; and they firmly observe that celebrated maxim of preserving power by the same arts, by which it is attained. They act with the spirit of those, who believe their time is but short; and their first care is to heap up immense riches at the publick expence; in which they have two ends besides that common one of insatiable avarice, which are to make themselves necessary, and to keep the commonwealth in dependence. Thus they hope to compass their design, which is, instead of fitting their principles to the constitution, to alter and adjust the constitution to their own pernicious principles.
It is easy determining by this test, to which fide the name of faction most
properly belongs. But however, I will give them any system of law or regal government, from William the conqueror to this present time, to try whether they can tally it with their late models ; excepting only that of Cromwell, whom perhaps they will reckon for a monarch.
If the present ministry, and so great a majority in the parliament and kingdom, be only a fačtion, it must appear by some actions, which answer the idea we usually conceive from that word. Have they abused the prerogative of the prince, or invaded the rights and liberties of the subject? Have they offered at any dangerous innovations in church or state? Have they
doctrine of heresy, rebellion,
or tyranny? Have any of them treated their sovereign with insolence, engrossed and sold all her favours, or deceived her by base, gross misrepresentations of her most faithful servants? These are the arts of a fačtion, and whoever hath practised them, they and their followers must take up with the name.
It is usually reckoned a wbig principle to appeal to the people; but that is only when they have been so wise as to poison their understandings beforehand. Will they now stand to this appeal, and be determined by their vox populi, to which side their title of faction belongs? And that the people are now left to the natural freedom of their understanding and choice, I believe our adversaries will hardly deny. They will now refuse this appeal, and it is reasonable they should; and I will farther add, that, if our people resembled the old Grecians, there might be danger in such a trial. A pragmatical orator told a great man at Athens, that whenever the people were in their rage, they would certainly tear him to pieces; Yes, says the other, and they will do the same to you,