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will easily appear by the Numbers in the Margin; so in fact we A 030 may observe that almost all the things containd in this Prophen А ост cy, are directed to,and fulfillid on the Western or Latin part of the
E 005 Roman Empire : which by those who liv'd where St. John wrote
I 010 has been still stil'd the Empire of the Latines, (especially after it N 050 was divided into ten Kingdoms in the fifth Century;) and was 0 070 so esteem'd by Irenaus himself. Take this notion from Mr. .
e E 200 Mede and Peter Du Moulin in their own words as follows. Sum 666.
Eft vero Bestiæ nomen, quod jam tum cum Apocalypfis adbuc recens fcripta effet nonnulli fufpicati funt, decantatum illud AATEINO2. Hoc enim nomine poft imperii divifionem, & decem reges in provinciis ejus exortos, neque prius, Pseudopropheta Romanus cum reliquis Occidentis Incolis, discriminis ergo, appellatus eft ; idque ab illis ipfis, quibus Apocalypfis fcripta eft, feptem Afic Ecclefiis. Namque Greci a reliqui Orientales, penes, quos in dilaceratione illa Imperii nomen manferat, feipfos folos Romanos dici voluere ; nos cum pontifice nostro, fub eo Episcopis, Regibus, Dynaftis, fatali quodam instinctu LATINOS dixere. Med. Comment. Apoc. p. 634. · Irenaus obfervavit in literis vocabuli AATEINOE computatis See allo Dr. effici precise 666. Non alio titulo aptiori Imperium Papale po- Cressener's Detuit defignari. Nam Græci Ecclefiam Occidentalem, qua fub- monftration p. eft Pontifici Romano, vocant Latinam. Ipki vero fe Romanos 271
inca 273. &c. dicunt; unde & Thracia, in qua fita eft Conftantinopolis, Roman'a apellatur. In Synodo Florentina constante Episcopos Græcis Epifcopis Occidentalibus subjectis Epifcopo Romano, Græci Epif. copos Occidentales non aliter appellant quam Latinos; & ipfa Synodus semper eos fic nuncupat. Calci Synodi fubje&ta funt subfcriptiones Patrum Latinorum distincte a subscriptionibus Græcorum. Ac projecio Ecclefia Romana merito Latina appellatur, in qua omnia fcribuntur e dicuntur Latine. Mila, Preces, Hymni, Litania, Canones, Decreta, Bulle, Latine conceptæ funt. Concilia Papalia Latine loquuntur. Ipfa Muliercula precantur Latine. . Nec alio Sermone Scriptura legitur fub Papismo guam Latino. Quapropter Concilium Tridentinum juflit folam versonem vulgatam Latinam efle anthenticam. Nec dubitant Doctores eam præferre ipsi textui Hebraico o Greco, ab ipfis Apostolis Prophetis exarato. Denique funt omnia Latina ; Nempe Papa
coposodius Semporum Lecclefia Romcuntur La., Latine come precarian
populis a fe fubaétis dedit fuam linguam, ut sai Imperii notan ego characterem. Est ergo fælix Irenæi conjectura, qui nnmerum do nomen Bestia dixit efe vocabulum AATEINOE ; qui quidem etfi de Romano Episcopo non cogitavit, nec putavit hæc ad eum pertinere; nondum enim corruptela Romanam Ecclefiam invafe. rat; ejus tamen interpretationem fequentium fæculorum experjo entia comprobavit. Pet. Molinci Vates p. 5oo. sor.
Scholium, (2) But if it be here wondred at, that the first Beast or Roman Empire should be noted by salcã @ the Latin or Western Empire only, whereas the Roman Empire it self, in its full extent, included much more; to take off this admiration, and to give light to several things in this Prophecy, I shall propose the remarkable Observation of a very great Man, and One not a little conversant in these Studies, viz. That all the four Monarchies are suppos'd in the Prophecies to be as well distinct from each other, Geographically as Chronologically: i.e. That the same Tract of Land which the Babylonian Em. pire possess’d, was peculiar to that first Monarchy; and tho' Conquer'd by, yet never reckon'd a part of the second : and that the same Tract of Land which the Medo-Persian Empire posless'd, not accompting therein, what before belong'd to the Babylonian, was peculiar to the second Monarchy ; and never reckon'd as a part of the third. And that in the like man. ner the same Tract of Land which the Grecian Empire possesfed, not accompting therein what had belong'd to the two former, was peculiar to that third Monarchy, and never esteem'd as part of the fourth or Roman Monarchy. Which thing being rightly observ’d, we shall not at all wonder that by the Empire of the Latines is meant only so much of the Roman Empire as was never a part of the three former; that being almost all properly so: and we shall withal observe, that when the Eastern or Greek Branch of the Roman Empire, is at any time mention'd in the Prophecy, or refer'd to in our interpretation, no other parts are to be understood thereof; than such as adjoin to the Western Empire; and were never any part of the Old Grecian Monarchy, to which the Romans succeeded. And truly according to this excellent observation, many particulars in Daniel and St. John seem to be understood; and particu.
larly larly, which the same great Man instanc'd in, where it is said of the three former Monarchies, upon the setting up of the Roman, ibat Asconcerning the rest of the beasts they had their dow Dan. vij. 12. minion taken away, yet their lives were prolong'd for a feason, and a time ; plainly implying that the conquelt of thole Empires by the Roman, was esteem'd only as the taking away of their Dominion, but not of their lives: so that the Beasts oč Empires were made tributary to the Romans, but so as they themselves were understood to continue, distinct and living Beasts or Empires still notwithstanding. And if I may be allow'd to add another instance, it shall be that in Daniel, where the whole Image representing the four Monar-,
antino che fa... Mon Dan, ij. 34. chies, is suppos'd to be standing intire, till the stone cut out" of the mountain without hands fmote it upon its feet, and brake it to pieces ; so that the iron, the clay, the brass, the filver and the gold were broken to pieces together. And in the interpretation V. 44. the Kingdom of Christ brake to pieces and consum'd all these Kingdoms. Which is no other way directly accountable but by the present Hypothesis, that each of the Monarchies are separate and intire, and so esteem'd in the Prophecies from their beginning, till the utter destruction of them all together, at the last setting up of Christ's Kingdom. And this Oblervation is all along to be regarded and born in mind, through the whole Prophecies relating to those Monarchies; and will frequently afford great assistance to the right understanding of them.
he is no
beparate ale tent
TA N D the second beast deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by Apoc. xiij.14.
A the means of those miracles which he had power to do in the conc. fight of the beast, saying to them that dwell on the earth that they Thould make an image to the beast which had the wound by a word and did live.
as would lixth Vision of the Buis
15. And he bad power to give life unto the image of the beast; that the image of the beast Mould both speak.and cause that as many as would not worship the image of the beast Mould be killed. In this sixth Vision, or rather part of the former Vision, we have a plain account of the Rise of the New Empire of Charlemain A. D. 800. (Which is now become the Empire of Germany) and of its subordinate Magistrates. This is here callid an Image of that beast which had the wound by a word and did
live : which wound is elsewhere said to be in the head of the Apoc. xiij. 2. Beast. i. e. It is a resemblance or picture of the Roman Em
pire when it was under the Old Roman Casars, which had receiv'd the mortal wound by the Barbarous Nations; and yet the Empire, the Sacred Roman Empire did afterwards continue in being; and on the Rise of this imitation of the Cafarean Head, this Empire became a perfect Image or Likeness of the Old Roman Empire, before it had receiv'd that mortal wound: which hereby, as it were,reviv'd again, and appear'd afresh in the World. And that this. Image of the Beast is the Empire of Germany, with its Subordinate Magistrates, feems to me probable for the following Reasons.(1.) The German Emperor is the most proper Image or Likeness of that Cæfarean Head, wich receiv'd a mortal wound by the Barbarians, that eyer was. Nay he takes himself, and many others take him to be a Continuation of the same. And accordingly he is stil'd to this very day Cafar, His Cæfarean Majesty, and the Sacred Roman Emperor. (2.) He was created by the second Bealt or
the Pope of Rome, according to the exact purport of this ProAnno 800 & phecy.' Hear Sigonius. His actis Leo (III Papa cogitare inde
exemplo Hadriani de referenda Carolo gratia cæpit. Quem ad liberandam maximo periculo ac turpi infamia Ecclefiam ex Frane cia venire non piguiset. - His igitur fic fe habentibus, quod Ha.
drianus facere prætermiferat, Leo, arrepta ex novis Romanorum . ' turbis occasione, fibi explendum existimavit; ut Catholicum eun
dlem ac potentissimum Regem firmum fimul ac fidum Chriftianis, atque ipsa Romana Ecclefia tutorem ac Paironum pararet, ipfumque Imperatorio titulo infignirer: Diemque huic folenni proxima Domini Natalicia deftinavit.- Res autem in hunc modum administrata eft. Vbi dies Naialiciorum advenit, Carolus summo.
mane Vaticanam Bafilicam adiit; atque ad confeflionem progressus
Auream pretiofillimam, quam de industria comparaverat ei im.
This History is so plain a paraphrase of the Text, that the fecond Beast said to them that dwell on the Earth that they would make an Image to the Beast that had the wound by a svord and did live, that nothing can be more so. (3) The time of the erecting this New Empire, was, agreeably to the Text, a considerable space after the Pope was risen,and after by his pretences to miracles and other arts, he had gain'd power to seduce and manage the Christian World. For we have already seen thac the Popes rise is to be dated from A. D. 606. whereas this Coronation of Charles theGreat was not till Christmas day in the end of the year 800. as we have just now seen. (4) This appears by the Empercrs particular Power, and Authority, and Business, viz. to unite several Princes in the upholding the remains of the Roman Empire, and in executing its severe and sanguinary Laws on those who dissent from it, and will not submit to the Papal and Imperatorial Tyranny and Idolatry ; to cause that as many as will not worship the Image of the Beast pall be killed. Hear the Oath of the Emperor in Sigonins, compard with the past History of the Church since A.D. 859 and then judge how well chis Character does agree. Cæterum, inquit Sigonius, hunc dignitatis Imperatoria titulum in Ad annum. Occidente Pontifex renovavii, ut haberet Ecclefia Romana adver-801. Sus infideles, hæreticos ac feditiofos, tutorem. Indicat hoc ipfius Jurisjurandi formula quo Pontifex Imperatorem coronam im. pofiturus obstrinxit ; que in antiquissimo commentario, qui Or