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Narbonenfis frima, Narbonenfis secunda, Aquhania frima, Aquitanla secunda, Novempopulana , Alps maritime, Belgica frima, Belgica secunda, Germania frima, German ia secunda, Lugdunenjis frimai Lugduntnfis secunda, Lugdunenjis tertia, Maxima Sequanorum, ejr Alfes Graca, as Antoninus in his Itinerary, and Sextus Rufus, give an Account of them. But Ammianus MarceUinus treats of them more particularly, lib. if. •
But to return to what we were speaking of: "Tis not to be imagined, how grievously, and with what Indignation, the Gauls bore the Insolencies and Plunderings of the Romans • nor how frequently they revolted upon that Account: and because they were not strong enough of themselves to shake off the Roman Tyranny, 'twas a common Custom with them, to hire German Auxiliaries. These were the first Beginnings of the Colonies of the Franks'. For those Germans, whether they were beaten by the Romans, or (which is more likely) were bought off by them, began by little and little, to settle themselves in the Borders of GaUia. This gave occasion to Suetonius, in his Life of
Augustus, to fay, "He drove the Germans
"beyond the River Elb; but the Survi and Si"cambri (submitting themselves) he transplan"ted into Gallia, where he aflign'd them Lands "near the River Rhine—. Also in his Life of Tiberius, — " He brought (fays he) forty "thoufand of those that had surrendred them"selves in the German War, over into Gallia, "and allotted them Settlements upon the
(c Banks of the Rhine. Neither must we
omit what Flavius Vofifcus records, concerning the Reign of Probus the *Emperor, in whose time almost all Gallia, that is, sixty Cities, revolted volted from the Romans; and with common Consent, took up Arms for the Recovery of their Liberty: —Having done these things "( fays he) he march'd with a vast Army into "Gaul, which after T&stbuntus's Death was all ff in Commotion, and\when Aurelianus was < killed* was in a manner possessed by the H Germans • there he gain'd so many Victories, that he recover'd from the Barbarians sixty K of the most* noble Cities of Gallia: And cf whereas they had overspread all Gallia wichcc out Controul, he slew near four hundred TM thoufand of those that had seated themselves * within the Roman Territories,and transplant"ed the Remainders of them beyond theRicf vers Neckar, and Elk
But how Cruel and inhuman the Domination of the Romans was in Gallia: How intolerable their Exactions were: What horrible and wicked Lives they led; and with how great Inveteracy and Bitterness they were hated upon that Account by the Gauls, ( especially by the Christians) may best be learn'd from the Works of Sahianus, Bishop of Marseilles, which treat of Providence: Therefore 'tis incredible to tell, whatMultitudes of Germans poxxr'd themselves intoG<rIlia; theGauls not only not hindring> but even favouring and calling them in. Latinus Pacatus, in his Speech to Theodosws, has this Passage; "From whence shou'd I begin "my Discourse, but from thy Mischiefs, O "Gallia! who may'st justly challenge a Supe"riority in sufferings, above all the Nations of <* the Earth, that have been vexed. with this <f Plague ? — Now 'tis most plain both from Sidonius Apllinaris , and especially from the above-mentioned Sahianus, in many places of. D a .his
his Writings, that our Franks were a part of those German Nations, who thus entred into
CHAP. IV. *
Of the Original of the Franks; 'who having poffeffedthemfelves of Gallia, changed its JSsame into that of Francia, or Francogallia.
TH E Order of our Discourse requires, that we should now enquire into the Original of the Franks, and trace them from their first Habitations, or (as it were) their very Cradles: In which Disquisition 'tis very much to be admired, that no mention has been made of them by Ptolomy, Strabo, or even by Tacitus himself, who of all Writers was molt accurate in describing the Names and Situations of all the German Nations: and 'tis plain, the Franks were a German People, who possessed most part of Europe for many Years, with' gteat Reputation; of which we will quote but a few Instances out of many.
First, Johannes Nauclerus fays thus,—(c Charles "the Great was call'd King of the Franks; cf which is as much as to fay, King of Germany 'c and France. Now 'tis demonstrable, that at that time all Gallia Tranfalfma , and all Germany from the Pyrenaan Mountains, as far as Hungary, was called Francia: This last was called
Eajhrn Eastern France, the former Western France; and in this all true Historians agree.
Eguinarthus, in his Life of Charlemain, fays, —" The Banks of the River Sala , "which divides the Turingi from the Sorabi, "were afterwards inhabited by those called the ec Eastern Franks. Otto Frifing. Chron. j\ cap. 4. speaking of King Dagobers Reign, "The c Bounds of the Franks Dominions reach'd cc now (fays he) from Spain, as far as Hungary, se being two most noble Dukedoms, Aquita-(c nia, and Bavaria; -—but much more at large, lib. 6. cap. 17. And after him Godfrey of Viterbo, in his Chronic. part. 17. sub Anno 88s. "Arnulphus (fays he) ruled all Eastern Francia, "which is now called the Teutonick Kingdom, "or Germany; that is to fay, Bavaria, Smbia, "Saxonia, Turingia, Frifia, and Lotharingia: "but Odo was King of Western France. Again, sub Anno 913. "It is apparent by the Autho"rity of many Writers, that the Kingdom of "Germany, which the Emperor Frederick at "present holds, is part of the Kingdom of "the Franks; for there ( on both Sides thev "Rhine ) the first Franks were seated; which "as far as to the Limits of Bavaria, is now "called Eastern France: But Wejtern France is "that Kingdom which lies on both Sides the "Rivers Seine and Loire—. And again he fays, " In the time of Charles the Great, King "of the Franks, all Gallia, that is, Celtica. BeC "gica, and Lugdunenfis, and all Germany which "reaches from the Rhine as far as Dalmatia, (c made but one Kingdom; which was called "Francia. — Almost all which Quotations have been taken out of Otto, as I faid before. Tis to be noted, that Rhegino writes thus, in D 3 Chron, Chron. anni ^77. ,— ^ After the Death of "King 'Pip in, Lewu his Son ( who had been "present at his Father's Decease, and celebra"ted his Funerals) kept his Residence at "Francfort, the principal Seat of the Eastern "Kingdom. Luitprandus Ticimnfis fays, lib. I. caf. 6. — " It was order'd that Wido stiou'd "have for his share, that which Men call the fC Rowan France, and Berengarius shou'd have "Italy. And a little after, —When he had "march'd thro' the Territories of the Burgun"dians, he purposed to enter Roman France, Sec. Now it was call'd Roman France, first, because the Franks had possessed themselves of that Gallia, which was under the Romans Obedience. Secondly, because the Roman Language prevail'd in that Country, as we formerly told you: Whence arose the Saying, Lcqui Romanutn, of such as used not the German or Frank, but the Latin Tongue. Otto Friftngius, chron. 4. cap. penult. fays, — " It seems to me, that those "Franks who dwell in Gallia, borrowed the fc Language, which they make use of to this "Day, from the Romans; for the others who "stay'd about the Rhine, and in Germany, use "the Teutonick Tongue. —And in Imitation of him, Godfridus, part. 17. cap. 1. —"The ff Franks (says he ) seem to me to have learn'd "the Language which they make use of to "this Day, from the Romans, who formerly "dwelt in those parts —From all these ?tis apparent, that the Reputation and Power of the Franks was extraordinary great j as 'twas fitting for such as were Masters of a great part pf Europe.