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the prophet of the LORD exhorted and instructed theni in this duty. In respect to spiritual concerns, the High Priest was the Mediator, who was to make atonement and intercession for them, and his dress indicated the nature and efficacy of his office: its magnificence implied the dignity of that Great Being, whose minister he was.
The literal meaning of the words URIM and THUMMim, are said to be light and perfection ; or the shining and the perfect. There are various conjectures concerning the Urim and THUMMIM; but as the Scriptures are silent, it is impossible to come at any certainty on this head : all we know is, that the Breastplate contained within it something which was the ap. pointed means of making known the Divine will on solemn occasions.
The inscription on the golden plate, which was on the front of the mitre, signified, that the people were not to adore the High Priest; but to ascribe holiness to the Lord only. The common priests were assistants to the High Priest.
In about six months, all the work of the Tabernacle, and all its appendages was completed. The whole amount of the gold that the people offered, was about 159,000L ; in silver, about 34,0001. of our money ; exelusive of 8,0501. of brass *.
THE SETTING UP OF THE TABERNACLE.
From Exodus, Chap. xxxix, xl. This was all the work of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation finished: and the children of Israel
* The chapters which give an account of these things are omitted, as too long for insertion,
did according to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so did they
And they brought the tabernacle unto Moses, the tent and all his furniture.
The clothes of service to do service in the holy place, and the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and his sons' garment to minister in the priest's office.
According to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so the children of Israel made all the work.
And Moses did look upon all the work, and behold they had done it as the Lord had commanded, even so had they done it: and Moses blessed them.
And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, On the first day of the first month shalt thou set up the taber. nacle of the tent of the congregation.
And thou shalt bring Aaron and his sons unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and wash them with water. And thou shalt bring a bullock for a sin offering, and two rams, and a basket of unleavened bread.
And thou shalt put upon Aaron the holy garments, and anoint him, and sanctify him: that he may minister unto me in the priest's office.
And thou shalt bring his sons, and clothe them with coats.
And thou shalt anoint them, as thou didst anoint their father, that they may minister unto me in the priest's office : for their anointing shall surely be an everlasting priesthood, throughout their generations,
And it came to pass, in the first month, in the second , year, on the first day of the month, that Moses reared up the tabernacle.
And he took and put the testimony into the ark, and set the staves on the ark, and put the mercy-seat above upon the ark. VOL. II.
And he brought the ark into the tabernacle, and set tup the vail of the covering, and covered the ark of the -testimony, as the Lord commanded Moses.
And he put the table in the tent of the congregation, upon
the side of the tabernacle northward without the
And he set the bread in order upon it, before the LORD; as the Lord had commanded Moses.
And he put the candlestick in the tent of the congregation, over against the table, on the side of the tabernacle southward.
And he lighted the lamps before the LORD : as the Lord commanded Moses..
And he put the golden altar in the tent of the congregation, before the vail: and he burnt sweet incense thereon ; as the LORD commanded Moses. And he set up the hanging, at the door of the tabernacle.
And he put the altar of burnt offering by the door of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation, and offered upon it the burnt-offering and the meat-offering; as the Lord commanded Moses.
And he reared up the court round about the tabernacle and the altar, and set up the hanging of the court gate: so Moses finished the work.
Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle.
And Moses was not able to enter into the tent of the congregation, because the cloud abode thereon, and the glory of the LORD.filled the tabernacle.
And the assembly was gathered together unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
And Moses said unto the congregation, This is the thing which the LORD .commanded to be done.
And Moses brought Aaron and his sons, and washed them with water.
And he put upon him the coat, and girded him with the girdle, and cloathed him with the robe, and put the ephod upon him, and he girded him with the curious girdle of the ephod, and bound it unto him therewith.
And he put the breast-plate upon him: also he put in the breast-plate the Urim and Thummim.
And he put the mitre upon his head; also upon the mitre, even upon his fore-front did he put the golden plate, the holy crown; as the Lord commanded Mo
And he poured of the anointing oil upon Aaron's head, and anointed him to sanctify him.
And Moses brought Aaron's sons and put coats upon them, and girded them with girdles, and put bonnets upon them; as the Lord commanded Moses.
And Moses offered for them sin-offerings, and burnt-offerings, and the ram of consécration, and the wave-offering; and he poured blood round about the altar.
And Moses took of the anointing oil, and of the blood which was upon the altar, and sprinkled it upon Aaron,
and upon his sons' garments with him ; and sanctified Aao ron, and his garments, and his sons, and his sons'
garments with him.
And Moses said unto Aaron and his sons, Ye shall not go out of the door of the tabernacle of the congrè. gation in seven days, until the days of your consecration be at an end; for seven days shall he consecrate you, as he hath done this day, so the Lord had commanded to do, to make an atonement for you.
Therefore shall ye abide at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation day and night, seven days, and keep the charge of the LORD, that ye die not, for so I am commanded.
Sợ Aaron and his sons did all things which the LORD commanded by the hand of Moses.
ANNOTATIONS AND REFLECTIONS. As Moses was the mediator of the covenant, he was in that character, allowed to offer the sacrifice of atonement for himself, and to dedicate the altar, but it is evident, that he was a sinner, as well as the rest of human-kind, or he would not have stood in need of atonement : we may suppose, that fire from Heaven consumed the victim he offered.
The Lord himself sanctified the Tabernacle by His glorious PRESENCE.
It was necessary to acquaint the people, that Aaron and his sons were chosen to the priesthood by Divine command, that they might honour them accordingly.
The priests were washed by Moses, to signify, that none are clean in the sight of the LORD who are not purified by the mediator.
The oil with which Aaron and his sons were anointed, was a kind of liquid ointment, composed of myrrh, cinnamon and other rich spices, mixed up with olive oil ; and there was none to be made like it on pain of death. All the vessels of the tabernacle, as well as the priests, were anointed with it, to signify that they were set apart from common uses as instruments of holy worship.
To intimate that the priests had no intrinsic holiness, they were required to bring sacrifices to the mediator, that he might make atonement for them, and consecrate them to the LORD!
With what joy must the Israelites have beheld the tabernacle when every thing was placed in order, and prepared for their holding communion with the LORD!